Cycladic Artefact, Antiquity, Art - Athens Archaeological Museum Exhibits { 301 images } Created 13 Jun 2020

Pictures images and photos of Ancient Cycladic Civilisation art and antiquities. The ancient Cycladic culture flourished in the islands of the Aegean Sea from c. 3300 to 1100 BCE. The best-known art of this period are the marble figures usually called "idols" or "figurines", though neither name is exactly accurate: the former term suggests a religious function which is by no means agreed on by experts, and the latter does not properly apply to the largest figures, which are nearly life size. These marble figures are seen scattered around the Aegean, suggesting that these figures were popular amongst the people of Crete and mainland Greece.[3] Perhaps the most famous of these figures are musicians: one a harp-player the other a pipe-player.[4] Dating to approximately 2500 BCE, these musicians are sometimes considered “the earliest extant musicians from the Aegean.” The majority of these figures, however, are highly stylised representations of the female human form, typically having a flat, geometric quality which gives them a striking resemblance to today's modern art. However, this may be a modern misconception as there is evidence that the sculptures were originally brightly painted.[6] A majority of the figurines are female, depicted nude, and with arms folded across the stomach, typically with the right arm held below the left. Most writers who have considered these artifacts from an anthropological or psychological viewpoint have assumed that they are representative of a Great Goddess of nature, in a tradition continuous with that of Neolithic female figures such as the Venus of Willendorf. Although some archeologists would agree,[8] this interpretation is not generally agreed on by archeologists, among whom there is no consensus on their significance. They have been variously interpreted as idols of the gods, images of death, children's dolls, and other things. One authority feels they were "more than dolls and probably less than sacrosanct idols. Another unique object of the Cycladic Civilisation is the Cycladic terracotta 'frying pan' from Chalandriani, Syros. Early Cycladic period II 2800-2300 BC), These terracotta pan shaped vessels have decorative designs on the base and sides and were presumably used for cooking.

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