Photos of Holy Island, Lindisfarne Pictures, England { 77 images } Created 27 Feb 2014

Pictures images photos of Lindisfarne Island, Lindisfarne Priory and castle, England
Nestling in a huge sweeping bay off the Northumbrian coast in the far North East of England is a small island that is accessible by a causeway only at low tide. Lindisfarne has a recorded history from the 6th century when it became one of the first sites of Celtic English Christianity when Irish Monk St Aiden was granted permission to found a Priory there in 634. The priory remained the only seat of a bishopric in Northumbria for nearly thirty years. From Lindisfarne missions were sent out to convert the English and a network of monasteries spread across northern England. The Lindisfarne Priory became an important centre for copying and producing manuscripts. At some point in the early 700’s the famous illuminated manuscript known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, an illustrated Latin copy of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, was made at Lindisfarne by Eadfrith, who later became Bishop of Lindisfarne. Eardfrith was a meticulous and accomplished artist with one illuminated letter in the Gospels alone being made up of 10,000 tiny dots. Another Bishop of Lindisfarne Priory was Saint Cuthbert ( 634 – 687), who became the patron Saint of Northumbria. He spent much time among the people, ministering to their spiritual needs, carrying out missionary journeys, preaching, and performing miracles. In 684 Cuthbert became Bishop of Lindisfarne but after 2 years he decided to look for a quieter life of contemplation and became a hermit on one of the nearby Farne Islands where he eventually died. On the 8th June 793 Lindisfarne, a centre of learning that was famous across the continent, was the scene of the first recorded Viking raid in England. Monks were killed in the abbey, thrown into the sea to drown, or carried away as slaves along with the church treasures. The Viking devastation of Northumbria's Holy Island was reported by the Northumbrian scholar Alcuin of York, who wrote: "Never before in Britain has such a terror appeared”. After the dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII in 1536, Lindisfarne Priory slowly fell into disrepair and today is a romantic ruin overlooking a small harbour next to the village of Holy Island. In 1550 Lindisfarne castle was built on a small rounded outcrop of rocks on the island. Stones from the Priory were used to construct the castle which was ordered to be built by Henry VIII as part of defences against Scottish attacks of England.

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