Pictures & Images of Hierapolis Archaeological Site Greco Roman Ruins - { 95 images } Created 26 Oct 2018

(updated 2021)
Pictures photos images of the ruins of Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey. Hierapolis is an ancient Spa City that traces its roots back to Classical Phrygia when it was the sacred site of Cybele. It was founded by the Attalid kings of Pergamon at the end of the 2nd century BC and its name was derived from Hiera, the beautiful wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Pergamum. In 133 BC Attalus III died and he bequeathed his kingdom to Rome so Hierapolis became part of the Roman Asian Province. During the Greco-Roman Hierapolis was developed into a spa resort becoming a sacred city (hieron). Emperor Tiberius rebuilt and enlarged the thermal baths of Hierapolis circa 14 AD but the city was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD and rebuilt again. The Theatre was probably constructed under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD and other Greco-Roman period ruins include baths, temple ruins, a monumental arch, a nymphaeum, and a necropolis. Hierapolis reached its peak of importance in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD and remained a thermal resort until 1334 when it was once again destroyed by an earthquake and abandoned. In 80 AD St Philip was martyred in Hierapolis and when Christianity became the official Roman religion the town was made a bishopric. In the 5th century AD an octagonal church, the Martyrium or Martyrdom of St Phillip was built on the site of his martyrdom and his tomb stands nearby. Hierapolis became a site of early Christian pilgrimage and an important religious centre for the Eastern Roman Empire. The Northern Necropolis of Hierapolis contains sarcophagi that date back 2000 years to its Hellenistic period. The Necropolis covers a vast site with huge monumental tombs of the wealthy families of Hierapolis.

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