• The Minoan 'Black Captain' fresco wall art from the House of Frescoes, Knossos Palace, 1350-1300 BC . Heraklion Archaeological Museum., black background<br />
<br />
The fresco probably depicts a running military detachment, the leader is wearing a Minoan loin cloth and holds two spears, he has been named "Captain of the Blacks" as those follwing him are probably black African soldiers in sercice of the palace<br />
<br />
This scene may be depicting an excersise or sport similar to the Greek Hoplite race
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated mari ware, class D, baked clay, Predynastic Period, Naqada II Protodynastic Period (3700-300 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mari was a new raw material used to make vases from Naqada II onwards. The material was a marl of rich clay found in some ancient Egyptian desert site which was pulverised and mixed with water. Typically the pottery had a rosy sinish when fired making a good background for painted motifs.
  • Ancient Egyptian four sided capital dedicated to Hathor, limestone, Ptolomaic Period (332039 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. Cat 7031. black background.<br />
<br />
Hathor, goddess of love and beauty and wet nurse of Horus, is often portrayed frontally with bovine ears. She was also protector of the turquoise mines in Sinai and the guardian of the 4 cardinal points awhich is why she is depicted with faces on each side of the capital
  • Ancient Egyptian statue bust of a male, graanodiorite, Late Period, (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.  black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3139
  • Minoan decorated bag shaped clay alabastra , Konssos-Little Palace 1450-1370 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background, black background
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background,<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian sealed incised decorated jar and support with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background. Cat 8523.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian False Door stele of Princess Wehemnefret, limestone, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty (2543-2435 BC), Giza, Western Cemetery, mastaba of Wehemnefret. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Schiaparelli Cat 1840. black background<br />
<br />
In the centre at the yop the deceased woman is depicted sitiing infront of a tabel laden with bread slices. The slices are depicted vertically as was the stylistic convention of the period. Imediately below the panel , on the left side of the lintel of the false door, is the name of the deceased and her titles stressing that she is a member of the Royal family "the daughter of the king".  In the 4 upper panels high ranking officials and courtiers are depicted. The nude child with his finger in his mouth on the right inner jamb is identified by its inscription as Irenptah, the deceased grandson. In other panels are ndividuals carrying offerings and priests.
  • Ancient Egyptian Talatat block with a female worhiper of tambourine player relief, sandstone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1353-1336 BC), Thebes, Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The talatat was introduced to increase the speed new monuments to Aten could be built. The talatat were smaller, about 52x26x24 cm, than the usual building blocks used and therfore were easier to handle and build with. They were first used on the new buildings of Akhenaten at Thebes during his reign, the, after his capital was moved , for the monumenta of Amarna. When Amon was restored all the Aten temples were taken down and their blocks used in other buildings. Over 100,000 talatat have been excavated so far in Thebes and they represent a massive jigsaw puzzle as archaeologist try to piece them together into their original reliefs.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakhty, limestone, Late Period, 26th Dynasty, (580-520 BC), Deir el-Medina, Cat 1574. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
the round topped stele is dedicated by high priest Padiamenemipet to Ra-Harakht, Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. It was gifted by the Cairo Museum.
  • Ancient Egyptian Stele of Amenemope dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1454. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari by the 'Servant in the Place of Truth' Amenemope and Amennakht. The king and the queen are shown sitting on their thrones. Above the sovereign there is a solar disc flanked by two sacred cobras and their cartouches are shown to the right of each of them. In the bottom register Amenemope is shown with his son  Amennakht, who also was a "Servant in the Place of Truth", in the pose of adoration.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
On this round-topped stele, the deceased Pashed, <br />
"excellent spirit of Ra", akh-ikr, is pictured left, <br />
seated on a chair with lion's paws, smelling the lotus <br />
flower. The offering table holds a basket containing <br />
various offerings. A large open pomegranate, containing <br />
a great quantity of seeds, appears under the chair. The <br />
colours on this stele are well preserved.<br />
<br />
Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele. The individual is smelling a lotus flower. One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele odedicated to Amon Re the "good Ram" by foreman Baki, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1290-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1549. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Reign of Ramesses II.<br />
<br />
This round-topped stele is carved in low relief and painted <br />
in several colours. The pictorial plane is divided into two <br />
registers, the upper one containing two rams facing each <br />
other. The animals, with cobras rising on their foreheads, <br />
wear tall headdresses composed of two tall plumes with a <br />
solar disk at the centre. Between them is a small offering <br />
table with lotus flowers. The mirror image hieroglyphic <br />
inscription refers to the rams and reveals their divine <br />
nature as that of Amun-Ra. In the register below, <br />
foreman Baki is shown in the pose of adoration.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of scraftsman Minhotep in adoration of Osiris, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1619. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Osiris, Anubis and Hathor "Mistress of the World".
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579. Black background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Egyptian stele of Theanou, limestone, Roman Period, 1st cent AD, Com Abu Billo, cat 18117. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • South face of Ancient Egyptian Pyramidion of Ramose with depictionof Horus, Limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dtnasty (1292-1190 BC), Dier el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 1603. black background.<br />
<br />
<br />
The South face of the Ramose Pyramidion shows Horus standing in a dipole magnetic field supporting the strong coronal electric field of the Sun. The hieroglyphs read:<br />
 "The Stellar dipole magnetic field is supported by many negative charges or electrons."<br />
The limestone Pyramidion of Ramose, from the top of the tomb of the 'Necropolis Scribe'. Scenes on all four sides depict the worship of the sun.
  • Ancient Egyptian Pyramidion of Ramose North & East sides, Limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dtnasty (1292-1190 BC), Dier el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 1603. black background.<br />
<br />
The north face of the Ramose Pyramidion explains the attribute of Horus as the strong coronal electric field of the Sun gifting the Ankh as a support to Life. It reads "Strong coronal electric field supporting the Sun, negative charge induction."" Weak electric field is an attribute of the anode Sun.""Electricity supporting life to core charge store God".<br />
<br />
The east face of the Ramose Pyramidion shows the support for the structured plasma, her hands are held up representing the electric force on the perpendicular face to the North South axis of Horus, the strong coronal electric field. It reads" Structured plasma watched, attribute supporting life projecting power (negative charge) to support charge store (celestial body) electrostatic resonance."" Seek home structured plasma to land negative charge projection by God as lightning attribute support celestial body via connection giving movement and [light]."<br />
<br />
The limestone Pyramidion of Ramose, from the top of the tomb of the 'Necropolis Scribe'. Scenes on all four sides depict the worship of the sun.
  • Ancient Egyptian voitive statue of Nefratari, New Kingdom, 19th -20th Dynasty, (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 1349. black background.<br />
<br />
Queen Ahmose Neferatari, wife and mother of Amenhoptec I show the great devotion she was held in by ancient Egyptians. The inscription on the base name the dedicators of the statue
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Maa, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3089
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Pawer and his wife Mut, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3057.<br />
<br />
Between the two adults is their son Samut in childhood nudity. The text specifies that the statue was commissioned by Mut.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Amenmes and his wife Taka, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3059
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a queen wearing a clinging dress, sandstone, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Drovetti Collection, Cat 1386
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ram protecting King Amenhotep III, granite, New Kingdom, early 18th Dynasty (1390-1353), Karnak, Temple of Mut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
a figure of Amenhotep III as Osiris stands between the legs of the Ram. there is a hole in the top of the rams head for the insertion of a solar disk associating it to the god Amon, whose animal form is the ram, and with the sun god Re. The statue may have stood in the Soleb of Nubia. Drovetti Collection. C 836
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ram proytecting King Amenhotep III, granite, New Kingdom, early 18th Dynasty (1390-1353), Karnak, Temple of Mut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
a figure of Amenhotep III as Osiris stands between the legs of the Ram. there is a hole in the top of the rams head for the insertion of a solar disk associating it to the god Amon, whose animal form is the ram, and with the sun god Re. The statue may have stood in the Soleb of Nubia. Drovetti Collection. C 836
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Hel, limestone, New Kingdom, late 18th Dynasty, (1320-1280 BC), Saqqara. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The women is seated on a cushioned stool. On her head is a lotus flower. In her left hand she holds a cloth in her right a counterweight for a meant necklace, a ritual instrument used in the cult of the goddess Hathor. the statue probably stood in a tomb in Saqqara necropolis of Memphis, where the Egyptian eletes of the time had splendid tombs with statues of s similar style. The inscription evokes the deceased "everything that comes forth in the presence of the gods of Memphis for Osiris, the lady of Hel..."
  • Ancient Egyptian bust of a man and women, serpentine, Middle Kingdom, late 12th-13th Dynasty (1800-1700 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
An example of Egyptian private statues, probably low ranking officials, inv 1222 &1233
  • Ancient Roman statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1186 BC),  Deir-el-Medina, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
 Carved in Thebian white limestone the statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari shows the skill and attention to details of the sculptors of Deir-el-Medina, the worker’s village of those who built the Royal Tombs at Thebes. The theme of the family is echoed by a carving of a daughter between the two figures.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of pharaoh Horemheb with god Amun, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Horemheb stands beside the taller depiction of the god Amun. The statue is typical of the period following the religious and artistic revolution of King Akhenaten. The muscles are not emphasised and the contours are soft, with rounded hips and juvenile faces, the eyes are almond shaped and the cheeks and lips sensual. Some scholars believe this may have been a statue of Tutenkhamon remodelled by Horemheb. Dorvetti collection. C 768
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
In this statue of Sekhmet the goddess is called "mistress of Shenut" possibly linking her to the lioness goddess Repyt of Anthribis.  Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 248
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Colossal ancient Egyptian statue of Sethy II, sandstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1202-1198 BC), Karnak Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
A striking monumental sculpture expresses the strength of Sethy II who is depicted with his muscular left leg forward to express jis capability. He holds the standard of Amon depicted on it. It stood in the courtyard of the temple at Karnak along with a sister statue, now in the Louvre.Drovetti Collection. C 1383
  • Colossal ancient Egyptian statue of Sethy II, sandstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1202-1198 BC), Karnak Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
A striking monumental sculpture expresses the strength of Sethy II who is depicted with his muscular left leg forward to express jis capability. He holds the standard of Amon depicted on it. It stood in the courtyard of the temple at Karnak along with a sister statue, now in the Louvre.Drovetti Collection. C 1383
  • Colossal ancient Egyptian statue of Sethy II, sandstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1202-1198 BC), Karnak Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
A striking monumental sculpture expresses the strength of Sethy II who is depicted with his muscular left leg forward to express jis capability. He holds the standard of Amon depicted on it. It stood in the courtyard of the temple at Karnak along with a sister statue, now in the Louvre.Drovetti Collection. C 1383
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of king Horemheb & his wife Mutnedjemet, granodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Queen Mutnedjemet is depicted in the role of Hathor, the sun god, embracing her husband. The statue is unfinished with details missing including the stripes in the Royal kilt, the wings of a vulture on the queens headdress and bound enemies on one side of the throne. On the back of the throne is a long inscription recording the coronation of Horemheb who was the general of Tutenkhamun before ascending to the throne. Drovetto collection. C 1379.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian mummy of a baby and painted cartonnage funereal mask- Late Ptolomaic Roman Period, 1at cent BC to 2 cent AD. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus coffin of Tamutmutef, chantress of Amun, 18th Dynasty, (1550 to 1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The Tamutmutef sarcophagus belongs to a group of 18th Dynasty coffins characterised by the representation of the deceased wearing everyday clothes instead of as a mummy. It is carved in relief to reveal the pleated linen dress eith arms and feet sticking out from the pleats of the cloth. This coffin may have been reused from earlier use updated with dense yellow decorations.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus, Thebes, Late 21st Dynasty, Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus of Royal scribe Butehamon, Thebes, 21st Dynasty, reign of Ramese XI, (1078 or 1077 BC ). Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background<br />
<br />
Butehamon was a key figure between the end of the New Kingdom (Twentieth Dynasty, reign of Ramesse XI) and the beginning of the Third Intermediate Period (Twenty-First Dynasty, reign of Smendes). Born into an illustious family he became a man of letters
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus lid of Djehutymes, pink granite, 19th Dynasty (1279-1213 BC.) Thebes, Khokha, TT32. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The lid of the coffin of Djehutymes, husband of singer Asset
  • Ancient Egyptian basalt sarcophagus of royal scribe Shepman - Thebes Khokha, Tomb of Djehutymes, TT32- Early Ptolemaic Period, 19th Dynasty, 4th Cent BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The sarcophagus of Shepmin is an interesting example of Ptolemaic art with rounded contours and highly polished finish. The inscription bears the deceased name and titles.
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha - outer coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the coffin of Puia circa 1800BC - Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
From about 100BC "anthropoid " sarcophagi with fihure shaped lids started to replace rectangular coffins. Pia was probably the son of Puyemre, a high official of Thebes and second priest of Amon under the woman pharoah, Hatshepsut (1479-1458). The sarcophagus was excavated by Robert Mond from a shaft grave found close to the tomb of Puyemre in Thebes Necropolis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha & Merit, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha & Merit, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian head of a Thutmosid Thutmose king, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1550-1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt  is classified as the first dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, the era in which ancient Egypt achieved the peak of its power. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmosid Dynasty for the four pharaohs named Thutmose. Founded by Ahmose I who was suceeded by Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III
  • Ancient Egyptian fragments of a small wooded glass inlayed box depicting Egyptian Pharaohs , Ptolemaic Period, (322-30BC) BC, Tebtynis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 18155. Black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian Protodynatic burial vessel with skeleton, Circa 3000 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
With the begining of the sop called "Protodynastic" period coffins began to be used for burials. The wealthy had wood coffins which were expensive as trees are rare in Egypt. Pooer people were buried in baskets or clay coffins.
  • Ancient Egyptian fragment of blue pigment,  19-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiaparelli Cat 9929.  Black background,
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Egyptian Roman mummy portrait or Fayum mummy portrait painted panel of a man, Roman Period, 1st to 3rd cent AD, Egypt. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,<br />
<br />
Mummy portraits or Fayum mummy portraits (also Faiyum mummy portraits) are a type of naturalistic painted portrait on wooden boards attached to Upper class mummies from Roman Egypt. They belong to the tradition of panel painting, one of the most highly regarded forms of art in the Classical world. he portraits covered the faces of bodies that were mummified for burial. Extant examples indicate that they were mounted into the bands of cloth that were used to wrap the bodies.
  • Ancient Egyptian  decorated jar sealed with linen , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background,<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian decorated vase , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian glong neckedr jar  sealed with linen strips , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian globular jar  with Kha's monogram , tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background. Cat 8465.<br />
<br />
TT8 or Theban Tomb 8 was the tomb of Kha, the overseer of works from Deir el-Medina in the mid-18th dynasty[2] and his wife, Merit. TT8 was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of ancient Egypt, one of few tombs of nobility to survive intact.
  • Ancient Egyptian Human headed canopic jar for Amenemheb, clay, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 3471. Black background<br />
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The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. By the First Intermediate Period jars with human heads (assumed to represent the dead) began to appear
  • Ancient Egyptian Imesty or Amset Canopic Jar,  New Kingdom,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
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The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of particular human organs: the stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which, it was believed, would be needed in the afterlife. Imsety, the human-headed god representing the South, whose jar contained the liver and was protected by the goddess Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Canopic chest for internal organs. showing deceased worshiping Osiris, wood, Late Period(722-332 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2424. Black background,<br />
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Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian pylon (gateway) shaped Canopic chest for internal organs, wood, Late  to Ptolemaic Period(722-40 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2427.  Black background,<br />
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Canopic chests are cases used by Ancient Egyptians to contain the internal organs removed during the process of mummification.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Black background,<br />
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Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Black background,<br />
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Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box, wood, Intermediate Period, 21st-22nd Dynasty (1076-746 BC), Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Black background,<br />
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Floor 1 room 10 of Museum - Among the 401 shabti found in this tomb were 36 overseerers, one for every 10 servants. These were maent to serve the deceased in the afterlife
  • Ancient Egyptian shabti box of the steward of Djehutyhotep, wood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1450-1350 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund Cat 2443. black background<br />
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Essential items of funerary equipment from the New Kingdom on, shabti figures, of which there could be from 1 to over 400 examples in a single tomb, were meant to substitute for the deceased whenever he or she was called upon to perform manual labor in the afterlife. the shabti box is a decorated wooden box to hold the figures
  • Ancient Egyptian stele depicting Sethy I adoring Amenhotep I and Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background. Schiaparelli Cat 6189.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele didicated to the swallow and cat by Nebra, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti Cat No 1591.<br />
<br />
In the top register of this votive stele a swallow  (Hirundinidae) is shown perched on top of a shrine. An offering table is placed in front of it on the right side. The bird is called "the good swallow". In the lower register Nakhamun and Khay, Nebre's two sons, kneel in adoration in front of a large cat. They both hold a bouquet in their right hand, the left hand is raised in adoration before the good cat" (Houlihan,1996,87). The swallow and the cat both represent two minor deities, Menet and Tamit, who are  closely connected with the region of the Theban necropolis. It is unusual that this stele has been dedicated by Nebre, the royal craftsman, without him being depicted.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by Irtiertjay,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (7620-580 BC), Thebes, Cat 1530. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
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The round topped stele dedicated by Irtiertjay to Re-Harakhty , Isis and the 4 sons of Horus. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Osiris by Neskhonsu,  Late Period, 25th Dynasty, (722-664 BC), Thebes, Cat 1596. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
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The round topped stele dedicated by Osiris to Neskhonsu, daaughter of Nespernebu, "gogs father" of Amon. Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Ra-Harakhty & Atum by Psetjerfi, Late Period 26th Dynasty, (590-525 BC), Cat 1568. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
Gifted by the Cairo Museum
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of Djehutynefer, treasury Scribe, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1400 BC), Thebes,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,Old Fund cat 1456.<br />
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The detail of the stele depicts the brothers and sisters of Djehutynefer. The inscription palces the deceased under the protection of Amon in the great temple of Karnak underlining that he is entitled to share offerings brought to the god.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of s standard bearer Maienhekau, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1458-1425 BC), DAbydos,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
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In the top registerMaienhekau makes offerings to Ptah, Osiris and Horus. In the middle he is shown with his wife reveiving offerings from his 2 sons. In the lower register another son with 3 gaughters is offering a formula to Maienhekau, also listing his titles. He was standard bearer (captain) on several warships and the "bearer of arms " of Thutmosis II. The current depictions are over an earlier relief which can be seen in places where the later stucco has come away.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of Djehutynefer called Seshu, Scribe, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1500-14253 BC), Thebes, Old Fund cat 1638. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
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Djehutynefer called Seshu was the accountant scribe of cattle and fowl in the temple of Amon, and his wife the house mistress Benbu
  • Ancient Egyptian Stele of Amenemope dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1452. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of Piamon who drowned in the Nile and was deified like Osiris, Ptlomemaic Period (332-30 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Old Fund cat 1556.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of  2 pairs of archers of different ethnic groups, limestone, First Inttermediate Period, (2118-1980 BC), Goblein, Tomb of iti and Neferu, 88967-960-Senebetysy-Stele-Ancient-Egypt Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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The stele was wedged into a painting in the east wall of the hallway, Schiaparelli cat 13115
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of commander in chief Senebetysy, sandstone, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (11759-1700 BC), Deir el-Medina, Old Fund cat 1629. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background, <br />
<br />
Stet for the commander in chief of the city regiment of Sarenenutrt, son of Sainyt and his wife Senebtysy.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele. The individual is smelling a lotus flower. One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
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Khonsu sits on a cube-like throne and wears the solar disc and half-moon on his head. He faces an offering table piled with food and flowers. The hieroglyphic inscription reads: "Khonsu-in-Thebes, Neferhotep. Protection, life, stability and power surround him, like Ra. Libation for your ka with bread, beer, oxen and fowl."Lower register depicts two men kneeling in adoration. They face to the left: Nebre, whose title is kedw sesh "draughtsman" and his son, Amenemope."Give praise to Khonsu-in-Thebes by the scribe of Amun in the Place of Truth Nebra, justified in peace, he loved his son, Amenemope, justified".In the bottom register are the "Draughtsman-scribe of Amun in the Place of Truth", Nebre, and his son, Amenemope"<br />
<br />
Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele.One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Re-Harakhty by draftsman Pay, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina, Schiaprelli cat 6144. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Khonsu by draftsman Pay, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, ODrovetti cat 1553. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of scraftsman Minhotep in adoration of Osiris, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 1619. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
The stele is dedicated to Osiris, Anubis and Hathor "Mistress of the World".
  • Ancient Egyptian stele showing Iti & Neferu receiving food offerings, First Intermediate Period, (2118-1980 BC), Gebelein, Tomb of Iti & Neferu,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.  Schiaparelli cat 13114.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579. Black background<br />
<br />
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In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579. Black background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to Meretsesger, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
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The stele is divided into 3 registers. In the top section 2 wedjat eyes with shen sign above 3 zigzag lines indicating water are depicted. The second, largest register, is divided into 12 horizontal strips. Each is occupied by a coloured snake facing to the right.In the bottom register 3 columns of hieroglyphic text worship the goddess Meretseger: "life, strength and health to the ka and the lady of the house Wab, the justified." To the right of the text the deceased woman is kneeling with her hands raised in adoration. She  wears a white robe. A lotus flower is placed on top of her wig. Behind her head there are 4 hieroglyphic signs that form the phrase "at peace". To the right of the scene there is an offering table with a vessel flanked by a bunch of lotus flowers. Below the table there are 2 vessels on pedestals.
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated by Pendua to Meretsesger, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Old Fund cat 1564. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of a bowman and his wife, limestone, First Intermediate Period, 7-11th Dynasty, (2118-1980 BC), Deir el-Medina, Schiaparelli cat 1273. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian stele of sculptor Qen, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Old Fund cat 1635. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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This stele belongs to the "painter of outlines' and sculptor Qen who lived in the reign of Ramesses II. It depicrs a funeral celebration for him infront of funerary chapel with his sond Meryre and Huy, who are performing the "ceremony of Opening of the Mouth". His daughter Taqri is depicted grieving over the loss of her father. The chapel is summounted by a Pyramidion.
  • Ancient Egyptian Pyramidion of Ramose North & East sides, Limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dtnasty (1292-1190 BC), Dier el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Old Fund cat 1603. black background.<br />
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The north face of the Ramose Pyramidion explains the attribute of Horus as the strong coronal electric field of the Sun gifting the Ankh as a support to Life. It reads "Strong coronal electric field supporting the Sun, negative charge induction."" Weak electric field is an attribute of the anode Sun.""Electricity supporting life to core charge store God".<br />
<br />
The east face of the Ramose Pyramidion shows the support for the structured plasma, her hands are held up representing the electric force on the perpendicular face to the North South axis of Horus, the strong coronal electric field. It reads" Structured plasma watched, attribute supporting life projecting power (negative charge) to support charge store (celestial body) electrostatic resonance."" Seek home structured plasma to land negative charge projection by God as lightning attribute support celestial body via connection giving movement and [light]."<br />
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The limestone Pyramidion of Ramose, from the top of the tomb of the 'Necropolis Scribe'. Scenes on all four sides depict the worship of the sun.
  • Ancient Egyptian Cat Sarcophagus conating cat mummy, Late to Plolomaic Period, (722-30 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin.Old Fund Cat 2361. black background<br />
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Animal mummification was common in ancient Egypt. They mummified various animals. It was an enormous part of Egyptian culture, not only in their role as food and pets, but also for religious reasons. They were typically mummified for four main purposes—to allow beloved pets to go on to the afterlife, to provide food in the afterlife, to act as offerings to a particular god, and because some were seen as physical manifestations of specific deities that the Egyptians worshipped. Bast, the cat goddess is an example of one such deity.
  • Ancient Egyptian statuette of Isis Aphrodite, Ptolomaic to Early Roman Period, (2nd cnet BC to 1st cent AD). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.  Old fund Cat 7215.
  • Ancient Egyptian bronze statue of Osiris, Ptolomaic Period, (722-30 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background,. Old fundCat 39.
  • Ancient Egyptian statuette of Ptah Sokar Osiris, Late Period 25-26th Dynasty, (722-525 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Old Fund Cat 2466.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. <br />
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This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a funerary boat with oarsman and a sarcopagus under a canope, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 1209. black background.<br />
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Funerary boats were probably believed to carry the deceased sould to the afterlife. Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian model of a boat with mast, Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
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Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, (1939-1875 BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin.   black background. <br />
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Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden falcon bird, Late Period (722-322 BC), Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 986. black background <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom from the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden falcon bird, Late Period (722-322 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom from the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of a man cooking a duck, New Kingdom, 11-13th Dynasty, (1980-1700 BC), Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8944. black background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue,  Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC), tomb of Shimes, Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue of Wepwawetemhat, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, (1939-1875 BC), Asyut, Tomb of Minhotep. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8786. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model boat from tomb of Shemes,  Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC), Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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In 1908 in Asyut, Egypt an intact tomb was discovered of an official named Shemes, it contained many rich grave goods. Two rectangular Coffins, one for Shemes and the other for a woman called Rehuerausen, possibly his wife. They carry typical Middle Kingdom decorations,
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden statue of Shemes,  Middle Kingdom (1980-1700 BC), tomb of Shimes, Asyut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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In 1908 in Asyut, Egypt an intact tomb was discovered of an official named Shemes, it contained many rich grave goods. Two rectangular Coffins, one for Shemes and the other for a woman called Rehuerausen, possibly his wife. They carry typical Middle Kingdom decorations,
  • Ancient Egyptian bronze statue , Old Kingdom. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian bronze statue of Bes, Old Kingdom,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian statuette of Taweret decicated to draughtsman Parahotep, wood, New Kingdom, 19 Dynasty, (14292-1190 BC), deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Cat 526.<br />
<br />
 Taweret is the protective ancient Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility. The deity is typically depicted as a bipedal female hippopotamus with feline attributes, pendulous female human breasts, the limbs and paws of a lion, and the back and tail of a Nile crocodile.
  • Ancient Egyptian shabtis doll, lwood, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1538-1040 BC), Deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background <br />
<br />
shabti figures began to occur in Middle Kingdom tombs with a twofold nature: on <br />
the one hand, they were meant to be images of their owners, representatives of the deceased in the realm of the Lord of Eternity. <br />
On the other hand, they were also considered to be servants of the deceased, taking the role of the servant statues. The complex <br />
nature of the shabti figure as a substitute of both the owner and his or her servants remains unaltered during the New Kingdom
  • Female ancient Egyptian statue, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Pawer and his wife Mut, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Drovetti collection. Cat 3057.<br />
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Between the two adults is their son Samut in childhood nudity. The text specifies that the statue was commissioned by Mut.
  • Ancient Egyptian architectonic element of the temple of Aten, Karnak, limestone, New Kingdom 18th Dynasty (1353-1336 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
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This crystaline block from the riugn of Amenhoptep IV was part of the railing of the temple of Aten in Karnak. It is os a double form cartouche, which usually enclose the name of the king. Here insted, it contains the names of the sun disk Aten, the one god of King Akhenaten : "Ra-Harakhty rising in the Horizon" "in the name as the light which is in Aten". The name of the king is carved on the sides. The objects is therefore a links god with the pharoah. Drovetti collection Cat 1378
  • Ancient Egyptian stelophorus statue of Ubenre, New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty, (1292-1076 BC), Deir el-Medina, Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3040. black background.<br />
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This type of stele is so called stelophorous statue. It consists of kneeling figure holding or offering stele. They were produced from the 18th dynasty onwards. Such stelae were usually inscribed with hymns to the sun-god.
  • Ancient Egyptian stelophorus statue of Amenemipet, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1539-1292 BC), Deir el Medina, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 3038. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian cartonnage mummy mask with mummification scene, Pyolemaic Period, (332-30BC),  Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 2250. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Roman female mummy mask, limestone, Roman Period, 2nd Cent AD, Hawara,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
This is a remarkable gilt cartonnage with inlaid cystal eyes . The woman wears a Roman style hardo half covered by a veil, a himation, fringed cloak, yied to her breat, snake shaped bracelets and a necklace of pink flowers, all of which are connected to the cult of Isis.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mid 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Cat 4410 Turin. black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background,<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Qen, priest of Anukis, sanstone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1191 BC), Isalnd of sehel. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
Qen was a "gods father of Amon of Elephantine and of Khnum, Satis and Anukis". Elephantine is a Greek name of the present day Aswan. The naos, shrine, contains a female wearing a high plumed headdress. She is Anukis goddess of the Nile flood. With the ram-heahed god Khum and the goddess Satis, she formed the triad of the Elephantine. The statue probably comes from the temple of the Triad on Sehel Island just south of Elephantine.. Drovetti collection. Cat 3016.
  • Ancient Egyptian cult statue of Amenhoptep I, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The cult of Amenhoptep I flourished during the 19th &20th Dynasties. This statue is typical of Theban sculpture of the Ramesside era : large eyes, full cheeks and aquiline nose. the kings skin colour is white rather than the more common red hue. This is typical of other Deir el-Medina statues of the era.  Drovetti collection. Cat 1372.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Penmernabu, offering a naos with a rams head on top, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1190 BC, Deir el-Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Penmernabu is depicted presenting a rams head ontop of a shrine. The ram is sacred to the god Amon-Re. An image of the god is also carved on the statues's right shoulder, while an image of the goddess Ahmes-Nefretari is carved on his left shoulder. . Drovetti collection. Cat 3032.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ptolomaic king in pharaonic regalia, granodiorire, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Ptolomaic king is dressed a a pharaoh wearing a nemes headdress and a false beard . Drovetti Collection, Cat 1384
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a Ptolomaic king in pharaonic regalia, granodiorire, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Ptolomaic king is dressed a a pharaoh wearing a nemes headdress and a false beard . Drovetti Collection, Cat 1384
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of a queen wearing a clinging dress, sandstone, Ptolemaic Period (332-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Drovetti Collection, Cat 1386
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of the god Ptah, granodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353 BC)Karnak. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
The statue of the god Ptah is in the likeness of the reigning king Amenhotep III with a youthful almost feminine face, full cheeks, large smiling mouth and fleshy lips. The large almond shaped eyes are characteristic of the period as is the outline of the lips, Drovetti collection. Cat 86
  • Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the head of a criosphinx, sandstone, New Kigdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353 BC), Karnak, Temple of Khonsu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,<br />
<br />
From the New kingdom onwards a particular image of the god Amon was adopted, the criosphinx, which was a sphinx whose human head was replaced by the head of a ram, the animal form of Amon. A large number of criosphinx are still standing in Karnak today. Drovetti collection. C 846.
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
This sphinx statue show signs of remodelling. the accentuated curves of the eyebrows, the almond shaped eyes and the wide mouth with fleshy lips are still influenced by the late 18th Dynasty style. The long aquiline nose however is typical of Ramesside. The lappets of the nemes headdress and the beard show clear traces of unfinished re-carving. Drovetti Collection. C1409
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Hel, limestone, New Kingdom, late 18th Dynasty, (1320-1280 BC), Saqqara. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The women is seated on a cushioned stool. On her head is a lotus flower. In her left hand she holds a cloth in her right a counterweight for a meant necklace, a ritual instrument used in the cult of the goddess Hathor. the statue probably stood in a tomb in Saqqara necropolis of Memphis, where the Egyptian eletes of the time had splendid tombs with statues of s similar style. The inscription evokes the deceased "everything that comes forth in the presence of the gods of Memphis for Osiris, the lady of Hel..."
  • Ancient Roman statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1186 BC),  Deir-el-Medina, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
 Carved in Thebian white limestone the statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari shows the skill and attention to details of the sculptors of Deir-el-Medina, the worker’s village of those who built the Royal Tombs at Thebes. The theme of the family is echoed by a carving of a daughter between the two figures.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of pharaoh Horemheb with god Amun, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Horemheb stands beside the taller depiction of the god Amun. The statue is typical of the period following the religious and artistic revolution of King Akhenaten. The muscles are not emphasised and the contours are soft, with rounded hips and juvenile faces, the eyes are almond shaped and the cheeks and lips sensual. Some scholars believe this may have been a statue of Tutenkhamon remodelled by Horemheb. Dorvetti collection. C 768
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1156-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 251
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
In this statue of Sekhmet the goddess is called "mistress of Shenut" possibly linking her to the lioness goddess Repyt of Anthribis.  Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 248
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 263
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II , granite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1500-1400 BC, Karnak, Temple of Mut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The statue depicting Ramesses II  was reworked over a statue of an earlier pharaoh. This can be seen around the corners of the mouth which show reworking. The roundness of the face and short apron also point to an earlier style.  Ramesses II is depicted praying with his arms out straight and his hands resting flat on the apron of his kilt.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II , granite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1500-1400 BC, Karnak, Temple of Mut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The statue depicting Ramesses II  was reworked over a statue of an earlier pharaoh. This can be seen around the corners of the mouth which show reworking. The roundness of the face and short apron also point to an earlier style.  Ramesses II is depicted praying with his arms out straight and his hands resting flat on the apron of his kilt.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ptah - limestone - New Kingdom. 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III (1390 - 1353 BC), Karnac. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background<br />
<br />
Large statue of Egyptian gods are rare and most of them are part of building designs. This imposing statue of Ptah was probably made for the "Temple of Millions of Years", on the west bank of Thebes, promoted by Amenhotep III . When the temple was eventually abandoned its statues were reused in other temples in the region. Drovetti collection C. 87
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of princess Redji, grandorite, Saqqara, Old Kingdom, 3rd Dynasty (2592-2543 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The inscriptions at the base of the statue indicates that the statue is of the Kings Daughter named Redji. Never intended as a faithful depiction of the deceased , the statue was placed in the tomb to substitute for the deceased. The statue is in the typical rigid style of the old kingdom with a voluminous wig.
  • Rare ancient Egyptian mummy bundle, necropolis of Gebelein, Old Kingdom, 4th - 5th Dynasty (2543-2305 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin.   black background.<br />
<br />
Excavated duting the Tirun museum archaeological mission of 1911, this mummy bundle was found in a rectangular chest. It has never been opened and non destructive tests show thatthe body is in a contarcted position with its head on a double coloumned headrest.
  • Ancient Egyptian mummy of the Roman Period - 1st cent BC to 2 cent AD. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian pseudo mummy of a bull, painted linen, Late Period (722-332 BC. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The pseudo mummy contains only part of a bulls remains the missing parts being replaced with vegetable matter
  • Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus coffin of Tamutmutef, chantress of Amun, 18th Dynasty, (1550 to 1292 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The Tamutmutef sarcophagus belongs to a group of 18th Dynasty coffins characterised by the representation of the deceased wearing everyday clothes instead of as a mummy. It is carved in relief to reveal the pleated linen dress eith arms and feet sticking out from the pleats of the cloth. This coffin may have been reused from earlier use updated with dense yellow decorations.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus inner coffin of  singer Tabakenkhonsu, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri. Thebes, 2nd half of 21st Dynasty, 680–670 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The deceased is depicted with her hands rendered in high relief on top of a wesekh collar. a stylistic trait that allows the coffin to be dated from the late 21st Dynsaty. the inner coffin is of great quality depicting mythological scenes derived from the Book of the Dead spells.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus outer coffin of singer Tabakenkhonsu, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri, Thebes, 2nd half of 21st Dynasty, 680–670 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The deceased is depicted with her hands rendered in high relief on top of a wesekh collar. a stylistic trait that allows the coffin to be dated from the late 21st Dynsaty. the outer coffin is of great quality depicting mythological scenes derived from the Book of the Dead spells.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus lid of Djehutymes, pink granite, 19th Dynasty (1279-1213 BC.) Thebes, Khokha, TT32. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The lid of the coffin of Djehutymes, husband of singer Asset
  • Ancient Egyptian cartonnage funerary mask of Merit - tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. black background.<br />
<br />
this exquisite guilded catonnage was placed over the head of the mummy of Merit.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus lid of Ibi - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-610BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Ibi was overseer of the priests of Thebes and chief steward of Nitocris, Divine Adoratrice of Amon during the reign of Psamtek I. The sarcophagus lid shows his hands emerging from a shroud to grasp the dfed-pillar, which allows him to rise to his feet again after resurrection. The lid weighs more than a ton and is finely sculpted. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus lid of Ibi - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-610BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Ibi was overseer of the priests of Thebes and chief steward of Nitocris, Divine Adoratrice of Amon during the reign of Psamtek I. The sarcophagus lid shows his hands emerging from a shroud to grasp the dfed-pillar, which allows him to rise to his feet again after resurrection. The lid weighs more than a ton and is finely sculpted. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus of Vizier Gemenefherbak - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-525BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Gemenefherbak was a vizier, minister, as indicated by a pendant picturing the goddess Maat hanging around his neck in the shadow of his beard. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus of Vizier Gemenefherbak - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-525BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Gemenefherbak was a vizier, minister, as indicated by a pendant picturing the goddess Maat hanging around his neck in the shadow of his beard. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha -  inner coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  black background
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha -  inner coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Cartonnage funerary mask from the Third Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty (944-1025BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Made from overlapping papyrus and cloth this cartonnage has been decorated with a weskh collar over which are depicted two crossed cloth strips that represent the last bandages of the deceased mummy wrappings. below this is depicted the rams head of god Amon-Ra against the out stretched wings of a vulture
  • Ancient Egyptian Cartonnage funerary mask from the Third Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty (944-1025BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Made from overlapping papyrus and cloth this cartonnage has been decorated with a weskh collar over which are depicted two crossed cloth strips that represent the last bandages of the deceased mummy wrappings. below this is depicted the rams head of god Amon-Ra against the out stretched wings of a vulture
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi, Harwa circa 7th cent BC - Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 22nd Dynasty (943 - 716 BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Coffin lid of the eldest woman buried in the tomb, probably Tagiasettahekat, wife of Padiau. The sarcophagus decoration includes representation of strips crossed over her chest typical of "stoa coffin" of the 22nd dynasty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 22nd Dynasty (943 - 716 BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Coffin lid of the eldest woman buried in the tomb, probably Tagiasettahekat, wife of Padiau. The sarcophagus decoration includes representation of strips crossed over her chest typical of "stoa coffin" of the 22nd dynasty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the coffin of Puia circa 1800BC - Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
From about 100BC "anthropoid " sarcophagi with fihure shaped lids started to replace rectangular coffins. Pia was probably the son of Puyemre, a high official of Thebes and second priest of Amon under the woman pharoah, Hatshepsut (1479-1458). The sarcophagus was excavated by Robert Mond from a shaft grave found close to the tomb of Puyemre in Thebes Necropolis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha & Merit, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Ptolemaic Period (722-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Ptolemaic Period (722-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Ptolemaic Period (722-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus  - Scribe of Thebes Necropolis Nebhepet Book of the Dead, 21st Dynasty (1076-943C).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus  - Aaner Book of the Dead, Thebes - 21st Dynasty (1076-943C).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
During the 21st Dynasty the number of spells in Books of the Dead was often reduced in favour of decrative panels. small illustrated vignettes take up a large part of the papytus surface
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus  - Aaner Book of the Dead, Thebes - 21st Dynasty (1076-943C).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
During the 21st Dynasty the number of spells in Books of the Dead was often reduced in favour of decrative panels. small illustrated vignettes take up a large part of the papytus surface
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Aaner Book of the Dead, Thebes - 21st Dynasty (1076-943C).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
During the 21st Dynasty the number of spells in Books of the Dead was often reduced in favour of decrative panels. small illustrated vignettes take up a large part of the papytus surface
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Ancient Egyptian head rest for sleeping on, type 1 . Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background. <br />
<br />
Ancient egyptian headrests were used to raise the head whist sleeping. Padding was laid over the wooden headrest to make it more comfortable.
  • Ancient Egyptian Ra stele , limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1190 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Akh iqer en Ra " the excellent spirit of Ra' stele. One of three stele forund in different rooms of houses in Deir el-Medina where they stood in niches
  • Ancient Egyptian stele dedicated to the god Re-Harakhty by sculptor Ipy, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Deir el-Medina, Drovetti cat 7357. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background,
  • Ancient Egyptian funerary stele of painter Maya, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1336-1292 BC), Deir el-Medina,  Egyptian Museum, Turin.  Drovetti cat 1579. Black background<br />
<br />
<br />
In the upper portion Maya and his wife Tamit pay homage to Osiris and Hathor, the gods of the necropolis. In the lower register is a similar scene in which his wife recieves food offerings from their many children, as was traditional at the time.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden model of bread making, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, (1939-1875 BC), Asyut., Tomb of Minhotep Egyptian Museum, Turin. Cat 8789.  black background. <br />
<br />
Wooden tomb models were an Egyptian funerary custom throughout the Middle Kingdom in which wooden figurines and sets were constructed to be placed in the tombs of Egyptian royalty. These wooden models represented the work of servants, farmers, other skilled craftsman, armies, and religious rituals
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of the goddess Meretseger, limestone, New Kingdom, 19-20th Dynasty, (1480-1390 BC), deir el Medina. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. Cat 957.
  • Plaster cast of an ancient Egyptian Thot Baboon statue, reign of Nectanebo (359-342 BC). Campo Marizo, temple of Isis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The original is in the Capitoline Museum Rome. The baboon is an image of Thot, lunar God, creator of hieroglyphic writing and patron of science.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue shaved head of a priest, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1390-1353 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Drovetti collection. Cat 3141. black background.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Iteti, sandstone, Old Kingdom, 5th Dynasty, (2500-2400 BC), Mastaba. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Fragmentary sandstone statue inscribed for Iteti, identified as "inspector of wab-priests of the pyramid of Khufu"; Iteti, wearing curly wig and moustache (engraved on face), seated on chair with bull's legs.
  • Ancient Egyptian Sphinx statue, sandstone, New Kingdom, early 19th Dynasty (1292-1250), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
The Phatoah and queen could be represented by Sphinx statues and by associating human faces with the body of a lion the Egyptians combined the strength of the animal that was connected to the sun god with human inetelligence. In this guardian rols sphinxes were generally placed facing each other on either side of temple gates, processional ways or dooways inside the temple. . Drovetti Collection. C1408
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 249
  • Ancient Egyptian mummy of a canid, linen, Late Period, Ptolomaic Perios (722-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background<br />
<br />
A canid is a member of the dog family.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Minoan rhython with relief decoration, Zakros Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  beak spouted rhython with nautilus, coral and seaweed design, Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay male figurine in the attitude of worship, Chamezi 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay round offering table with a high base and large cup with a goddess with 2 priestesses depiction , Phaistos 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated conical rhython geometric design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum., black background
  • Minoan linea A tablet recording flocks of sheep, goats, oxen and pigs at "wa-to",  1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan Stone jspouted bowl from the George of the Dead 3000-2000 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum , black background.<br />
<br />
In the 3rd milleneum BC the invetion of new tools made of metal allowed stone to be carved and polished to high standards. Harder stone could also be used for making stone vessels
  • Vasiliki Ware jug with characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Kamares Ware spouted jug with 2 handles with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares "eggshell" ware cups with  with  polychrome decorations, from set found at Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
These cups found as parts of sets in Phaistos palace were names "eggshell" ware due to the very thin walls of the cups. This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Luxury Minoan Kamares Ware ewer jug with polychrome decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware sup with bold geometric polychrome decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • The Minoan clay burial pithos with skeleton in foetal,  Neopalatial period 1700-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background<br />
<br />
The body was placed in a foetal postion to aid insertion into the wide mouthed pithos
  • Minoan  decorated rhython libation vessel with ring design, Gournia 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan modified imported vase with added handles, Zakros Centural Sanctuary Complex  1500-1400 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Elaborate Minoan amphora  of veined stone with double mouth and s shaped handles, Zakros Central Sanctuary  1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan stone bottle with carved fluted decoration, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background..
  • Minoan stone conical rhython with fluted decoration, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan marble conical rhython, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan marble fluted chalice with fine four fold walls, Zakros central sanctuary complex 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay vase with figure of eighy handles, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Unusual Minoan  rhython  libation vessel consisting of hollow rings, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan long spouted rhython decorated with a pomegranate, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated jug with Marine style shell decoration, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan rhython with painted decoration, Zakros Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bridge spouted lidded jar decorated with flowers, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated cup with foliage, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bull's head rhython libation vessel, Machlos 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  alabastron with zig zag design, Machlos 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan small bridge spouted jars decorated with lilies, Machlos 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bull's head rhython libation vessel, Phaistos palace 1700-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated jug with sun design, Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  ewer with dense reeds design, by the "Reed Painter" , Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan domestic libation vessel with the relief of a bull, Hagia Triada 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.

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