• The Kilamuwa Stela a stele of King Kilamuwa, from the Kingdom of Sam'al. The stele is a 16-line text in Phoenician. King Kilamuwa is shown standing on the upper left and addressing four Canaanite god-insignias with his right arm and finger. His left hand is draped at his left side holding a wilted lotus flower, a symbol of a king's death. He is dressed in king's regalia with hat, and his figure stands at the beginning of the first nine lines of the text.. Basalt  9th-century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  The text reads "I am Kilamuwa, the son of King Haya'. King Gabar reigned over Ya'diya-(Sam'al) but achieved nothing.<br />
Then came Bamah, and he achieved nothing.<br />
My own father, Haya', did nothing with his reign.<br />
My brother, Sha'il, also did nothing.<br />
It was I, Kilamuwa...who managed to do what none of my ancestors had.<br />
My father's kingdom was beset by powerful, predatory kings, all holding out their hands, demanding to be fed.<br />
But I raged amongst them like a fire, burning their beards and consuming their outstretched hands.<br />
Only the Danunian kings overmastered me; I had to call on the King of Assyria to assist me...<br />
I, Kilamuwa, the son of Haya', ascended my father's throne.<br />
Under their previous kings, the [people] had howled like dogs.<br />
But I was a father, a mother and a brother to them.<br />
I gave gold, silver and cattle to men who had never so much as seen the face of a sheep before.<br />
Those who had never even seen linen all their lives I clothed in byssus-cloth from head to foot.<br />
I took the [people] by the hand and in their souls they looked to me just as the orphan looks to his mother."<br />
"Whoever of my sons comes after me and interferes with this inscription, may he be dishonoured among the people...<br />
And if anyone should damage this inscription,<br />
Let Gabar's god Ba'al-Samad destroy his head,<br />
And let Bamah's god Ba'al Hamon destroy his head..."<br />
Together with Reχub-ʾEl, the Lord of the Palace
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • A Colossal Statue of the Weather God Hadad found near Gerdshin near Sam'al / Zincirli , Turkey. The lower part of the body of the statue has Aramaic text which starts " I am Panamuwa, the son of QRL, the king of Ja'udi, I have erected this statue of Hadad, at my eternal grave.  Originally the statue would have held lightening rods and an axe. On his round cap are bull horns known as the symbols of divinity. The weather God brought the rains which in the dry areas of Mesopotamia was all important. The inscription goes on to read " May the soul of Panamuwa eat with Hadad, May the soul of Panamuwa drink with Hadad". Basalt 775 BC, Pergamon Museum Berlin, inv no VA 2882.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • A Colossal Statue of the Weather God Hadad found near Gerdshin near Sam'al / Zincirli , Turkey. The lower part of the body of the statue has Aramaic text which starts " I am Panamuwa, the son of QRL, the king of Ja'udi, I have erected this statue of Hadad, at my eternal grave.  Originally the statue would have held lightening rods and an axe. On his round cap are bull horns known as the symbols of divinity. The weather God brought the rains which in the dry areas of Mesopotamia was all important. The inscription goes on to read " May the soul of Panamuwa eat with Hadad, May the soul of Panamuwa drink with Hadad". Basalt 775 BC, Pergamon Museum Berlin, inv no VA 2882.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • A Colossal Statue of the Weather God Hadad found near Gerdshin near Sam'al / Zincirli , Turkey. The lower part of the body of the statue has Aramaic text which starts " I am Panamuwa, the son of QRL, the king of Ja'udi, I have erected this statue of Hadad, at my eternal grave.  Originally the statue would have held lightening rods and an axe. On his round cap are bull horns known as the symbols of divinity. The weather God brought the rains which in the dry areas of Mesopotamia was all important. The inscription goes on to read " May the soul of Panamuwa eat with Hadad, May the soul of Panamuwa drink with Hadad". Basalt 775 BC, Pergamon Museum Berlin, inv no VA 2882.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • A Colossal Statue of the Weather God Hadad found near Gerdshin near Sam'al / Zincirli , Turkey. The lower part of the body of the statue has Aramaic text which starts " I am Panamuwa, the son of QRL, the king of Ja'udi, I have erected this statue of Hadad, at my eternal grave.  Originally the statue would have held lightening rods and an axe. On his round cap are bull horns known as the symbols of divinity. The weather God brought the rains which in the dry areas of Mesopotamia was all important. The inscription goes on to read " May the soul of Panamuwa eat with Hadad, May the soul of Panamuwa drink with Hadad". Basalt 775 BC, Pergamon Museum Berlin, inv no VA 2882.
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib. Above his head each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Fragment of a relief panels orthostat with a representation and inscription of Prince Barrakib by Sam 'al /Zincirli. At the top of the panel are symbols of various God's. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Inv S6581
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Fragment of a relief panels orthostat with a representation and inscription of Prince Barrakib by Sam 'al /Zincirli. At the top of the panel are symbols of various God's. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Inv S6581
  • Fragment of a relief panels orthostat with a representation and inscription of Prince Barrakib by Sam 'al /Zincirli. At the top of the panel are symbols of various God's. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Inv S6581
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Fragment of a relief panels orthostat with a representation and inscription of Prince Barrakib by Sam 'al /Zincirli. At the top of the panel are symbols of various God's. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Inv S6581
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Male with Axe  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum  Inv No. 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.

FunkyStock Picture Library Resource

Picture The Past

ABOUT

FunkyStock Picture Library free resource for professional editorial picture editors, picture researchers, historical scholars and students and enthusiasts who want to browse some of the best pictures and images of historic countries, historical places, archaeological sites and the very best museum antiquities and artefacts exhibits in Europe and the Middle East.

Pictures and Images can be downloaded or bought as stock photos or photo art prints.

COUNTRIES

Browse travel pictures and images of historic places and archaeological sites of countries in Europe and the Middle East.

VIEW COUNTRIES INDEX....

HISTORICAL

Explore the past through pictures and images of its historic places. See the great palaces, castles and cities of antiquity as well as the great archaeological sites where our ancestors made history.

EXPLORE HISTORICAL PLACES...

MUSEUMS

Browse pictures & images the treasured artefacts and antiquities exhibits from the great Museum of Europe and the Middle East. See the art and objects made by our ancestors.

SEE MUESEUM ANTIQUITIES....