Paestum UNESCO World Heritage Site Pictures. Photos & Images of Paestum { 87 images } Created 23 Nov 2012

Pictures photos & images of Paestum UNESCO World Heritage Archaeological site, Italy. Within the city walls, a number of exceptional public buildings have been revealed between the main north-south axis (cardo maximus ) and the Sacred Way. The most outstanding of these are the three great temples of Hera, Ceres and Poseidon. The oldest is the Temple of Hera: like the other temples here it is Doric in style. The Temple of Ceres (probably dedicated to Athena) is dated to around 500 BC. Its proportions and use of space in this, the smallest of the Paestum temples, are superior to that of the Temple of Hera. The architect of the Temple of Poseidon (in reality also dedicated to Hera), from the mid-5th century BC, was clearly inspired by the Parthenon in Athens. The remains of the Roman forum built over the Greek agora have been excavated and are on view. This large open space is surrounded by public buildings, identified as the bouleuterion (council chamber), the curia (courthouse), and the macellum (covered market). UNESCO listed the area of Cilento for its unique cultural heritage created by the influences of the ancient Greek settlers, the indigenous Lucanian peoples from the interior and the Etruscans to the north. This brought about local variation to classic Greek styles which can been seen in the lack of frescoes around the Temple of Poseidon whose Doric columns have 20 flutes as apposed to the traditional 20 flutes laid out by the Doric Order. ( Read More in our Paestum Archaeological Site picture gallery at: http://bit.ly/Uw1VIy)
The spectacular frescoes of the "Tomb of the Diver", the only complete frescoes to be found from the archaic and classical Greek periods, are clearly influenced by ancient Greek styles but also have a similarity to the frescoes of the Etruscans. ( Read More in our "Tomb of the Diver" picture gallery at: http://bit.ly/Uw29iQ) Paestum lies on the southern Italian coast 85 km south of Naples in the ancient Cilento region which was the boundary between the Greek Colonies of Magna Graecia and the indigenous Etruscan and Lucanian people of modern day Italy. Founded around the end of the 7th century BC by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris, and originally known as Poseidonia. Archaeological evidence has indicated that the two cultures, Greek and Oscan, were able to thrive alongside one another. Later it became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 BC after the Graeco-Italian Poseidonians sided with the loser, Pyrrhus, in war against Rome during the first quarter of the third century BC. During the invasion of Italy by Hannibal the city remained faithful to Rome and afterwards was granted special favours such as the minting of its coinage. The city continued to prosper during the Roman imperial period, but started to go into decline between the 4th and 7th centuries. It was abandoned during the Middle Ages and its ruins only came to notice again in the following the rediscovery of the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
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