• The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Arch of Caracalla, built in 217 by the city's governor, Marcus Aurelius Sebastenus, to honour the emperor Caracalla and his mother Julia Domna.Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Latin Inscription on a Roman stone. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman Mosaics of Bacchus encountering the sleeping Ariadne from the House of the Ephebe.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic in the House of the Athlete or Desultor, located near the forum, contains a humorous mosaic of an athlete or acrobat riding a donkey back to front while holding a cup in his outstretched hand. It may possibly represent Silenus also known as the wine God Dionysus or Bacchus. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Structure 8 of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • Latin Inscription on a Roman stone. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Arch of Caracalla, built in 217 by the city's governor, Marcus Aurelius Sebastenus, to honour the emperor Caracalla and his mother Julia Domna.Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Tiwsted Corintian Roman column and capital. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Geometric designed Roman floor mosaic. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic of a fish. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic of a hunter. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaics of Dolphins, a Roman good luck symbol from The House of Orpheus. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman Mosaics of Bacchus encountering the sleeping Ariadne from the House of the Ephebe.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic from The House of Orpheus showing Orpheus playing a lute in the centre with wild African animals surrounding him. From the triclinium or the dining room of the villa. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic from The House of Orpheus showing Orpheus playing a lute in the centre with wild African animals surrounding him. From the triclinium or the dining room of the villa. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • Structure 8 of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The Arch of Caracalla, built in 217 by the city's governor, Marcus Aurelius Sebastenus, to honour the emperor Caracalla and his mother Julia Domna.Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Latin Inscription on a Roman stone. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic from The House of Orpheus showing Orpheus playing a lute in the centre with wild African animals surrounding him. From the triclinium or the dining room of the villa. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Roman mosaic from The House of Orpheus showing Orpheus playing a lute in the centre with wild African animals surrounding him. From the triclinium or the dining room of the villa. Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The recessed box beds and harth of one of the 8 houses of the Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement archaeological site, circa 3000 BC,  Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland,
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • The Corintian columns of Capitoline Temple dedicated to the three chief divinities of the Roman state, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.  Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Exterior of the Basilica at Volubilis.  Completed during the reign of Macrinus in the early 3rd century, it is one of the finest Roman basilicas in Africa and is probably modelled on the one at Leptis Magna in Libya, Volubilis Archaeological Site, near Meknes, Morocco
  • Stone dying baths of the Fullery of Stephanus on the Via del Abbondante, Pompeii. Fulleries were an important business in ancient Pompeii.  Fullers processed, dyed, and washed cloth. 
  • Roman Temple of Apollo  Pompeii archaeological site, Italy
  • Well in the street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • Cobbled street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • The Arch of Tiberius at the entrance to the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Cobbled street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Corinthian Porticus, columns & tables of the money changers at the entrance of the Macellum in the Forum of Pompeii archaeological site, Italy.
  • The columns of the 2nd cent. B.C Roman Basilica of Pompeii which was the Roman courts of justice and the core of economic life in Pompeii.
  • Graffitti on buildings along the Via del Abbondante, Pompeii.
  • The Thermopolium of Lucius Vetutius Placidus on the Via del Abbondante, with the serving counter with holes that contained amphora of food for sale. The Thermopolium was an eating & drinking house. The painting depicts at the centre the God of the patron and on either side are the lars or protectors of the house, Mercury , God of Commerce & Dionysus, God of wine.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Roman Frescos of Pompei arhaeological site.
  • Roman Frescos of Pompei arhaeological site.
  • Roman Frescos of Pompei arhaeological site.
  • The Thermopolium of Lucius Vetutius Placidus on the Via del Abbondante, with the serving counter with holes that contained amphora of food for sale. The Thermopolium was an eating & drinking house. The painting depicts at the centre the God of the patron and on either side are the lars or protectors of the house, Mercury , God of Commerce & Dionysus, God of wine.
  • The Thermopolium of Lucius Vetutius Placidus on the Via del Abbondante, with the serving counter with holes that contained amphora of food for sale. The Thermopolium was an eating & drinking house. The painting depicts at the centre the God of the patron and on either side are the lars or protectors of the house, Mercury , God of Commerce & Dionysus, God of wine.
  • Street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • Street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • The Arch of Tiberius at the entrance to the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Cobbled street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • Cobbled street of Pompeii archaeological site.
  • The Arch of Tiberius at the entrance to the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Corinthian Porticus, columns & tables of the money changers at the entrance of the Macellum in the Forum of Pompeii archaeological site, Italy.
  • The Roman Corinthian Porticus, columns & tables of the money changers at the entrance of the Macellum in the Forum of Pompeii archaeological site, Italy.
  • The Roman Corinthian Porticus, columns & tables of the money changers at the entrance of the Macellum in the Forum of Pompeii archaeological site, Italy.
  • The Roman Corinthian Porticus, columns & tables of the money changers at the entrance of the Macellum in the Forum of Pompeii archaeological site, Italy.
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • The columns of the 2nd cent. B.C Roman Basilica of Pompeii which was the Roman courts of justice and the core of economic life in Pompeii.
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • The columns of the 2nd cent. B.C Roman Basilica of Pompeii which was the Roman courts of justice and the core of economic life in Pompeii.
  • The columns of the 2nd cent. B.C Roman Basilica of Pompeii which was the Roman courts of justice and the core of economic life in Pompeii.
  • The Roman tombs & mausoleums on the street of Tombs in the Herculaneum cemetry, Pompeii
  • The Roman tombs & mausoleums on the street of Tombs in the Herculaneum cemetry, Pompeii
  • Roman road of Via Consolare , Pompeii, with a well and a surgeons house.
  • Peristyle of `Roman Villa of Pompeii
  • Peristyle of `Roman Villa of Pompeii
  • Graffitti on buildings along the Via del Abbondante, Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Roman Temple of Apollo  Pompeii archaeological site, Italy
  • Fullery of Stephanus on the Via del Abbondante, Pompeii. Fulleries were an important business in ancient Pompeii.  Fullers processed, dyed, and washed cloth. 
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Columns of The Building of Eumachia, Pompeii. The inscription on lintel above the columns is to Concordia Augusta, wife of Emperor Augustus, from the priestess Eumachia the patron of the "fullones", an artisan association of dyers. The building was a prototype of medieval hostels were travelling merchant rented accommodation.
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • The columns of the 2nd cent. B.C Roman Basilica of Pompeii which was the Roman courts of justice and the core of economic life in Pompeii.
  • Graffitti on buildings along the Via del Abbondante, Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Doric & Corinthian columns of the Roman colonade in the Forum of Pompeii.
  • Excavations of Troy . Troy archaeological site, A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Turkey
  • Excavations of Troy . Troy archaeological site, A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Turkey
  • Excavations of Troy . Troy archaeological site, A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Turkey
  • Excavations of Troy . Troy archaeological site, A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Turkey
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.  Against a white background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.  Against a white background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Roman mosaics - The Gypsy Girls. The House of Menad. Ancient Zeugama, 2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
It was discovered in the building called the House of Menad during the excavations conducted by the Gaziantep Museum. As the excavations continued, it was understood that almost all the mosaics inside the building had been stolen by historical _artifact; traffickers. The figure, called the Gypsy. Girl, was fortunately under the soil extracted from the illegal diggings and unseen by the traffickers; then it was brought to our Museum. She was liken to a Gypsy Girl as a joke during the excavations when she was unearthed with her uncombed hair, salient cheekbones, round face and earrings, and then has kept to be called with that name. <br />
<br />
There is no illuminating data regarding her identity but some scholrs claim that she is one of the -mnads present in  Dionysus festivals because of the tendrils near her 1.71eado, and others suggest that this is a portrait of Alexander the Great The most interesting feature of the mosaic is that it follows the beholder in every direction. A special technique was used in the mosaic in order to make her eyes more realistic. On the other hand, the fact that both joy and sorrow are reflected in her face indicates the stage reached in the art of portx4it. <br />
<br />
The piece was made, via the technique -called "three look" in the art of painting during the Hellenistic period. This technique was used by great painters as well. Da vincrs'Mona Lisa is an example for such paintings. With those characteristics, the piece has become the symbol of Zeugma and Gaziantep
  • Excavations of the Temple of Artimis Sardis, originally the fourth largest Ionic temple when it was originally built in 300 B.C. In 150 AD under Roman rule when the worship  of the Emperor required all Roman cities to have a Temple dedicated to the Imperial family. The temple of Artimis was split into two sections with one half for Artemis and the Empress Faustina and the other for Zeus and Emperor Antoninus Pius and the present construction shows elements of Greek and Roman styles. Sardis archaeological site, Hermus valley, Turkey. A Harvard Art Museum excavation project.
  • Walk in Early Medieval Baptismal font in the Baptistry of St John excavations, Santi Giovanni e Reparata, Lucca, Tunscany, Italy
  • Walk in Early Medieval Baptismal font in the Baptistry of St John excavations, Santi Giovanni e Reparata, Lucca, Tunscany, Italy
  • Walk in Early Medieval Baptismal font in the Baptistry of St John excavations, Santi Giovanni e Reparata, Lucca, Tunscany, Italy
  • Walk in Early Medieval Baptismal font in the Baptistry of St John excavations, Santi Giovanni e Reparata, Lucca, Tunscany, Italy
  • Roman mosaics - The Wedding of Dionysus mosaic. Dionysus Villa Ancient Zeugama, 2nd  century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
<br />
The Wedding of Dionysus and Ariadne Mosaic, which belongs to the House of Dionysus, is one of the most special mosaics around the world. In the scene, Dionysus and Ariadne are sitting on a sofa. There are three maenads, musician, the wedding god and two sirens around them. <br />
<br />
The mosaic gives the impression of a painting due to the rich variety of colors and luminous/shadow effects used. The fact that there are many figures within the mosaic and their high pictorial quality, on the other hand, makes the mosaic much more special. <br />
<br />
The House of Dionysus is the villa where a rescue excavation was conducted in 1992 upon the received intelligence telling that traffickers had been digging the area. After the excavations, the mosaic now you behold was unearthed along with some geometric mosaics. In terms of the exactness in the anatomy of the figures, the perspective, and the rich variety of colors it is among the most precious and important mosaic around the world. <br />
<br />
<br />
The Museum had conducted activities in order to display the mosaic where it belongs and in a natural manner. However, such a big portion of the mosaic as two thirds was stolen by the historical artefact traffickers in 1998 from the place of display. The parts of the mosaic are not found yet. After the robbery, the remaining parts were transported to Gaziantep Museum and displayed after restoration. The stolen part of the mosaic was left blank. The searches continue in order to find the missing parts through the Interpol.
  • Roman mosaics - Close up of The Wedding of Dionysus mosaic. Dionysus Villa Ancient Zeugama, 2nd  century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
<br />
The Wedding of Dionysus and Ariadne Mosaic, which belongs to the House of Dionysus, is one of the most special mosaics around the world. In the scene, Dionysus and Ariadne are sitting on a sofa. There are three maenads, musician, the wedding god and two sirens around them. <br />
<br />
The mosaic gives the impression of a painting due to the rich variety of colors and luminous/shadow effects used. The fact that there are many figures within the mosaic and their high pictorial quality, on the other hand, makes the mosaic much more special. <br />
<br />
The House of Dionysus is the villa where a rescue excavation was conducted in 1992 upon the received intelligence telling that traffickers had been digging the area. After the excavations, the mosaic now you behold was unearthed along with some geometric mosaics. In terms of the exactness in the anatomy of the figures, the perspective, and the rich variety of colors it is among the most precious and important mosaic around the world. <br />
<br />
<br />
The Museum had conducted activities in order to display the mosaic where it belongs and in a natural manner. However, such a big portion of the mosaic as two thirds was stolen by the historical artefact traffickers in 1998 from the place of display. The parts of the mosaic are not found yet. After the robbery, the remaining parts were transported to Gaziantep Museum and displayed after restoration. The stolen part of the mosaic was left blank. The searches continue in order to find the missing parts through the Interpol.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 14345/15.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Mourning Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 1435.<br />
<br />
The upper two registers show a procession of men and women converging on a unidentifiable element, no destroyed.<br />
These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. <br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 14345/15.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 14345/15.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Mourning Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 1435.<br />
<br />
In the lower register a cattle driver leads two cattle of different colours.<br />
These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. <br />
<br />
This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Large Pithos storage jar decorated with wavy lbands and linaear A inscription, Knossos Palace, Crete.  National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
<br />
From the 1887 excavations of Kalokairinos, Knossos.
  • Large Pithos storage jar decorated with wavy lbands and linaear A inscription, Knossos Palace, Crete.  National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
<br />
From the 1887 excavations of Kalokairinos, Knossos.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. <br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Roman mosaics - Seasons  Mosaic. Telete Villa.  2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Seasons mosaic Telete, was unearthed during the rescue excavations y Gaziantep Museum in 1994 when it was about to be stolen by the traffickers. It is the floor mosaic of a villa terrace located on the western skins of Zeugma hill <br />
<br />
The pane% consists of nine parts. At the central panel, Eros, who Is a mythological character and who has a crown on his head, sits side by side with Telete, the daughter of Dionysus. This representation symbolises the preparation of a young woman who is just about to taste the love and to become mature. There are busts of seasonal gods In the square panels at the corners. The crowned head of the Spring Goddess Ear Is slightly towards right. She wears a floral necklace. Her righr shoulder is naked and the crimps of her cloak are seen on her left shoulder. There is the bust of the river god on the top-right of the Telete panel. A kid lying on the grass and a bucket are pictured in the lower rectangular panel. In the western-side rectangular panel, on the other hand, there are four fish going in and out of a game basket. There is a rabbit figure within the rectangular panel on the right. Mythical narrations and natural life are intertwined in this mosaic.
  • Roman mosaics - Seasons  Mosaic. Telete Villa.  2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Seasons mosaic Telete, was unearthed during the rescue excavations y Gaziantep Museum in 1994 when it was about to be stolen by the traffickers. It is the floor mosaic of a villa terrace located on the western skins of Zeugma hill <br />
<br />
The pane% consists of nine parts. At the central panel, Eros, who Is a mythological character and who has a crown on his head, sits side by side with Telete, the daughter of Dionysus. This representation symbolises the preparation of a young woman who is just about to taste the love and to become mature. There are busts of seasonal gods In the square panels at the corners. The crowned head of the Spring Goddess Ear Is slightly towards right. She wears a floral necklace. Her righr shoulder is naked and the crimps of her cloak are seen on her left shoulder. There is the bust of the river god on the top-right of the Telete panel. A kid lying on the grass and a bucket are pictured in the lower rectangular panel. In the western-side rectangular panel, on the other hand, there are four fish going in and out of a game basket. There is a rabbit figure within the rectangular panel on the right. Mythical narrations and natural life are intertwined in this mosaic.
  • Prehistoric  petroglyphs, rock carvings, of deer carved by the the prehistoric Camuni people in the Copper Age around the 3rd milleneum BC, Stele "cemmo 17" found at the base of the boundry wall in 2000-13 excavations  from the prehistoric sanctuary Massi dei Cemmo Archaeological Site. Museo Nazionale della Preistoria della Valle Camonica ( National Museum of Prehistory in Valle Cominca ), Lombardy, Italy. Grey Art Background
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 1434.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background. <br />
<br />
This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background. <br />
<br />
This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Large Pithos storage jar decorated with wavy lbands and linaear A inscription, Knossos Palace, Crete.  National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
<br />
From the 1887 excavations of Kalokairinos, Knossos.
  • Large Pithos storage jar decorated with wavy lbands and linaear A inscription, Knossos Palace, Crete.  National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
<br />
From the 1887 excavations of Kalokairinos, Knossos.
  • Large Pithos storage jar decorated with wavy lbands and linaear A inscription, Knossos Palace, Crete.  National Archaeological Museum Athens. 17th-16th cent BC.<br />
<br />
From the 1887 excavations of Kalokairinos, Knossos.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Black Backgroundb<br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. <br />
 White Background.<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens.  Grey Background<br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens.  Grey art Background <br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. Black Background<br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens. <br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens.  Grey Background<br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Two handled Mycenaean gold bowl cup from the Kakovatos tholos tomb, Trifylia, Greece. National Archaeological Museum Athens.  Grey art Background <br />
<br />
Kakovatos is a significant site of the early Mycenaean period of Greece (c. 16th to 15th century BC) on the west coast of the Peloponnese (Zacharo, Nomos Elis) and became widely known through the excavations of three large tholos tombs by Wilhelm Dörpfeld in 1907–1908.
  • Roman mosaics - Seasons  Mosaic. Telete Villa.  2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Seasons mosaic Telete, was unearthed during the rescue excavations y Gaziantep Museum in 1994 when it was about to be stolen by the traffickers. It is the floor mosaic of a villa terrace located on the western skins of Zeugma hill <br />
<br />
The pane% consists of nine parts. At the central panel, Eros, who Is a mythological character and who has a crown on his head, sits side by side with Telete, the daughter of Dionysus. This representation symbolises the preparation of a young woman who is just about to taste the love and to become mature. There are busts of seasonal gods In the square panels at the corners. The crowned head of the Spring Goddess Ear Is slightly towards right. She wears a floral necklace. Her righr shoulder is naked and the crimps of her cloak are seen on her left shoulder. There is the bust of the river god on the top-right of the Telete panel. A kid lying on the grass and a bucket are pictured in the lower rectangular panel. In the western-side rectangular panel, on the other hand, there are four fish going in and out of a game basket. There is a rabbit figure within the rectangular panel on the right. Mythical narrations and natural life are intertwined in this mosaic.
  • Roman mosaics - Seasons  Mosaic. Telete Villa.  2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.  Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Seasons mosaic Telete, was unearthed during the rescue excavations y Gaziantep Museum in 1994 when it was about to be stolen by the traffickers. It is the floor mosaic of a villa terrace located on the western skins of Zeugma hill <br />
<br />
The pane% consists of nine parts. At the central panel, Eros, who Is a mythological character and who has a crown on his head, sits side by side with Telete, the daughter of Dionysus. This representation symbolises the preparation of a young woman who is just about to taste the love and to become mature. There are busts of seasonal gods In the square panels at the corners. The crowned head of the Spring Goddess Ear Is slightly towards right. She wears a floral necklace. Her righr shoulder is naked and the crimps of her cloak are seen on her left shoulder. There is the bust of the river god on the top-right of the Telete panel. A kid lying on the grass and a bucket are pictured in the lower rectangular panel. In the western-side rectangular panel, on the other hand, there are four fish going in and out of a game basket. There is a rabbit figure within the rectangular panel on the right. Mythical narrations and natural life are intertwined in this mosaic.
  • Roman mosaics - Seasons  Mosaic. Telete Villa.  2nd - 3rd century AD . Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Gaziantep, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Seasons mosaic Telete, was unearthed during the rescue excavations y Gaziantep Museum in 1994 when it was about to be stolen by the traffickers. It is the floor mosaic of a villa terrace located on the western skins of Zeugma hill <br />
<br />
The pane% consists of nine parts. At the central panel, Eros, who Is a mythological character and who has a crown on his head, sits side by side with Telete, the daughter of Dionysus. This representation symbolises the preparation of a young woman who is just about to taste the love and to become mature. There are busts of seasonal gods In the square panels at the corners. The crowned head of the Spring Goddess Ear Is slightly towards right. She wears a floral necklace. Her righr shoulder is naked and the crimps of her cloak are seen on her left shoulder. There is the bust of the river god on the top-right of the Telete panel. A kid lying on the grass and a bucket are pictured in the lower rectangular panel. In the western-side rectangular panel, on the other hand, there are four fish going in and out of a game basket. There is a rabbit figure within the rectangular panel on the right. Mythical narrations and natural life are intertwined in this mosaic.
  • Ancient Egyptian wall paintings of the Tomb of Iti and Neferu, Ritual slaughter scene Scene, Thebes, First Intermediate Period (2118 – 1980BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. Schiapelli excavations cat 14345/15.<br />
<br />
The ritual slaughter scene depicts an ox being held down with blodd being collected in a bowl. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley. These tempera paintings were on a crude mud and straw plaster and were of typical Old Kingdom tombs showing ritual offering scenes. The tomb was partly cut into rock with mud brick walls and vaults. The facade of the tomb had 16 columns looking over a courtyard sloping towards the valley.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin. white background,<br />
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This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Wahka son of Neferhoptep, Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, (1760 BC), Qaw el-Kebir, Tomb 7. Egyptian Museum, Turin.<br />
<br />
This exceptional example of a private sculpture depicts a provincial official in almost Royal size and attitude. It was found inside the largest funerary chapel in Qaw el-Kebir, built of governor Wahka II around 1850 BC, The style indicates a date about a century later at a time when local governors did not build large tombs anymore. The statue was therefore installed by another Wahka into his ancestors chapel to keep the memory of his glorious lineage alive. Schiapelli excavations Cat 4265.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Grey Background<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background,<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. <br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Ancient Egyptian statue head of a monarch, limestone, Middle Kingdom, mis 12th Dynasty, (1900-1850 BC), Qqw el-Kebir, tomb of Ibu. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Since this statue head comes from the tomb of Ibu it is likely that they depict a powerful gosvenor, although the incsription is lost. It can be dated by its style which is close to the statues of Amenemhat II and Sesostris II. Schiaparelli excavations. Cat 4410 & 4414
  • Excavations of the Temple of Artimis Sardis, originally the fourth largest Ionic temple when it was originally built in 300 B.C. In 150 AD under Roman rule when the worship  of the Emperor required all Roman cities to have a Temple dedicated to the Imperial family. The temple of Artimis was split into two sections with one half for Artemis and the Empress Faustina and the other for Zeus and Emperor Antoninus Pius and the present construction shows elements of Greek and Roman styles. Sardis archaeological site, Hermus valley, Turkey. A Harvard Art Museum excavation project.
  • Excavations of the Temple of Artimis Sardis, originally the fourth largest Ionic temple when it was originally built in 300 B.C. In 150 AD under Roman rule when the worship  of the Emperor required all Roman cities to have a Temple dedicated to the Imperial family. The temple of Artimis was split into two sections with one half for Artemis and the Empress Faustina and the other for Zeus and Emperor Antoninus Pius and the present construction shows elements of Greek and Roman styles. Sardis archaeological site, Hermus valley, Turkey. A Harvard Art Museum excavation project.
  • Excavations of the Temple of Artimis Sardis, originally the fourth largest Ionic temple when it was originally built in 300 B.C. In 150 AD under Roman rule when the worship  of the Emperor required all Roman cities to have a Temple dedicated to the Imperial family. The temple of Artimis was split into two sections with one half for Artemis and the Empress Faustina and the other for Zeus and Emperor Antoninus Pius and the present construction shows elements of Greek and Roman styles. Sardis archaeological site, Hermus valley, Turkey. A Harvard Art Museum excavation project.
  • Protective roof constructed to protect the south excavation area, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Protective roof constructed to protect the north excavation area, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking across the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking down from the highest point of the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking down from the highest point of the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC. Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking up hill of the south area across square Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. The sand bags proetct the highest mud brick walls in this area. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking up hill of the south area across square Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. The sand bags proetct the highest mud brick walls in this area. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking up hill of the south area across square Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking down from the highest point of the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking down from the highest point of the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • looking down from the highest point of the south area across the Neolithic remains of mud brick houses walls. In the centre it can be seen how deep the excavation has gone so far. 7500 BC to 5700 BC. Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Art grey background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Grey background
  • Prehistoric  petroglyphs, rock carvings, of scenmatic men and weapons carved by the the prehistoric Camuni people in the Copper Age around the 3rd milleneum BC, Stele "Cemmo 11" excavated in 2000 from cut 35  of the prehistoric sanctuary Massi dei Cemmo Archaeological Site. Museo Nazionale della Preistoria della Valle Camonica ( National Museum of Prehistory in Valle Cominca ), Lombardy, Italy. Black Background
  • Prehistoric  petroglyphs, rock carvings, carved by the the prehistoric Camuni people in the Copper Age around the 3rd milleneum BC, Stele "Cemmo 4" excavated in 1984 from the prehistoric sanctuary Massi dei Cemmo Archaeological Site. Museo Nazionale della Preistoria della Valle Camonica ( National Museum of Prehistory in Valle Cominca ), Lombardy, Italy. White Background
  • Underground Etruscan tomb no 5636 made about 1second half of the 3rd century BC. This tomb has a flat roof and stone benches on each side. On the pillar is painted a threatening Caronte grasping a hammer. Excavated 1969 , Etruscan Necropolis of Monterozzi, Monte del Calvario, Tarquinia, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Three quarters view of the 6th century BC Etruscan Bull headed bucherro style oinochoe, or wine jug,  made in Chuisi and excavated from the necropolis de Fonte Rotella, inv 3190, National Archaeological Museum Florence, Italy , black background
  • Roman Portrait bust of Roman Emperor Nerva, circa  96 to 98 AD excavated from Tivoli. Marcus Cocceius Nerva Caesar Augustus was Roman Emperor from 96 to 98 AD. On 18 September 96 AD Domitian was assassinated and Nerva became Emperor  at the age of sixty-five after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the mid 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Spithoever, via Flavia, Rome, Italy. Papposilenus, the aged Silenus was tutor to Cionysus. In this statue he is portrayed with a hairy coat accentuating his wild nature. When the statue was complete it may have had its right arm held up grasping a bunch of grapes and a cup of wine in the left hand. The statue is copied from a late hellenistic original dating from 2nd cent. BC known as the satyr pouring wine by Greek sculptor Praxiteles circa 370-300 BC .  Inv  78294, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the second half of the 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Marittima, Torre Astura Italy.  Silenus was the tutor to Dionysus is portrayed here as he was portrayed on stage in the Roman theatres. His mask is that of the theatre and he is wearing a lambskin cloak and hairy tights.  Inv 135769, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the second half of the 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Marittima, Torre Astura Italy.  Silenus was the tutor to Dionysus is portrayed here as he was portrayed on stage in the Roman theatres. His mask is that of the theatre and he is wearing a lambskin cloak and hairy tights.  Inv 135769, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of Emperor Hadrian, 117-138 AD excavated from the S. Barbiana region near the Station Terminus, Rome. Hadrian ( Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus) was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. An enthusiastic  builder Hadrian rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma as well as building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. His villa at Tivoli also showed Hadrian passion for water and Roman baths. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors. The great love of his life was Antinous who died tragically and suspiciously when he drowned in the Nile.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Publius Septimius Antoninus Geta better known as Geta brother of Caracalla, made between 209 and 212 AD and excavated from the via XX Septembre, Rome. Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus by his second wife Julia Domna. Geta  was a Roman emperor who ruled with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 until his death, when he was murdered on Caracalla's orders.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture head of Hercules, mid 2nd cent AD excavated from the Vale Giardino, Nemi. The head was probably made separately for the insertion onto a statue, probably depicting the gold seated. The work is a copy of a Greek original of the late Hellenistic period, inspired by a statue by the Greek sculptor Lysippos of Sicyon known as the ‘Herakles Epitapezios’ sculpted around 300 BC. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Aphrodite, Roman Venus, of Vienne Goddess of Love. This 1st to 2nd century Roman marble copy of a lost Greek original attributed to attibuee Doidalsas Bithynia around 250BC, is of the crouching Venus style. Excavated from the Palace of Mirrors in Saint Romain en Gal (Isere France). The Crouching Venus is a Hellenistic model of Venus surprised at her bath. Venus crouches with her right knee close to the ground, turns her head to the right and, in most versions, reaches her right arm over to her left shoulder to cover her breasts. Louvre Museum, Inv No MNB 1292 ( Usual No Ma 2240)
  • 4th cent. AD geometric floor mosaics of the late Roman period Jewish synagogue of Sardis.  Sardis archaeological site, Hermus valley, Turkey. Discovered in 1962 as part of an on going  Harvard Art Museum excavation project.
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum.<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, grey background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • South Agora pool excavation, a public park,  Aphrodisias Archaeological Site, Aydin Province, Turkey.
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic model of a cetral tower of a Nuraghe with 4 towers around its base, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Grey background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. White background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. White background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. White background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. White background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Art grey background
  • Close up of head of 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. White background
  • Close up of head of 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • Close up of head of 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia
  • Close up of head of 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Art grey background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Grey background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia. Black background
  • 9th century BC Giants of Mont'e Prama  Nuragic stone statue of a boxer, Mont'e Prama archaeological site, Cabras. 2014 excavation. Civico Museo Archeologico Giovanni Marongiu - Cabras, Sardinia

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