Roman Fresco Painted Wall Antiquities - Pictures Images Photos { 368 images } Created 16 Jul 2021

(updated 2021)
Pictures images photos of Roman fresco wall art from the best museum collections in Europe. Roman frescoes are extremely rare as their fragile nature and the destruction of Roman buildings over time have destroyed the vast majority. For us Pompeii and Herculaneum have become a treasure trove of treasure trove of Roman fresco. Buried in volcanic ash by the fatal eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD the Roman villas remained hidden until the 16th century. It was not until the excavations of Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, in 1755 that the treasures the buried Roman villas are revealed. Of the vast body of Roman painting we now have only a very few pockets of survivals, with many documented types not surviving at all, or doing so only from the very end of the period. The best known and most important pocket is the wall paintings from Pompeii, Herculaneum and other sites nearby, which show how residents of a wealthy seaside resort decorated their walls in the century or so before the fatal eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. The main innovation of Roman painting compared to Greek art was the development of landscapes, in particular incorporating techniques of perspective, though true mathematical perspective developed 1,500 years later. Surface textures, shading, and coloration are well applied but scale and spatial depth was still not rendered accurately. Some landscapes were pure scenes of nature, particularly gardens with flowers and trees, while others were architectural vistas depicting urban buildings. Other landscapes show episodes from mythology, the most famous demonstrating scenes from the Odyssey.

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