Elgin or Parthenon Marbles Greek Sculptures Pictures, Images & Photos - Black { 119 images } Created 21 Apr 2012

Pictures, images & photos of The Parthenon Marbles also known as The Elgin Marbles and from the Parthenon on the Acropolis Athens, exhibited in the British Museum, London. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the construction of the Parthenon Temple began in 447 BC with its decorations being completed in 432 BC. The Parthenon has become the great iconic symbol of Ancient Greece and the Athenian democracy being the high point in the development of the Doric Order and its sculptures are considered to be one of the high points of Greek art. Between 1801 and 1812 Lord Elgin, British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, paid for the removal and shipping to London of 75 m of the original frieze, 15 of the Metope panels and 17 of the pediment figures now housed in a purpose built gallery was built in the British Museum. Sculptures were placed in the triangular pediments of the Parthenon. The Pediment sculptures show scenes from the life, including her birth, of the goddess Athena accompanied by her father Zeus and her brother Hephaistos. Athena was the goddess of goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilisation, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. The metope panels of the Parthenon in the British Museum show scenes of the Lapiths, a pre-Hellenic mythological people from Thessaly, battling with the Centaurs, a mythological creature half man half horse. The scene is probably from the wedding of the king of the Lapiths, Perithoos. The story tells that the Centaurs, who were guests at the wedding, became drunk and a fight broke out during which they tried to carry off the Lapith women. The Centaurs would have represented the long and bitter struggle against the Persian Empire. The Parthenon Ionic frieze show bas-relief carvings of the Panathenaic procession an annual procession of Athenians and foreigners ended in the ritual sacrifice of cattle to honour the goddess Athena. The north and south frieze marbles both show a procession of sixty riders in ranks of 10 men. The south frieze marbles also shows cattle being led to be sacrificed and the east frieze shows Athena watching the procession with her father Zeus. The West frieze shows the preparation of the riders and, apart from two blocks, these are moulds made for Lord Elgin in 1802 of the marble blocks that would remain in Athens.

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