• Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Coronation of Hierapolis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief War of the Giants and The Gods. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Adonis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Marsyas. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus Festival. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Adonis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Marsyas. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus Festival. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus Festival. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief War of the Giants and The Gods. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Adonis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman statue fragment of Triton son of Poseidon. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Marsyas. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue fragment of Triton son of Poseidon. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Birth of Apollo. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief War of the Giants and The Gods. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Marsyas. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Adonis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus Festival. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief War of the Giants and The Gods. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Marsyas. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman statue fragment of Triton son of Poseidon. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief War of the Giants and The Gods. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Myth of Adonis. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue fragment of Triton son of Poseidon. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue fragment of Triton son of Poseidon. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus Festival. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman gold decorative jewellery head band, 1st century AD from Hierapolis Gumusler Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief funereal stele from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. Against an art background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against an black background
  • Picture of The north  gate forms part of a fortification system built at Hierapolis in late 4th century Theodosian times. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of The north Byzantine gate forms part of a fortification system built at Hierapolis in late 4th century Theodosian times. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of St Philip Gate ruins.  Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
The St. Philip Gate <br />
The gate is situated on the north-eastern side of the defensive walls built under the Emperor Theodosius in the late 4th century. Its importance is indicated by the presence of the two towers that flank the opening The gate was used by pilgrims heading for the summit of the hill on which stood the sanctuary of St. Philip, one of the twelve apostles of Christ. According to tradition the Saint was martyred in Hierapolis.
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief funereal stele from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Marriage of Zeus and Leto Hieros Gamos. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. Against an art background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman statue of Priestess of Isis,  2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Marriage of Zeus and Leto Hieros Gamos. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. Against an art background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue of Priestess of Isis,  2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief funereal stele from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief funereal stele from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Marriage of Zeus and Leto Hieros Gamos. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind.
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.  . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind.
  • Roman gold decorative jewellery head band, 1st century AD from Hierapolis Gumusler Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman statue of Priestess of Isis,  2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman statue of Priestess of Isis,  2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief funereal stele from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman statue of Arris, 3rd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Marriage of Zeus and Leto Hieros Gamos. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. Against an art background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind.  . Against an black background
  • Roman gold decorative jewellery head band, 1st century AD from Hierapolis Gumusler Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman statue of Arris, 3rd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Picture of The north  gate forms part of a fortification system built at Hierapolis in late 4th century Theodosian times. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman statue of Demiougous, 2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman statue of Arris, 3rd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind.  . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. . Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner. Against an art background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against a grey background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. Against an art background
  • Roman statue of Arris, 3rd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman statue of Priestess of Isis,  2nd century AD from Hierapolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculptures of gladiator fights 3rd century AD from Hierapolis Northern Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.  . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with garland reliefs sculptures, 3rd century AD made in Laodicea on the Lycus from Hierapolis Necropolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.  . Against an black background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey<br />
<br />
Columned Sarcophagus Sarcopinagu of Euthios Pyrrnon, Asian Archon (ruler), Roman Period First quarter of third century A.D. Loadicea. <br />
 <br />
Four sides of these sarcophagi are all in relief. They appear like a columned temple. The reliefs between the grooved columns are related to the private life of the individual. His/her education, heroic scenes and plant or mythological motifs are decorated in relief. The cover of the sarcophagus is arranged like a bed and it is depicted as the wife and the husband as lying on it. The name of the individual and some mythological reliefs are found in the surrounding of the cover. The two sarcophagi in the hall are of this kind. . Against an white background
  • Picture of St Philip Gate ruins.  Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
The St. Philip Gate <br />
The gate is situated on the north-eastern side of the defensive walls built under the Emperor Theodosius in the late 4th century. Its importance is indicated by the presence of the two towers that flank the opening The gate was used by pilgrims heading for the summit of the hill on which stood the sanctuary of St. Philip, one of the twelve apostles of Christ. According to tradition the Saint was martyred in Hierapolis.
  • Roman relief sculpture funerary stele. Late Roman Period. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in red terra cotta. 1900-1400 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Picture of the ruins of the tomb of St Philip, Roman 1st century AD. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of Tomb North Necropolis  main road . Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of Tomb Tomb 114 "tomb of curses" of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
TOMB 114 (Second half of the 2nd century AD) <br />
<br />
The tomb lies on the left hand side of the road and is enclosed by a perimeter wall; it rests on a base withifiree steps, with a bench piked(1 front of it. Inside are three beds and the ossuary. On the roof, a sarcophagus, broken as result of an <br />
earthquake, bears an inscription mentioning the occupant Aelios Apollinarios and his wife Neratia Apollonis. On the facade is an inscription of great interest which refers to the punishment inflicted on those who violate the sepulchre: as well as the usual fines, it invokes diseases, misfortunes and punishments in the next world. This inscription has led to the building being named the Tomb of the Curses.
  • Picture of a Tomb North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of  A18 of the Tomb North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Tomb A 18 ( 1st century AD) <br />
<br />
The building, one of the most representative and best conserved of the North Necropolis, has the shape of a small temple, built to a square plan with regular walls. The facade is framed by projecting pilasters; the roofing slabs rest on the, two frontons and the lateral cornices.- Beneath the base is a subterranean chamber partially carved into of the rock. The two chambers have sepulchral beds along the walls.
  • Picture of the Roman North Gate built by Domitian. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture funerary stele. Late Roman Period. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Bronze Age pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC from Beycesultan. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Bronze Age pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC from Beycesultan. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Bronze Age pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC from Beycesultan. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Bronze Age pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC from Beycesultan. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Picture of Tombs on the edge of the white travatines of the  North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus and Pan. Roman 2nd century AD, Laodicea. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture funerary stele. Late Roman Period. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Bronze Age pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC from Beycesultan. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of a Roman raised sarcophagus of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of Tomb A2 of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of Tomb A2 of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of St Philip Gate road.  Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus and Pan. Roman 2nd century AD, Laodicea. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of Roman sacrcophagi on a Tomb North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of a Tomb A6  and Sarcophagus of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture funerary stele. Late Roman Period. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in red terra cotta. 1900-1400 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of a Roman raised sarcophagus of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of a Tomb  North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the Nymphaeum Fountain located inside the sacred area in front of the Apollo temple on the main colonnaded road. Dated from the 2nd century AD and repaired in the 5th century during the Byzantine era. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the Nymphaeum located inside the sacred area in front of the Apollo temple on the main colonnaded road. Dated from the 2nd century AD and repaired in the 5th century during the Byzantine era. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus and Pan. Roman 2nd century AD, Laodicea. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an art background
  • Picture of the ruins of a gate to Hieropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of Tomb  81 of North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Tomb 81 (2nd - 3rd centuries AD)<br />
The tomb is built on a high platform that compensates for <br />
difference in level of the land behind it. Inside the <br />
chamber are three sepulchre beds, arranged along the walls, an a very deep ossuary. On the roof slabs, which jut out a long way, are two sarcophagi. Two inscriptions beside the door end the inscription on the slab that closed it (now in the museum ) refer to the successive occupants, including Eutyches Pompeios, who left 100 denari to the association of wool washers for the periodic decoration of  <br />
the tomb.
  • Picture of Tombs North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the Roman North Gate built by Domitian. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture funerary stele. Late Roman Period. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in red terra cotta. 1900-1400 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Picture of a Roman raised sarcophagus of the North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus and Pan. Roman 2nd century AD, Laodicea. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Dionysus and Pan. Roman 2nd century AD, Laodicea. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against a grey background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in red terra cotta. 1900-1400 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in red terra cotta. 1900-1400 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey . Against an black background
  • Bronze Age Beak Spout Pitcher in terra cotta. 3200-1900 BC. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Picture of  A18 of the Tomb North Necropolis. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Tomb A 18 ( 1st century AD) <br />
<br />
The building, one of the most representative and best conserved of the North Necropolis, has the shape of a small temple, built to a square plan with regular walls. The facade is framed by projecting pilasters; the roofing slabs rest on the, two frontons and the lateral cornices.- Beneath the base is a subterranean chamber partially carved into of the rock. The two chambers have sepulchral beds along the walls.
  • Picture of the Roman North Gate built by Domitian. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of A Roman Theatre reconstructed over an earlier Greek theatre under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet (91 m) long, the full extent of which remains standingand the cavea has 50 rows of seats. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the ruins of columns in the ruins of the The Church of the Sepulchre, Roman 1st century AD. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman gold decorative jewellery head band, 1st century AD from Hierapolis Gumusler Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey
  • Roman relief sculpture of the Marriage of Zeus and Leto Hieros Gamos. Roman 2nd century AD, Hierapolis Theatre.. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against a grey background
  • Roman gold decorative jewellery head band, 1st century AD from Hierapolis Gumusler Necropolis. Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey. Against an white background
  • Roman sarcophagus with relief sculptures from Hierapolis . Hierapolis Archaeology Museum, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Sarcophagus With Garland.<br />
<br />
They were widely used in the valley of Menderes from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. The Nike on the edges and the Eros in the middle of the long sides carry the garlands. There are Medusa masks on the upper spaces of the garlands, sometimes the portraits of the owners of the tombs and some mythological descriptions take place here. Medusa masks symbolise the protection of the tomb where as the garlands symbolise the meeting of the owner in the other world. Ostoteks are also made in the some manner.
  • Picture of the ruins of the tomb of St Philip, Roman 1st century AD. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the Roman Basilica Baths. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • Picture of the ruins Hieropolis walls. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.
  • The Church of the Sepulchre with three naves was built around a Roman age tomb of St Philip, ist century AD. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.

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