• Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Astrological clock on the clock tower of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Grindelwald First- Walkers - Bernese Alps - Switzerland
  • Adult naked couple hugging. Man's arms across women's breasts. Artistic sepia.
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Exterior of the mud brick Kasbah of Taourirt, Ouarzazate, Morocco, built by Pasha Glaoui. A Unesco World Heritage Site
  • Facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade & Baptistry of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade & Baptistry of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Statue of the Modonna with Child on the  facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque relief sculptures  of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade and Baptistry  of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Astrological clock on the clock tower of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Statue of the Modonna with Child on the  facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Statue of the Modonna with Child on the  facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona of the Tuscan school around 1309, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque Lion sculpture supporting columns of the Cremona Duomo Baptistry, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque Lion sculpture supporting columns of the Cremona Duomo Baptistry, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque Lion sculpture supporting columns of the Cremona Duomo Baptistry, begun 1107, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade & Baptistry of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque Baptistry  of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • Romanesque facade of the Romanesque Cathedral of Cremona, begun 1107, with later Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque elements, Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy
  • British Food - Buttered Crumpet
  • Grindelwald First Lake- Picnic- Bernese Alps - Switzerland
  • Runswick Bay - North Yorkshire - England - man and baby
  • Buttered crumpets.
  • English breakfast with crumpets
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • Daisy chain being made
  • Daisy chain being made
  • Bunch of dandelions and daisies flowers being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of daisies flowers being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • Bunch of dandelions being picked in the late spring
  • A watch on a chain bent by ripples
  • Runswick Bay - North Yorkshire - England - family making sand castles
  • Runswick Bay - North Yorkshire - England - man and baby
  • Runswick Bay - North Yorkshire - England - family making sand castles
  • Runswick Bay - North Yorkshire - England - family making sand castles
  • Grindelwald First Lake-  Bernese Alps - Switzerland
  • Grindelwald First Lake- Picnic- Bernese Alps - Switzerland
  • Grindelwald First Lake- Picnic- Bernese Alps - Switzerland
  • Adult couple. Man opening womens shirt to reveal her breast
  • Adult couple. Man opening womens shirt to reveal her breast
  • Adult couple. Man opening womens shirt to reveal her breast
  • Adult naked couple hugging. Man's arms across women's breasts. Artistic sepia.
  • Adult naked couple hugging. Man's arms across women's breasts. Artistic sepia.
  • Collage financial material and Times newspaper
  • The Theatre of Ephesus on the slopes of Panayir Dagi ( mount) was built during the reign of Alexander the Great successor, Lysimachos, between 306 - 281 B.C. The building was altered many times by the time St Paul was famously found guilty of preaching against Artemis & Diana and banished from the city after a 3 year stay.  Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.
  • The Theatre of Ephesus on the slopes of Panayir Dagi ( mount) was built during the reign of Alexander the Great successor, Lysimachos, between 306 - 281 B.C. The building was altered many times by the time St Paul was famously found guilty of preaching against Artemis & Diana and banished from the city after a 3 year stay.  Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.
  • The Muses of Time - Selective Colour Nudes images, Syros, Greece, by Paul Williams
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • The Muses of Time - Selective Colour Nudes images, Syros, Greece, by Paul Williams
  • The Muses of Time - Selective Colour Nudes images, Syros, Greece, by Paul Williams
  • The Muses of Time - Selective Colour Nudes images, Syros, Greece, by Paul Williams
  • The Muses of Time - Selective Colour Nudes images, Syros, Greece, by Paul Williams
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey background
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • 16th century flamboyant gothic Astrological Clock in the choir screen  of the Cathedral of Chartres, France. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chancel screen includes, on the south side, an impressive astrological clock dating from the 16th century. It told not only the time but the day of the week, the month of the year, the time of sunrise and sunset, the phase of the moon and the current sign of the zodiac. Its inner works were partially destroyed in 1793.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • The Rhodian Peristyle built in the time of Emperor Augustus ( 27 B.C. -A.D. 14) and dedicated to Julius Caesar  and the goddess Roma then Augustus & Artemis. Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.
  • The Theatre of Ephesus on the slopes of Panayir Dagi ( mount) was built during the reign of Alexander the Great successor, Lysimachos, between 306 - 281 B.C. The building was altered many times by the time St Paul was famously found guilty of preaching against Artemis & Diana and banished from the city after a 3 year stay.  Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. Section A, no 38, The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Gothic statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  Cental bottom semi circle - wine cryers, above left -a procession, above right - a procession of laymen and clerics.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site..
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site..
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 8
  • The Unfinished rock monument of Midas, 8th - 6th century BC . Midas City, Yazilikaya, Eskisehir, Turkey.<br />
<br />
This rock facade was planned but never finished and so little is known about the unfinished Monument. It is also known locally as the Kucuk Yazilikaya ( “little written rock”), since it appears to have been planned as a smaller version of the Midas Monument, also called Yazilikaya. It measures 7m x 10m and faces west, unlike the other monument at Midas whose facades face east. Since it was never completed, it was gives some idea of the construction techniques : first the rock was flattened and then the facade was carved from the top down. The architectural frame and the ornament were carved at the same time. About  2m below the monument are a smaller facade, to the left and a small cut altar to the right.
  • The Unfinished rock monument of Midas, 8th - 6th century BC . Midas City, Yazilikaya, Eskisehir, Turkey.<br />
<br />
This rock facade was planned but never finished and so little is known about the unfinished Monument. It is also known locally as the Kucuk Yazilikaya ( “little written rock”), since it appears to have been planned as a smaller version of the Midas Monument, also called Yazilikaya. It measures 7m x 10m and faces west, unlike the other monument at Midas whose facades face east. Since it was never completed, it was gives some idea of the construction techniques : first the rock was flattened and then the facade was carved from the top down. The architectural frame and the ornament were carved at the same time. About  2m below the monument are a smaller facade, to the left and a small cut altar to the right.
  • The Unfinished rock monument of Midas, 8th - 6th century BC . Midas City, Yazilikaya, Eskisehir, Turkey.<br />
<br />
This rock facade was planned but never finished and so little is known about the unfinished Monument. It is also known locally as the Kucuk Yazilikaya ( “little written rock”), since it appears to have been planned as a smaller version of the Midas Monument, also called Yazilikaya. It measures 7m x 10m and faces west, unlike the other monument at Midas whose facades face east. Since it was never completed, it was gives some idea of the construction techniques : first the rock was flattened and then the facade was carved from the top down. The architectural frame and the ornament were carved at the same time. About  2m below the monument are a smaller facade, to the left and a small cut altar to the right.
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Close up of a Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.   Against a black background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey. <br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Roman Sebasteion relief  sculpture of Anchises and Aphrodite Aphrodisias Museum, Aphrodisias, Turkey.  Against an art background.<br />
<br />
The Trojan shepherd Anchises gazes at the seated Aphrodite, his lover for one night on mount Ida. She hold a small Eros on her lap: this is an erotic encounter. The head of Selene (Moon) appears above the mountain rocks: she indicates night time. It was from this union that Aineas was born
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. Section A, no 38, The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. Section A, no 38, The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. Section A, no 38, The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. Section A, no 38, The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Picture and image of the stone sculpture of a  mourning widow who is bringing a crown and knocking on a sepulcher’s bronze door, which holds the bas relief of an hourglass, a classic symbol of the passing of time. This theme of the sorrowful survivor in front of the sepulcher’s door comes from the Monument dedicated to Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Maria Theresa of Austria’s daughter, a neoclassical sculpture. In this version the widow is wearing fashionable clothes, which have been accurately represented, and her openwork shawl. Sculptor G. B. Cevasco 1875. The monumental tombs of the Staglieno Monumental Cemetery, Genoa, Italy
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides; Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg.; Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2; 300 to 1; 900 years ago; and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding; but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides; Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg.; Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2; 300 to 1; 900 years ago; and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding; but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Pictures of Dun Carloway Broch on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Brochs are among Scotland's most impressive prehistoric buildings and were the precursors of the Medieval Scottish Tower Houses. The world Broch is derived from lowland scots who called forts Brough from the old Norse Borg. <br />
<br />
Broch stone roundhouses date from about 2,300 to 1,900 years ago, and are found mainly in north and west Scotland. Dun Carloway Broch was probably built around the time of the Roman occupation in Britain in 43AD and was probably the primary dwelling-places for the principal family in the area. Dun Carloway Broch would have provided some protection against sporadic raiding, but were not purely defensive structure but a focal point for the clan of the area.
  • Etruscan bronze statue portraying a nearly life size young warrior dressed in armour, offering a libation of wine to a divinity ( patera style cup missing) Made in the 5th century BC in Orvieto and excavated from Todi where it had been buried after being struck by lightening, which was the custom at the time.  Inv 13886, The Vatican Museums Rome. Black Background. For use in non editorial advertising apply to the Vatican Museums for a license.
  • Etruscan bronze statue portraying a nearly life size young warrior dressed in armour, offering a libation of wine to a divinity ( patera style cup missing) Made in the 5th century BC in Orvieto and excavated from Todi where it had been buried after being struck by lightening, which was the custom at the time.  Inv 13886, The Vatican Museums Rome. White Background. For use in non editorial advertising apply to the Vatican Museums for a license.
  • Etruscan bronze statue portraying a nearly life size young warrior dressed in armour, offering a libation of wine to a divinity ( patera style cup missing) Made in the 5th century BC in Orvieto and excavated from Todi where it had been buried after being struck by lightening, which was the custom at the time.  Inv 13886, The Vatican Museums Rome. Grey Background. For use in non editorial advertising apply to the Vatican Museums for a license.
  • Etruscan bronze statue portraying a nearly life size young warrior dressed in armour, offering a libation of wine to a divinity ( patera style cup missing) Made in the 5th century BC in Orvieto and excavated from Todi where it had been buried after being struck by lightening, which was the custom at the time.  Inv 13886, The Vatican Museums Rome. Art Background. For use in non editorial advertising apply to the Vatican Museums for a license.
  • Etruscan bronze statue portraying a nearly life size young warrior dressed in armour, offering a libation of wine to a divinity ( patera style cup missing) Made in the 5th century BC in Orvieto and excavated from Todi where it had been buried after being struck by lightening, which was the custom at the time.  Inv 13886, The Vatican Museums Rome. Grey Art Background. For use in non editorial advertising apply to the Vatican Museums for a license.
  • Neo-Assyrian basalt statue of King Shalmaneser III (858-824 B.C) . Inscription reads "Shalmaneser, the great king, the mighty king, king of all four region, the powerful and the mighty rival of the princes of the whole earth the great ones, the kings, son of Assur-Nasirapli, King of the universe, King of Assyria, grandson of ~Tukultiu-Ninurta, King of the Universe, King of Assyria". The inscription continues with his campaigns &b deeds in Uratu, Syria, Que & Tabal ending " At the time I rebuilt the walls of my city Ashur from their foundations to their summits. I made an image of my royal self and set it up in the metal gate". From Assur ( Qala't Sharqat) Iraq. Istanbul Archaeological Museum, Inv no. 4650.
  • The Rhodian Peristyle built in the time of Emperor Augustus ( 27 B.C. -A.D. 14) and dedicated to Julius Caesar  and the goddess Roma then Augustus & Artemis. Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • 14th century Zellige tile panel from the Reala Alcazar of Seville in the time of Peter I of Castile. Seville Alcazar Museum, Seville.
  • The Roman Sculpture Venus of Italica or Diosa Venus, found in 1940 near the theatre.  A famous Roman statue,  the "Venus of Itálica", dates from the time of Hadrian (117-138 A.D.). Unlike the other Venus statues of the Era the Venus of Itálica does not try to hide her nudity but rather displays it. The state has rounded proportions with clearly defined anatomical features thanks to the exquisitely skilled carving, and the excellent quality of the marble. She is shown accompanied by a dolphin, and has a colocasia leaf in her left hand. <br />
Archaeological Museum, Seville, Spain<br />
<br />
Against a Grey background
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic painted Panel Virgin of the Angels by Pere Serra. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Circa 1385. 195.8 x 131 x 11 cm. Comes from Tortosa cathedral (Baix Ebre). <br />
This splendid central panel and the two sections of the predella with saints (which must once have flanked a tabernacle) are all that remains of an altarpiece. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was painted for one of the chapels in the ambulatory of Tortosa cathedral, probably towards the 1380s. The compartment with the Virgin and Child surrounded by angels playing music is a very graceful and refined version of an iconographic type that was extremely popular at the time. Pere Serra, author of the altarpiece, came from a family of painters who grew to head the Catalan painting of the second half of the fourteenth century. National Museum of Catalan Art, Barcelona, Spain, inv no: 003950-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • Gothic wood statue of the Head of Christ by  Jaume Cascalls. Carved alabaster with polychrome and gilt remains.  This head must have belonged to a Recumbent Christ which could have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre. It probably came from the chapel of Corpus Christi of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell, Barcelona.<br />
Jaume Cascalls is one of the most important sculptors of the fourteenth century in Catalonia. This is borne out by his involvement over almost thirty years with the project of the royal pantheon in Poblet for King Peter the Ceremonious and with other large undertakings of the time. Today, on stylistic grounds, he is credited with this 'Head of Christ', which must have formed part of a sculptural group of the Holy Sepulchre, presumably from the church of the convent of Sant Agustí Vell in Barcelona. The break in the neck suggests it belonged to a full-length recumbent Christ, like the one kept at Sant Feliu in Girona and also attributed to Cascalls. National Museum of Catalan Art, inv no: 034879-000
  • North Porch, Central Portal, left Jambs- General View c. 1194-1230. Cathedral of Chartres, France . Gothic statues of figures, from the left.1) the Old-Testament Priest/King Melchisedech holding a cup..2) Abraham sacrificing Isaac.3) Moses with the brazen serpent and the tablets of the Law.4) Samuel, sacrificing a lamb.5) King David.This portal was cleaned in the 1990's. The cleaning uncovered the yellowish sizing material that at one time served as a base for the paint and gilding which once decorated the figures.. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. .
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central bottom panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  Top central panel -  A cellerer draws sacramental wine into a cruet, below left - Lubin is accepted into a monastery, below right - Nileffus advises Lubin to visit other monasteries to broaden his knowledge, above left - Lubin, Nileffus and another monk, approach a new monastery, above right - Lubin and his companions leaving a monastery. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  Cental bottom semi circle - wine cryers, above left -a procession, above right - a procession of laymen and clerics.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site..
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  Cental bottom semi circle - wine cryers, above left -a procession, above right - a procession of laymen and clerics.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site..
  • Medieval stained glass Window of the Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, France - dedicated to the Life of St Lubin . Central panel shows A barrel of wine being transported to the Cathedral, below left - The young Lubin working as a shepherd, below right - A monk gives Lubin a belt with the alphabet written on it, above left - Lubin receiving instruction from a cleric, above right - Lubin spends his spare time learning to read, while his companion idles.  A UNESCO World Heritage Site..
  • Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a releif sculpture a libation for the gods from Aslantepe ,  Malatya, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The figure on the far left is beleived to be a king. He is facing a Bearded God wearing a bore tusk helmet. The God is holding a 3 pronged object and has a club resting on his shoulder. The 2 shaven characters on the right are mirror images of the two figures on the right except this time the king is on the far right waering a winged sun disc headress and holding a Lituus. The epigraphs identify the king and the cresent on the beared gods helmet identify him as Pugnus Mili The Sum and Moon God. 2
  • Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a releif sculpture a libation for the gods from Aslantepe ,  Malatya, Turkey. Ancora Archaeological Museum. The figure on the far left is beleived to be a king. He is facing a Bearded God wearing a bore tusk helmet. The God is holding a 3 pronged object and has a club resting on his shoulder. The 2 shaven characters on the right are mirror images of the two figures on the right except this time the king is on the far right waering a winged sun disc headress and holding a Lituus. The epigraphs identify the king and the cresent on the beared gods helmet identify him as Pugnus Mili The Sum and Moon God.
  • Room of Glory (Stanza della Gloria ). The Renaissance paintings by Federico Zuccari can be dated to 1566-68. The frescoes in the vaulted ceiling depict the virtues which consent the fulfilment of "Glory" with allegorical panels depicting Magnanimity, Fortune, Time and Religion. Trompe-l'?il alcoves reveal the Cardinals hat of Ippolito d'Este  . Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Room of Glory (Stanza della Gloria ). The Renaissance paintings by Federico Zuccari can be dated to 1566-68. The frescoes in the vaulted ceiling depict the virtues which consent the fulfilment of "Glory" with allegorical panels depicting Magnanimity, Fortune, Time and Religion. Trompe-l'?il alcoves reveal the Cardinals hat of Ippolito d'Este  . Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Room of Glory (Stanza della Gloria ). The Renaissance paintings by Federico Zuccari can be dated to 1566-68. The frescoes in the vaulted ceiling depict the virtues which consent the fulfilment of "Glory" with allegorical panels depicting Magnanimity, Fortune, Time and Religion. Trompe-l'?il alcoves reveal the Cardinals hat of Ippolito d'Este  . Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • The Roman Great Theatre of Pompeii. Seating up to 5000 spectators the theatre was originally built in Hellanistic time (200-150 B.C)
  • Lely's Venus (Aphrodite). 1st or 2nd cent. AD Roman copy of a Greek original. The goddess Venus id surprised whilst bathing and she nervously turns. Her hair is in the style typical of the time and her pose has been designed to be unrevealing from any angle.  British Museum exhibit, London.<br />
<br />
This sculpture  is a variation on the Classic Hellanistic 3rd to Ist century BC style of Aphrodite crouching to bathe. Aphrodite crouches with her right knee close to the ground, turns her head to the right and, in most versions, reaches her right arm over to her left shoulder to cover her breasts. The sculpture here changes the pattern by raising the right arm to the neck, rather than making her arm cross her chest, this flattens the composition.
  • Procession of Chariot & Horsemen freeze  from the Heros Shrine of the Acropolis of Xanthos, thought to be the shrines of legendary warriors of the trojan wars built by King Kuprlli (480 - 440 B.C). Xanthos was under Persian rule at the time & the freeze has the static style of persian sculpture with a Greek style.  From Xanthos, UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit GR 1848-16-20.17-19 (sculptures B311-313).
  • The Fortified Saxon Church of Medias started in 1438, with the 68 mt high Gothic trumpeters tower of St Margret church. Medias was the largest fortified Saxon Church complex of its time with double walls & a moat. Transylvania.
  • The Fortified Saxon Church of Medias started in 1438, with the 68 mt high Gothic trumpeters tower of St Margret church. Medias was the largest fortified Saxon Church complex of its time with double walls & a moat. Transylvania.
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 8
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 7
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 4
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 3
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 6
  • Remains of medieval Artukid Old Tigris Bridge – Built in 1116 by Artukid Fahrettin Karaaslan, the biggest in Anatolia at the time, with the old town Hasankeyf and its ruins on the cliffs abover the river Tigris. The minaret is of the El Rizk Mosque built 1409.  Turkey. 5

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