Pictures & Images of Sardinia - Sardinia Historical Travel Sites - { 15 galleries }

Pictures and Images of Sardinia and its historical and archaeological sites. Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean and an autonomous region of Italy. Sardinia has the most ancient geology in Europe and it has been inhabited since the Upper Palaeolithic times ( 50,000 and 10,000 BC). The peoples that have lived on Sardinia have left an incredibly rich archaeology with prehistoric buildings, necropolis, temples and towers known as Nuraghe. They left no writings though so little is known about the cultures and motivations of these prehistoric cultures. The pre-Nuragic peoples of Sardinia left many tombs cut into rock known as Domus de Janus or “Fairy Houses”. From around 1500 BC a civilisation known today as Nuragic developed building towers known as Nuraghe after which they are named. There are some 6500 known Nuraghe sites in Sardinia of which about 500 have been excavated. The Nuraghe were high stone towers rising up to 30 meters high. Nuraghe are unique in the Mediterranean and were the second tallest structures at this time, beaten only by the Pyramids at Giza.

The Nuragic peoples were probably indigenous to Sardinia and were the descendants of the Neolithic peoples of Sardinia. The Nuragic civilisation grew out of Bronze age technology and the high density of communities that developed on Sardinia led to the need to fortify villages against raids from neighbours. The Nuragic people lived in round stone walled huts with thatched roofs that were built around the Nuraghe towers. Nuragic Villages were not planned as their hap hazard ruins show. There do seem to have been communal meeting hut but little else is known about the political structure and rituals of their society. Apart from the Nuraghe towers of Sardinia the other great structure left by the Nuragic people was the so called Giants tomb. These tombs are so named due to their size. Up to 27 meters long they are ccomposed of a single long narrow chamber which led to the belief that they were burial chambers of a giant. In front of the entrance to the giants tomb chamber a forecourt was built with semi circular walls radiating from the tombs entrance. Presumably this area was used for funereal rituals.

After they lost the Punic wars against the Romans, Sardinia was annexed by Rome. The Roman occupation of the island ended the Nuragic civilisation although many Nuragic people retreated to the mountains and remained untouched by Rome until about the 2nd century AD. Although both the Romans and earlier Greeks wrote about the Nuragic peoples of Sardinia not enough information remains to piece together any of the traditions or religious beliefs of these early Sardinians. An idea of the sophistication of the Nuragic people can be seen in the haunting sculptures of warriors excavated from the Necropolis of Monte Prama. Download pictures and Images of Sardinia and its historical and archaeological sites as stock photos or buy photo art prints on line

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