• View of Carnac neolthic standing stones monaliths, a pre-Celtic site of standing stomes used from 4500 to 2000 BC,<br />
<br />
Carnac is famous as the site of more than 10,000 Neolithic standing stones, also known as menhirs. The stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany. The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 BC until 2000 BC. One interpretation of the site is that successive generations visited the site to erect a stone in honour of their ancestors.
  • Mosaic depicting Emperor Justinian I. Byzantine Roman mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy. Mosaic decoration paid for by Emperor Justinian I in 547. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • View of neolthic Castlerigg Stone Circle monaliths and the Lake District, England,  built circa 2500 BC.<br />
<br />
Castlerigg Stone Circle was built around 4500 years ago by prehistoric farming communities who settles in the fertile valleys of the Lake District.  Current thinking has linked Castlerigg with the Neolithic Langdale axe industry in the nearby Langdale fells: the circle may have been a meeting place where these axes were traded or exchanged. Ritually deposited stone axes have been found all over Britain, suggesting that their uses went far beyond their practical capabilities. Exchange or trading of stone axes may not have been possible without first taking part in a ritual or ceremony.
  • View of Carnac neolthic standing stones monaliths, Alignements du Kermario, a pre-Celtic site of standing stomes used from 4500 to 2000 BC,<br />
<br />
Carnac is famous as the site of more than 10,000 Neolithic standing stones, also known as menhirs. The stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany. The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 BC until 2000 BC. One interpretation of the site is that successive generations visited the site to erect a stone in honour of their ancestors.
  • View of Carnac neolthic standing stones monaliths, a pre-Celtic site of standing stomes used from 4500 to 2000 BC,<br />
<br />
Carnac is famous as the site of more than 10,000 Neolithic standing stones, also known as menhirs. The stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany. The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 BC until 2000 BC. One interpretation of the site is that successive generations visited the site to erect a stone in honour of their ancestors.
  • View of Carnac neolthic standing stones monaliths, a pre-Celtic site of standing stomes used from 4500 to 2000 BC,<br />
<br />
Carnac is famous as the site of more than 10,000 Neolithic standing stones, also known as menhirs. The stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany. The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 BC until 2000 BC. One interpretation of the site is that successive generations visited the site to erect a stone in honour of their ancestors.
  • The 12th century medieval Norman ruins of Goodrich Castle fortifications, Goodrich, Herefordshire, England
  • The 12th century medieval Norman ruins of Goodrich Castle fortifications, Goodrich, Herefordshire, England
  • St Mawes Castel defensive Tudor coastal fortresses (1540) built  for King Henry VIII, Falmouth, Cornwall, England
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155.  Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian glong neckedr jar  sealed with linen strips , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Ra-Harakhty & Atum by Psetjerfi, Late Period 26th Dynasty, (590-525 BC), Cat 1568. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele odedicated to Amon Re the "good Ram" by foreman Baki, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1290-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1549. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Reign of Ramesses II.<br />
<br />
This round-topped stele is carved in low relief and painted <br />
in several colours. The pictorial plane is divided into two <br />
registers, the upper one containing two rams facing each <br />
other. The animals, with cobras rising on their foreheads, <br />
wear tall headdresses composed of two tall plumes with a <br />
solar disk at the centre. Between them is a small offering <br />
table with lotus flowers. The mirror image hieroglyphic <br />
inscription refers to the rams and reveals their divine <br />
nature as that of Amun-Ra. In the register below, <br />
foreman Baki is shown in the pose of adoration.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Khonsu by draftsman Pay, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1553. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of scraftsman Minhotep in adoration of Osiris, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1619. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Osiris, Anubis and Hathor "Mistress of the World".
  • Ancient Egyptian stele showing Iti & Neferu receiving food offerings, First Intermediate Period, (2118-1980 BC), Gebelein, Tomb of Iti & Neferu,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. Schiaparelli cat 13114.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Drovetti cat 1579.<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Mourning Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 1435.<br />
<br />
In the lower register a cattle driver leads two cattle of different colours.<br />
These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll of Nuneb , wood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1538-1292 BC), Deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 2676. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Mummiform holding agricultural implements (hoes); good modelling; polychrome <br />
decoration painted on white gesso: Wig painted black, face and hands dark red; hoes <br />
painted red; large usekh collar painted red and black. Hieroglyphs painted black. Text: Painted hieroglyphs, 7 rows around body. Chapter VI of the Book of the Dead. Tomb TT291
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Pawer and his wife Mut, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti collection. Cat 3057.<br />
<br />
Between the two adults is their son Samut in childhood nudity. The text specifies that the statue was commissioned by Mut.
  • Ancient Egyptian four sided capital dedicated to Hathor, limestone, Ptolomaic Period (332039 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Cat 7031. <br />
<br />
Hathor, goddess of love and beauty and wet nurse of Horus, is often portrayed frontally with bovine ears. She was also protector of the turquoise mines in Sinai and the guardian of the 4 cardinal points awhich is why she is depicted with faces on each side of the capital
  • Ancient Egyptian statue bust of a male, graanodiorite, Late Period, (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.  Grey background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3139
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of king Horemheb & his wife Mutnedjemet, granodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Queen Mutnedjemet is depicted in the role of Hathor, the sun god, embracing her husband. The statue is unfinished with details missing including the stripes in the Royal kilt, the wings of a vulture on the queens headdress and bound enemies on one side of the throne. On the back of the throne is a long inscription recording the coronation of Horemheb who was the general of Tutenkhamun before ascending to the throne. Drovetto collection. C 1379.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus lid of Djehutymes, pink granite, 19th Dynasty (1279-1213 BC.) Thebes, Khokha, TT32. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
The lid of the coffin of Djehutymes, husband of singer Asset
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha - outer coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Merit -  inner coffin from tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  white background
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha -  inner coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian Cartonnage funerary mask from the Third Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty (944-1025BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background<br />
Made from overlapping papyrus and cloth this cartonnage has been decorated with a weskh collar over which are depicted two crossed cloth strips that represent the last bandages of the deceased mummy wrappings. below this is depicted the rams head of god Amon-Ra against the out stretched wings of a vulture
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Bayeux Tapestry scene 54: Bishop Odo, holding club, urges Norman cavalry against the Saon soldiers on a hill at the Battle of Hastings.
  • Bayeux Tapestry scene 55:  Duke William raises his visor to show that a rumour he was killed is un-true.
  • Bayeux Tapestry scene 9:  Guy de Ponthieu, on throne, discussed his with Harold his ransom demands.
  • Bayeux Tapestry scene 51b: The Norman cavalry charge the Saxon foot solders.  BYX51b
  • Bayeux Tapestry scene 21 : Duke William knights Harold for fighting against Duke of Britany. BYX21
  • Minoan decorated jug with Marine style shell decoration, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background.
  • Minoan  bull's head rhython libation vessel, Machlos 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • The Minoan ' Phaistos Disc" with minoan pictoral sign script, possibly a hymn , Phaistos Palace 17th cent BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.<br />
<br />
The enigmatic Phaistos disc takes pride of place in the history of Minoan script. It bears 45 pictoral signs that can be arranged into 61 groups separated by incised lines. Experts believe that the script may be of a hymn or magical in content.
  • Minoan decorated jug with sun design, Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Minoan Pithoid Amphora with decorations of interconnecting spirals, crocus flowers and reeds, Hagia Triada Royal Villa 1500-1540 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan ritual offering vessel drom temple of snakes, 1700-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background..
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan decorated pithos stirrup jar , Zafer Papoura 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, grey background
  • Minoan clay ritual vessel with figure of eight handles, Isopata 1450-1300 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, grey background
  • Minoan linea A tablet with administative script,  Knossos 1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Very early unusual Minoan horned pot with white and red linear motifs,  vaulted tombs Lebena 3000-2100 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
Made of grey clay these pots are the earliest found in the Lebena vaulted tombs
  • Vasiliki Ware jug with characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background.
  • Minoan Kamares Ware beak spouted  jug with 2 handles and  polychrome decorations, Phaistos 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares "eggshell" ware cups with  with  polychrome decorations, from set found at Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.<br />
<br />
These cups found as parts of sets in Phaistos palace were names "eggshell" ware due to the very thin walls of the cups. This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware spouted jar with 2 handles with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware amphora  jug with polychrome  palm leaf decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan decorated stirrup jar, Malia Palace 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Minoan decorated fruit stand for export, Kommos Harbour 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background.
  • Minoan decorated jug for export, Kommos Harbour 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • The Minoan 'Dancer' fresco deicting a doddess descending from the heavens, Knossos Palace, 1600-1450 BC . Heraklion Archaeological Museum.,grey background<br />
<br />
The Dancer fresco depits a goddess descending from the heavens as indicated by her locks of hair streaming in the wind. This is a familiar convention in Minoan iconogragraphy of a goddess hovering in the air, her right arm extended in a gesture of authority. This fragment is psrt of a larger epiphony scene
  • The Minoan 'Bull leaping' fresco depicting an athlete leaping over a bulls back,  Knossos-Palace, 1600-1400 BC . Heraklion Archaeological Museum.<br />
<br />
there are 3 participants, two white skinned women and one brown skinned man. One female athele is restraining the bull ny the horns to slow it down as the male athlete performs a backward summersault ober the bulls back. The second female athlete waits to catch the leaper.<br />
<br />
The fresco was found on the east side of the palace of Knossos together with fragments depicting different stages of bull leaping.
  • Minoan vase decorated with circle motif , Poros-Heraklion 1700-1450 BC,  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background
  • Minoan clay vase with floral design, Speial Palatial Tradition , Knossos Palace 1500-1450 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Minoan conical fluted stone rhython from the  Knossos  Palace 1600-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Minoan dagger with elaborate gold perforated hilt , Quartier Mu Malia 1800-1600 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
This dagger would have been a status object signifying rank and authority in the Malia Palace hierachy
  • Minoan  pottery gabled larnax coffin chest with bird and floral decorations,   1370-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background.
  • Minoan  pottery gabled larnax coffin chest with foliage decorations,  Anthanatoi 1370-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background.
  • Panoroana of Minoan of the North Entrance Propylaeum with its painted charging  bull releif,  Knossos Palace archaeological site, Crete
  • Reconstruction of a Minoan Bull relief fresco  of the Nouth Propylaeum,  Knossos  archaeological site, Crete
  • The Minoan  "Procession  Fresco' reconstructed at Knossos  archaeological site, Crete
  • "Prince of lilies" or "Priest-king Relief", plaster relief at the end of the Corridor of Processions, restored by Gilliéron, Knossos Minoan archaeological site
  • Panoramic view of traditional blue domed Greek Orthodox church of Oia, Island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.
  • The Minoan 'Saffron Gatherer' wall art fresco, from 'House of Frescoes' Knossos Palace. 1700-1450 BC. Heraklion Archaeological Museum.  Grey Background. <br />
<br />
The 'Saffron Gatherers' fresco depicts a blue monket gatering saffron crocuses and placing them in a basket. The saffron is thought to have been a gift to the 'Great Goddess'. One of the earliest frescoes from Knossos.
  • Panoramic view of Oia (ia), Cyclades Island of  Thira, Santorini, Greece
  • Sunset over the traditional Greek Orthodox churches of Oia (ia), Cyclades Island of  Thira, Santorini, Greece.<br />
<br />
The settlement of Oia had been mentioned in various travel reports before the beginning of Venetian rule, when Marco Sanudo founded the Duchy of Naxos in 1207 and feudal rule was instituted on Santorini. n 1537, Hayreddin Barbarossa conquered the Aegean islands and placed them under Sultan Selim II. However, Santorini remained under the Crispo family until 1566, passing then to Joseph Nasi and after his death in 1579 to the Ottoman Empire.
  • Sunset over the traditional Greek Orthodox churches of Oia (ia), Cyclades Island of  Thira, Santorini, Greece.<br />
<br />
The settlement of Oia had been mentioned in various travel reports before the beginning of Venetian rule, when Marco Sanudo founded the Duchy of Naxos in 1207 and feudal rule was instituted on Santorini. n 1537, Hayreddin Barbarossa conquered the Aegean islands and placed them under Sultan Selim II. However, Santorini remained under the Crispo family until 1566, passing then to Joseph Nasi and after his death in 1579 to the Ottoman Empire.
  • Post canonical ancient Greek Cycladic warrior or hunter figurine, Late Ccladic prioc II to Cycladic period II (2500-2000 BC)Museum of Cycladic Art Athens, cat no 308. Against white.<br />
<br />
The relif of a baldric crossing the body left to righ suggest the figure was of a warrior or hunter. A small triangular dagger is incised as if hanging from the baldric.
  • Female Cycladic Canonical type, Spedos variety female figurine statuette. Early Cycladic Period II from Syros phase , (2800-2300 BC). Museum of Cycladic Art Athens,  Against Grey Background. <br />
<br />
Traces of painted decoration in red were found on the face and trunk. The nose was painted completely and four verticle bands are visible in the forehead, three on the neck and traces of bands on the chest and oblique bands on the forearms, seven on the left four on the right.
  • One of the earkliest known ancient Greek grave stele, from Tangra in Boeotia, 6th cent BC, Athens National Archaeological Museum, cat no 56.   Against white.<br />
<br />
This unusual funery stele was erected by Amphalkes on the grave of Dermys and Kitylos acprding to its inscription. The two dead youths were probably brothers and are depicted embracing each other. Dermys stands on the left and Kitylos on the right. Originally the stele would have been crowned by a sphinx. Sculpted in a Boeotian workshop during the first quater of the 6th century BC
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617.   Against white.
  • Archaic ancient Greek sculpture of a Sphinx originally on top of the column of Naxos, 570-560 BC, Delphi National Archaeological Museum.   Against grey.
  • Archaic ancient Greek sculpture of a Sphinx originally on top of the column of Naxos, 570-560 BC, Delphi National Archaeological Museum.   Against black
  • Terra cotta Mycenaean cult figurines with raised arms found at Delphi,  1400-1050 BC, Delphi National Archaeological Museum. <br />
<br />
Stylised female figurines were common in the Mycenaean world and may have represented deities , divine nurses or worshipers. these Mycenaean female figurines were probably used as voitive offering and maybe as childrens toys.
  • Marble Ancient Greek Archaic statue of a Woman, found on Delos, circa 650 BC, Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 1. Against white.<br />
<br />
One of the earlist known monumental statues in stone this statue probably represents Artemis. According to the inscription carved on the left thigh of the statue it was dedicated to Apollo ny Naxian Nikandre. Typical Daedalic style from a Delos workshop.
  • Parian marble Ancient Greek Archaic statue of a kouros, found in Volomandra, Attica. Circa 560-550 BC, Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 1906.  Against black<br />
<br />
Probably from the grave of an athenian aristocrat
  • Roman bronze statue fragment of emperor Augustus, Circa 12-10 BC,  found in the Agean sea of  the Island of Euboea, Athens National Archaeological Museum. cat no X 23322. Against grey.<br />
<br />
The emperor Augustus is depicted in mature age mounting a horse. He wears a tunica with verivle purple stripes (clavus purpurea) fringed with a meander pattern. Icongraphic features of bthe Prima Porta and Actuim type of statue are incorporated in this brnze statue. The right hand is raised in a gesture of offical greeting and the left hand held the horses reigns. A ring on the finger gears has engraved the symbol of Pontifles Maximus assumed by Augustus in 12 BC
  • Roman bronze statue fragment of emperor Augustus, Circa 12-10 BC,  found in the Agean sea of  the Island of Euboea, Athens National Archaeological Museum. cat no X 23322. Against grey.<br />
<br />
The emperor Augustus is depicted in mature age mounting a horse. He wears a tunica with verivle purple stripes (clavus purpurea) fringed with a meander pattern. Icongraphic features of bthe Prima Porta and Actuim type of statue are incorporated in this brnze statue. The right hand is raised in a gesture of offical greeting and the left hand held the horses reigns. A ring on the finger gears has engraved the symbol of Pontifles Maximus assumed by Augustus in 12 BC
  • Bronze statue of Roman empress Julia Aquilia Severa found at Sparta. circa 221-222 AD.  Athens National Archaeological Museum, Cat No X23321. Against grey.<br />
<br />
The women in the Bronze statue wears a Chiton and himation and would have had a crwon on her head. The hair style is typical of the Severan dynisty. Julia Aquilia was the last wife of emperor Elagobalus (218-222 AD) and the damage to the statue is due to a building collapsing on it after a fire circa 221-222 AD
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
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It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Statue of a female inj the Small Herculaneum Style, Athens Archaeological Museum, Cat no 242. Pentelic marble.  Against grey<br />
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Copy of earlier famous Greek statue dated 300 BC. The women is depicted wearing a full length chiton and a himation that covers her entire body.
  • Roman marble statue of Hermes found at Aigion, Pelopenese. 27 BC - 14 AD. Athens Archaeological Museum Cat No 241.<br />
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Hermes is depicted standing wearing a chalamys that is wound around his lest arm. In his right hand he holds a purse and in his left a 'caduceus'. Augustan Roman period
  • Panoramic long view across "la Gravina" ravine to the Sassi of Matera at sunrise, Basilicata, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage site.<br />
<br />
The area of Matera has been occupied since the Palaeolithic (10th millennium BC) making it one of the oldest continually inhabited settlements in the world. <br />
The town of Matera was founded by the Roman Lucius Caecilius Metellus in 251 BC and remained a Roman town until  was conquered by the Lombards In AD 664 becoming part of the Duchy of Benevento.  Matera was subject to the power struggles of southern Italy coming under the rule of the Byzantine Roman, the Germans and finally Matera was ruled by the Normans from 1043 until the Aragonese took possession in the 15th century. <br />
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At the ancient heart of Matera are cave dwellings known as Sassi. As the fortunes of Matera failed the sassy became slum dwelling and the appalling living conditions became be the disgrace of Italy. From the 1970’s families were forcibly removed from the Sassi and rehoused in the new town of Matera. Today tourism has regenerated Matera and the sassi have been modernised and are lived in again making them probably the longest inhabited houses in the world dating back 9000 years.
  • Theran Minoan polychrome kymbe with dolphin decorations, Akrotiri, Thira (Santorini) National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
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The kymbe is a typical Theran Minoan elongated vessel whose use is unknown.
  • Minoan bridge spouted jug with spiral decorations, Akrotiri, Thira (Santorini) National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.
  • Tall elegant Minoan polychrome jug decorated with reeds, Akrotiri, Thira (Santorini) National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.
  • Cycladic ceramic spherical pyxis with painted linear decoration. Cycladic II (2800-2300 BC) , Chalandriani, Syros. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat no 5170.   Grey background.
  • Cycladic Kernos a multiple vessel in a base.  Early Cycladic III (2300-2000 BC) , Phylakopi, Melos. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 5829.  White background.<br />
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<br />
This complex vessel was used for ritual offerings. During this period pottery was plainer with simple geometric decorations. Depicts of birds or lowers were rare.
  • Cycladic ceramic krater with impressed  linear decoration. Cycladic II (2800-2300 BC) , Chalandriani, Syros. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 5258.   Gray background.
  • Small Cycladic amphora.  Early Cycladic III (2300-200 BC) , Phylakopi, Melos. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 5813.  Gray background.<br />
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<br />
During this period pottery was plainer with simple geometric decorations. Depicts of birds or lowers were rare.
  • Beak spouted jug decorated with flowering crocus. Early Cycladic I (1650-1550 BC) , Phylakopi, Melos. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 5769. Black background.<br />
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During this Cycladic period the pottery designs were heavily influenced by Cretean minoan with pottery like this using floral patterns.
  • Cycladic terracotta 'frying pan' with incied star decoration from Chalandriani, Syros. Early Cycladic period II 2800-2300 BC), National Archaeological Museum Athens, Cat No 5153.  White background.<br />
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These so called 'frying pans' wre created by the Keros-Syros culture and are their useage is uncertain. The compex geometric patterns on their bases suggest that they may have had some symbolic meaning and were used in religious of magical rituals. They could also have served practical purposes being used as dishes, mirror mounts, astrolabes or metris measured for salt traders.
  • The 'figure of eight shield'  Mycenaean fresco wall painting, Mycenae, Greece Cat No 11672. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.  Black Background<br />
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The Mycenaean 'figure of eight shield' were originaly made of cows hide and was the symbol of a goddess of war.
  • Mycenaean fresco wall painting of a marine scape. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 5844.<br />
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The Mycenaean fresco fragments depict a marine scape with flying fish diving and swimming with sponges attached to rocks.
  • Mycenaean gold death mask, Grave Cicle A, Mycenae, Greece. National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  Grey Background<br />
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<br />
 This death mask is typical of the other Mycenaean gold death masks fround in Grave V. made from a sigle sheet of gold the shape of the face would have been hammered ot against wood. two holes either side of the gold mask allowed it to be held over the dead mans face. As weapons were found in the graves of Grave Circle A at Mycenae, those buried here wer warriors and maybe kings as the grave goods buried with them were of great value. 16th century BC
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a Mycanaean Women bearing offerings, Later Palace,  Tiryns, Greece.  Athens Archaeological Museum. Grey Background<br />
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14th  Cent BC. Cat No 15883. The Mycenaean fresco fragments depict a women in a procession bearing offerings for a deity. Their facial characteristic and elaborate hairstyles and rich garments are clearly visible.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a Mycanaean Women bearing offerings, Later Palace,  Tiryns, Greece.  Athens Archaeological Museum. Black Background<br />
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14th  Cent BC. Cat No 15883. The Mycenaean fresco fragments depict a women in a procession bearing offerings for a deity. Their facial characteristic and elaborate hairstyles and rich garments are clearly visible.
  • Mycenaean Funerary Stele made of Porus stone with a relief of a chariot scene, Mycenae Grave Circle A, Grave V, Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 1428.16th Cent BC.<br />
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The upper panel of this Mycenaean Funerary Stele has spiral reliefs that may represent waves suggesting that the scene below is set at a coastal location. This scene shows a charioteer pulling on the reins of his chariot while a second figure in front of the chaiot hold what may be a sword.
  • Hollow Mycenaean female figurine, adorant, wearing a necklace, from Mycenae tomb 40, Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 2494. <br />
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Stylised female figurines were common in the Mycenaean world and may have represented deities , divine nurses or worshipers. these Mycenaean female figurines were probably used as voitive offering and maybe as childrens toys.
  • Mycenaean bull figurines from Prosymna and Mycenae, Archaeological Museum Athens.  White Background.<br />
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Left: Mycenaean bull figurines from Prosymna cat no 11184<br />
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Right Mycenaean bull figurine from Mycenae tomb 65 cat no 3032
  • Mycenaean silver cup from the Tomb 78 of the Mycenae chamber tombs, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Grey art Background <br />
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This Mycenaean silver cup has a repousse  scale pattern with wish bone handles. Cat No 3121. 16th Cent BC
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a Mycanaean footman leading a horse & hunting dog,  Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum. Cat No 5878.  Black Background
  • The 'Mycenaean Lady' fresco wall painting depicting a women in a procession, Mycenae, Greece Cat No 11670. National Archaeological Museum, Athens. White Background.<br />
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The 'Mycenaean Lady' fresco depicts a women with a serious and pensive expression of a goddess in a solemn moment during which she accepts a gift of a necklace which she hold tightly in her right hand. she wears a short sleeved bodice over a sheer blouse which deliniates her bosom. She has an  intricate hairstyle and wears rich jewellery.
  • The 'Mycenaean Lady' fresco wall painting depicting a women in a procession, Mycenae, Greece Cat No 11670. National Archaeological Museum, Athens. White Background.<br />
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The 'Mycenaean Lady' fresco depicts a women with a serious and pensive expression of a goddess in a solemn moment during which she accepts a gift of a necklace which she hold tightly in her right hand. she wears a short sleeved bodice over a sheer blouse which deliniates her bosom. She has an  intricate hairstyle and wears rich jewellery.
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  <br />
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Black BackgroundThis goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Vapheio type Mycenaean gold cup depicting a wild bull hunt side D, Vapheio Tholos Tomb, Lakonia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Black Background<br />
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 Two masterpieces of Creto - Mycenaean gold metalwork were excavated from a tholos tomb near Lakonia in Sparta in 1988. Made in the 15th century BC, the gold cups are heavily influenced by the Minoan style that was predominant in the Agean at the time. The bull hunt was popular with  Mycenaean  and Minoan artists and symolised power and fertility. The distinctive shape of the cup is kown as 'Vapheio type'.
  • Three handled Palace Style Mycenaean amphora with octpuses and marinescape decorations motifs, Mycenaean cemetery, Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, 15 cnt BC, National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat no 6725.  Black Background<br />
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This Mycenaean vase is an imitation of the Minoan Marine Style
  • Mycenaean jug with stylised snakes , Grave VI, Grave Circle A, Mycenae 16-15 Cent BC. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 946.  Black Background
  • Mycenaean spouted clay pithos decorated with spirals and bands, Grave VI, Grave Circle A, Mycenae 16-15 Cent BC. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Cat No 8580
  • The circular Delphi Tholos temple with Doric columns, 380 BC, Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi Archaeological Site,  Greece
  • The circular Delphi Tholos temple with Doric columns, 380 BC, Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi Archaeological Site,  Greece
  • Medieval Meteora  Monastery of Roussanou on top of a rock pillar in the Meteora Mountains, Thessaly, Greece
  • The Seljuk Turk Mosque of Ebul Minuchihr (Minuchir) built in 1072, Ani archaelogical site on the ancient Silk Road  , Anatolia, Turkey
  • The Armenian church of St Gregory of the Abughamrents, Ani archaelogical site on the Ancient Silk Road ,  Anatolia, Turkey
  • Minarete of the Mosque of the 18th Century Ottoman architecture of the Ishak Pasha Palace (Turkish: İshak Paşa Sarayı) ,  Agrı province of eastern Turkey.
  • close up of bas relief on the entrance to the Hareem of the 18th Century Ottoman architecture of the Ishak Pasha Palace (Turkish: İshak Paşa Sarayı) ,  Agrı province of eastern Turkey.
  • close up of bas relief on the entrance to the Hareem of the 18th Century Ottoman architecture of the Ishak Pasha Palace (Turkish: İshak Paşa Sarayı) ,  Agrı province of eastern Turkey.
  • Granite ancient Egyptian statue head of a man from Thebes. 2000 BC . Neues Reich Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 1254.
  • Quartz Ancient Egyptian Statue head of King Amenhotep II from Wad Ban Naga, Sudan . 18 th Dynasty 1425 BC . Neues Reich Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 2057.
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a statue  of king Amenhotep III. / Kopf eider statue des Königs Amenophis III. / Egypt 18. Dynasty  (1360BC) Berlin Neues Museum Cat No: VAGM 1997/118.
  • Statue Portrait head of Nefertiti. / Portratkopfe des Konigspaares Nofretete. / Egypt 18. Dynasty  (1340 BC) Berlin Neues Museum Cat No: AM 21348.
  • Sarcophagus of The Mourning Women, 4th cent. B.C Greek from the Royal Necropolis of Sidon , Chamber no I, Lebanon, Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. 386T  Cat. Mendel 10.
  • Sarcophagus of The Mourning Women, 4th cent. B.C Greek from the Royal Necropolis of Sidon , Chamber no I, Lebanon, Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. 386T  Cat. Mendel 10.
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD ,  Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, Naples National Archaeological Museum, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 ,
  • Bayeux Tapestry Scene 22 and 23 - Harold and William go to Bayeux where holding two relics Harold swears fealty to Duke William
  • North wall mosaics depicting scenes from the Bible in the Norman-Byzantine medieval cathedral  of Monreale,  province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy.
  • South wall mosaics depicting the bibliacl story of Noah in the Norman-Byzantine medieval cathedral  of Monreale,  province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy.
  • South wall mosaics depicting the bibliacl story of Noah in the Norman-Byzantine medieval cathedral  of Monreale,  province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy.
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of St Ambrose,  the Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the main aisle & dome of the Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Stonehenge Neolithic ancient standing stone circle monument, Wilshire, England
  • Pictures & images of the cave city houses in the rock formations & fairy chimney of Uchisar, near Goreme, Cappadocia, Nevsehir, Turkey
  • Pictures & images of the fairy chimney pillar rock formations  near Goreme, Cappadocia, Nevsehir, Turkey
  • Pictures & images of the fairy chimney rock formations and rock pillars of “Pasaba Valley” near Goreme, Cappadocia, Nevsehir, Turkey
  • Pictures & images of the fairy chimney rock formations and rock pillars of “Pasaba Valley” near Goreme, Cappadocia, Nevsehir, Turkey
  • Pictures & Images of the Archangel Georgian Orthodox Church Georgian style exterior relief stone carvings of the apse, 10th - 11th century, Upper Krikhi, Krikhi, Georgia (country).<br />
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For a small church Krikhi Archangel Church is extremely well decorated on the outside with Georgian style bas relief stonework. The south door has intricate carvings along its pillars and in the architraves above the door. The churches small windows are highly decorated with stone tracery around them.
  • Pictures & Images of the Archangel Georgian Orthodox Church Georgian style exterior, 10th - 11th century, Upper Krikhi, Krikhi, Georgia (country).<br />
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For a small church Krikhi Archangel Church is extremely well decorated on the outside with Georgian style bas relief stonework. The south door has intricate carvings along its pillars and in the architraves above the door. The churches small windows are highly decorated with stone tracery around them.
  • Pictures & images of Nikortsminda ( Nicortsminda ) St Nicholas Georgian Orthodox Cathedral exterior and its Georgian relief sculpture stonework window decorations, 11th century, Nikortsminda, Racha region of Georgia (country). A UNESCO World Heritage Tentative Site.
  • Pictures & images of the interior font of the  Comlekci Church,  10th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
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Comlekci Church is a Roman Byzantine church dating from the 10th century. the south section of the roof frescoes depict the Evangel, Christmas and the adoration of the magi. The northern panel frescoes depict Christ and the Cross.
  • Pictures & images of the exterior of the Comlekci Church,  10th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
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Comlekci Church is a Roman Byzantine church dating from the 10th century. the south section of the roof frescoes depict the Evangel, Christmas and the adoration of the magi. The northern panel frescoes depict Christ and the Cross.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
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Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Close up pictures & images of the socialist art of the Treaty of Georgievsk or Friendship Monument situated on the Georgian Military Highway high in the Caucasus mountains, Jvari Pass , Gudauri, Georgia (country).<br />
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The Friendship Monument was built in 1983 to celebrate the bicentennial of the Treaty of Georgievsk and the ongoing friendship between Soviet Georgia and Soviet Russia.
  • Stone medieval Svaneti tower houses of Lashtkhveri village in the Caucasus mountains, Upper Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Mestia, Georgia.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture & image of the medieval Sapara Monastery Georgian Orthodox monastery church of St Saba, 13th century, Akhaltsikhe, Georgia.
  • Picture & image of Samtavisi Georgian Orthodox Cathedral, 11th century, Shida Karti Region, Georgia (country)<br />
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Built during the so called 10-11th century “Georgian Golden Era” Samtavisi cathedral is a built in classical Georgian style of the period. Layout on a cruciform ground plan with a high central cylindrical central cupola.
  • Picture & image of the medieval fortified gate to the Cathedral Of Transfiguration, Medieval Georgian Orthodox, 7-9th century,  Ruisi, Georgia.<br />
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A typical Georgian cruciform & cupola church Ruisi Cathedral Of Transfiguration was built by King Vakhtang Gorgasali in a typical 7th century style.
  • Picture & image of Ateni Sioni Georgian Orthodox tetraconch Church, 7th century, Ateni, Georgia.<br />
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Built in the 7th century following the ground plan of Jvari Monastery Ateni Sioni Georgian Orthodox follows a tetraconch cruciform layout with four apse with niches between each and a central cupola.
  • Picture & image of cave dwellings, Uplistsikhe (Lords Fortress) troglodyte cave city, near Gori, Shida Kartli, Georgia. UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List<br />
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Inhabited from the early Iron age to the late middle ages Uplistsikhe cave city eas, during the Roman & Hellenistic period, home to around 20,000 people.
  • Picture & image of the medieval Christian Basilica, Uplistsikhe (Lords Fortress) troglodyte cave city, near Gori, Shida Kartli, Georgia. UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List<br />
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Inhabited from the early Iron age to the late middle ages Uplistsikhe cave city eas, during the Roman & Hellenistic period, home to around 20,000 people.
  • Pictures & imagse of Timotesubani medieval Orthodox monastery Church of the Holy Dormition (Assumption), dedcated to the Virgin Mary, 1184-1213, Samtskhe-Javakheti region, Georgia (country).<br />
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Built during the reigh of Queen Tamar during the “Golden Age of Georgia”, Timotesubani Church of the Holy Dormition is one of the most important examples of medieval Georgian architecture and art. <br />
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Built of pinkish Georgian brick to a cruciform floor plan. The eastern end of the church has 3 apses. Above the centre of the church is a high Georgian style cupola supported on 2 columns.
  • Pictures & imagse of Timotesubani medieval Orthodox monastery Church of the Holy Dormition (Assumption), dedcated to the Virgin Mary, 1184-1213, Samtskhe-Javakheti region, Georgia (country).<br />
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Built during the reigh of Queen Tamar during the “Golden Age of Georgia”, Timotesubani Church of the Holy Dormition is one of the most important examples of medieval Georgian architecture and art. <br />
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Built of pinkish Georgian brick to a cruciform floor plan. The eastern end of the church has 3 apses. Above the centre of the church is a high Georgian style cupola supported on 2 columns.
  • Pictures & images of the Church of the Assumption exterior bas relief Georgian stone work of a crucifix and angel figures,1689, Ananuri castle complex & Georgian Orthodox churches, 17th century, Georgia (country).<br />
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Ananuri castle is situated next to the Military Road overlooking the Aragvi River in Georgia, about 45 miles (72 kilometres) from Tbilisi. It was the castle of the eristavis (Dukes) of Aragvi from the 13th century and was the scene of numerous battles. In 2007 Ananuri castle was enscribed on the   UNESCO World Heritage Site tentative list.<br />
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The exterior of The Church of the Assumption is highly decorated with Georgian bas relief sculpture. Above the main door is a geometric stone relief of a crucifix which is the whole height of the facade. Either side of the crucifix are reliefs of the tree of life below which are reliefs of naive style angels.
  • Pictures & images of Gergeti Holy Trinity (Tsminda Sameba) Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church bell tower, 14th century, Gergeti, Khevi province, Georgia (country). At Sunset.
  • Pictures & images of the medieval Alaverdi St George Cathedral & monastery complex, 11th century, near Telavi, Georgia (country). <br />
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At 50 meters high Alaverdi St George Cathedral was once the highest cathedral in Georgia (now its the nes Tblisi cathedral). The cathedral is part of a Georgian Orthodox monastery founded by the monk Joseph [Abba] Alaverdeli, who came from Antioch and settled in Alaverdi. On the UNESCO World Heritage Site Tentative List.
  • Pictures & images of the medieval Alaverdi St George Cathedral & monastery complex, 11th century, near Telavi, Georgia (country). <br />
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At 50 meters high Alaverdi St George Cathedral was once the highest cathedral in Georgia (now its the nes Tblisi cathedral). The cathedral is part of a Georgian Orthodox monastery founded by the monk Joseph [Abba] Alaverdeli, who came from Antioch and settled in Alaverdi. On the UNESCO World Heritage Site Tentative List.
  • Pictures & images of (left) the ruins of the refectory of the Academy of Ikalto and (right) the Church of the Transfiguration of Ikalto monastery was founded by Saint Zenon, one of the 13 Syrian Fathers, in the late 6th century. Near Telavi, Kakheti, Eastern Georgia (Country).<br />
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The Ikalto Monastery is famous for the Academy of Ikalto founded in the reign of King David the Builder by Arsen Ikaltoeli. The Academy of Ikalto trained its students in classical diciplins of rhetoric, astronomy, philosophy, geography, geometry as well as learning the skills of chantings, pottery and poetry. In the 12th century the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli studied here.
  • Pictures & images of the interior medieval fresco depicting a Georgian King and Queen. The Eastern Orthodox Georgian Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (Cathedral of the Living Pillar) , Mtskheta, Georgia (country). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.<br />
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Currently the second largest church building in Georgia, Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is a masterpiece of Early Medieval architecture completed in 1029 by Georgian architect Arsukisdze on an earlier site dating back toi the 4th century.
  • Pictures & images of the interior Iconostasis screen and icons.  The Eastern Orthodox Georgian Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (Cathedral of the Living Pillar) , Mtskheta, Georgia (country). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.<br />
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Currently the second largest church building in Georgia, Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is a masterpiece of Early Medieval architecture completed in 1029 by Georgian architect Arsukisdze on an earlier site dating back toi the 4th century.
  • Pictures & images of Gelati Georgian Orthodox churches bell tower with  St Nicholas church, 13th century, behind. The medieval Gelati monastic complex near Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia (country). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Pictures & images of the central cupolas of Gelati Georgian Orthodox church of St George. The medieval Gelati monastic complex near Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia (country). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Stone medieval Svaneti tower houses of Chazhashi, Ushguli, Upper Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Mestia, Georgia. Chazhashi is the main village of a group of four remote villages known collectively as Ushguli. At 2,200 m (7217 ft) above sea level in the Caucasus mountains these are the highest inhabited villages in Europe. Chazhashi has 13 well preserved stone Svanetian defensive tower houses attached to stone family houses. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Stone medieval Svaneti tower houses of Chazhashi, Ushguli, Upper Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Mestia, Georgia. Chazhashi is the main village of a group of four remote villages known collectively as Ushguli. At 2,200 m (7217 ft) above sea level in the Caucasus mountains these are the highest inhabited villages in Europe. Chazhashi has 13 well preserved stone Svanetian defensive tower houses attached to stone family houses. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Bells of the medieval Georgian Orthodox St George Church “JGRag” with mount Shkhara (5193m) behind, Ushguli, Upper Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Mestia, Georgia. At 2,200 m (7217 ft) above sea level in the Caucasus mountains St George Church is one of  the highest in Europe. Mount Shkhara is the highest mountain in the Caucasus range and the highest in Europe.
  • Neolithic stone plate with long spout and bone spoons. 6000 BC. Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara
  • Phrygian bronze trefoil spouted jug from Gordion . Phrygian Collection, 8th century BC - Museum of Anatolian Civilisations Ankara. Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Prygian bronze decorated Omphalos Phiale drinking vessel. From Gordion. Phrygian Collection, 8th-7th century BC - Museum of Anatolian Civilisations Ankara. Turkey. Against a white background
  • Phrygian terra cotta amphora decorated with geometric designs from Gordion. Phrygian Collection, 8th century BC - Museum of Anatolian Civilisations Ankara. Turkey. Against a white background
  • Close up of Phrygian rock tombs cut into the rocks faces protecting the citadel of Midas . From the 8th century BC . Midas City, Yazilikaya, Eskisehir, Turkey.<br />
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The earliest Phrygian settlement here began in the last quarter of the 8th century BC. Even after the Phrygian kingdom collapsed politically, the city was not abandoned and the Phrygian rock structures and tombs were conserved, with some additions and changes made.in the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods.
  • Roman theatre of Aphrodisias dedicated to Aphrodite and the people of the city by Julius Zoilos in the  2nd half of 1st century BC. Seats over 8000 people. Aphrodisias Archaeological Site, Aydin Province, Turkey.
  • Tetrapylon monumental gateway to  the Temple of Aphrodite. The Tetrapylon consisted of four rows of four columns and It connects the major street to the sacred way heading toward the sanctuary of Aphrodite. <br />
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Aphrodisias Archaeological Site, Aydin Province, Turkey.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of a prisoner of  Emperor Claudius as God of sea and land,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The Emperor as god Claudius strides forward in a divine epiphany, drapery billowing around his head. He receives a cornucopia with fruits of the earth from a figure emerging from the ground, anda ship’s steering oar from a marine tritoness with fish legs. The idea is clear: the god-emperor guarantees the prosperity of land and sea. The relief is a remarkable local visualisation - elevated and panegyrical - of the emperor’s role as a universal saviour and divine protector.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the Three Graces, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  <br />
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The Three Graces stand in their familiar hellenistic composition. They were handmaids of Aphrodite and appeared in this form on the decoration of her cult statue at Aphrodisias. Their names evoked their character: Euphrosyne (joy), Aglaia (Splendour) and Thaleia (Bloom).
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of the goddess Herma (day), Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a white background.<br />
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Goddess  Herma or Day steadies a dramatically billowing cloak that frames her head. The motif , also visible on the Okeanos relief, indicates flying, floating and divine epiphany - the appearance of gods to mortals. Day would be paired with night : together they signify the eternity of the Roman imperial order.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Augustus and Goddess Victory, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The naked emperor Augustus stands in majesty with the winged goddess Victory(Nike). He carried a spear and has an eagle, the bird representing Zeus, at his feet. Victory is crowning a military trophy - a rough post with enemy armour attached to it. Beneath the trophy is a barbarian captive, his hands tied behind his back.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of  an Imperial prince as Diokouros son of zeus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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An imperial youth wearing a military cloak and cuirass of a commander holds the reins of hios horse. This panel is next to a Claudius panel so is probably of Britanicus or Nero the emperors son and intended successor
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Claudius and Agrippina, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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Claudius in heroic nudity and military cloak shakes hands with his wife Agrippina and is crowned by the Roman people or the Senate wearing a toga. The subject is imperial concord with the traditional Roman state. Agrippina holds ears of wheat: like Demeter goddess of fertility. The emperor is crowned with an oak wreath, the Corona civica or “citizen crow”, awarded to Roman leaders for saving citizens lives: the emperor id therefore represented as saviour of the people.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Claudius and Agrippina, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
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Claudius in heroic nudity and military cloak shakes hands with his wife Agrippina and is crowned by the Roman people or the Senate wearing a toga. The subject is imperial concord with the traditional Roman state. Agrippina holds ears of wheat: like Demeter goddess of fertility. The emperor is crowned with an oak wreath, the Corona civica or “citizen crow”, awarded to Roman leaders for saving citizens lives: the emperor id therefore represented as saviour of the people.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the goddess Roma and Ge (Earth),  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. Against an art background. <br />
<br />
The goddess Roma holds a spear and wears a crown in the form of a city wall. Earth reclines half naked leaning on a pile of fruit. She holds a cornucopia full of more fruit. A baby child (now damaged) climbs up the horn she holds. The relief represents Earths fertility and abundance overseen by Rome.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Leda and swan, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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Zeus disguised as a swan assaults Spartan princess Leda. The bird stands on the tips of its outspread wings and presses its webbed foot on the thigh of modest, struggling Leda. The swan is supported from behind a small Eros. From this encounter came a large egg from which were born Helen and the Dionskouroi twins, Kastor and Polydeukes
  • Detail of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Emperor Nero with captive, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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Naked warrior emperor Nero holds the orb of world rule in one hand and crowns the military trophy with the other. Between the trophy and the emperor stands a bound captive boy. He wears long barbarian trousers and looks up at Nero.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Ares, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The nude and classically7 styled young god wears only a helmet and holds a spear (missing) in one hand and a shield in the other. At the left stands cuirass, and at the upper right corner hangs his sword. Ares was a god of war and was not later defaced by Christians probably because he so closely resembles a young emperor.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Aineas’ flight from Troy, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Aineas in armour carries his aged farther Anchises on his shoulders and leads his young son Lulus by his hand. They are fleeing from the sack of Troy. The figure floating behind is Aphrodite, Aineas’ mother: she is helping their escape. Old Anchises carries a round box that held images of Troy’s ancestral gods.
  • RomanSebasteion relief  sculpture of Royal Hero with hunting dogs,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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A diademed youth stands with his horse and hunting dogs. At the left an oval shield (foreign) hangs from a leafless tree, against which leans a long thin club. The Royal hero in this and the relief to the left is probably a local founder such as Assyrian King Ninos, claimed as founder of their city by the Aphrodisians.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Herakles or Hercules, Nessos and Deianira Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The centaur Nessos agreed to carry Herakles’ (Hercules) wife Deianira across the river Euenos in Aitolia but tried to rape her in mid-stream. I the struggle that followed we see Herakles about to deliver a crushing blow with his club. Nessos has been beaten to her knees but is still fighting. Behind the centaur is the partly disrobed figure of Deianira
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Agon Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The scene is an allegory of the athletic contest (or agon). The pillar was a beareded head of Hermes the god of the Gymnasium. Nearby is a palm of victory and a prize table with victory ribbon on it. Two winged baby Eros figures are struggling over a palm branch ( mostly broken): they act out the idea of contest, which is personified in the youthful figure behind. He hold another palm of victory: he is Agon himself.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Agon Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The scene is an allegory of the athletic contest (or agon). The pillar was a beareded head of Hermes the god of the Gymnasium. Nearby is a palm of victory and a prize table with victory ribbon on it. Two winged baby Eros figures are struggling over a palm branch ( mostly broken): they act out the idea of contest, which is personified in the youthful figure behind. He hold another palm of victory: he is Agon himself.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Dionysus Drunk Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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A prancing woodland nymph leads drunken Dionysus who supports himself languidly on a small satyr. This is an image of Dionysian enjoyment and pleasure, hellenistic in style and fluently designed
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Orestes At Delphi Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Orestes who has sought sanctuary at Delphi after murdering his mother, leaves Apollo’s shrine on his way to stand trial in Athens, The hero steps gingerly over sleeping Fury; he brandishes a sword and still hold onto Apollo’s tripod. The Fury has a snake and a burning torch with which she torments male factors. A small local nymph sits above on a rocky outcrop of Delphi’s Mt Parnossos
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Three Heroes and a Dog Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. Against an art background.<br />
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Two heroes stand in front of a third hero who ia seated on a rock and pats the head of a bitch hound. They are hunters and the relief is partnered by the reliefs of Melager and Atalante and Meleaner and boar
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Meleager and a boar Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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Meleager stands naked in front of a rocky outcrop. In the foreground lies a dead Calydonian boar, Above, a local nymph emerges from behind a fold in the landscape. The boar hunt took place on the imposing Mt Zygos at Calydon.
  • Detail of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  <br />
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Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Pictures of a Roman mosaics with medallions containing mosaic birds, fishes and fruit, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus, house in the M'Barek R'Haiem area. 3rd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia. Against an art background
  • Picture of a Roman mosaics design depicting scenes from mythology, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. End of 2nd century AD, House in Jiliani Guirat area. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia. Against an art background<br />
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This Roman mosaic depicts Aurore enticing Cephane, Apollo enticing Cyrene and Apollo persuing Daphne
  • Picture of a Roman mosaics design depicting Sileuns and two of the Four Seasons, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. 3rd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia. Against a black background
  • Picture of a geometric Roman mosaics design using dolphins and swans designs, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. 3rd century AD, House of Dolphins. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Picture of a Roman mosaics design depicting the Muses inside medallions, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. 3rd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Pictures of a Roman mosaics design depicting Dionysus Riding a Panther, from Abdel Jelil. 2nd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Detail picture of the border of a  Roman mosaics design depicting Dionysus Riding a Panther, from Abdel Jelil. 2nd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Pictures of a Roman mosaics design depicting the Four Seasons, from the Maison de la Procession Dionysiaque, ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. 2nd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Pictures of a geometric  Roman mosaics design depicting peacock tail feathers, from the ancient Roman city of Thysdrus. 3rd century AD. El Djem Archaeological Museum, El Djem, Tunisia.
  • Wide picture of the Roman mosaics of Circus Maximus from the Palaestra depicting a chariot race at the Circus Maximus, room no 15 at the Villa Romana del Casale, first quarter of the 4th century AD. Sicily, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.<br />
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The room of the  Circus Maximus was used as an excersise room and the rooms to the baths of the Villa Romana del Casale run off this room.
  • Ambulatory of the Great Hunt Roman mosaic, Wilder beast is loaded onto a ship, room no 28, at the Villa Romana del Casale, first quarter of the 4th century AD. Sicily, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.<br />
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The Great Hunt ambulatory is around 60 meters long (200 Roman feet) and connects the master’s northern apartments with the triclinium in the south. The door in the centre of the the Great Hunt ambulatory leads to audience hall. <br />
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The Great Hunt Roman mosaic depicts African animals being hunted and put onto ships to be taken to the Colosseum.
  • Roman fresco from Zeugma. 2nd - 3rd century AD.  Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.
  • Roman mosaics - Dionysus Portrait Mosaic. Okeanos Villa, Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against an art background.
  • Roman mosaics - The Euphrates ( River Gods). Euphrates Villa, Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.
  • Roman Mosaic - close up of Eros riding a dolphin. The Oceanos & Tethys Mosaic, fom The House of Oceanos, Zeugma.  2nd - 3rd century AD. Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
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The Oceanos and Tethys Mosaic is the floor mosaic of the shallow pool of the House of Oceanos. In this mosaic, which belongs to the Early Roman Empire Period, Oceanos, the river god who is the origin of life, and his wife Tethys are represented. At the middle of the mosaic which is surrounded by a geometric triple tress borders there are Oceanos and his wife Tethys. Around them there are Eros figures riding various species of fish and dolphins symbolising the abundance of the sea. The most represented attributes of Oceanos are snake and fish.
  • Roman Mosaic - The Oceanos & Tethys Mosaic, fom The House of Oceanos, Zeugma.  2nd - 3rd century AD. Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
The Oceanos and Tethys Mosaic is the floor mosaic of the shallow pool of the House of Oceanos. In this mosaic, which belongs to the Early Roman Empire Period, Oceanos, the river god who is the origin of life, and his wife Tethys are represented. At the middle of the mosaic which is surrounded by a geometric triple tress borders there are Oceanos and his wife Tethys. Around them there are Eros figures riding various species of fish and dolphins symbolising the abundance of the sea. The most represented attributes of Oceanos are snake and fish.<br />
<br />
 in the mosaic, Oceanos is seen with chelas. Those chelas are among his most characteristic attributes. Though the tail of an eel is represented as his feet in the figures on ceramics, within the scope of the art of mosaic he is represented as a bust and only with the chelas on his head such as this one. His wife Tethys is right by his side and represented with wings upon her forehead. Between them, there is the dragon called Cetos which is a mythological sea creature. As is seen in the coins of Zeugma, the Euphrates River is expressed as a dragon. Besides these two figures, on the top-right of the mosaic, there is a young male figure which is thought to be Pan, the patron of fishermen and shepherds. The fact that Eros figures and Pan which are the side figures are located outward implies that the pool is built to allow walking around. <br />
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The expression of the Oceanos as not an ocean but a river surrounding the world: By that the water, which vapours with the heat of the sun and then gives life to the nature by becoming rain, and which after being used by the nature reaches again the sea via the rivers is expressed. The water becomes aware of itself and its function by that cycle. This phenomenon is represented in the mosaic panel as the diversification of Ocenaos through unification wit
  • Roman statue of Sabina .Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no 3066-3086. Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey.
  • Roman statue of Hecate. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no 2010/541. Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey.<br />
<br />
 Hekate is a goddess in ancient Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding a pair of torches or a key and in later periods depicted in triple form. She was variously associated with crossroads, entrance-ways, light, magic, witchcraft, knowledge of herbs and poisonous plants, ghosts, necromancy, and sorcery.
  • Roman statue of Hermes. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no . Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a warm art background.<br />
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Hermes is the god of trade, heraldry, merchants, commerce, roads, sports, travelers, and athletes in Ancient Greek religion and mythology; the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, he was the second youngest of the Olympian gods
  • Roman statue of Asklepios. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no . Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a white background.<br />
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Asclepius was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
  • Roman statue of Dioscur. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey.  Against a grey background<br />
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The statue is one of the twin brothers that together are called the Dioscuri which means sons of the God Zeus. Their names are Castor and Pollux.
  • Roman statue of Hercules. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no . Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a white background.
  • Roman statue of  Dioscuri. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no 2014/175. Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a black background.
  • Roman statue of Aphrodite. Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no 2014/191 . Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Aphrodite is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. She is identified with the planet Venus, which is named after the Roman goddess Venus, with whom Aphrodite was extensively syncretized. Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans.
  • Roman statue of Hunting Artemis .Marble. Perge. 2nd century AD. Inv no .Antalya Archaeology Museum; Turkey. Against a white background.
  • Roman relief garland sculpted sarcophagus. Adana Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a warm art background
  • Close up of a end of a Roman relief sculpted Hercules sarcophagus with kline couch lid, "Columned Sarcophagi of Asia Minor” style typical of Sidamara, 250-260 AD, Konya Archaeological Museum, Turkey. Against a black background
  • Roman relief sculpted sarcophagus with kline couch lid with a reclining male figuer depicted, "Columned Sarcophagi of Asia Minor” style typical of Sidamara, 3rd Century AD, Konya Archaeological Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • End of Roman relief sculpted Herakles (Hercules)  sarcophagus, 2nd century AD, Perge, inv 2017/400. Antalya Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpted sarcophagus of Aurelia Botiano and Demetria, 2nd century AD, Perge Inv 1.35.99. Antalya Archaeology Museum, Turkey.. Against a black background.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Picture of the ruins of column bases from the Ancient Ionian Greek  Didyma Temple of Apollo & home to the Oracle of Apollo.  Also known as the Didymaion completed circa 550 BC. modern Didim in Aydin Province, Turkey.
  • Hittite terra cotta ceremonial libation vessel in the shape of a mug being held in a hand and an arm. Hittite Period, 1600 - 1200 BC.  Hattusa Boğazkale. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a white bacground.
  • Hittite terra cotta beak spout pitcher. Hittite Old Period, 1650 - 1450 BC.  Hattusa Boğazkale. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a black bacground.
  • Hittite terra cotta red glazed beak spout pitcher . Hittite Period, 1600 - 1200 BC.  Hattusa Boğazkale. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a warm art bacground.
  • Hittite terra cotta side spouted teapot . Hittite Period, 1600 - 1200 BC.  Hattusa Boğazkale. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a black bacground.
  • Hittite terra cotta beak spout pitcher . Hittite Period, 1600 - 1200 BC.  Hattusa Boğazkale. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey
  • Hittite terra cotta twa handles fluted vase. Hittite Empire, Alaca Hoyuk, 1450 - 1200 BC. Alaca Hoyuk. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey
  • Hittite long neck pointed base terra cotta vessel. Hittite Old Period, 1650 - 1450 BC. Huseyindede. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a warm art bacground.
  • Assyrian Traders terra cotta imported teapot with side spout . 1900 - 1600 BC. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a white bacground.
  • Assyrian Traders terra cotta imported beak spout pictcher. 1900 - 1600 BC. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey. Against a grey bacground.
  • Hüseyindede vases, Old Hittite Po;ychrome Relief vessel, partially finished, 16th century BC. Çorum Archaeological Museum, Corum, Turkey

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