• Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155.  Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155.
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155.  Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155. Black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian Predynastic burial pit with deceased skeleton lying on side, Circa 3100 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian bed delonging to Kha , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
According to excavator Shciaparelli " the beds were found in Kcha's tomb also. The larger one, his own, was found in the antechamber." Egyptians believed that in the Afterlife they would require the same comforts as they enjoyed in life so beds and many other worldly requirements were put into their tombs.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929.  Black background,
  • Ancient Egyptian Gebelein cloth depicting a Nile boat scene, the oldest know painted fabric artefact, Predynastic Egypt, Circa 3600BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
There are at least 4 boats depicted on this linen cloth : two small carft following behind two larger vessels. The two small boats are equipped trains with 8 to 10 oars. The bottom boat has 4 rowers with their oars but other oars hanging below the hull . The helmsman has a steering oar larger (left). Two cabins occupy the central space. Between them a person is sitting in the same position as rowers and a black line behind it may be an indication of an other oar. The upper large boat does not have rowers but a helmsman at the back. The curved stern rises high and ends with a decoration. Red and black horizontal lines appear to indicate the presence of a cabin with a flat roof. Front of the cabin a character is sitting on a kind of throne. It seems to wear something on his head while the rowers are bareheaded.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin.<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background. <br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929. Grey background
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929. Grey background
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929. White background,
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background;<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancinet Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Pyolemic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. grey background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancientt Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. close up<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. White Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. <br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Ra-Harakhty & Atum by Psetjerfi, Late Period 26th Dynasty, (590-525 BC), Cat 1568. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian god Bes jar, Late Period, 5th century BC.  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti collection cat 2553. Grey background;
  • Ancient Egyptian glong neckedr jar  sealed with linen strips , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian globular jar  with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian pylon (gateway) shaped Canopic chest for internal organs, wood, Late  to Ptolemaic Period(722-40 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2427. <br />
<br />
Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakhty, limestone, Late Period, 26th Dynasty, (580-520 BC), Deir el-Medina, Cat 1574. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
the round topped stele is dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakht, Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. It was gifted by the Cairo Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. .<br />
<br />
Khonsu sits on a cube-like throne and wears the solar disc and half-moon on his head. He faces an offering table piled with food and flowers. The hieroglyphic inscription reads: "Khonsu-in-Thebes, Neferhotep. Protection, life, stability and power surround him, like Ra. Libation for your ka with bread, beer, oxen and fowl."Lower register depicts two men kneeling in adoration. They face to the left: Nebre, whose title is kedw sesh "draughtsman" and his son, Amenemope."Give praise to Khonsu-in-Thebes by the scribe of Amun in the Place of Truth Nebra, justified in peace, he loved his son, Amenemope, justified".In the bottom register are the "Draughtsman-scribe of Amun in the Place of Truth", Nebre, and his son, Amenemope"
  • Ancient Egyptian stele odedicated to Amon Re the "good Ram" by foreman Baki, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1290-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1549. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Reign of Ramesses II.<br />
<br />
This round-topped stele is carved in low relief and painted <br />
in several colours. The pictorial plane is divided into two <br />
registers, the upper one containing two rams facing each <br />
other. The animals, with cobras rising on their foreheads, <br />
wear tall headdresses composed of two tall plumes with a <br />
solar disk at the centre. Between them is a small offering <br />
table with lotus flowers. The mirror image hieroglyphic <br />
inscription refers to the rams and reveals their divine <br />
nature as that of Amun-Ra. In the register below, <br />
foreman Baki is shown in the pose of adoration.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Khonsu by draftsman Pay, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1553. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of scraftsman Minhotep in adoration of Osiris, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1619. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Osiris, Anubis and Hathor "Mistress of the World".
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of scraftsman Minhotep in adoration of Osiris, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1619. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Osiris, Anubis and Hathor "Mistress of the World".
  • Ancient Egyptian stele showing Iti & Neferu receiving food offerings, First Intermediate Period, (2118-1980 BC), Gebelein, Tomb of Iti & Neferu,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. Schiaparelli cat 13114.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. . Drovetti cat 1579. white background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Drovetti cat 1579.<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian ostracon dedicated by Amenkhau to Mereteseger, limestone, New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, (1187-1150 BC), Deir el-Medina, ODrovetti cat 1564. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background
  • Egyptian stele of Theanou, limestone, Roman Period, 1st cent AD, Com Abu Billo, cat 18117. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of sculptor Qen, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Old Fund cat 1635. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
This stele belongs to the "painter of outlines' and sculptor Qen who lived in the reign of Ramesses II. It depicrs a funeral celebration for him infront of funerary chapel with his sond Meryre and Huy, who are performing the "ceremony of Opening of the Mouth". His daughter Taqri is depicted grieving over the loss of her father. The chapel is summounted by a Pyramidion.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Mourning Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 1435.<br />
<br />
In the lower register a cattle driver leads two cattle of different colours.<br />
These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian Cat Sarcophagus conating cat mummy, Late to Plolomaic Period, (722-30 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin.Old Fund Cat 2361. white background<br />
<br />
Animal mummification was common in ancient Egypt. They mummified various animals. It was an enormous part of Egyptian culture, not only in their role as food and pets, but also for religious reasons. They were typically mummified for four main purposes—to allow beloved pets to go on to the afterlife, to provide food in the afterlife, to act as offerings to a particular god, and because some were seen as physical manifestations of specific deities that the Egyptians worshipped. Bast, the cat goddess is an example of one such deity.
  • Ancient Egyptian Cat Sarcophagus conating cat mummy, Late to Plolomaic Period, (722-30 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin.Old Fund Cat 2361. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Animal mummification was common in ancient Egypt. They mummified various animals. It was an enormous part of Egyptian culture, not only in their role as food and pets, but also for religious reasons. They were typically mummified for four main purposes—to allow beloved pets to go on to the afterlife, to provide food in the afterlife, to act as offerings to a particular god, and because some were seen as physical manifestations of specific deities that the Egyptians worshipped. Bast, the cat goddess is an example of one such deity.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a funerary boat with oarsman and a sarcopagus under a canope, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 1209. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Funerary boats were probably believed to carry the deceased sould to the afterlife. Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a funerary boat with oarsman and a sarcopagus under a canope, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 1209. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Funerary boats were probably believed to carry the deceased sould to the afterlife. Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, (1939-1875 BC), Asyut., Tomb of Minhotep Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8789. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, (1939-1875 BC), Asyut., Tomb of Minhotep Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8789. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, (1939-1875 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, (1939-1875 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin.   black background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden falcon bird, Late Period (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom from the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of a man cooking a duck, New Kingdom, 11-13th Dynasty, (1980-1700 BC), Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8944. white background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll of Nuneb , wood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1538-1292 BC), Deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 2676. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Mummiform holding agricultural implements (hoes); good modelling; polychrome <br />
decoration painted on white gesso: Wig painted black, face and hands dark red; hoes <br />
painted red; large usekh collar painted red and black. Hieroglyphs painted black. Text: Painted hieroglyphs, 7 rows around body. Chapter VI of the Book of the Dead. Tomb TT291
  • Ancient Egyptian voitive statue of Nefratari, New Kingdom, 19th -20th Dynasty, (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 1349. black background.<br />
<br />
Queen Ahmose Neferatari, wife and mother of Amenhoptec I show the great devotion she was held in by ancient Egyptians. The inscription on the base name the dedicators of the statue
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Pawer and his wife Mut, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti collection. Cat 3057.<br />
<br />
Between the two adults is their son Samut in childhood nudity. The text specifies that the statue was commissioned by Mut.
  • Ancient Egyptian four sided capital dedicated to Hathor, limestone, Ptolomaic Period (332039 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Cat 7031. <br />
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Hathor, goddess of love and beauty and wet nurse of Horus, is often portrayed frontally with bovine ears. She was also protector of the turquoise mines in Sinai and the guardian of the 4 cardinal points awhich is why she is depicted with faces on each side of the capital
  • Ancient Egyptian stelophorus statue of Ubenre, New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty, (1292-1076 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3040. Grey background.<br />
<br />
This type of stele is so called stelophorous statue. It consists of kneeling figure holding or offering stele. They were produced from the 18th dynasty onwards. Such stelae were usually inscribed with hymns to the sun-god.
  • Ancient Egyptian Stelophorus statue of Amenemipet, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1539-1292 BC), Deir el Medina, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3038. Grey background
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue bust of a male, graanodiorite, Late Period, (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.  Grey background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3139
  • Ancient Egyptian statue bust of a male, graanodiorite, Late Period, (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.  white background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3139
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a queen wearing a clinging dress, sandstone, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Drovetti Collection, Cat 1386
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Hel, limestone, New Kingdom, late 18th Dynasty, (1320-1280 BC), Saqqara. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
The women is seated on a cushioned stool. On her head is a lotus flower. In her left hand she holds a cloth in her right a counterweight for a meant necklace, a ritual instrument used in the cult of the goddess Hathor. the statue probably stood in a tomb in Saqqara necropolis of Memphis, where the Egyptian eletes of the time had splendid tombs with statues of s similar style. The inscription evokes the deceased "everything that comes forth in the presence of the gods of Memphis for Osiris, the lady of Hel..."
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Hel, limestone, New Kingdom, late 18th Dynasty, (1320-1280 BC), Saqqara. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
The women is seated on a cushioned stool. On her head is a lotus flower. In her left hand she holds a cloth in her right a counterweight for a meant necklace, a ritual instrument used in the cult of the goddess Hathor. the statue probably stood in a tomb in Saqqara necropolis of Memphis, where the Egyptian eletes of the time had splendid tombs with statues of s similar style. The inscription evokes the deceased "everything that comes forth in the presence of the gods of Memphis for Osiris, the lady of Hel..."
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of pharaoh Horemheb with god Amun, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. .<br />
<br />
Horemheb stands beside the taller depiction of the god Amun. The statue is typical of the period following the religious and artistic revolution of King Akhenaten. The muscles are not emphasised and the contours are soft, with rounded hips and juvenile faces, the eyes are almond shaped and the cheeks and lips sensual. Some scholars believe this may have been a statue of Tutenkhamon remodelled by Horemheb. Dorvetti collection. C 768
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
In this statue of Sekhmet the goddess is called "mistress of Shenut" possibly linking her to the lioness goddess Repyt of Anthribis.  Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 248
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 249
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 249
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Colossal ancient Egyptian statue of Sethy II, sandstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1202-1198 BC), Karnak Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
A striking monumental sculpture expresses the strength of Sethy II who is depicted with his muscular left leg forward to express jis capability. He holds the standard of Amon depicted on it. It stood in the courtyard of the temple at Karnak along with a sister statue, now in the Louvre.Drovetti Collection. C 1383
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of king Horemheb & his wife Mutnedjemet, granodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Queen Mutnedjemet is depicted in the role of Hathor, the sun god, embracing her husband. The statue is unfinished with details missing including the stripes in the Royal kilt, the wings of a vulture on the queens headdress and bound enemies on one side of the throne. On the back of the throne is a long inscription recording the coronation of Horemheb who was the general of Tutenkhamun before ascending to the throne. Drovetto collection. C 1379.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  white background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of princess Redji, grandorite, Saqqara, Old Kingdom, 3rd Dynasty (2592-2543 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. grey background.<br />
<br />
The inscriptions at the base of the statue indicates that the statue is of the Kings Daughter named Redji. Never intended as a faithful depiction of the deceased , the statue was placed in the tomb to substitute for the deceased. The statue is in the typical rigid style of the old kingdom with a voluminous wig.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey Background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian , sandstone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1353-1336 BC, Thebes, Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,
  • Ancient Egyptian god Bes jar, Late Period, 5th century BC.  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti collection cat 2553.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background,<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. <br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. <br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. <br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated vase , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated vase , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian glong neckedr jar  sealed with linen strips , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian glong neckedr jar  sealed with linen strips , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian sealed incised decorated jar and support with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background. Cat 8523.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian sealed incised decorated jar and support with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. Cat 8523.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian sealed incised decorated jar and support with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Cat 8523.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian Human headed canopic jar for Amenemheb, clay, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 3471. White background.<br />
<br />
The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. By the First Intermediate Period jars with human heads (assumed to represent the dead) began to appear
  • Ancient Egyptian Imesty or Amset Canopic Jar,  New Kingdom,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. Imsety, the human-headed god representing the South, whose jar contained the liver and was protected by the goddess Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Imesty or Amset Canopic Jar,  New Kingdom,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. Imsety, the human-headed god representing the South, whose jar contained the liver and was protected by the goddess Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Canopic chest for internal organs. showing deceased worshiping Osiris, wood, Late Period(722-332 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2424. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian pylon (gateway) shaped Canopic chest for internal organs, wood, Late  to Ptolemaic Period(722-40 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2427. White background,<br />
<br />
Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background, <br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background, <br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background, <br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box of the steward of Djehutyhotep, wood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1450-1350 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2443. black background<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box of the steward of Djehutyhotep, wood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1450-1350 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2443. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. white background<br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. black background<br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. <br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Chamberlain Hornakht, son of Mera, slimestone, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty (1939-1759 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old fund cat 1612. Black background<br />
<br />
A false door is an artistic representation of a door which does not function like a real door. They can be carved in a wall or painted on it. They are a common architectural element in the tombs of ancient Egypt,
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Chamberlain Hornakht, son of Mera, slimestone, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty (1939-1759 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old fund cat 1612.  Grey background<br />
<br />
A false door is an artistic representation of a door which does not function like a real door. They can be carved in a wall or painted on it. They are a common architectural element in the tombs of ancient Egypt,
  • Ancient Egyptian Talatat block with a female worhiper of tambourine player relief, sandstone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1353-1336 BC), Thebes, Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The talatat was introduced to increase the speed new monuments to Aten could be built. The talatat were smaller, about 52x26x24 cm, than the usual building blocks used and therfore were easier to handle and build with. They were first used on the new buildings of Akhenaten at Thebes during his reign, the, after his capital was moved , for the monumenta of Amarna. When Amon was restored all the Aten temples were taken down and their blocks used in other buildings. Over 100,000 talatat have been excavated so far in Thebes and they represent a massive jigsaw puzzle as archaeologist try to piece them together into their original reliefs.
  • Ancient Egyptian Talatat block with a female worhiper of tambourine player relief, sandstone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1353-1336 BC), Thebes, Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The talatat was introduced to increase the speed new monuments to Aten could be built. The talatat were smaller, about 52x26x24 cm, than the usual building blocks used and therfore were easier to handle and build with. They were first used on the new buildings of Akhenaten at Thebes during his reign, the, after his capital was moved , for the monumenta of Amarna. When Amon was restored all the Aten temples were taken down and their blocks used in other buildings. Over 100,000 talatat have been excavated so far in Thebes and they represent a massive jigsaw puzzle as archaeologist try to piece them together into their original reliefs.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele depicting Sethy I adoring Amenhotep I and Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background. Schiaparelli Cat 6189.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele depicting Sethy I adoring Amenhotep I and Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Schiaparelli Cat 6189.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele didicated to the swallow and cat by Nebra, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. Drovetti Cat No 1591.<br />
<br />
In the top register of this votive stele a swallow  (Hirundinidae) is shown perched on top of a shrine. An offering table is placed in front of it on the right side. The bird is called "the good swallow". In the lower register Nakhamun and Khay, Nebre's two sons, kneel in adoration in front of a large cat. They both hold a bouquet in their right hand, the left hand is raised in adoration before the good cat" (Houlihan,1996,87). The swallow and the cat both represent two minor deities, Menet and Tamit, who are  closely connected with the region of the Theban necropolis. It is unusual that this stele has been dedicated by Nebre, the royal craftsman, without him being depicted.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele didicated to the swallow and cat by Nebra, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti Cat No 1591.<br />
<br />
In the top register of this votive stele a swallow  (Hirundinidae) is shown perched on top of a shrine. An offering table is placed in front of it on the right side. The bird is called "the good swallow". In the lower register Nakhamun and Khay, Nebre's two sons, kneel in adoration in front of a large cat. They both hold a bouquet in their right hand, the left hand is raised in adoration before the good cat" (Houlihan,1996,87). The swallow and the cat both represent two minor deities, Menet and Tamit, who are  closely connected with the region of the Theban necropolis. It is unusual that this stele has been dedicated by Nebre, the royal craftsman, without him being depicted.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele didicated to the swallow and cat by Nebra, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. . Drovetti Cat No 1591.<br />
<br />
In the top register of this votive stele a swallow  (Hirundinidae) is shown perched on top of a shrine. An offering table is placed in front of it on the right side. The bird is called "the good swallow". In the lower register Nakhamun and Khay, Nebre's two sons, kneel in adoration in front of a large cat. They both hold a bouquet in their right hand, the left hand is raised in adoration before the good cat" (Houlihan,1996,87). The swallow and the cat both represent two minor deities, Menet and Tamit, who are  closely connected with the region of the Theban necropolis. It is unusual that this stele has been dedicated by Nebre, the royal craftsman, without him being depicted.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by Irtiertjay,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (7620-580 BC), Thebes, Cat 1530. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Irtiertjay to Re-Harakhty , Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by Irtiertjay,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (7620-580 BC), Thebes, Cat 1530. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Irtiertjay to Re-Harakhty , Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background, <br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Ra-Harakhty & Atum by Psetjerfi, Late Period 26th Dynasty, (590-525 BC), Cat 1568. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background, <br />
<br />
Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum

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