• The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the altar and  medieval ceiling mosaics of Christ and the last judgement . Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the altar and  medieval ceiling mosaics of Christ and the last judgement . Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The  monumental Tomb of Antipope John XXIII by Donatello and Michelozzo Michelozzi (1420s). The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance south door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Andrea Pisano in 1329 showing scenes from the life of John The Baptist , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the altar and  medieval ceiling mosaics of Christ and the last judgement . Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance south door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Andrea Pisano in 1329 showing scenes from the life of John The Baptist , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance south door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Andrea Pisano in 1329 showing scenes from the life of John The Baptist , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance south door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Andrea Pisano in 1329 showing scenes from the life of John The Baptist , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Joseph,  Mary and the baby Jesus on a donkey travelling to Egypt,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the Apostles seated,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the Devil in scenes from the Last Judgement Day started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Angels,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Jesus Christ with arms stretched revealing the stigmata,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Christ and the Last Judgement Day started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the three wise men on their way to visit the baby Jesus,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Adam & Eve being tempted by Satin in the form of a snake and being expelled from the Garden of Eden by the Archangel Gabriel ( top panel from left to right),  Started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Joseph,  Mary and the baby Jesus on a donkey travelling to Egypt,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Jesus Christ ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ), showing Christ between angels. This panel is strongly influenced by Byxantine style probably through the Venetian craftsmen who made them. The angels are made to a typical Byzantine style and Christ is making the Orthododox blessing of the Eastern church with his hand.  Started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the profits,  Mary and the baby Jesus on a donkey travelling to Egypt,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing an Angel telling Joseph in his dreams to take Mary and the baby Jesus to Egypt,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the Adan & Eve being expelled from the Garden of Eden by the Archangel Gabriel (left) and starting to work on barren rocky land ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing probably showing the arch angel Gabriel Gabriel revealing the coming of the Messaiah to Jon the Baptist ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the Three Wise Men giving gifts to the Baby Jesus ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing an Anel telling the sleeping three wise men to travel and find the baby Jesus ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing a scene from the life of Mary,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Mary having given birth to Jesus who is lying in a manger which shows the influence of the Franciscan Friar who oversaw the mosic work,  Jacopo da Torrita, who was following the tradition of Christ being born in a stable invented by St. Francis,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Christ and the Apostles,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing the Apostles seated above scenes from the Last Judgement,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The interior of the Bapistry of Florence  Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) with the medieval ceiling mosaics. Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance south door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Andrea Pisano in 1329 showing scenes from the life of John The Baptist , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • Scenes from the early Renaissance " Gates of Paradise" door of the Baptistry of Florence ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) made by Ghiberti in 1425 , made in bronze and guilded in gold. The Bapistry of the Duomo, Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing Jesus Christ on the cross,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • Close up picture of the Roman mosaics of the Room with Star Shaped Decorations depicting an octagonal rosette geometric mosaic patterns, room no 22 at the Villa Romana del Casale, first quarter of the 4th century AD. Sicily, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Orth entrance & exterior of the octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • Exterior of Parma Duomo and the  octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • Exterior of Parma Duomo and the  octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • Exterior of Parma Duomo and the  octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • West entrance and exterior of the octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • Exterior of the octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • West entrance and exterior of the octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • Roman geometric mosaic composed of stars and octagonal medellions with birds in them. Late 3rd century AD, Thurbo Majus. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Roman geometric mosaic composed of stars and octagonal medellions with birds in them. Late 3rd century AD, Thurbo Majus. Roman mosaics from the north African Roman province of Africanus . Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • Exterior Wall of Diocletian's, palace,  with the bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Medieval sculptures of a lion on the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Medieval sculptures of a lion on the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Medieval sculptures of a lion on the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Medieval sculptures of a lion on the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Exterior Wall of Diocletian's, palace,  with the bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Exterior Wall of Diocletian's, palace,  with the bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Exterior Wall of Diocletian's, palace,  with the bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Close up picture of the Roman mosaics of the Room with Star Shaped Decorations depicting an octagonal rosette geometric mosaic patterns, room no 22 at the Villa Romana del Casale, first quarter of the 4th century AD. Sicily, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • West entrance and exterior of the octagonal  Romanesque Baptistery of Parma, circa 1196, (Battistero di Parma), Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • The medieval octagonal castle Castel Del Monte, built by Emperor Frederick II in the 1240's near Andria in the Apulia southern Italy
  • Medieval sculptures   of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bell tower  of the Cathedral of St Doimus dedicated to the Virgin mary, originally built onto the octagonal 4th cent AD mausoleum of  Roman Emperor Diocletian. Diocletian's, palace, Split, Croatia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site

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