Images of Harlech Castle Wales | Pictures & Photos { 13 images } Created 15 Feb 2015

Images, pictures & photos of the medieval fortification of Harlech Castle, Wales. Harlech Castle is built on a high spur of rock overlooking the sea plain that run out to the Irish sea. Built for Edward I during his invasion of Wales in 1282 and 1289, Harlech Castle is a fine example of a state of the art medieval castle. The inner ward of the castle was built on an imposing rock. Around the base of the rock an outer wall was built which extended to the sea where a water gate allowed the castle to be provisioned with fresh water and food from Ireland by sea. The main construction of Harlech Castle was carried out under the direction of James of Saint George, a Savoy architect and military engineer. It took a workforce of 1000 men to build the castle which cost £8190 by the time it was finished in 1289. Edward 1st built up massive debts building castles in Wales and between 1277 and 1304 he spent £80,000 on castle building projects. During the wars of the Roses, Harlech Castle was the last major stronghold under Lancastrian control. The castle was eventually put under siege and the garrison held out for a month the surrendered. This event was the inspiration for the patriotic Welsh song, “men of Harlech”. Harlech Castle was never repaired after the siege and became a picturesque ruin depicted in the painting of great artists like Paul Sandby, J. M. W. Turner and John Varley. Harlech Castle is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site along with the other Welsh Castles of Edward 1ST. They are collectively considered to be one of "the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe” by UNESCO.

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