Pictures of Romanesque Lucca Cathedral Duomo of San Martino (Martin), Tuscany, Italy. { 35 images } Created 12 May 2016

Pictures photos & images of Lucca Cathedral Duomo of San Martino (Martin), Tuscany, Italy. The Romanesque Cattedrale di San Martino, Duomo of Lucca, was built between 1060 & 1070 by Pope Alexander II, who was Bishop Anselm of Lucca until 1061, to replace the 6th century early Christian church of primitive cathedral of Santa Reparata. Of this church only the Apse and campanile remains as the cathedral was rebuilt in the 14th century in Gothic style. The facade of the Cathedral Duomo of San Martino remains as a fine example of Pisan - Tuscan Romanesque architecture built from 1204 by Guido di Bigarelli of Como (Arogno, Circa 1220– 1257) who is known to have made the sculptures that decorate the facade, in particular the lintel of the main portal and the two symbols of the evangelists on the sides of the upper portal. Three Romanesque arches lead to a portico with the main door on either side of which are Bas relief sculptures depicting the Life of St Martin and the monthly Labours of the Year. Above these arches are 3 rows of typical Pisan - Tuscan Romanesque open gallery style arcades which are fronted by rows or rounded arches supported by small historiated or decorated columns. Between the rows of arcades are green marble inlays of mythical animals and foliage in green marble against a white marble background. It is a legend in Lucca that each of the columns of the arcade are different as a result of a competition for the best columns that saw all the masonry workshops of Lucca compete to have the honour of producing a column for the Duomo. The overall effect of the design of the facade of San Michele is of a three dimensional flamboyant architecture that became the trade mark of Tuscan Romanesque decoration that has been made famous by the Leaning Tower and Duomo of Pisa. Sculpted on a pier of the Portico is a Labyrinth or maze that dates from the 12th century. It is meant to represent the Labyrinth of Minos on the Island of Crete in which the Minotaur lived. Annually young Athenian were sent as tribute to King Minos and they were sent into the Labyrinth and were hunted down and killed by the Minotaur until Theseus slew it and escaped following a thread he had trailed from the entrance given to him by Ariadne. The inscription on the Lucca Labyrinth reads "This is the labyrinth built by Daedalus of Crete; all who entered therein were lost, save Theseus, thanks to Ariadne's thread"

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