Nuragic Nuraghe Towers & Nuragic Artefacts of Sardinia - Pictures & Images - { 14 galleries }

Pictures photos images of Nuragic Nuraghe fortifications and Nuragic artefacts and antiquities of Sardinia. The Nuragic civilisation, also known as the Nuragic culture, was a civilization or culture on Sardinia which lasted from the 18th century BC up to the Roman colonisation in 238 BC. Tholos Nuraghe first appeared in Sardinia around the 16th -15th centuries BC in the so called Nuragic 1B phase. An incredible 6500 nuraghe were built in Sardinia of which about 500 have been excavated. Many have disappeared, dismantled after the 19th century enclosure act led to the use of Nuraghe stones for filed walls.
In its simplest form a Nuraghe is a flat topped conical tower built of dry stone walls. The stones were usually dressed in a T shape to make a good fit between them. Stone models of Nuraghe towers show that they were topped with a flat terrace with an overhanging parapet around its outer edge. The interiors had high chambers with ogive tholos shaped roofs resembling beehives in shape and commonly found in the Aegean civilisations of the Mediterranean such as the Mycenaeans who covered Tholos chambers in earth. The Nuragic people built free standing Nuraghe with Tholos chambers and the careful use of gigantic stones meant that the Nuragic Nuraghe were the highest structures of the Bronze age Mediterranean second only to the pyramids of Giza. Access to the Nuraghe towers was almost always through a ground floor entrance although some Nuraghe had first floor entrances that increased their defences. Inside the entrances a long corridor ran through the massively wide walls to the inner chamber. On the left side, a stairway ran up though the walls to the upper chambers. Nuraghe were built with a maximum of 3 floors that got narrower towards the top of the tower.
The simplest Nuraghe had one tower but in order to build higher Nuraghe towers bastion walls with towers were built around the base of the central tower to support it. Between the 14th and 9th centuries BC, Nuragic Phase II-III, multiple towered Nuraghe were being built. Nuraghe Arrubiu has a five towered bastion around its central tower and Nuraghe Losa has a 3 towers
It seems unlikely that they were the dwellings of a ruling family as they are not really built with living in mind with few windows or fire places. Most archaeologists seem to agree that the Nuraghe had both military and civil functions. It is possible that different nuraghe filled different functions as some are simple in design and some have great defensive complexities built into them. Some believe that Nuraghe were religious buildings but as the Nuraghe design is unique in the Mediterranean it is impossible to look at any similar buildings anywhere else for guidance as to use.

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