Pictures & Images of Georgia, Country, Historic & Landmark Places & Museum Antiquities { 34 galleries }

Pictures photos images of Georgia (country) historic & landmark places, Churches and monasteries as well a Georgian museum antiquities. Georgia (country) is situated on the south eastern shores of the Blacks Sea. On its eastern borders it is separated from Russia and the Russian Republics by the high Caucasus range of mountains with peaks of over 5000 m. Due to the inaccessible mountain regions of Georgia, the country has many ethnic groups that have been isolated from thousands of years and have developed distinctive language and cultural traditions. The best known cultural group of Georgia are the Svan who live in inaccessible high mountain valleys at the foot of the high Caucasus. The highest village is Ushguli in the Upper Svaneti 30 miles from Mestia. Ushguli is a group of four remote villages. At 2,200 m (7217 Ft) above sea level in the Caucasus Mountains these are the highest inhabited villages in Europe. Chvibiani has well preserved stone Svanetian defensive tower houses attached to stone family houses which date from the 9th century. Dominating Ushguli is Mount Shkhara is the highest mountain in the Georgian Caucasus range at 5,068 m (16,627 Ft) above sea level. e the winter Ushguli is cut off from the outside world for 6 months from November to the end of April. Even when the snows have gone the track that runs from Mestia, 30 miles away, can take 3 hours to drive. Sandwiched between Europe and Asia, Georgia has often been fought over and conquered but the Georgian people have always managed to keep their cultural identity. During classical times Georgia was at the centre of the Roman Persian struggles in the area for supremacy. This continued until medieval times until the Arab incursion into the area in the 6th century. Throughout all of these conflicts invaders generally preferred to keep the Georgian monarchy in tact demanding their loyalty. Influences from Persia meant that from the first centuries A.D, the cult of Mithras, pagan beliefs, and Zoroastrianism were commonly practised in Georgia. Political expediency persuaded King Mirian III in 337 AD to align himself with the new Roman religious practises, declaring Christianity as the state religion in Georgia, making it the earliest Christian country to do so along with Armenia. This make the Georgian Orthodox church one of the oldest. In remote regions though pagan practices were slow to disappear, and they still continue today with priests sacrificing cockerels, lambs and goats outside churches, given as gifts by members of the congregation to celebrate a births , marriage s or just good luck. Georgian Orthodox churches and cathedrals have a very distinctive architecture, with high central straight sided round towers. The insides are decorated in Byzantine style frescoes and mosaics, with icons being of great importance. Download Pictures & images of Georgia historic & landmark places, Churches and monasteries, Georgian museum antiquities or buy as photo art prints on line

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