Pictures & Images of England. Photos of English Historic & Landmark Sites { 56 galleries }

Pictures photos images of England and English landmarks and historical monuments. England occupies the South west of the British Isles and is in Union with Wales and Scotland. Having been covered in Glaciers until 20,000 years ago England is relatively flat country with low hills and meandering rivers. The highest mountain in England is Scafell Pike in the Lake district which reaches a height of 3,209 Ft. Despite it having been covered in Glaciers for much of its recent geological history, England has a rich history with extensive Neolithic monuments such as Stone Henge and Avebury. Neolithic burial sites and stone rings can be found all over England particularly in Cornwall where the high moorlands have small stone Quoits, that were the stone centre of an earth burial mound. England is rich in minerals and its fertility made it a prize picking for the Romans who after many attempts eventually conquered it. Much of the Roman archaeology in England remains buried below later towns that were built over Roman settlements. The largest monument in England though is Hadrian’s Wall built across the North of England from about 122 AD. The wall which is 73 miles (117.5 KM) long was made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987. When the Romans withdrew from England the Germanic tribes such as the Anglo-Saxons took their place. During the Anglo-Saxon period an English nation was formed that adopted Christianity. Anglo-Saxon art is both intricate and beautiful as can be seen by the illuminated Gospels that came from great Monasteries they built at Lindisfarne or Holy Island. King Alfred was both a learned and cultured King whose court was on of the greatest of the Middle Ages. The Christian monasteries of Northern England became the focus of Viking raids in 793 when Lindisfarne was attacked and sacked. This was the beginning of a Viking Age in England and the Viking came to occupy and settle most of northern England.In 1066 Normans, a derivation of North Men meaning Vikings, under William Duke of Normandy conquered England and subjugated the Anglo Saxons. The Normans were Christian and built the great Cathedrals that we see today in many English Cities. The Normans were also patrons of Church monasteries and paid for many ecclesiastical building projects. They were also great castle builders from which they stamped their authority over England. From the combining of these many cultures England developed a style that is its own. The Tudors had their own style of building that even though it was based on Renaissance thinking bears little resemblance to Italian Renaissance architecture. The Baroque largely passed England by as it was seen to be a Roman Catholic style. The English did though embrace the work of the Italian Palladio and most of the stately Homes of England owe their columned frontages to his influence. Download pictures of England as stock photos or buy as photo wall art on line.

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