• Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 8
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 7
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside.  6
  • Pictures of the Arabic astrological observation tower of the 8th century University of  of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 51
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 43
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 40
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran with a summer outdoor bed,  south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 32
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran with a summer outdoor bed,  south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 31
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 11
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 3
  • Pictures of the the ruins of the 8th century University of  Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 49
  • Pictures of the the ruins of the 8th century University of  Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 47
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 45
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 42
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 41
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 36
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 30
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 27
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 16
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 15
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 46
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 38
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 37
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 33
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 29
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 28
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 26
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 24
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 23
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 22
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 20
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 18
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 2
  • Pictures of the Arabic astrological observation tower of the 8th century University of  of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 52
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 19
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 12
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 9
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 1
  • Pictures of the the ruins of the 8th century University of  Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 50
  • Pictures of the the ruins of the 8th century University of  Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 48
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 44
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 35
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 25
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 17
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 14
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 10
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 5
  • Pictures of the beehive adobe buildings of Harran, south west Anatolia, Turkey.  Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran". Harran is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside. 4
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy

FunkyStock Picture Library Resource

Picture The Past

ABOUT

FunkyStock Picture Library free resource for professional editorial picture editors, picture researchers, historical scholars and students and enthusiasts who want to browse some of the best pictures and images of historic countries, historical places, archaeological sites and the very best museum antiquities and artefacts exhibits in Europe and the Middle East.

Pictures and Images can be downloaded or bought as stock photos or photo art prints.

COUNTRIES

Browse travel pictures and images of historic places and archaeological sites of countries in Europe and the Middle East.

VIEW COUNTRIES INDEX....

HISTORICAL

Explore the past through pictures and images of its historic places. See the great palaces, castles and cities of antiquity as well as the great archaeological sites where our ancestors made history.

EXPLORE HISTORICAL PLACES...

MUSEUMS

Browse pictures & images the treasured artefacts and antiquities exhibits from the great Museum of Europe and the Middle East. See the art and objects made by our ancestors.

SEE MUESEUM ANTIQUITIES....