• Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • Pantheon. the 2nd century Roman temple to all Roman Gods built by the Emperor Trajan. Now the Roman Catholic  church of St. Mary and the Martyrs. Rome
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Facade of San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Grave Stones at San Miniato Church - Florence Italy.
  • Gothic statues  decapitated martyrs Victoricus and Gentian, at the western entrance. Gothic Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Amiens, France
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War. Dohány Street  or Great Synagogue, Budapest, Hungary
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • South Porch, Left Portal (Martyrs). Archivolts - Stephen Disputes with the Jews (Acts 6:9). Cathedral of Chartres, France.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site. .
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Gothic statues  decapitated martyrs Victoricus and Gentian, at the western entrance. Gothic Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Amiens, France
  • Gothic statues  decapitated martyrs Victoricus and Gentian, at the western entrance. Gothic Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Amiens, France
  • Imre Varga's "Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs" with leaves with the names of Jews murdered in the second world War.
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimensions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Altarpiece of Saint Peter Martyr by an anonymous Aragon artist. Tempera and varnished metal plate on wood. First third of 14th century. 196.5 x 121.5 x 10 cm. From Barbastre or the monastery of Santa María de Sigena (Villanueva de Sigena, Huesca).. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 015820-000
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Painted Gothic gilded wooden statue altarpiece of Saint Catherine, circa 1520-1525 by Niklaus Weckmann from Ulm, Germany. The young Christian martyr is represented with his usual attributes, crown, book, wheel, sword, which make reference to her legendary life and her martyrdom. The bas-relief of Saint Catherine was originally part of an altarpiece. The treatment  and refined painted facial highlights executed the prettiness of the saint. The style is typical of  Niklaus Weckmann, one great masters of late Gothic Swabian art . Inv RF 2207.6,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Gothic painted Panel Altarpiece of Saint Barbara by Goncal Peris Sarria. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Date Circa 1410-1425. Dimesions 278 x 207.7 x 17 cm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the altarpiece was kept in the parish church of Puertomingalvo (Teruel), but it could originally have come from the chapel of Santa Bárbara near this town. This altarpiece is attributed to the painter Gonçal Peris Sarrià, one of the chief representatives of Valencian International Gothic. His style is marked by expressive and picturesque elements, the flowing line and the charm of the colour. The main compartment of the altarpiece represents the titular saint with her distinctive attributes –the tower, in allusion to her imprisonment, and the palm, as she is considered a martyr-- and above her the Calvary. On either side are depicted various episodes from the life of Saint Barbara, who was called on to keep away lightning and storms. . National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 035672-CJT
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of St Philip Gate ruins.  Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
The St. Philip Gate <br />
The gate is situated on the north-eastern side of the defensive walls built under the Emperor Theodosius in the late 4th century. Its importance is indicated by the presence of the two towers that flank the opening The gate was used by pilgrims heading for the summit of the hill on which stood the sanctuary of St. Philip, one of the twelve apostles of Christ. According to tradition the Saint was martyred in Hierapolis.
  • Picture of St Philip Gate ruins.  Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
The St. Philip Gate <br />
The gate is situated on the north-eastern side of the defensive walls built under the Emperor Theodosius in the late 4th century. Its importance is indicated by the presence of the two towers that flank the opening The gate was used by pilgrims heading for the summit of the hill on which stood the sanctuary of St. Philip, one of the twelve apostles of Christ. According to tradition the Saint was martyred in Hierapolis.

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FunkyStock Picture Library free resource for professional editorial picture editors, picture researchers, historical scholars and students and enthusiasts who want to browse some of the best pictures and images of historic countries, historical places, archaeological sites and the very best museum antiquities and artefacts exhibits in Europe and the Middle East.

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Browse travel pictures and images of historic places and archaeological sites of countries in Europe and the Middle East.

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Explore the past through pictures and images of its historic places. See the great palaces, castles and cities of antiquity as well as the great archaeological sites where our ancestors made history.

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Browse pictures & images the treasured artefacts and antiquities exhibits from the great Museum of Europe and the Middle East. See the art and objects made by our ancestors.

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