• The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • Rievaulx Abbey cloister pillars & arches. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey looking through a doorway from the church. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church, side view.North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church, side view.North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church.North Yorkshire, England
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • The First or Lombard Romanesque style Abbey of Saint Martin-du-Canigou in the Pyrenees, Orientales department, France.
  • Rievaulx Abbey. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church, side view.North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church.North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main church.North Yorkshire, England
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Christian funerary Mosaic of a ship owner called Felix. The mosaic depicts his two masted above a kantharos, a Greek styled drinking cup, with vines and foliage. At the top is a Constantinian monogram in a laurel wreath which symbolises the deceased devotion to Christianity.  This early Christian mosaic is from Tabarka, 5th century AD. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Zelve, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian frescoes in the rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff rock at Goreme Park, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Early Christian rock cave churches in the tuff volcanic rock of Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Christian relief Icon depicting scenes from the Nativity, A central ivory panel surrounded by beaten silver border. From Constantinople, 11th or 12th century. Inv. OA 11399, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Christian relief Icon depicting scenes from the Nativity, A central ivory panel surrounded by beaten silver border. From Constantinople, 11th or 12th century. Inv. OA 11399, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Christian ivory diptych depicting the Nativity, the crucifixion and the Profits. Thirteenth century probably from Byzantine Roman Constantinople, present day Istanbul. Inv. OA 12442, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Christian relief Icon depicting scenes from the Nativity, A central ivory panel surrounded by beaten silver border. From Constantinople, 11th or 12th century. Inv. OA 11399, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Christian ivory diptych depicting the Nativity, the crucifixion and the Profits. Thirteenth century probably from Byzantine Roman Constantinople, present day Istanbul. Inv. OA 12442, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Byzantine Christian Mosaics of The Palatine Chapel  ( Capella Palatina) in The Norman Palace (Palazzo dei Normanni), Palermo, Sicily. Scenes of Christ and from the Bible.
  • Medieval Byzantine mosaics of Christian scene with Christ and the angels, Monreale Cathedral, Sicily
  • Medieval Byzantine mosaics of Christian scene with Christ and the angels, Monreale Cathedral, Sicily
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century v Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting two Peacocks - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
<br />
The patterns of peacock tails contain round decorations. These were seen to be the symbolic eyes of omnipotence and often ascribed to the Archangel Michael. The peacock’s feather is sometimes associated with St. Barbara Also, The peacock, (due to an ancient myth that Peacock flesh did not decay), is seen as a symbol of immortality.<br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting two Peacocks - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
<br />
The patterns of peacock tails contain round decorations. These were seen to be the symbolic eyes of omnipotence and often ascribed to the Archangel Michael. The peacock’s feather is sometimes associated with St. Barbara Also, The peacock, (due to an ancient myth that Peacock flesh did not decay), is seen as a symbol of immortality.<br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting two Peacocks - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
<br />
The patterns of peacock tails contain round decorations. These were seen to be the symbolic eyes of omnipotence and often ascribed to the Archangel Michael. The peacock’s feather is sometimes associated with St. Barbara Also, The peacock, (due to an ancient myth that Peacock flesh did not decay), is seen as a symbol of immortality.<br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting two Peacocks - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
<br />
The patterns of peacock tails contain round decorations. These were seen to be the symbolic eyes of omnipotence and often ascribed to the Archangel Michael. The peacock’s feather is sometimes associated with St. Barbara Also, The peacock, (due to an ancient myth that Peacock flesh did not decay), is seen as a symbol of immortality.<br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting two Peacocks - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
<br />
The patterns of peacock tails contain round decorations. These were seen to be the symbolic eyes of omnipotence and often ascribed to the Archangel Michael. The peacock’s feather is sometimes associated with St. Barbara Also, The peacock, (due to an ancient myth that Peacock flesh did not decay), is seen as a symbol of immortality.<br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century  Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
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The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.

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