• Assyrian wall painting fragments depicting a winged bull and a procession of priests from Til Barsip, called 'Kar Salmansar' by King Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC, now Tell Ahmar, located on the Euphrates in north Syria. From the rule of Telgat-pileser III (774-727 BC) and Ashurbanipal (662-627BC).  Louvre Museum , Paris
  • Assyrian wall painting fragments depicting the king and a Genie from Til Barsip, called 'Kar Salmansar' by King Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC, now Tell Ahmar, located on the Euphrates in north Syria. From the rule of Telgat-pileser III (774-727 BC) and Ashurbanipal (662-627BC).  Louvre Museum , Paris
  • Assyrian wall painting fragments depicting Assyrian Charits from Til Barsip, called 'Kar Salmansar' by King Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC, now Tell Ahmar, located on the Euphrates in north Syria. From the rule of Telgat-pileser III (774-727 BC) and Ashurbanipal (662-627BC).  Louvre Museum , Paris
  • Assyrian wall painting fragments depicting Assyrian Charits from Til Barsip, called 'Kar Salmansar' by King Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC, now Tell Ahmar, located on the Euphrates in north Syria. From the rule of Telgat-pileser III (774-727 BC) and Ashurbanipal (662-627BC).  Louvre Museum , Paris
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of " Boxing Youths"  from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece. . Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting  of a Mycanaean with horse & wild boar hunting dog from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a chariot from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting  of an elborately dressed women in a procession  from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Cat No 5883 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a man leaping over a bull  from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a figure of eight shield. Mycenae Acropolis, Greece,  14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a figure of eight shield. Mycenae Acropolis, Greece,  14th - 13th Century BC.  Cat No 11672  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting  from the Mycenae , Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting  from the Mycenae , Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting  of an elborately dressed women in a procession  from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Cat No 5883 Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of " Spring "  from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of " Spring "  from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of goats from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a man leaping over a bull  from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Mycenaean Fresco wall painting of a Wild Boar Hunt from the Tiryns, Greece. 14th - 13th Century BC. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of " Boxing Youths"  from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece. . Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Painted arch of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Reconstruction of a geometric wall painting of building 77 of the north area, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontruction of a wall painting found in building no 2 of the north area. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Ariadne fast asleep on a bed of seaweed does not realise that Theseus is about to abandon her and sailaway on a ship to Athens, Pompeii House of colored Capitals, VII,31-51, inv 9052 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of the divine lovers Venus and Mars, one of the best paintings excavated from Pompeii, from the house of Venus and Mars (VII 9 47), inv 9248, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting the Egyptian god Bes, God of war but also childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing, North wall of Sacrarium, Naples National Archaeological Museum , inv 1.72 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , white background
  • Roman fresco wall painting from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting the Egyptian god Bes, God of war but also childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing, North wall of Sacrarium, Naples National Archaeological Museum , inv 1.72 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , grey background
  • Roman fresco wall painting from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting the Egyptian god Bes, God of war but also childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing, North wall of Sacrarium, Naples National Archaeological Museum , inv 1.72 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , art background
  • Roman fresco wall painting from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting the Egyptian god Bes, God of war but also childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing, North wall of Sacrarium, Naples National Archaeological Museum , inv 1.72 , Naples National Archaeological Museum black background
  • Roman fresco wall painting from the Sacrarium of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting the Egyptian god Bes, God of war but also childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing, North wall of Sacrarium, Naples National Archaeological Museum , inv 1.72 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , grey art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of all the characters in the story of Admetus who, aided by Apollo made the Fates agree not to take Admetus on his 'death day' if he could find someone else to replace him, his wife, Alcestis, dies instead of Admetus but as she decends into the Underworld he discovers that he no longer wants to live without her, Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet , inv 9026, Naples National Archaeological Museum, white background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of all the characters in the story of Admetus who, aided by Apollo made the Fates agree not to take Admetus on his 'death day' if he could find someone else to replace him, his wife, Alcestis, dies instead of Admetus but as she decends into the Underworld he discovers that he no longer wants to live without her, Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet, inv 9026, Naples National Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of all the characters in the story of Admetus who, aided by Apollo made the Fates agree not to take Admetus on his 'death day' if he could find someone else to replace him, his wife, Alcestis, dies instead of Admetus but as she decends into the Underworld he discovers that he no longer wants to live without her, Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet, inv 9026, Naples National Archaeological Museum, art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a Dionysus accompanied by Silenius and two cupids finds Ariadne in a deep sleep, he takes her to Olympus and marries her so giving her immortality ,Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet, inv 9271, Naples National Archaeological Museum,
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a young man resting from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9093, Naples National Archaeological Museum, grey background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a young man resting from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arriana (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9093, Naples National Archaeological Museum, grey art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a Discus thrower from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arriana (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9053, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum , art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum ,
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum , white background
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , black background
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting portrait of a baker, Terentius, and his wife in the pose of intellectuals, their expressions capture the sense of a real moment that connects with the viewer in a direct realistic way , Pompeii VII 2,6 , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of all the characters in the story of Admetus who, aided by Apollo made the Fates agree not to take Admetus on his 'death day' if he could find someone else to replace him, his wife, Alcestis, dies instead of Admetus but as she decends into the Underworld he discovers that he no longer wants to live without her, Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet, inv 9026, Naples National Archaeological Museum, grey background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of all the characters in the story of Admetus who, aided by Apollo made the Fates agree not to take Admetus on his 'death day' if he could find someone else to replace him, his wife, Alcestis, dies instead of Admetus but as she decends into the Underworld he discovers that he no longer wants to live without her, Pompeii House of the Tragic Poet, inv 9026, Naples National Archaeological Museum, grey art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a young man resting from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9093, Naples National Archaeological Museum, white background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a young man resting from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9093, Naples National Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a young man resting from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9093, Naples National Archaeological Museum,  art background
  • Detail of the Roman fresco wall painting of a Nereid lying on a sea panther  from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 8870, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a Nereid lying on a sea horse  from the  triclinium,  a formal dining room, of the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 8859, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum , black background
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum , grey background
  • Roman fresco wall painting of a women thinking from the Villa Arianna (Adriana), Stabiae (Stabia) near Pompeii , inv 9097, Naples National Archaeological Museum , grey art background
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , grey background
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum , white background
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Pirithous with Hippodamia at a wedding who revieving homage from a centaur, the wedding degenerated into a fight after centaurs kidnapped the Lapith women and Theseus had to intervene to calm the situation, Pompeii , inv 9044 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting portrait of a baker, Terentius, and his wife in the pose of intellectuals, their expressions capture the sense of a real moment that connects with the viewer in a direct realistic way , Pompeii VII 2,6 , inv 9058 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Dionysus who, with the aid of a cupid, discovers Ariadne in a deep sleep at the foot of Hypnos, Pompeii VI 14,30, inv 111210, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Pirithous with Hippodamia at a wedding who revieving homage from a centaur, the wedding degenerated into a fight after centaurs kidnapped the Lapith women and Theseus had to intervene to calm the situation, Pompeii , inv 9044 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Ariadne fast asleep on a bed of seaweed does not realise that Theseus is about to abandon her and sailaway on a ship to Athens, Pompeii House of colored Capitals, VII,31-51, inv 9052 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, Naples National Archaeological Museum, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 ,
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, Naples National Archaeological Museum, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 ,
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of scens from the life of Christ, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia. Panorama
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Central aisle looking towards the Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes above the altar, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of biblical scenes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of biblical scenes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of biblical scenes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of biblical scenes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of biblical scenes, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Interior Byzantine Romanesque style Christian frescoes of the central apse with Christ Pantocrator (in majesty) in a maodorla, Santissima Trinita di Saccargia, consecrated 1116 AD, Codrongianos, Sardinia.
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of  St Mark in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of St Luke in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco  in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of the Apostles in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of Christ Pantocrator in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of an angel in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of an angel in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Romanesque fresco of an angel in the altar vault of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Aisle of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Aisle of the Romanesque of the Norman Church of St Mary's Kempley Gloucestershire, England, Europe
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom E of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
Bedroom E, a private room with a bed (kline), was divided into antechamber and alcove. The room is probably a later reworking, as the doorway is off-center. The decoration of the walls, in contrast to cubicula B and D, is done in muted colors. Slender columns with a surreal superstructure frame aedicula with sacred landscapes. Three of these show travellers making a sacrifice to a herm of Athena. The images refer in various ways to the world of women. The little pictures along the walls of the antechamber show girls engaged in different activities. On the rear wall of the alcove, which has a picture with an amorous theme, the goddess Artemis is shown dressed as both huntress and moon goddess. Two Muses are on the opposite wall. The stucco decorations of the vaulted ceiling show idyllic landscapes with sacred elements and mythological scenes. In one, Phaethon asks his father Apollo to let him drive the chariot of the Sun. Other scenes show statues of Zeus, a statue probably representing Augustus as the new Mercury, disks of the sun, winged victories and grotesque figures, all done in very low relief with the elegance and delicacy of jewellery. The mosaic pavement of this room, known from a contemporary watercolor, had a pattern of squares and stars.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom E of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
Bedroom E, a private room with a bed (kline), was divided into antechamber and alcove. The room is probably a later reworking, as the doorway is off-center. The decoration of the walls, in contrast to cubicula B and D, is done in muted colors. Slender columns with a surreal superstructure frame aedicula with sacred landscapes. Three of these show travellers making a sacrifice to a herm of Athena. The images refer in various ways to the world of women. The little pictures along the walls of the antechamber show girls engaged in different activities. On the rear wall of the alcove, which has a picture with an amorous theme, the goddess Artemis is shown dressed as both huntress and moon goddess. Two Muses are on the opposite wall. The stucco decorations of the vaulted ceiling show idyllic landscapes with sacred elements and mythological scenes. In one, Phaethon asks his father Apollo to let him drive the chariot of the Sun. Other scenes show statues of Zeus, a statue probably representing Augustus as the new Mercury, disks of the sun, winged victories and grotesque figures, all done in very low relief with the elegance and delicacy of jewellery. The mosaic pavement of this room, known from a contemporary watercolor, had a pattern of squares and stars.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Vestibule of a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
A large fresco covered the curving wall of the vestibule E 5 was positioned at the entrance of the house onto the street. Vitruvius claims that the vestibulum was a room which was not needed by common people, but which was essential in a house worthy of respect, because it served to welcome guests and the people who came to be received by the owners of the house. The frescoed decoration of this wall, which was entirely detached, shows a division into panels, architectural perspectives and pavilions among which are figures and decorative elements, above a band of skirting. Numerous panels have been detached from the corridor E 3 E 11 which connected all the areas of the house, but it has not been possible to reconstruct the sequence of the walls. Inside the frames, against a white background, different decorative elements are arranged, along with hanging female and male figures, hippogriffs and other fantastical animals, vases, garlands and vegetation.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Vestibule of a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
A large fresco covered the curving wall of the vestibule E 5 was positioned at the entrance of the house onto the street. Vitruvius claims that the vestibulum was a room which was not needed by common people, but which was essential in a house worthy of respect, because it served to welcome guests and the people who came to be received by the owners of the house. The frescoed decoration of this wall, which was entirely detached, shows a division into panels, architectural perspectives and pavilions among which are figures and decorative elements, above a band of skirting. Numerous panels have been detached from the corridor E 3 E 11 which connected all the areas of the house, but it has not been possible to reconstruct the sequence of the walls. Inside the frames, against a white background, different decorative elements are arranged, along with hanging female and male figures, hippogriffs and other fantastical animals, vases, garlands and vegetation.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Vestibule of a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
A large fresco covered the curving wall of the vestibule E 5 was positioned at the entrance of the house onto the street. Vitruvius claims that the vestibulum was a room which was not needed by common people, but which was essential in a house worthy of respect, because it served to welcome guests and the people who came to be received by the owners of the house. The frescoed decoration of this wall, which was entirely detached, shows a division into panels, architectural perspectives and pavilions among which are figures and decorative elements, above a band of skirting. Numerous panels have been detached from the corridor E 3 E 11 which connected all the areas of the house, but it has not been possible to reconstruct the sequence of the walls. Inside the frames, against a white background, different decorative elements are arranged, along with hanging female and male figures, hippogriffs and other fantastical animals, vases, garlands and vegetation.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Vestibule of a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
A large fresco covered the curving wall of the vestibule E 5 was positioned at the entrance of the house onto the street. Vitruvius claims that the vestibulum was a room which was not needed by common people, but which was essential in a house worthy of respect, because it served to welcome guests and the people who came to be received by the owners of the house. The frescoed decoration of this wall, which was entirely detached, shows a division into panels, architectural perspectives and pavilions among which are figures and decorative elements, above a band of skirting. Numerous panels have been detached from the corridor E 3 E 11 which connected all the areas of the house, but it has not been possible to reconstruct the sequence of the walls. Inside the frames, against a white background, different decorative elements are arranged, along with hanging female and male figures, hippogriffs and other fantastical animals, vases, garlands and vegetation.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Vestibule of a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
A large fresco covered the curving wall of the vestibule E 5 was positioned at the entrance of the house onto the street. Vitruvius claims that the vestibulum was a room which was not needed by common people, but which was essential in a house worthy of respect, because it served to welcome guests and the people who came to be received by the owners of the house. The frescoed decoration of this wall, which was entirely detached, shows a division into panels, architectural perspectives and pavilions among which are figures and decorative elements, above a band of skirting. Numerous panels have been detached from the corridor E 3 E 11 which connected all the areas of the house, but it has not been possible to reconstruct the sequence of the walls. Inside the frames, against a white background, different decorative elements are arranged, along with hanging female and male figures, hippogriffs and other fantastical animals, vases, garlands and vegetation.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom D  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
This bedroom has a decoration very similar to that of cubiculum B in its arrangement and the use of cinnabar red. At the rear of the alcove three women perform a sacrificial ceremony in a rustic shrine. The walls of the antechamber have scenes of lovers, and most of the other pictures have to do with female life. Here carefully rendered details (attendants, handmaidens, furniture, glass and silver vessels) provide invaluable information on domestic life. There are also Egyptianizing elements, lotus flowers, sphinxes, and exotic landscapes. On the second column of the right wall is the inscription, in Greek, Seleukos made this, presumably the name of a Greek who was one of the artisans. The vaulted ceiling, in pure white stucco, has reliefs of initiation rites into the mysteries, idyllic landscapes with sacred elements, and combats between fantastic animals. The decorative scheme of the two bedrooms owes its inspiration to the deities Aphrodite and Dionysos. A fragment of geometric mosaic in black and white can be attributed to bedroom D on the basis of a contemporary watercolor.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom D  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
This bedroom has a decoration very similar to that of cubiculum B in its arrangement and the use of cinnabar red. At the rear of the alcove three women perform a sacrificial ceremony in a rustic shrine. The walls of the antechamber have scenes of lovers, and most of the other pictures have to do with female life. Here carefully rendered details (attendants, handmaidens, furniture, glass and silver vessels) provide invaluable information on domestic life. There are also Egyptianizing elements, lotus flowers, sphinxes, and exotic landscapes. On the second column of the right wall is the inscription, in Greek, Seleukos made this, presumably the name of a Greek who was one of the artisans. The vaulted ceiling, in pure white stucco, has reliefs of initiation rites into the mysteries, idyllic landscapes with sacred elements, and combats between fantastic animals. The decorative scheme of the two bedrooms owes its inspiration to the deities Aphrodite and Dionysos. A fragment of geometric mosaic in black and white can be attributed to bedroom D on the basis of a contemporary watercolor.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom D  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
This bedroom has a decoration very similar to that of cubiculum B in its arrangement and the use of cinnabar red. At the rear of the alcove three women perform a sacrificial ceremony in a rustic shrine. The walls of the antechamber have scenes of lovers, and most of the other pictures have to do with female life. Here carefully rendered details (attendants, handmaidens, furniture, glass and silver vessels) provide invaluable information on domestic life. There are also Egyptianizing elements, lotus flowers, sphinxes, and exotic landscapes. On the second column of the right wall is the inscription, in Greek, Seleukos made this, presumably the name of a Greek who was one of the artisans. The vaulted ceiling, in pure white stucco, has reliefs of initiation rites into the mysteries, idyllic landscapes with sacred elements, and combats between fantastic animals. The decorative scheme of the two bedrooms owes its inspiration to the deities Aphrodite and Dionysos. A fragment of geometric mosaic in black and white can be attributed to bedroom D on the basis of a contemporary watercolor.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Corridor F-G  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The corridor was a covered passageway that connected the two wings of the villa, partly straight and partly curved, following the shape of the central esedra. The elements that remain are from the inner walkway. The wall is divided by slender columns. Their capitals support female figures whose architectural function is in turn to support the columns of the superstructure. The female figures hold floral garlands that link them to one another. They may be meant to represent Caryatids, the women of Caria sold into slavery, who gave the name to female figures used as supports instead of columns. The most important part of the decoration is the small pictures in the upper zone: still lifes with masks from the theater alternate with imaginary landscapes, shrines, statues of divinities, little aedicula, and altars, the whole populated by figures of peasants, fishermen, and shepherds. The scene depicting a naval battle on the curved part may well refer to the battle of Actium that led to Rome's conquest of Egypt.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E10 0f La Domus, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
 The white-ground central panel had a figured decoration, already obliterated by repairs carried out in antiquity. In the squares to the sides of the upper area, swathes of white fabric bordered by green leaves and berries are depicted against a purplish red background. The side walls are decorated in a similar symmetrical way; in the squares there are various decorative elements, a stag in flight with a quiver nearby (perhaps an allusion to the myth of Actaeon who was transformed into a stag by Artemis, or, more simply, to hunting), a small head (gorgoneion) contained between volutes.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Villa alongside the Tiber, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Villa alongside the Tiber, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Villa alongside the Tiber, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Villa alongside the Tiber, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from a Villa of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Balnea Baths, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Balnea Baths, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E9, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E9, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E9, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E9, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome depicting Pegasus. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome depicting Pegasus. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Villa alongside the Tiber, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decoration frangmet from a Rome Villa, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations from Villas of Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Balnea Baths, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Balnea Baths, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Balnea Baths, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of  Room E9, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano, 130-140AD( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.
  • Aurochs skulls covered in lime plaster to make waht appear to be seats. On the wall are frescoes of hand prints will a platererd bulls skull. A reconstruction of one of four Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • An exposed skeleton which were found in pits under the floors of some houses. On the wall are frescoes of what look like vultures, Scholars belive that dead bodies were subject to excarnation which means that their flesh was stripped from the body to leave the skeleton. A reconstruction of one of four Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • An exposed skeleton which were found in pits under the floors of some houses. On the wall are frescoes of what look like vultures, Scholars belive that dead bodies were subject to excarnation which means that their flesh was stripped from the body to leave the skeleton. A reconstruction of one of four Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • An exposed skeleton which were found in pits under the floors of some houses. On the wall are frescoes of what look like vultures, Scholars belive that dead bodies were subject to excarnation which means that their flesh was stripped from the body to leave the skeleton. A reconstruction of one of four Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • An exposed skeleton which were found in pits under the floors of some houses. On the wall are frescoes of what look like vultures, Scholars belive that dead bodies were subject to excarnation which means that their flesh was stripped from the body to leave the skeleton. A reconstruction of one of four Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Reconstruction of 4 Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. The leopard frescoes on the wall were not found in this room reconstruction. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Reconstruction of 4 Catalhoyuk houses to help archaeologists understand the finished structure of excavated ruins. The leopard frescoes on the wall were not found in this room reconstruction. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • A satyr caressing a maiden a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples Archaeological Museum
  • A satyr caressing a maiden a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr surprising a maiden, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , inv no 27693 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 ,Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman erotic fresco painting of Hermaphrodite from Heraculeum, 1-50 AD , inv no 9224 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Polyphemus caressing Galatea, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , from the Casa dei Capitelli colorati, inv no 27687 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Mars caressing Venus  a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii 1st cent AD , from the Casa del Meleagro, inv no 9250 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii form a private house venereum, a room for sexual activities, 50-79 AD , , inv no 27696 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Polyphemus caressing Galatea, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , from the Casa dei Capitelli colorati, inv no 27687 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 ,Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 ,Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr being rejected by Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , inv no 110878 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • A satyr caressing a maiden a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples Archaeological Museum
  • Satyr being rejected by Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , inv no 110878 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Pan and  Hermaphrodite, a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii, 50-79 AD , inv no 27700 , Naples National Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Archaeological Museum
  • Mars caressing Venus  a Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii 1st cent AD , from the Casa del Meleagro, inv no 9250 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061

FunkyStock Picture Library Resource

Picture The Past

ABOUT

FunkyStock Picture Library free resource for professional editorial picture editors, picture researchers, historical scholars and students and enthusiasts who want to browse some of the best pictures and images of historic countries, historical places, archaeological sites and the very best museum antiquities and artefacts exhibits in Europe and the Middle East.

Pictures and Images can be downloaded or bought as stock photos or photo art prints.

COUNTRIES

Browse travel pictures and images of historic places and archaeological sites of countries in Europe and the Middle East.

VIEW COUNTRIES INDEX....

HISTORICAL

Explore the past through pictures and images of its historic places. See the great palaces, castles and cities of antiquity as well as the great archaeological sites where our ancestors made history.

EXPLORE HISTORICAL PLACES...

MUSEUMS

Browse pictures & images the treasured artefacts and antiquities exhibits from the great Museum of Europe and the Middle East. See the art and objects made by our ancestors.

SEE MUESEUM ANTIQUITIES....