• The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • Eastern Roman Byzantine walk in baptismal font from the 6th century AD Parish Church of Demna near Kalibia, Cape Bon, Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The baptismal font was removed from the church and restored in the Bardo Museum Tunis in 1955. <br />
<br />
The mosaic iconographic decorations represent the salvation of the neophyte, newcomer, who by being baptised is admitted into the Church of Christ whilst being illuminated by faith, represented the mosaic lit candle illustrations.<br />
<br />
The P with a cross through it is the Chi Rho, a Christian symbol which represent the first two letters of Jesus Christ's name in Greek. The Christogram also has the Greek letters Alpha and Omega which represent the passage from the book of revelations: “I am the Alpha and Omega" Chapter 1 verse 8, which is clarified by "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). <br />
<br />
In these type of baptismal fonts those being baptised would have been fully immersed in water as John the Baptist immersed Jesus. <br />
<br />
The font was paid for by donation by Iuliana and Aquinius who dedicated the font to St Cyprian, the martyed Bishop of Carthage, circa 258,  and the author of a treatise on baptism rites<br />
<br />
The Bardo Museum Tunis
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • Eastern Roman Byzantine walk in baptismal font from the 6th century AD Parish Church of Demna near Kalibia, Cape Bon, Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The baptismal font was removed from the church and restored in the Bardo Museum Tunis in 1955. <br />
<br />
The mosaic iconographic decorations represent the salvation of the neophyte, newcomer, who by being baptised is admitted into the Church of Christ whilst being illuminated by faith, represented the mosaic lit candle illustrations.<br />
<br />
The P with a cross through it is the Chi Rho, a Christian symbol which represent the first two letters of Jesus Christ's name in Greek. The Christogram also has the Greek letters Alpha and Omega which represent the passage from the book of revelations: “I am the Alpha and Omega" Chapter 1 verse 8, which is clarified by "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). <br />
<br />
In these type of baptismal fonts those being baptised would have been fully immersed in water as John the Baptist immersed Jesus. <br />
<br />
The font was paid for by donation by Iuliana and Aquinius who dedicated the font to St Cyprian, the martyed Bishop of Carthage, circa 258,  and the author of a treatise on baptism rites<br />
<br />
The Bardo Museum Tunis
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • Eastern Roman Byzantine walk in baptismal font from the 6th century AD Parish Church of Demna near Kalibia, Cape Bon, Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The baptismal font was removed from the church and restored in the Bardo Museum Tunis in 1955. <br />
<br />
The mosaic iconographic decorations represent the salvation of the neophyte, newcomer, who by being baptised is admitted into the Church of Christ whilst being illuminated by faith, represented the mosaic lit candle illustrations.<br />
<br />
The P with a cross through it is the Chi Rho, a Christian symbol which represent the first two letters of Jesus Christ's name in Greek. The Christogram also has the Greek letters Alpha and Omega which represent the passage from the book of revelations: “I am the Alpha and Omega" Chapter 1 verse 8, which is clarified by "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). <br />
<br />
In these type of baptismal fonts those being baptised would have been fully immersed in water as John the Baptist immersed Jesus. <br />
<br />
The font was paid for by donation by Iuliana and Aquinius who dedicated the font to St Cyprian, the martyed Bishop of Carthage, circa 258,  and the author of a treatise on baptism rites<br />
<br />
The Bardo Museum Tunis
  • Eastern Roman Byzantine walk in baptismal font from the 6th century AD Parish Church of Demna near Kalibia, Cape Bon, Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The baptismal font was removed from the church and restored in the Bardo Museum Tunis in 1955. <br />
<br />
The mosaic iconographic decorations represent the salvation of the neophyte, newcomer, who by being baptised is admitted into the Church of Christ whilst being illuminated by faith, represented the mosaic lit candle illustrations.<br />
<br />
The P with a cross through it is the Chi Rho, a Christian symbol which represent the first two letters of Jesus Christ's name in Greek. The Christogram also has the Greek letters Alpha and Omega which represent the passage from the book of revelations: “I am the Alpha and Omega" Chapter 1 verse 8, which is clarified by "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). <br />
<br />
In these type of baptismal fonts those being baptised would have been fully immersed in water as John the Baptist immersed Jesus. <br />
<br />
The font was paid for by donation by Iuliana and Aquinius who dedicated the font to St Cyprian, the martyed Bishop of Carthage, circa 258,  and the author of a treatise on baptism rites<br />
<br />
The Bardo Museum Tunis
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of a father and daughter, the father is sitting at a bankers desk. Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis. Black background
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of an un-named man described as gentle and depicted with a bushel used to measure grain from the public grain warehouse. On its side is teh Chi Rho symbols used by early Christians to represent Christ.  Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian memorial funerary mosaic of Matziceus, a Libyan, with the inscription reading: ‘the faithful Matziceus lived in peace for 42 years, rested (died) on the fifteenth of the calends of June’.<br />
<br />
The panel is decorated with vines which grow out of a cantharus, a Greek style drinking cup, which represents the fountain of life.<br />
<br />
5th century Eastern Byzantine Roman mosaic from the Parish church of Demna, left AisleBardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. Grey background
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Romanesque frescoes depicting Archangel Michael Killing a dragon  from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Romanesque frescoes depicting Christ Pantocrator from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Estaon. The church of Santa Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Pollars Sobira, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123, The inorgaration plaque for the church. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806,
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Twelfth century Romanesque fresco called the Apostles of d’Orcau from the church of Santa Maria in the castle of d’Orcau, Catalonia, Spain . National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 4532
  • Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu<br />
<br />
Late eleventh century - the beginning of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of Santa Maria d’Aneu, La Guingueta d’Aneu, Pollars Sobira, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board of the 1919-23 campaign. MNAC 15874<br />
<br />
The iconography of the Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu shows the strong intellectualization of Romanesque art, which often waves the narrative in favor of symbolic concepts. Images of the Old Testament prophecy occupy the central part of the apse: the Seraphim of Isaiah's vision, burning embers that purify the words of Isaiah and of Elijah and four-wheel chariot of fire of Yahweh according to the vision of Ezekiel.
  • Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu<br />
<br />
Late eleventh century - the beginning of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of Santa Maria d’Aneu, La Guingueta d’Aneu, Pollars Sobira, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board of the 1919-23 campaign. MNAC 15874<br />
<br />
The iconography of the Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu shows the strong intellectualization of Romanesque art, which often waves the narrative in favor of symbolic concepts. Images of the Old Testament prophecy occupy the central part of the apse: the Seraphim of Isaiah's vision, burning embers that purify the words of Isaiah and of Elijah and four-wheel chariot of fire of Yahweh according to the vision of Ezekiel.
  • Ager Apostles: James and Thaddeus<br />
<br />
Late XI - XII century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of St. Peter Anger, Noguera, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1958. MNAC 65467<br />
<br />
Romanesque fresco ascribed to the so-called Pedret Painters of Ager.  Typical of this school is the composition or refinement in the modeling of faces with characteristic forehead, cheeks and neck, which show the quality of Painters. San Ager was one of the main centers of religious and political centres in the south of Urgell.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped and carrying the cross on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Top left shows the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting mythical animals. The church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting mythical animals. The church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting The "Stoning of St. Steven" in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Romanesque frescoes of St. Steven of Andorra (Sant Esteve) from the church of Sant Esteve d’Andorra, painted around 1200-1210,  Andorra la Vella. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 35706
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123..  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • The Romanesque Apse of Sant Clement de Taull<br />
<br />
Around 1123, Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi,Alta Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806, 15860, 15966, 15968, 22996<br />
<br />
<br />
Romanesque frescoes depicting Christ in Majesty *Pantocrator) in the upper Apse and the Virgin  Mary and the Apostles in the central register.
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting the Magi or Three Kings from the Nativity, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque fresco of the soldier spearing the side of Jesus on the cross of Calvary from the church of Santa Maria de Taull, La Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 3915
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting Christ Pantocrator. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Romanesque frescoes of Apse of St. Steven of Andorra (Sant Esteve) from the church of Sant Esteve d’Andorra, painted around 1200-1210,  Andorra la Vella. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 35711
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Ginestarre depicting, from right to left, The Virgin Mary, Peter and the Apostles, from the church of Santa Maria de Ginestarre, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15971
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being taken dwon fron the Cross and laid in a tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day.  The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel  shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Mythical medieval animal. A 12th Century Romanesque fresco from the Church of Saint Joan Boi, al de Boi, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15953
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Scenes from the life of Saint Martin. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing the apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of a father and daughter, the father is sitting at a bankers desk. Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis.
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of a father and daughter, the father is sitting at a bankers desk. Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis. Grey background
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of an un-named man described as gentle and depicted with a bushel used to measure grain from the public grain warehouse. On its side is teh Chi Rho symbols used by early Christians to represent Christ.  Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic of an un-named man described as gentle and depicted with a bushel used to measure grain from the public grain warehouse. On its side is teh Chi Rho symbols used by early Christians to represent Christ.  Thabarca, Tabarks, 5th Century AD, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic for Felicitas and Victoria. <br />
<br />
A mosaic depiction of a female decorates the grave of  Felicitas and Victoria which bears their inscription and that they departed in peace. Lit candles representing eturnal life and birds are also depicted on the funerary panel.<br />
<br />
5th century AD from the western necropolis of Thabraca, Tabarka, Tunisia, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic for Felicitas and Victoria. <br />
<br />
A mosaic depiction of a female decorates the grave of  Felicitas and Victoria which bears their inscription and that they departed in peace. Lit candles representing eturnal life and birds are also depicted on the funerary panel.<br />
<br />
5th century AD from the western necropolis of Thabraca, Tabarka, Tunisia, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic for Felicitas and Victoria. <br />
<br />
A mosaic depiction of a female decorates the grave of  Felicitas and Victoria which bears their inscription and that they departed in peace. Lit candles representing eturnal life and birds are also depicted on the funerary panel.<br />
<br />
5th century AD from the western necropolis of Thabraca, Tabarka, Tunisia, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. Black background
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic for Crescentia. <br />
Above the funerary portrait of Crescentia are the words: ‘Crescentia, innocent and in Peace’. Crescentia is dressed in a dalmatic, a long wide-sleeved tunic, with a belt around the waiste and a neclace around her neck. Lit candles represent eternal life. 5th century AD from the western necropolis of Thabraca, Tabarka, Tunisia, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • The Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine memorial funerary mosaic for Crescentia. <br />
Above the funerary portrait of Crescentia are the words: ‘Crescentia, innocent and in Peace’. Crescentia is dressed in a dalmatic, a long wide-sleeved tunic, with a belt around the waiste and a neclace around her neck. Lit candles represent eternal life. 5th century AD from the western necropolis of Thabraca, Tabarka, Tunisia, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. White background
  • The Christian memorial funerary mosaic for Natalica the inscription reading: ‘(our) beloved daughter Natalica lived 10 years 8 months 21 days, rested the 8th Ides of October (23rd) ’.<br />
<br />
The panel is decorated with a crescent laurel leaves against a black background and a cross encircling the head of a depiction of Natalica. She is wearing earnings and is dressed in a dalmatic, a long wide-sleeved tunic, which is decorated with black clavi, stripes, and embroidered sleeves. A belt and buckle with cabochons, shaped and polished gem stones, hold the tunic tight at the waste.  Either side of t Natalica are two lit candles, the symbols of eternity.<br />
<br />
5th century Eastern Byzantine Roman mosaic from the funerary enclosure which is in the Northwest enclosure of the Acholla site, Tunisia. Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. White background
  • The Christian memorial funerary mosaic for Natalica the inscription reading: ‘(our) beloved daughter Natalica lived 10 years 8 months 21 days, rested the 8th Ides of October (23rd) ’.<br />
<br />
The panel is decorated with a crescent laurel leaves against a black background and a cross encircling the head of a depiction of Natalica. She is wearing earnings and is dressed in a dalmatic, a long wide-sleeved tunic, which is decorated with black clavi, stripes, and embroidered sleeves. A belt and buckle with cabochons, shaped and polished gem stones, hold the tunic tight at the waste.  Either side of t Natalica are two lit candles, the symbols of eternity.<br />
<br />
5th century Eastern Byzantine Roman mosaic from the funerary enclosure which is in the Northwest enclosure of the Acholla site, Tunisia. Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia
  • North African Christian mosaic fragment from the ambulatory, cloister,  of the pilgrimage church of Bir Ftouha, Cathage, Tunisia. The geometric mosaic deign is mad up of intersecting circlular medalions that enclose depictions of birds, roses and baskets. Eastern Roman Byzantine Era, Bardo Museum, Tunis
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Ginestarre depicting,The Virgin Mary and the Apostles, from the church of Santa Maria de Ginestarre, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15971
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque fresco of Christ Pentocrator (In Majesty) from the Apse of the church of Sant Vicenc *Vincent) de Cardona, Barges, Spain. Painted around 1200. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 200715
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque fresco of Christ Pentocrator (In Majesty) from the Apse of the church of Sant Vicenc *Vincent) de Cardona, Barges, Spain. Painted around 1200. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 200715
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque fresco of the soldier spearing the side of Jesus on the cross of Calvary from the church of Santa Maria de Taull, La Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 3915
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting Christ Pantocrator. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting Christ Pantocrator. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting Christ Pantocrator. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting a Byzantine style angel. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Second half of the twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Esterri de Cardos depicting Christ Pantocrator. The church of Sant Pau d’Estirri de Cardos, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15970
  • Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing the temptaion of Saint Martin.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 3902.
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Romanesque frescoes of St. Steven of Andorra (Sant Esteve) from the church of Sant Esteve d’Andorra, painted around 1200-1210,  Andorra la Vella. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 35706
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Virgin Mary from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Virgin Mary and Peter from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes depicting the Apostles from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Romanesque frescoes depicting the Apostles from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Romanesque frescoes  from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse d’Estaon. The church of Santa Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Pollars Sobira, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Estaon depicting scenes from the middle register showing the Baptism of Christ by John The Baptist,  from the church of Sant Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Estaon depicting Christ Pantocrator ( In Majesty) surrounded by Byzantine style angels, and below scenes from the Baptism of Christ, from the church of Sant Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Estaon depicting scenes from the middle register showing the Baptism of Christ by John The Baptist,  from the church of Sant Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Estaon depicting a Byzantine style angels with Archangel Michael, from the church of Sant Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Twelfth century Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Estaon depicting Christ Pantocrator ( In Majesty) surrounded by Byzantine style angels, from the church of Sant Eulalia d’Estaon, Vall de Cardos, Catalonia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15969
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • The Romanesque Apse of Sant Clement de Taull<br />
<br />
Around 1123, Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi,Alta Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806, 15860, 15966, 15968, 22996<br />
<br />
<br />
Romanesque frescoes depicting Christ in Majesty *Pantocrator) in the upper Apse and the Virgin  Mary and the Apostles in the central register.
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting The virgin Mary and the Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • The Romanesque Apse of Sant Clement de Taull<br />
<br />
Around 1123, Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi,Alta Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806, 15860, 15966, 15968, 22996<br />
<br />
<br />
Romanesque frescoes depicting Christ in Majesty *Pantocrator) in the upper Apse and the Virgin  Mary and the Apostles in the central register.
  • Eleventh Century Romanesque frescoes of the side Apse of Sant Quirze de Pedret showing the parabel of the Ten Virgins from the Gospel of St. Matthew. The church of Sant Quize de Padret, Cercs, Bergueda, Sapin. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15973
  • Eleventh Century Romanesque frescoes of the side Apse of Sant Quirze de Pedret showing the parabel of the Ten Virgins from the Gospel of St. Matthew. The church of Sant Quize de Padret, Cercs, Bergueda, Sapin. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15973
  • Eleventh Century Romanesque frescoes of the side Apse of Sant Quirze de Pedret showing the parabel of the Ten Virgins from the Gospel of St. Matthew. The church of Sant Quize de Padret, Cercs, Bergueda, Sapin. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15973
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting the Virgin Mary in the style of “Our Lady of the Way”. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary and the nativity. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • The Romanesque Apse of Bugal. Late XI - XII century, fresco transplanted to canvas from the Churches of the old St. Peter's Monastery Burgal, La Guingueta, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 113138
  • The Romanesque Apse of Bugal. Late XI - XII century, fresco transplanted to canvas from the Churches of the old St. Peter's Monastery Burgal, La Guingueta, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 113138
  • The Romanesque Apse of Bugal. Late XI - XII century, fresco transplanted to canvas from the Churches of the old St. Peter's Monastery Burgal, La Guingueta, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 113138
  • Twelfth century Romanesque fresco called the Apostles of d’Orcau from the church of Santa Maria in the castle of d’Orcau, Catalonia, Spain . National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 4532
  • Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu<br />
<br />
Late eleventh century - the beginning of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of Santa Maria d’Aneu, La Guingueta d’Aneu, Pollars Sobira, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board of the 1919-23 campaign. MNAC 15874<br />
<br />
The iconography of the Romanesque frescoes of the Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu shows the strong intellectualization of Romanesque art, which often waves the narrative in favor of symbolic concepts. Images of the Old Testament prophecy occupy the central part of the apse: the Seraphim of Isaiah's vision, burning embers that purify the words of Isaiah and of Elijah and four-wheel chariot of fire of Yahweh according to the vision of Ezekiel.
  • Ager Apostles: James and Thaddeus<br />
<br />
Late XI - XII century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of St. Peter Anger, Noguera, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1958. MNAC 65467<br />
<br />
Romanesque fresco ascribed to the so-called Pedret Painters of Ager.  Typical of this school is the composition or refinement in the modeling of faces with characteristic forehead, cheeks and neck, which show the quality of Painters. San Ager was one of the main centers of religious and political centres in the south of Urgell.
  • Ager Apostles: James and Thaddeus<br />
<br />
Late XI - XII century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of St. Peter Anger, Noguera, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1958. MNAC 65467<br />
<br />
Romanesque fresco ascribed to the so-called Pedret Painters of Ager.  Typical of this school is the composition or refinement in the modeling of faces with characteristic forehead, cheeks and neck, which show the quality of Painters. San Ager was one of the main centers of religious and political centres in the south of Urgell.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Ager Apostles: James and Thaddeus<br />
<br />
Late XI - XII century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas from the Church of St. Peter Anger, Noguera, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1958. MNAC 65467<br />
<br />
Romanesque fresco ascribed to the so-called Pedret Painters of Ager.  Typical of this school is the composition or refinement in the modeling of faces with characteristic forehead, cheeks and neck, which show the quality of Painters. San Ager was one of the main centers of religious and political centres in the south of Urgell.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being removed from the Cross. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, the whipping on the Road to Calvary, Crucifixion, Descent and Mourning of the Dead Body of Christ and the Mary discovering the empty tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, the whipping on the Road to Calvary, Crucifixion, Descent and Mourning of the Dead Body of Christ and the Mary discovering the empty tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being taken dwon fron the Cross and laid in a tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being taken dwon fron the Cross and laid in a tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped and carrying the cross on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped and carrying the cross on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped and carrying the cross on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Trail and Arrest of St. Catherine<br />
<br />
Between 1241-1255<br />
Mixed Technica transferred to canvas<br />
It comes from the old chapel of St. Catherine's cathedral La Seu d'Urgell, Spain, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board 2008 campaign. MNAC 214241<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque painted altar front of the Arrest of St. Catherine who was a patron of the Dominican Order and a model popular saint of the medieval times. The painting style sits  between Romanesque and Gothic.
  • Trail and Arrest of St. Catherine<br />
<br />
Between 1241-1255<br />
Mixed Technica transferred to canvas<br />
It comes from the old chapel of St. Catherine's cathedral La Seu d'Urgell, Spain, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board 2008 campaign. MNAC 214241<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque painted altar front of the Arrest of St. Catherine who was a patron of the Dominican Order and a model popular saint of the medieval times. The painting style sits  between Romanesque and Gothic.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day.  The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel  shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Altar of St. Maria de Taull<br />
<br />
1200s repainted in 1579. Tempera on wood with carvings from the church of Santa Maria in Snowshoe, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3904<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar front with Christ Pantocrator in a Mandorla flanked by the 12 Apostles.  Carved altar frontals were not rare in Romanesque. Generally the characters were sculpted separately and then added to the front surface. The high quality of carving indicates the presence of a sculptures hand. The sharpness of forms to make stereotypical costumes seem versed in the work of stone sculpture.
  • Altar of St. Maria de Taull<br />
<br />
1200s repainted in 1579. Tempera on wood with carvings from the church of Santa Maria in Snowshoe, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3904<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar front with Christ Pantocrator in a Mandorla flanked by the 12 Apostles.  Carved altar frontals were not rare in Romanesque. Generally the characters were sculpted separately and then added to the front surface. The high quality of carving indicates the presence of a sculptures hand. The sharpness of forms to make stereotypical costumes seem versed in the work of stone sculpture.
  • Altar of St. Maria de Taull<br />
<br />
1200s repainted in 1579. Tempera on wood with carvings from the church of Santa Maria in Snowshoe, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3904<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar front with Christ Pantocrator in a Mandorla flanked by the 12 Apostles.  Carved altar frontals were not rare in Romanesque. Generally the characters were sculpted separately and then added to the front surface. The high quality of carving indicates the presence of a sculptures hand. The sharpness of forms to make stereotypical costumes seem versed in the work of stone sculpture.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Mythical medieval animal. A 12th Century Romanesque fresco from the Church of Saint Joan Boi, al de Boi, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15953
  • Romanesque painted altar front from the church of Saint Pau d’esterri de Cardos, Spain, Metal reliefs of Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the 12 Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15970.
  • Romanesque painted altar front from the church of Saint Pau d’esterri de Cardos, Spain, Metal reliefs of Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the 12 Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15970.
  • Romanesque painted altar front from the church of Saint Pau d’esterri de Cardos, Spain, Metal reliefs of Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the 12 Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15970.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Restoration of a Mythical medieval animal. A 12th Century Romanesque fresco from the Church of Saint Joan Boi, al de Boi, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15953
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Scenes from the life of Saint Martin. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Top left depicts the nativity scene with Mary, Joseph, the Shepherds and Christ in a manger.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla. Top left shows the Annunciation with the Virgin Mary, top left depicts the nativity scene, bottom left shows the Three Kings and bottom left shows The Flight to Egypt.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla. Top left shows the Annunciation with the Virgin Mary, top left depicts the nativity scene, bottom left shows the Three Kings and bottom left shows The Flight to Egypt.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla. Top left shows the Annunciation with the Virgin Mary, top left depicts the nativity scene, bottom left shows the Three Kings and bottom left shows The Flight to Egypt.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing the apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes arounf the entrance to the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting The "Stoning of St. Steven" in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting The "Stoning of St. Steven" in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting scenes from "The Stoning of St. Stephen" in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes depicting scenes from "The Stoning of St. Stephen" in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Twelfth century restored Romanesque Frescoes in the church of Saint Joan of Boi, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • Romanesque frescoes of Apse of St. Steven of Andorra (Sant Esteve) from the church of Sant Esteve d’Andorra, painted around 1200-1210,  Andorra la Vella. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 35711
  • Romanesque frescoes of the Apostles from the church of Sant Roma de les Bons, painted around 1164, Encamp, Andorra. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15783
  • The Romanesque Apse of Sant Clement de Taull<br />
<br />
Around 1123, Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi,Alta Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806, 15860, 15966, 15968, 22996<br />
<br />
<br />
Romanesque frescoes depicting Christ in Majesty *Pantocrator) in the upper Apse and the Virgin  Mary and the Apostles in the central register.
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting The virgin Mary and the Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting the Virgin Mary in the style of “Our Lady of the Way”. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary and the nativity. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.

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