• Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • 810-783 B.C Neo-Assyrian Stele with relief sculpture & inscription to King Adad-Nirari III (son of Samsi-Adad V, King of Assyria) praying to the gods. The inscription reports King Adad-Nirari III's campaign against Palestine in which he marched on Damascus and caused such terror that King Mari I surrendered the Royal city of Damascus paying a tribute of 100 talents of gold.  Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 2828.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 5.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 5.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 6.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room Z.  ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118874
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Limestone Sculpted relief Stele with inscription to King Sennacherib. The relief shows Assyrian King Sennacherib  praying in front of divine symbols. 705 - 681 B.C Nineveh ( Kuyunjik ) . The inscription tells of King Sennacherib's great feats of war and the building works in Nineveh. It starts " Sennacheribs, the great king, mighty king, king of the universe, king of the Assyria, king of the four regions of the wold, favourite of the great gods". It continues " I led my armies from one end of the earth to the other and brought in submission at my feet all princes, dwelling in palaces, of the four quarters of the world". of his great worked " I enlarged the site of Nineveh, my royal city, I made its market streets wider". further " The wall and outer wall I caused skilfully constructed and raised them mountain high. I widened them to 100 cubits ( 50m )". Istanbul Archaeological Exhibit no. 1.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 5.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 5.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 5.
  • Chaldean Assyrian relief sculpture slab from the northwest palace of King Ashurnasirpal II of a Genie standing in front of the tree of life. 881-859 B.C form Nimrud or Nimrut ( Kalhu or Kalah). Istanbul Archaeological exhibit Inv. No. 4.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of an eagle headed protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room F, panel 3.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124584-5
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of a female protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124581
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit holdingpomegrantes from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room Z.  ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118874
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq. The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Neo-Assyrian basalt statue of King Shalmaneser III (858-824 B.C) . Inscription reads "Shalmaneser, the great king, the mighty king, king of all four region, the powerful and the mighty rival of the princes of the whole earth the great ones, the kings, son of Assur-Nasirapli, King of the universe, King of Assyria, grandson of ~Tukultiu-Ninurta, King of the Universe, King of Assyria". The inscription continues with his campaigns &b deeds in Uratu, Syria, Que & Tabal ending " At the time I rebuilt the walls of my city Ashur from their foundations to their summits. I made an image of my royal self and set it up in the metal gate". From Assur ( Qala't Sharqat) Iraq. Istanbul Archaeological Museum, Inv no. 4650.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of a female protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124581
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq. The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Medieval Gothic ivory diptych with scenes from the life of Christ and the Virgin made in Paris around 1370-1380.  inv 4089, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Gothic ivory diptych depicting the Virgin and child,  made in Paris in the first quarter of the 14th century.  inv 11097, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted oak relief of three soldiers and two men in a rocky landscape below the walls of Jerusalem, from Antwerp circa 1510-1515. This is a panel from the Passion.  Inv RF  297,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Gothic reliquary of Saint Martin probably made in Avignon in the second quarter of the 14th century. From the church of Soudeilles, Correze, France.  inv 6459, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval ivory relief panel depicting the arrest of Christ.  From the workshop of Charles-le-Chauve circa 870 AD.. Inv. OA 9526, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic wooden Fourteen Intercessors altarpiece made at the end of the 15th century in Franconia.  The panel depict 14 saints in total. Inv RF 2531,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic wooden Fourteen Intercessors altarpiece made at the end of the 15th century in Franconia.  The panel depict 14 saints in total. Inv RF 2531,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Gothic ivory diptych with scenes from the Passion made in Paris in the second quarter of the 14th century.  inv 10006, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted walnut sculpture of the decent from the Cross, circa 1470-1490 possibly from Antwerp or the Brabant region of Belgium.  Inv RF 4696,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval ivory figure of Christ at the pillar made in Paris around 1300-1320.  inv 12380, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval elephant ivory plaque with traces of paint made in Italy in the 13th or start of the 14th century.  The crucifixion is a rare example of a Gothic piece being inspired by 11th century Romanesque works.  inv 7268, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval ivory Triptych relief panel depicting the Ascension, end of 11th cent. AD. Inv OA 6340, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Bouquetin goats horn ivory crosier with traces of paint, circa 12th century from the south of Italy. Inv OA 11150, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval elephant ivory relief panel depicting the Crucifixtion. From southern Germany or north of Italy, end of 10th or 11th cent. AD. Inv. OA 12231, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval ivory comb with a central relief panel depicting David defeating a Lion. Third quarter of the 9th cent. AD from Metz. Inv. OA 354, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval Gothic ivory tabernacle depicting the Virgin and Child with scenes from the Annunciation, Nativity, the adoration of the Magi and the presentation at the Temple  made in Paris in second quarter of the 14th century and is a typical example of tabernacles made in Paris at that period.  inv 2587, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted wooden relief sculptured altarpiece of two Popes, a  Cardinal, a Bishop a cannon and 7 priests praying made in 1505 by Daniel Mauch from Ulm. Inv RF 2805,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval ivory plaque depicting the Crucifixion and the saints at the tomb, end of 11th cent from Salerne or Amalfi. AD. Inv OA 4085, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Medieval gilded manuscript cover depicting the Crucifixion. 11th century from the treasury of the Cathedral of Maastricht. AD.  <br />
This gilded with relief panel with inlaid stones was originally a manuscript cover. Since 1677, it contained the 'documents of the oath of the Dukes of Brabant'. The back of the panel is covered with precious fabrics. On the front, in the central part, is depicted a crucifixion the style of which is reminiscent of the works of the goldsmiths of the Emperor Henry II. On the borders are small icons and emblems including those of the Carolingians. The main interest of this work lies in the four enamelled on gold symbols of the evangelists in the four corners, two being 'Enforced’ on a background of gold, the others being painted.<br />
<br />
One of Latin inscriptions states that 'Beatrice  ordered the execution ( of this work) in honour of Almighty God and his saints“. It could be Beatrice wife of Hermann II of Swabia and daughter Emperor's sister-Conrad II or, more likely, Beatrice of Tuscany who in 1036 was wife of Boniface III, Marquis of Tuscany, and second wife of Geoffrey the Bearded, Duke of Lower Lorraine and Brabant.<br />
 The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  Black Background<br />
<br />
This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  <br />
<br />
 Grey art Background This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  <br />
<br />
Black BackgroundThis goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Mycenaean gold goblet with two handles ening with a dogs head biting the rim,  Acropolis Treasure of Mycenae, Greece, National Archaeological Museum of Athens.  Grey art Background <br />
<br />
This goblet was found as part of a hoard looted in antiquity from Grave Circle A and buried outside the enclosure. 15th century BC
  • Ancient Egyptian limestone funerary stele of Ipepi with his wife, mother and sister in front of Osiris. Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2120-1980 BC. Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 24031.
  • Ancient Egyptian limestone funerary stele of Ipepi with his wife, mother and sister in front of Osiris. Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2120-1980 BC. Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 24031.
  • Ancient Egyptian limestone funerary stele of Ipepi with his wife, mother and sister in front of Osiris. Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2120-1980 BC. Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 24031.
  • Neolithic Marble Female Figurine grave offering of the early Cycladic II period from the Chalandriani, from Syros. 2800-2300BC. Athens Archaeological Museum Ref No 6169.
  • Gold Death Mask Known as the "mask of Agamemnon"  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold & shows a man with a beard. 16th century BC. Cat No 624 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known as the "mask of Agamemnon"  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold & shows a man with a beard. 16th century BC. Cat No 624 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Boar's tusk helmet with cheek guards and double bone hook on top. Tomb 515 Mycenae, Greece. 14th-15th century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.. The Boar's tusk helmet was described in the Iliad as follows "Meriones gave Odysseus a bow, a quiver and a sword, and put a cleverly made leather helmet on his head. On the inside there was a strong lining on interwoven straps, onto which a felt cap had been sewn in. The outside was cleverly adorned all around with rows of white tusks from a shiny-toothed boar, the tusks running in alternate directions in each row.<br />
—Homer, Iliad 10.260–5"
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with large palm trees symmetrically placed on the sides and smaller palm trees with floral motifs in between. This Mycenaean  vase is distinguished by the high quality of clay and paint, and by the naturalistic rendering of the decoration. From the Mycenaean cemetery at Argive Deiras, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with large palm trees symmetrically placed on the sides and smaller palm trees with floral motifs in between. This Mycenaean  vase is distinguished by the high quality of clay and paint, and by the naturalistic rendering of the decoration. From the Mycenaean cemetery at Argive Deiras, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with three large octopuses within a marinescape of rocks and seaweed. A Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine Style. From the Mycenaean cemetery of Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with three large octopuses within a marinescape of rocks and seaweed. A Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine Style. From the Mycenaean cemetery of Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian limestone funerary stele of Ipepi with his wife, mother and sister in front of Osiris. Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2120-1980 BC. Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 24031.
  • Gold Death Mask Known from Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC. Cat No 253 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known from Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC. Cat No 253 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known from Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC. Cat No 253 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known from Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC. Cat No 253 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known as the "mask of Agamemnon"  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold & shows a man with a beard. 16th century BC. Cat No 624 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known as the "mask of Agamemnon"  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold & shows a man with a beard. 16th century BC. Cat No 624 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold and is the only mask from grave circle A with eyes open. 16th century BC. Cat No 259 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Large wine krater known as "House of the Warrior Vase", showing men in full armour ( helmet, cuirass, greaves, shield and spear ) as they depart fro war with a sack of supplies hanging from their spears. A fine example of Mycenaean Pictoral Style. Mycenae acropolis, Greece. 12th century BC, cat no: 1426 ,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Boar's tusk helmet with cheek guards and double bone hook on top. Tomb 515 Mycenae, Greece. 14th-15th century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.. The Boar's tusk helmet was described in the Iliad as follows "Meriones gave Odysseus a bow, a quiver and a sword, and put a cleverly made leather helmet on his head. On the inside there was a strong lining on interwoven straps, onto which a felt cap had been sewn in. The outside was cleverly adorned all around with rows of white tusks from a shiny-toothed boar, the tusks running in alternate directions in each row.<br />
—Homer, Iliad 10.260–5"
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with large palm trees symmetrically placed on the sides and smaller palm trees with floral motifs in between. This Mycenaean  vase is distinguished by the high quality of clay and paint, and by the naturalistic rendering of the decoration. From the Mycenaean cemetery at Argive Deiras, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Photo of a Three handles "Palace Style" amphora with three large octopuses within a marines cape of rocks and seaweed. A mycenaean copy of a Minoan Marine Style.   Mycenae tomb 2, Greece. 15th century BC,  cat no: 6725, National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Photo of a Three handles "Palace Style" amphora with three large octopuses within a marines cape of rocks and seaweed. A mycenaean copy of a Minoan Marine Style.   Mycenae tomb 2, Greece. 15th century BC,  cat no: 6725, National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Photo of a Three handles "Palace Style" amphora with three large octopuses within a marines cape of rocks and seaweed. A mycenaean copy of a Minoan Marine Style.   Mycenae tomb 2, Greece. 15th century BC,  cat no: 6725, National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with three large octopuses within a marinescape of rocks and seaweed. A Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine Style. From the Mycenaean cemetery of Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with three large octopuses within a marinescape of rocks and seaweed. A Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine Style. From the Mycenaean cemetery of Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian limestone funerary stele of Ipepi with his wife, mother and sister in front of Osiris. Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, 2120-1980 BC. Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 24031.
  • Neolithic Marble Female Figurine grave offering of the early Cycladic II period from the Chalandriani, from Syros. 2800-2300BC. Athens Archaeological Museum Ref No 6169.
  • Neolithic Marble Female Figurine grave offering of the early Cycladic II period from the Chalandriani, from Syros. 2800-2300BC. Athens Archaeological Museum Ref No 6169.
  • Gold Death Mask Known from Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC. Cat No 253 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask Known as the "mask of Agamemnon"  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold & shows a man with a beard. 16th century BC. Cat No 624 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold and is the only mask from grave circle A with eyes open. 16th century BC. Cat No 259 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold and is the only mask from grave circle A with eyes open. 16th century BC. Cat No 259 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Large wine krater known as "House of the Warrior Vase", showing men in full armour ( helmet, cuirass, greaves, shield and spear ) as they depart fro war with a sack of supplies hanging from their spears. A fine example of Mycenaean Pictoral Style. Mycenae acropolis, Greece. 12th century BC, cat no: 1426 ,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Photo of a Three handles "Palace Style" amphora with three large octopuses within a marines cape of rocks and seaweed. A mycenaean copy of a Minoan Marine Style.   Mycenae tomb 2, Greece. 15th century BC,  cat no: 6725, National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with three large octopuses within a marinescape of rocks and seaweed. A Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine Style. From the Mycenaean cemetery of Argive Prosymna, tomb 2, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Neolithic Marble Female Figurine grave offering of the early Cycladic II period from the Chalandriani, from Syros. 2800-2300BC. Athens Archaeological Museum Ref No 6169.
  • Neolithic Marble Female Figurine grave offering of the early Cycladic II period from the Chalandriani, from Syros. 2800-2300BC. Athens Archaeological Museum Ref No 6169.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold and is the only mask from grave circle A with eyes open. 16th century BC. Cat No 259 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave V, Grave Circle A, Mycenae. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold and is the only mask from grave circle A with eyes open. 16th century BC. Cat No 259 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Boar's tusk helmet with cheek guards and double bone hook on top. Tomb 515 Mycenae, Greece. 14th-15th century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.. The Boar's tusk helmet was described in the Iliad as follows "Meriones gave Odysseus a bow, a quiver and a sword, and put a cleverly made leather helmet on his head. On the inside there was a strong lining on interwoven straps, onto which a felt cap had been sewn in. The outside was cleverly adorned all around with rows of white tusks from a shiny-toothed boar, the tusks running in alternate directions in each row.<br />
—Homer, Iliad 10.260–5"
  • Boar's tusk helmet with cheek guards and double bone hook on top. Tomb 515 Mycenae, Greece. 14th-15th century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.. The Boar's tusk helmet was described in the Iliad as follows "Meriones gave Odysseus a bow, a quiver and a sword, and put a cleverly made leather helmet on his head. On the inside there was a strong lining on interwoven straps, onto which a felt cap had been sewn in. The outside was cleverly adorned all around with rows of white tusks from a shiny-toothed boar, the tusks running in alternate directions in each row.<br />
—Homer, Iliad 10.260–5"
  • Boar's tusk helmet with cheek guards and double bone hook on top. Tomb 515 Mycenae, Greece. 14th-15th century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.. The Boar's tusk helmet was described in the Iliad as follows "Meriones gave Odysseus a bow, a quiver and a sword, and put a cleverly made leather helmet on his head. On the inside there was a strong lining on interwoven straps, onto which a felt cap had been sewn in. The outside was cleverly adorned all around with rows of white tusks from a shiny-toothed boar, the tusks running in alternate directions in each row.<br />
—Homer, Iliad 10.260–5"
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with large palm trees symmetrically placed on the sides and smaller palm trees with floral motifs in between. This Mycenaean  vase is distinguished by the high quality of clay and paint, and by the naturalistic rendering of the decoration. From the Mycenaean cemetery at Argive Deiras, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Three handled Mycenaean  Palace Style amphora with large palm trees symmetrically placed on the sides and smaller palm trees with floral motifs in between. This Mycenaean  vase is distinguished by the high quality of clay and paint, and by the naturalistic rendering of the decoration. From the Mycenaean cemetery at Argive Deiras, Greece. 15th Century BC. Cat No 6725 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Photo of a Three handles "Palace Style" amphora with three large octopuses within a marines cape of rocks and seaweed. A mycenaean copy of a Minoan Marine Style.   Mycenae tomb 2, Greece. 15th century BC,  cat no: 6725, National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Gold Death Mask  from Grave Circle A, Mycenae. 16th Century BC. The mask is made of a thin sheet of beaten gold . 16th century BC.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of a seated god or king, , Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  <br />
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 An older bearded god or mythological King sits on a throne. He held a sceptre and wears a royal diadem and a richly carved tunic and cloak
  • Detail of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Emperor Nero , Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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Naked warrior emperor Nero holds the orb of world rule in one hand and crowns the military trophy with the other. Between the trophy and the emperor stands a bound captive boy. He wears long barbarian trousers and looks up at Nero.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the Three Graces, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  <br />
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The Three Graces stand in their familiar hellenistic composition. They were handmaids of Aphrodite and appeared in this form on the decoration of her cult statue at Aphrodisias. Their names evoked their character: Euphrosyne (joy), Aglaia (Splendour) and Thaleia (Bloom).
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Orestes At Delphi Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   <br />
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Orestes who has sought sanctuary at Delphi after murdering his mother, leaves Apollo’s shrine on his way to stand trial in Athens, The hero steps gingerly over sleeping Fury; he brandishes a sword and still hold onto Apollo’s tripod. The Fury has a snake and a burning torch with which she torments male factors. A small local nymph sits above on a rocky outcrop of Delphi’s Mt Parnossos
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Orestes At Delphi Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   <br />
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Orestes who has sought sanctuary at Delphi after murdering his mother, leaves Apollo’s shrine on his way to stand trial in Athens, The hero steps gingerly over sleeping Fury; he brandishes a sword and still hold onto Apollo’s tripod. The Fury has a snake and a burning torch with which she torments male factors. A small local nymph sits above on a rocky outcrop of Delphi’s Mt Parnossos
  • Interior of Aphrodisias Museum, showing Roman Sebasteion relief sculptures,   Aphrodisias, Turkey.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Krete Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The classical hairstyle, dress and pose characterises the figure of civilised and free,
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Ethnos of the Dacians Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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The Dacians are shown as a captive Barbarian woman. Her arms are crossed in submission, her thick dress slips off the shoulder slightly partly revealing her breast. The forepart of a small bull stands in profile behind. Dacia (modern Romania) was claimed by Augustus as a conquest in 1BC to 4AD
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture personifing a Balkan Warrior  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a white background.<br />
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The relief figure personifies a Balkan Warrior tribe defeated by Tiberius in AD 6-8 before he became emperor. She wears a classical dress, cloak and helmet and carries a small shield and probably once a spear. A builder’s inscription, “Pirouston”, written above the shield, ensured the relief was put on the right base
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture personifing a Balkan Warrior  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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The relief figure personifies a Balkan Warrior tribe defeated by Tiberius in AD 6-8 before he became emperor. She wears a classical dress, cloak and helmet and carries a small shield and probably once a spear. A builder’s inscription, “Pirouston”, written above the shield, ensured the relief was put on the right base
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of the god Okeanos (Ocean), Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The bearded of Okeanos makes an epiphany, controlling his cloak which billows around his head. Ocean would be paired with Earth: together they represented empire without end, over land and sea
  • Close up of Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Nero being crowned emperor by Agrippina, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.     Against a white background.<br />
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Agrippina crowns her young son Nero with a laurel wreath. She carries a cornucopia, a symbol of Fortune and Plenty, and he wears the armour and cloak of a Roman commander, with a helmet on the ground near his feet. The scene refers to Nero’s accession as emperor in AD 54, and belongs before AD 59 when Nero had Agrippina murdered.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Nero being crowned emperor by Agrippina, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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Agrippina crowns her young son Nero with a laurel wreath. She carries a cornucopia, a symbol of Fortune and Plenty, and he wears the armour and cloak of a Roman commander, with a helmet on the ground near his feet. The scene refers to Nero’s accession as emperor in AD 54, and belongs before AD 59 when Nero had Agrippina murdered.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Augustus and Goddess Victory, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The naked emperor Augustus stands in majesty with the winged goddess Victory(Nike). He carried a spear and has an eagle, the bird representing Zeus, at his feet. Victory is crowning a military trophy - a rough post with enemy armour attached to it. Beneath the trophy is a barbarian captive, his hands tied behind his back.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Claudius and Agrippina, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Claudius in heroic nudity and military cloak shakes hands with his wife Agrippina and is crowned by the Roman people or the Senate wearing a toga. The subject is imperial concord with the traditional Roman state. Agrippina holds ears of wheat: like Demeter goddess of fertility. The emperor is crowned with an oak wreath, the Corona civica or “citizen crow”, awarded to Roman leaders for saving citizens lives: the emperor id therefore represented as saviour of the people.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of  an Imperial prince as Diokouros, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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An imperial youth wearing a military cloak and cuirass of a commander holds the reins of hios horse. This panel is next to a Claudius panel so is probably of Britanicus or Nero the emperors son and intended successor
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the goddess Roma and Ge (Earth),  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a black background. <br />
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The goddess Roma holds a spear and wears a crown in the form of a city wall. Earth reclines half naked leaning on a pile of fruit. She holds a cornucopia full of more fruit. A baby child (now damaged) climbs up the horn she holds. The relief represents Earths fertility and abundance overseen by Rome.
  • Close up of Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Nero conquering Armenia depicting a fallen female representing Armenia,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   <br />
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Nero, wearing only a cloak and sword strap, supports a slumped naked Armenia by her upper arms. She wears a soft eastern hat, and her bow and quiver are next to her. The heroic composition likens them to Achilles and the Amazon Queen Penthesilea. The inscription reads: Armenia - (Neron) Klaudios Drousos Kaisar Sebastos Germanikos.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of emperor Claudius and Britannia, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
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Naked warrior emperor Claudius is about to deliver a death blow to the slumped Britannia. He wears a helmet, cloak and sword belt with a scabbard. Britannia wears a tunic with one breast exposed like the Amazon figures she was modelled on. The inscription reads: Tiberios Klaudios Kaiser - Bretannia.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of emperor Claudius and Britannia, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Naked warrior emperor Claudius is about to deliver a death blow to the slumped Britannia. He wears a helmet, cloak and sword belt with a scabbard. Britannia wears a tunic with one breast exposed like the Amazon figures she was modelled on. The inscription reads: Tiberios Klaudios Kaiser - Bretannia.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of emperor Claudius and Britannia, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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Naked warrior emperor Claudius is about to deliver a death blow to the slumped Britannia. He wears a helmet, cloak and sword belt with a scabbard. Britannia wears a tunic with one breast exposed like the Amazon figures she was modelled on. The inscription reads: Tiberios Klaudios Kaiser - Bretannia.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of emperor Tiberius with a captive Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The naked emperor Tiberius stands frontally holding a spear and shield wearing a cloak and a sword strap. Besides him stands a barbarian
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the Emperor and Roman People, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
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The emperor is a naked warrior and is crowned by a personification of the Roman People or the Senate wearing a toga, the stately civilian dress of a Roman Citizen. The crown is an oak wreath, the corona civica or “civic crown” awarded for saving citizens lives. The emperor is setting up a battlefield trophy beneath which kneels an anguished barbarian women captive
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the Emperor and Roman People, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The emperor is a naked warrior and is crowned by a personification of the Roman People or the Senate wearing a toga, the stately civilian dress of a Roman Citizen. The crown is an oak wreath, the corona civica or “civic crown” awarded for saving citizens lives. The emperor is setting up a battlefield trophy beneath which kneels an anguished barbarian women captive
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the Emperor and Roman People, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
The emperor is a naked warrior and is crowned by a personification of the Roman People or the Senate wearing a toga, the stately civilian dress of a Roman Citizen. The crown is an oak wreath, the corona civica or “civic crown” awarded for saving citizens lives. The emperor is setting up a battlefield trophy beneath which kneels an anguished barbarian women captive
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of the goddess Victory, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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A winged goddess Victory( Nike) flies past carrying a military trophy. She wears a long light dress and has one breast and one leg exposed. Her clothing is set in motion by her swift flight.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Leda and swan, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Zeus disguised as a swan assaults Spartan princess Leda. The bird stands on the tips of its outspread wings and presses its webbed foot on the thigh of modest, struggling Leda. The swan is supported from behind a small Eros. From this encounter came a large egg from which were born Helen and the Dionskouroi twins, Kastor and Polydeukes
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Poseidon and Amphitrite,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The two god-like tritons, Poseidon and Amphitrite, are seated on two sea horses accompanied by two fish legged tritons below. Between the tritons sits a sea-putto of baby triton. The male god is in the form of Poseidon crowned by his wife Amphitrite. Unusually he wears a military cloak and they might be an emperor and his wife (such as Claudius and Agrippina) in the guise of Poseidon and Amphitrite
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Poseidon and Amphitrite,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The two god-like tritons, Poseidon and Amphitrite, are seated on two sea horses accompanied by two fish legged tritons below. Between the tritons sits a sea-putto of baby triton. The male god is in the form of Poseidon crowned by his wife Amphitrite. Unusually he wears a military cloak and they might be an emperor and his wife (such as Claudius and Agrippina) in the guise of Poseidon and Amphitrite
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of a Goddess inscribing a trophy, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
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A draped goddess strides forward to inscribe a military trophy to which is bound a kneeling female captive. The goddess is probably a personification such as Honour, Virtue or Courage.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of a Goddess inscribing a trophy, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
<br />
A draped goddess strides forward to inscribe a military trophy to which is bound a kneeling female captive. The goddess is probably a personification such as Honour, Virtue or Courage.
  • Detail of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Emperor Nero with captive, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
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Naked warrior emperor Nero holds the orb of world rule in one hand and crowns the military trophy with the other. Between the trophy and the emperor stands a bound captive boy. He wears long barbarian trousers and looks up at Nero.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Emperor Claudius as God of sea and land,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The Emperor as god Claudius strides forward in a divine epiphany, drapery billowing around his head. He receives a cornucopia with fruits of the earth from a figure emerging from the ground, anda ship’s steering oar from a marine tritoness with fish legs. The idea is clear: the god-emperor guarantees the prosperity of land and sea. The relief is a remarkable local visualisation - elevated and panegyrical - of the emperor’s role as a universal saviour and divine protector.
  • Roman Sebasteion rrelief  sculpture of Emperor Claudius as God of sea and land,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
<br />
The Emperor as god Claudius strides forward in a divine epiphany, drapery billowing around his head. He receives a cornucopia with fruits of the earth from a figure emerging from the ground, anda ship’s steering oar from a marine tritoness with fish legs. The idea is clear: the god-emperor guarantees the prosperity of land and sea. The relief is a remarkable local visualisation - elevated and panegyrical - of the emperor’s role as a universal saviour and divine protector.
  • Roman Sebasteion rrelief  sculpture of Emperor Claudius as God of sea and land,  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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The Emperor as god Claudius strides forward in a divine epiphany, drapery billowing around his head. He receives a cornucopia with fruits of the earth from a figure emerging from the ground, anda ship’s steering oar from a marine tritoness with fish legs. The idea is clear: the god-emperor guarantees the prosperity of land and sea. The relief is a remarkable local visualisation - elevated and panegyrical - of the emperor’s role as a universal saviour and divine protector.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Hygieia, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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Hygieia, the goddess of Health, hold a flat bowl (phiale) from which she feeds a snake. The snake is wound twice around her forearm. A plump naked child sits on a square pedestal. Hygieia was the daughter of the healing god Asklepios, with whom she is paired here
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Hygieia, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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Hygieia, the goddess of Health, hold a flat bowl (phiale) from which she feeds a snake. The snake is wound twice around her forearm. A plump naked child sits on a square pedestal. Hygieia was the daughter of the healing god Asklepios, with whom she is paired here
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Ares, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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The nude and classically7 styled young god wears only a helmet and holds a spear (missing) in one hand and a shield in the other. At the left stands cuirass, and at the upper right corner hangs his sword. Ares was a god of war and was not later defaced by Christians probably because he so closely resembles a young emperor.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Ares, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
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The nude and classically7 styled young god wears only a helmet and holds a spear (missing) in one hand and a shield in the other. At the left stands cuirass, and at the upper right corner hangs his sword. Ares was a god of war and was not later defaced by Christians probably because he so closely resembles a young emperor.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Ares, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The nude and classically7 styled young god wears only a helmet and holds a spear (missing) in one hand and a shield in the other. At the left stands cuirass, and at the upper right corner hangs his sword. Ares was a god of war and was not later defaced by Christians probably because he so closely resembles a young emperor.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Aineas’ flight from Troy, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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Aineas in armour carries his aged farther Anchises on his shoulders and leads his young son Lulus by his hand. They are fleeing from the sack of Troy. The figure floating behind is Aphrodite, Aineas’ mother: she is helping their escape. Old Anchises carries a round box that held images of Troy’s ancestral gods.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Aineas’ arrival in Italy Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Poseidon stands naked over a sea going ship stopped at a short column. SA dolphin jumps between his legs. Aineas, his head veiled in the Roman manner, pours a libation, a thanks offering for his safe arrival in Italy. Behing Poseidon’s shoulders, a separately worked young male head was inserted into the background, maybe a deceased companion of Aineas.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Aineas’ arrival in Italy Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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Poseidon stands naked over a sea going ship stopped at a short column. SA dolphin jumps between his legs. Aineas, his head veiled in the Roman manner, pours a libation, a thanks offering for his safe arrival in Italy. Behing Poseidon’s shoulders, a separately worked young male head was inserted into the background, maybe a deceased companion of Aineas.
  • Roman SSebasteion  relief  sculpture of Apollo and Royal Hero Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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Apollo sits on a raised platform with his tripod at his oracular shrine. He is approached by two figures. A women greets  the god with a raised hand. With her is a hero wearing a travelling cloak and the flat headband or diadem of a king. He has come to consult Apollo, probably about a city foundation.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Herakles or Hercules, Nessos and Deianira Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.     Against a white background.<br />
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The centaur Nessos agreed to carry Herakles’ (Hercules) wife Deianira across the river Euenos in Aitolia but tried to rape her in mid-stream. I the struggle that followed we see Herakles about to deliver a crushing blow with his club. Nessos has been beaten to her knees but is still fighting. Behind the centaur is the partly disrobed figure of Deianira
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Herakles or Hercules, Nessos and Deianira Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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The centaur Nessos agreed to carry Herakles’ (Hercules) wife Deianira across the river Euenos in Aitolia but tried to rape her in mid-stream. I the struggle that followed we see Herakles about to deliver a crushing blow with his club. Nessos has been beaten to her knees but is still fighting. Behind the centaur is the partly disrobed figure of Deianira
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Dionysus Drunk Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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A prancing woodland nymph leads drunken Dionysus who supports himself languidly on a small satyr. This is an image of Dionysian enjoyment and pleasure, hellenistic in style and fluently designed
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Io and Argos Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.     Against a white background.<br />
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A powerful hero is folding a sword gazing closely at a half naked and dishevelled young heroine who sits on a chest like stool. Between, on a pillar base stood a small, separately added statue of a goddess ( now missing). The scene follows a scheme used in the relief panels “Io guarded by Argos”. Io was one of Zeus’s lovers, and Argos was a watchful giant sent to guard her by Hera, Zeus’s wife.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Polyphemos and Galatea Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
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Another mythological love story affirms the power of Aphrodite. The sea nymph Galatea resists the lustful advances of the beastly cycolps Polyphemas in his cave. Polyphemos sits on a rock and tries to pull Galatea between his legs. His right arm is round her back: note the huge hand on her backside.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Io and Argos Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. Against an art background.<br />
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A powerful hero is folding a sword gazing closely at a half naked and dishevelled young heroine who sits on a chest like stool. Between, on a pillar base stood a small, separately added statue of a goddess ( now missing). The scene follows a scheme used in the relief panels “Io guarded by Argos”. Io was one of Zeus’s lovers, and Argos was a watchful giant sent to guard her by Hera, Zeus’s wife.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Apollo and a Muse Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
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On the left stood Apollo, one foot raised on a rock, playing his lyre which rests on top of the omphalos (the earth’s navel stone, tied down at Delphi(. On the right stands a muse holding one arm of Apollos lyre.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Bellerophon Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a black background.<br />
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Bellerophon was a Lykian hero and was claimed as a founder of Aphrodisias. He holds his winged horse Pegasos. The deign was modelled on another relief panel in the series “Royal hero with Dod Hunting”. The carving is poor and the sculptor may have been a novice.modelled
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Three Heroes and a Dog Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.<br />
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Two heroes stand in front of a third hero who ia seated on a rock and pats the head of a bitch hound. They are hunters and the relief is partnered by the reliefs of Melager and Atalante and Meleaner and boar
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Three Heroes and a Dog Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. Against a grey background.<br />
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Two heroes stand in front of a third hero who ia seated on a rock and pats the head of a bitch hound. They are hunters and the relief is partnered by the reliefs of Melager and Atalante and Meleaner and boar
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Meleager and Atalante  Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. Against an art background.<br />
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Meleager sits on a rock tying his sandal. Below him lies a fierce hunting dog with a broad collar. On one side a god or another hero wearing a rounded hat was crowning Meleager ( arm missing). On the other side stands the huntress Atalante, Meleager’s lover: she wears a short dress and quiver, and lifts her cloak at the shoulder in a gesture of modesty.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of  Meleager and a boar Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
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Meleager stands naked in front of a rocky outcrop. In the foreground lies a dead Calydonian boar, Above, a local nymph emerges from behind a fold in the landscape. The boar hunt took place on the imposing Mt Zygos at Calydon.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of  Herakles is preparing to wrestle the Libyan giant Antaios. Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Herakles (left) is taking off his bow case to hang it on a pillar statue. Antaios (right) is binding up his head with ear protectors, next to him stands an oil basin used in the palaistra (wrestling ground). Antaios was a famous wrestler who challenged and killed all visitors to his country, until he was defeated by Herakles.
  • Detail of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebastian relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.      Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background. <br />
<br />
Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Zeus and Prometheus, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
Prometheus is screaming in pain. Zeus had given him a terrible punishment for giving fire to man: he was tied to the Caucasus mountains and had his liver picked out daily by an eagle. Herakles shot the eagle and is undoing the first manacle. He wears his trade mark lion-skin and thrown his club to one side. A small mountain nymph, holding a throwing stick appears amongst the rocks.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture, Aphrodisias of Dionysus as a baby, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  <br />
<br />
Baby Dionysus is handed from one nymph to another for suckling. A bearded Silenos gestures excitedly. The scene is set at Nysa in the Meander Valley, where Zeus had his gifted child Dionysos, born to him by Semele and brought up in the wilds out of the view of Hera.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture, Aphrodisias of Dionysus as a baby, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.    Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Baby Dionysus is handed from one nymph to another for suckling. A bearded Silenos gestures excitedly. The scene is set at Nysa in the Meander Valley, where Zeus had his gifted child Dionysos, born to him by Semele and brought up in the wilds out of the view of Hera.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture, Aphrodisias of Dionysus as a baby, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.      Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Baby Dionysus is handed from one nymph to another for suckling. A bearded Silenos gestures excitedly. The scene is set at Nysa in the Meander Valley, where Zeus had his gifted child Dionysos, born to him by Semele and brought up in the wilds out of the view of Hera.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture, Aphrodisias of Dionysus as a baby, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Baby Dionysus is handed from one nymph to another for suckling. A bearded Silenos gestures excitedly. The scene is set at Nysa in the Meander Valley, where Zeus had his gifted child Dionysos, born to him by Semele and brought up in the wilds out of the view of Hera.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture, Aphrodisias of Dionysus as a baby, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
Baby Dionysus is handed from one nymph to another for suckling. A bearded Silenos gestures excitedly. The scene is set at Nysa in the Meander Valley, where Zeus had his gifted child Dionysos, born to him by Semele and brought up in the wilds out of the view of Hera.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Achilles and a dying Amazon, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   <br />
<br />
Achilles supports the dying Amazon queen Penthesilea whom he has mortally wounded. Her double headed axe slips from her hands. The queen had come to fight against the Greeks in the Trojan war and Achilles fell in love with her.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Achilles and a dying Amazon, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background. <br />
<br />
Achilles supports the dying Amazon queen Penthesilea whom he has mortally wounded. Her double headed axe slips from her hands. The queen had come to fight against the Greeks in the Trojan war and Achilles fell in love with her.
  • Roman Sebasteion relief sculpture of Achilles and a dying Amazon, Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.  <br />
<br />
Achilles supports the dying Amazon queen Penthesilea whom he has mortally wounded. Her double headed axe slips from her hands. The queen had come to fight against the Greeks in the Trojan war and Achilles fell in love with her.
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, New Kingdom,. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. White background.<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background,<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Grey background. <br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated vase , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. White background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated vase , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian sealed incised decorated jar and support with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Cat 8523.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian Human headed canopic jar for Amenemheb, clay, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 3471. White background.<br />
<br />
The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. By the First Intermediate Period jars with human heads (assumed to represent the dead) began to appear
  • Ancient Egyptian pylon (gateway) shaped Canopic chest for internal organs, wood, Late  to Ptolemaic Period(722-40 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2427. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife<br />
<br />
Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. white background<br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. black background<br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by Irtiertjay,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (7620-580 BC), Thebes, Cat 1530. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Irtiertjay to Re-Harakhty , Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by Irtiertjay,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (7620-580 BC), Thebes, Cat 1530. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Irtiertjay to Re-Harakhty , Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakhty, limestone, Late Period, 26th Dynasty, (580-520 BC), Deir el-Medina, Cat 1574. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
the round topped stele is dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakht, Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. It was gifted by the Cairo Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of s standard bearer Maienhekau, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1458-1425 BC), DAbydos,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
In the top registerMaienhekau makes offerings to Ptah, Osiris and Horus. In the middle he is shown with his wife reveiving offerings from his 2 sons. In the lower register another son with 3 gaughters is offering a formula to Maienhekau, also listing his titles. He was standard bearer (captain) on several warships and the "bearer of arms " of Thutmosis II. The current depictions are over an earlier relief which can be seen in places where the later stucco has come away.
  • Ancient Egyptian Stele of Amenemope dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1454. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari by the 'Servant in the Place of Truth' Amenemope and Amennakht. The king and the queen are shown sitting on their thrones. Above the sovereign there is a solar disc flanked by two sacred cobras and their cartouches are shown to the right of each of them. In the bottom register Amenemope is shown with his son  Amennakht, who also was a "Servant in the Place of Truth", in the pose of adoration.
  • Ancient Egyptian family stele of chief scribe Horhernakht, son of Khety, Middle Kingdom, 2nd half of 12th Dynasty (1850-1759 BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Old Fund cat 1613.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
On this round-topped stele, the deceased Pashed, <br />
"excellent spirit of Ra", akh-ikr, is pictured left, <br />
seated on a chair with lion's paws, smelling the lotus <br />
flower. The offering table holds a basket containing <br />
various offerings. A large open pomegranate, containing <br />
a great quantity of seeds, appears under the chair. The <br />
colours on this stele are well preserved.<br />
<br />
Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele. The individual is smelling a lotus flower. One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
On this round-topped stele, the deceased Pashed, <br />
"excellent spirit of Ra", akh-ikr, is pictured left, <br />
seated on a chair with lion's paws, smelling the lotus <br />
flower. The offering table holds a basket containing <br />
various offerings. A large open pomegranate, containing <br />
a great quantity of seeds, appears under the chair. The <br />
colours on this stele are well preserved.<br />
<br />
Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele. The individual is smelling a lotus flower. One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Re-Harakhty by sculptor Ipy, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 7357. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Khonsu by draftsman Pay, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, ODrovetti cat 1553. Egyptian Museum, Turin.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti cat 1579.<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579. Black background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Drovetti cat 1579.<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579.<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. . Drovetti cat 1579. white background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of ssuperintendant of chancellor Meru, limestone, Middle Kingdom, 11th Dynasty, (2009-1959 BC), Abydos or Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Grey background. Drovetti cat 1447.<br />
<br />
The upper section of the stele is dedicated to Meru's father, the central part contains a funerary invocation to Osiris. Lower register depict offerings to the dignitary and his mother, The figures are in bas-relief whereas the main text is carved in sunken relief which is less labour intensive. The Stele may have come from Meru's tomb in Thebes.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Meretsesger, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The stele is divided into 3 registers. In the top section 2 wedjat eyes with shen sign above 3 zigzag lines indicating water are depicted. The second, largest register, is divided into 12 horizontal strips. Each is occupied by a coloured snake facing to the right.In the bottom register 3 columns of hieroglyphic text worship the goddess Meretseger: "life, strength and health to the ka and the lady of the house Wab, the justified." To the right of the text the deceased woman is kneeling with her hands raised in adoration. She  wears a white robe. A lotus flower is placed on top of her wig. Behind her head there are 4 hieroglyphic signs that form the phrase "at peace". To the right of the scene there is an offering table with a vessel flanked by a bunch of lotus flowers. Below the table there are 2 vessels on pedestals.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of the official Saherhotep & his wife Ipet, limestone, Middle Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1759-1700 BC), Old Fund cat 1630. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey backgtound.<br />
<br />
8 mummiform figure in high relief run along the bottom of the stele.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 14345/15.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a boat with mast, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a boat with mast, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background.<br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, (1939-1875 BC), Asyut., Tomb of Minhotep Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8789. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue of osiris weeping, Late Period (664-332 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti Cat 203.  white background.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue of Ptah Sokar Osiris, Ptolemaic Period(332-30 BC), Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 9481. Grey background.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden falcon bird, Late Period (722-322 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 986. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom from the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden falcon bird, Late Period (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom from the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue of Shemes,  Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC), tomb of Shimes, Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  white background<br />
<br />
In 1908 in Asyut, Egypt an intact tomb was discovered of an official named Shemes, it contained many rich grave goods. Two rectangular Coffins, one for Shemes and the other for a woman called Rehuerausen, possibly his wife. They carry typical Middle Kingdom decorations,
  • Ancient Egyptian statuette of Taweret decicated to draughtsman Parahotep, wood, New Kingdom, 19 Dynasty, (14292-1190 BC), deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Cat 526.<br />
<br />
 Taweret is the protective ancient Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility. The deity is typically depicted as a bipedal female hippopotamus with feline attributes, pendulous female human breasts, the limbs and paws of a lion, and the back and tail of a Nile crocodile.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, lwood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1538-1040 BC), Deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin.Grey background. <br />
<br />
shabti figures began to occur in Middle Kingdom tombs with a twofold nature: on <br />
the one hand, they were meant to be images of their owners, representatives of the deceased in the realm of the Lord of Eternity. <br />
On the other hand, they were also considered to be servants of the deceased, taking the role of the servant statues. The complex <br />
nature of the shabti figure as a substitute of both the owner and his or her servants remains unaltered during the New Kingdom
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Pawer and his wife Mut, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3057.<br />
<br />
Between the two adults is their son Samut in childhood nudity. The text specifies that the statue was commissioned by Mut.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Amenmes and his wife Taka, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3059
  • Plaster cast of an ancient Egyptian Thot Baboon statue, reign of Nectanebo (359-342 BC). Campo Marizo, temple of Isis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
The original is in the Capitoline Museum Rome. The baboon is an image of Thot, lunar God, creator of hieroglyphic writing and patron of science.
  • Ancient Egyptian stelophorus statue of Ubenre, New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty, (1292-1076 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3040. white background.<br />
<br />
This type of stele is so called stelophorous statue. It consists of kneeling figure holding or offering stele. They were produced from the 18th dynasty onwards. Such stelae were usually inscribed with hymns to the sun-god.
  • Ancient Egyptian stelophorus statue of Amenemipet, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1539-1292 BC), Deir el Medina, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3038.
  • Ancient Egyptian Roman female mummy mask, limestone, Roman Period, 2nd Cent AD, Hawara,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
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This is a remarkable gilt cartonnage with inlaid cystal eyes . The woman wears a Roman style hardo half covered by a veil, a himation, fringed cloak, yied to her breat, snake shaped bracelets and a necklace of pink flowers, all of which are connected to the cult of Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Roman female mummy mask, limestone, Roman Period, 2nd Cent AD, Hawara,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
This is a remarkable gilt cartonnage with inlaid cystal eyes . The woman wears a Roman style hardo half covered by a veil, a himation, fringed cloak, yied to her breat, snake shaped bracelets and a necklace of pink flowers, all of which are connected to the cult of Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mid 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Cat 4410 Turin.white background.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
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Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Qen, priest of Anukis, sanstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1191 BC), Isalnd of sehel. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
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Qen was a "gods father of Amon of Elephantine and of Khnum, Satis and Anukis". Elephantine is a Greek name of the present day Aswan. The naos, shrine, contains a female wearing a high plumed headdress. She is Anukis goddess of the Nile flood. With the ram-heahed god Khum and the goddess Satis, she formed the triad of the Elephantine. The statue probably comes from the temple of the Triad on Sehel Island just south of Elephantine.. Drovetti collection. Cat 3016.
  • Ancient Egyptian cult statue of Amenhoptep I, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
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The cult of Amenhoptep I flourished during the 19th &20th Dynasties. This statue is typical of Theban sculpture of the Ramesside era : large eyes, full cheeks and aquiline nose. the kings skin colour is white rather than the more common red hue. This is typical of other Deir el-Medina statues of the era.  Drovetti collection. Cat 1372.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ptolomaic king in pharaonic regalia, granodiorire, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
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The Ptolomaic king is dressed a a pharaoh wearing a nemes headdress and a false beard . Drovetti Collection, Cat 1384
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ptolomaic king in pharaonic regalia, granodiorire, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background<br />
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The Ptolomaic king is dressed a a pharaoh wearing a nemes headdress and a false beard . Drovetti Collection, Cat 1384
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a queen wearing a clinging dress, sandstone, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
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Drovetti Collection, Cat 1386
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Aanen, second priest to Amon, granodioite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
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A dignitary wearing a wig, a long gown and the leopard skin of a priest. Writing on his belt are the names of Amenhotep III, Aanen and an inscription tells us that the statue depicts the astronomer priest Aanen  by saying " one knows the procession of the sky". Aanen was the brother of the queen Teye wife of Amenhotep III. Drovetti collection, cat 1377
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Aanen, second priest to Amon, granodioite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
A dignitary wearing a wig, a long gown and the leopard skin of a priest. Writing on his belt are the names of Amenhotep III, Aanen and an inscription tells us that the statue depicts the astronomer priest Aanen  by saying " one knows the procession of the sky". Aanen was the brother of the queen Teye wife of Amenhotep III. Drovetti collection, cat 1377
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Aanen, second priest to Amon, granodioite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
A dignitary wearing a wig, a long gown and the leopard skin of a priest. Writing on his belt are the names of Amenhotep III, Aanen and an inscription tells us that the statue depicts the astronomer priest Aanen  by saying " one knows the procession of the sky". Aanen was the brother of the queen Teye wife of Amenhotep III. Drovetti collection, cat 1377

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