• Roman bust of Socrates, 1st cent AD from the construction site of the monument to Vitorio Emanuel II,  Rome, Italy. This portrait of Socrates is similar to the Herm of Socrates from the Naples National Museum. In xenophon’s Symposium socrates is described as ‘Short body with wide shoulders, prominent belly, aquiline nose, thick wide mouth and head almost completely bold. In 399 BC the famous Athenian philosopher was condemned to death for impiety and corruption. Inv 1236, National Roman Museum, Rome.
  • Roman statue of an African Acrobat from early Imperial period excavated from the Villa Patrizi, via Nomentana, Rome, Italy. A young African performs an acrobatic trick very similar to those performed by tribal members from an area of the Nile, the Tentyitae (described by Pliny in Naturalis Historia), where skilled divers dive into the water from the backs of crocodiles. The work is based on a hellenistic original and here has beed adapted for the Roman period as a fountain decoration. The hole in the acrobats mouth is a water spout.  Inv 40009, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of an African Acrobat from early Imperial period excavated from the Villa Patrizi, via Nomentana, Rome, Italy. A young African performs an acrobatic trick very similar to those performed by tribal members from an area of the Nile, the Tentyitae (described by Pliny in Naturalis Historia), where skilled divers dive into the water from the backs of crocodiles. The work is based on a hellenistic original and here has beed adapted for the Roman period as a fountain decoration. The hole in the acrobats mouth is a water spout.  Inv 40009, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Apollo. known as the Chigi Apollo,  mid 2nd cent. AD from the Imperial Villa, Rome. As suggested by the quiver strap slung across the body, the god held a bow and arrow , in a pose of absorbed meditation. Wrapped around the tree trunk which acts as a support are gods attributes: the laurel and the snake. This classical statue is a reworking of an original Greek statue of the 4th cent. BC.  Inv 75675, The National Roman Museum, Rome, ItalyThe National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus, circa 17-14 BC.  This statue of Augustus was typical of the approved style that Augustus used to control his public image. As Pontifex Maximus the statue emphasises the piety of the ruler and his reverence for the gods and traditions of Rome. Augustus thus revitalised the role and function of the most ancient Roman priesthoods and exalted the myths that narrated the origins of Rome. The statue is part of the political propaganda that Augustus used to cement his position of first amongst equals to the very conservative Romans.  National Roman Museum, Rome.
  • Roman relief panel showing a Barbarian, circa 98-117 AD from the Palace of Montecitorio, Rome. This  relief panel is part of a larger work. It represents a battle and the figure can be identified as a barbarian by his eastern style tunic and thick beard. Judging by the quality of the execution, the relief must have belonged to an important public monument situated in the area of the Campus Martius .  Inv 39163, National Roman Museum, Rome.
  • Roman decoration panels that covered the end of the beams from a Roman ship, from the age of Calligula, 37-41 AD, made from bronze. The forearms were used to ward off evil the extended gesture was meant to keep danger away.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the mid 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Spithoever, via Flavia, Rome, Italy. Papposilenus, the aged Silenus was tutor to Cionysus. In this statue he is portrayed with a hairy coat accentuating his wild nature. When the statue was complete it may have had its right arm held up grasping a bunch of grapes and a cup of wine in the left hand. The statue is copied from a late hellenistic original dating from 2nd cent. BC known as the satyr pouring wine by Greek sculptor Praxiteles circa 370-300 BC .  Inv  78294, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the mid 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Spithoever, via Flavia, Rome, Italy. Papposilenus, the aged Silenus was tutor to Cionysus. In this statue he is portrayed with a hairy coat accentuating his wild nature. When the statue was complete it may have had its right arm held up grasping a bunch of grapes and a cup of wine in the left hand. The statue is copied from a late hellenistic original dating from 2nd cent. BC known as the satyr pouring wine by Greek sculptor Praxiteles circa 370-300 BC .  Inv  78294, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of a young Satyr from the Hadranic period circa 117-138 AD excavated from an area near the via XX Settembre and Via Firenza, Rome, Italy. A young Satyr, wearing a panther’s skin tied on the right shoulder, plays the tibia oblique (flute) whist reclining next to a tree trunk. The statue is based on a Greek prototype from the school of Greek sculptor Praxiteles created around 300 BC.  Inv 551, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman bust of a female deity, circa 117-138 AD from the Villa Adriana (Hadrian), Tivoli, Italy. The head, made separately for insertion onto a larger than life size body, is that of a female deity; type is known from other copies from a Greek original, probably from Attic circa 470-460 B.C. The bust was found in Hadrian’s villa and is therefore dated to 117-138 AD. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Statue of an Amazon on horseback and a Barbarian, Circa mid 2nd cent AD excavated from the  Imperial villa near Faro, Italy. An Amazon perched on a rearing horse clashes with a barbarian who attempts to deal a final blow before dying. The work is based on a Hellenistic original from the Pergamon school from the second half of the 2nd cent. B.C, The group was displayed in the Imperial villa  with another of the same theme now in the Borghese collection. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue in the nude hero style of Emperor Antoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. Titus Fulvius Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, also known as Antoninus, was Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii.[3]<br />
He acquired the name Pius after his accession to the throne, either because he compelled the Senate to deify his adoptive father Hadrian, or because he had saved senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of Emperor Antoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. Titus Fulvius Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, also known as Antoninus, was Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii.[3]<br />
He acquired the name Pius after his accession to the throne, either because he compelled the Senate to deify his adoptive father Hadrian, or because he had saved senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Greek  statue of a Niobid from the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), a Greek original from the 5th cent BC found near the Via Collina and Piazza Sallustio, Rome. The wounded female figure whose back has been struck by an arrow is one of fourteen children of Amphion of Thebes and Niobe.  According to myth, Niobe insulted Lato, mother of the divine Apollo and Artemis; “why ever should Lato, a women of common birth, with a coarse daughter and an effeminate son, be preferred to me, the niece of Zeus and Atlas, scourge of the Phyrigians and the royal house of Cadmus?.”. The vengeful Lato ordered Apollo and Artemis to kill Niobe’s children who were struck down with arrows. In antiquity the myth of the Niobids was the subject matter of numerous works of art. The statue , a 5th century Greek original, was used as an ornamental piece in the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), where it was found with other figures of Niobids, two of which are now at the Ny Carlsberg Glypotheck in Copenhargen. Originally it was part of a pedimental group which decorated the facade of a Greek Temple. Inv 72274, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Gordian III made between 238 and 244 AD and excavated from Ostia. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243AD). In the beginning of 244, the Persians counter-attacked. Persian sources claim that a battle was fought (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Septimius Severus made between 196 and 197 AD and excavated from Ostia. Severus became Roman emperor in 193 AD After deposing and killing the incumbent emperor Didius Julianus. In 202, he campaigned in Africa and Mauretania against the Garamantes; capturing their capital Garama and expanding the Limes Tripolitanus along the southern frontier of the empire. Late in his reign he travelled to Britain, strengthening Hadrian's Wall and reoccupying the Antonine Wall. Severus died in early 211 at Eboracum (today York, England), succeeded by his sons Caracalla and Geta who fought constantly until Caracalla had Geta murdered. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus better known as Caracalla, made between 210 and 213 AD and excavated from the via Cassia, Rome. The realism of this  sculpture of Caracalla captures cruelty of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Roman Empire. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla's reign was also notable for the Constitutio Antoniniana  granting Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. While travelling from Edessa to continue the war with Parthia, he was assassinated while urinating at a roadside near Carrhae on 8 April 217, by Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard who was possibly resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture head of Hercules, mid 2nd cent AD excavated from the Vale Giardino, Nemi. The head was probably made separately for the insertion onto a statue, probably depicting the gold seated. The work is a copy of a Greek original of the late Hellenistic period, inspired by a statue by the Greek sculptor Lysippos of Sicyon known as the ‘Herakles Epitapezios’ sculpted around 300 BC. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait bust of Roman Emperor Commodus, circa 180 AD excavated from Albano Laziale. Roman Emperor from 180 to 192 AD. Commodus also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180 AD.. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait statue of the so-called General Tivoli a Roman commander circa 70-70BC made in Greek marble and found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules, Tivoli, Italy. A masterpiece of hoary sculpture from the late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of the stomach and legs, and the cuirass embossed with the head of Medusa (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm is raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holdingg the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. The style derives from Hellenistic designs pf ‘hero nudity’ (effigies schilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has a strong political need of self-representation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the excavation of the Temple of Hercules which was built during the dictatorship of Cornelius Sulla, date the statue to between 90 and 70 BC. Its commemoration in Tivoli leads us to believe that it may have been someone from the area, probably a lieutenant of Sulla who paid for the portrait himself, or that it was a public honour, in the most important shrine in the city, dedicated to the god-hero called ‘Victor’, i.e, the protector of military expeditions. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman head sculpture in the ‘Italic cubism ‘ style, 2nd - 3rd century BC, found in the foundations of the Ministery of Finance on the via XX Septembre, Rome. The head, the back of which was not completed, shows markedly realistic, clear features. The style, a blend of Greek art and Italic traditions, is traceable to Etruscan portraiture of the so called ‘Italic cubism’ of the 3rd century BC, and local stone used was well suited to this genre. It is believed to be the only known example of this style and has been roughly dated to between the 3rd and 2nd century BC. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Ancient Egyptian quartz statue head of prince Khaemwase, son of Pharaoh  Rameses II. 19th Dynasty Ancient Egypt, 1260 BC . Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 13460.
  • Roman statue of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus, circa 17-14 BC.  This statue of Augustus was typical of the approved style that Augustus used to control his public image. As Pontifex Maximus the statue emphasises the piety of the ruler and his reverence for the gods and traditions of Rome. Augustus thus revitalised the role and function of the most ancient Roman priesthoods and exalted the myths that narrated the origins of Rome. The statue is part of the political propaganda that Augustus used to cement his position of first amongst equals to the very conservative Romans.  National Roman Museum, Rome.
  • Roman statue of an Emperor with a breastplate (loricata) from the 2nd cent AD from the Imperial Villa, Rome. The statue depicts a man in military dress, with a breastplate (lorca) decorated within griffins and a cluster of acanthus, and edged by a series of pendants (pteryges) with a head of ferocious animals and a cloak (paludamentum). In his left hand remains the traces of a sword; his raised right arm probably leant on a spear. On his feat he wears shoes decorated at the ankles with a lion skin. The statue dates from the dynasty of the Antonine Emperors and is the dress of the supreme military commander.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mask from the  National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman decoration panel of Medusa from a Roman ship, the age of Calligula, 37-41 AD, made from bronze. The head of the medusa is an example of refined craftsmanship. The detail of the hair, the scales, the snakes and the nostrils were made using hand held tools . the work is at its most frightening when viewed from a low anyle suggesting that it was designed to be places high up on the ship .  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman decoration panels that covered the end of the beams from a Roman ship, from the age of Calligula, 37-41 AD, made from bronze. The forearms were used to ward off evil the extended gesture was meant to keep danger away.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Double sided Roman herm of Dionysus from the mid 2nd cent. AD excavated from the via Sallustiani, Rome. This bust shows Dionysus with his traditional band around his head, he appears as a youthful man on one side and as a mature man with a beard on this sid.   The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Hercules from the mid 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Via Appia. Hercules is portrayed as a mature man at rest, his naked body wrapped in a lion skin; he probably geld his club in his left hand. His style of dress was typical of that used in the Roman theatre. The statue of Hercules is a reworking of a Greek original dating from around the 2nd or 3rd cent. BC .  Inv  115165, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Silenus or Papposilenus from the second half of the 2nd cent. AD excavated from the Villa Marittima, Torre Astura Italy.  Silenus was the tutor to Dionysus is portrayed here as he was portrayed on stage in the Roman theatres. His mask is that of the theatre and he is wearing a lambskin cloak and hairy tights.  Inv 135769, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman relief sculpture panel decorated on both sides with masks from the second half of the 1st cent. AD excavated from the Valle Giardino, Nemi, Italy. The panel is sculpted on both sides; the front side depicts the half moon shaped face of a deity wearing a crown.  Inv 112158, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of a flavian women possibly Domita, circa 69-96 AD excavated from Terracina. This portrait can be dated from the typical hairstyle made popular by Flavian women. It may be of Domitia Longina who was  wife to the Roman Emperor Domitian. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of Emperor Hadrian, 117-138 AD excavated from the S. Barbiana region near the Station Terminus, Rome. Hadrian ( Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus) was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. An enthusiastic  builder Hadrian rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma as well as building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. His villa at Tivoli also showed Hadrian passion for water and Roman baths. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors. The great love of his life was Antinous who died tragically and suspiciously when he drowned in the Nile.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of Sabina, circa 135 AD excavated from the via Appia, Rome. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of a young man from 110 AD. In this portrait, the hairstyle and facial features are typical of the Trajan era of portraiture. The hairstyle is characterised by a slight central parting on the forehead . Inv 287, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust of a young charioteer from the age of Domitian, 81-96AD. This statue of a young charioteer, with Oriental eastern Mediterranean features, is wearing a tunic stopped on the right shoulder by a flattened circular fibula (clasp). The hairstyle, with its ’S’ shaped curls, was made artificially with an iron (calamistrum). This style was inspired by official portrayts of a young Domitian, who emulated Neronian style during the last years of his reign. The bust was rounded to be inserted onto a modern pillar. . Inv 276, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman portrait bust from circa 30 BC excavated from the Valle Giardino, Nemi, Rome. The appearance of an adult man with an energetic, dominating expression, is artistically and crisply represented in this portrait. The treatment of the eyebrows and hair suggest that this statue is the copy of a bronze original. The head is a fusion of the realistic style from the period of Caesar and the classic works of the Augustan age . Inv 66177, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman bust of Alexander the Great, 2nd cent B.C bronze with gold leaf. The head is from a smaller than life size statue. The elongated curls, the parted locks and the diadem that fastens the hair at the back, are clear indications that the head is a portrait of the Macedonian King Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.). Inv 66177, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Greek  statue of a Niobid from the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), a Greek original from the 5th cent BC found near the Via Collina and Piazza Sallustio, Rome. The wounded female figure whose back has been struck by an arrow is one of fourteen children of Amphion of Thebes and Niobe.  According to myth, Niobe insulted Lato, mother of the divine Apollo and Artemis; “why ever should Lato, a women of common birth, with a coarse daughter and an effeminate son, be preferred to me, the niece of Zeus and Atlas, scourge of the Phyrigians and the royal house of Cadmus?.”. The vengeful Lato ordered Apollo and Artemis to kill Niobe’s children who were struck down with arrows. In antiquity the myth of the Niobids was the subject matter of numerous works of art. The statue , a 5th century Greek original, was used as an ornamental piece in the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), where it was found with other figures of Niobids, two of which are now at the Ny Carlsberg Glypotheck in Copenhargen. Originally it was part of a pedimental group which decorated the facade of a Greek Temple. Inv 72274, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Greek  statue of a Niobid from the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), a Greek original from the 5th cent BC found near the Via Collina and Piazza Sallustio, Rome. The wounded female figure whose back has been struck by an arrow is one of fourteen children of Amphion of Thebes and Niobe.  According to myth, Niobe insulted Lato, mother of the divine Apollo and Artemis; “why ever should Lato, a women of common birth, with a coarse daughter and an effeminate son, be preferred to me, the niece of Zeus and Atlas, scourge of the Phyrigians and the royal house of Cadmus?.”. The vengeful Lato ordered Apollo and Artemis to kill Niobe’s children who were struck down with arrows. In antiquity the myth of the Niobids was the subject matter of numerous works of art. The statue , a 5th century Greek original, was used as an ornamental piece in the Horti Sallustiani (Gardens of Sallust), where it was found with other figures of Niobids, two of which are now at the Ny Carlsberg Glypotheck in Copenhargen. Originally it was part of a pedimental group which decorated the facade of a Greek Temple. Inv 72274, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of  Alexander Severus made between 222 and 235 AD and excavated from Ostia. Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However militarily Rome was confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire. He managed to check the threat of the Sassanids, but when campaigning against Germanic tribes of Germania, Alexander attempted to bring peace by engaging in diplomacy and bribery. This alienated many in the legions and led to a conspiracy to assassinate and replace him. . The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture bust of Publius Septimius Antoninus Geta better known as Geta brother of Caracalla, made between 209 and 212 AD and excavated from the via XX Septembre, Rome. Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus by his second wife Julia Domna. Geta  was a Roman emperor who ruled with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 until his death, when he was murdered on Caracalla's orders.  The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture of a Discus Thrower, Paros marble made in the mid 2nd cent AD excavated from the Villa Palombara, Esquilino, Rome. The Disus Thrower statue is almost the only fully preserved example of its type, the statue is a faithful copy of one of the most admired works of antiquity; the bronze discobolus by Greek sculptor Myron circa 450 BC. The statue depicts the moment preceding the release of the discus, the athlete appears to move in the surrounding space with a complex action, exemplifying the Hellenistic experimentation of the plastic reprentation of the human body. Inv 126371, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman sculpture of a Discus Thrower, Paros marble made in the mid 2nd cent AD excavated from the Villa Palombara, Esquilino, Rome. The Disus Thrower statue is almost the only fully preserved example of its type, the statue is a faithful copy of one of the most admired works of antiquity; the bronze discobolus by Greek sculptor Myron circa 450 BC. The statue depicts the moment preceding the release of the discus, the athlete appears to move in the surrounding space with a complex action, exemplifying the Hellenistic experimentation of the plastic reprentation of the human body. Inv 126371, The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Portrait bust of Roman Emperor Commodus, circa 180 AD excavated from the ancient market, Rome. Roman Emperor from 180 to 192 AD. Commodus also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180 AD.. The National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman statue of Athena (Roman Minerva) Sitting - from the Augustan period circa 63-43 BC the statue is a copy of a  5th century BC Greek  original, found in a palace on the Via Marmorato off the piazza dell’Emporio, Rome. The statue represents the goddess Minerva, dressed in chiton and himation which covers her head. The face and neck, now lost, have been substituted by a plaster cast of the Athena Carpegna. The aegis with the gorge emblem on her breast have enabled the goddess to be identified as Athena, the Roman Minerva, genially depicted in the guise of a helmeted female warrior. Its remarkable size suggests that this was a cult image, although a hypothesis remains linking it to the temple of Minerva on the Aventine. The sculpture bears the hallmark of a second of the 5th century BC Hellenistic Greek statue  made by Phidias. but uses different materials from the original which would have been in gold and ivory .National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Bust of Antinous - late Hadrianic period circa 130-138AD. Antinous was the young Bithynian favoured by the emperor Hadrian who was deified after drowning under mysterious circumstances in the waters of the Nile circa 130AD. Thanks to the promotion of the cult Antinous portraits can be found throughout the Empire in the places most frequented by Hadrian. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Sarcophagus with detailed relief sculptured panels with battle scenes. This large sarcophagus which was found in 1931 near the Tiburtina, in the eastern suburbs of the ancient city, shows on its front a symbolic battle, staged on two levels. This composition focuses on the progress of the Roman horseman, depicted in the guise of a universal victor, in a melee of soldiers, spears and horses; the Romans are delivering savage blows, devastating their enemies. The bloody scenes are framed by two pairs of enslaved barbarians, whose afflicted demeanour expresses the suffering which comes to those who rebel against the dominion of Rome. The dramatic animation of the combat emphasised by the deep chiaroscuro obtained by a skilful feat of carving. The low relief on the sides of the sarcophagus shows events subsequent to the encounter; on one side barbarian prisoners cross the river on the other chiefs submit to the Roman officials. The freeze on the lid, between two corner masks, celebrates the dead man and his wife, presented in the centre is the act of ‘dextarum iunctio’; on the left, the women exercises her ‘virtue’ in the house, educating her children; on the right, the, after his warlike activities, receives his 'clementia'. The faces of the principle characters remain incomplete, awaiting the carving of the features of the dead people. The decoration of the sarcophagus, inspired by many scenes on the Antonine Column, can be dated to around 180AD. The military insignia represented on the upper edge of the casket - the eagle of the Legio III Flavia and the boar of the Legio I Itlaica - enable us perhaps to identify the dead man as Aurelius Iulius Pompilius, an official of Marcus Aurelius in command of two cavalry squadron on detachment to those two legions during the war against Marcomanni (1720-175AD). National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Ancient Egyptian quartz statue head of princess from Amarna. 18th Dynasty Ancient Egypt, 1345 BC . Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 21223.
  • Ancient Egyptian quartz statue head of princess from Amarna. 18th Dynasty Ancient Egypt, 1345 BC . Neues Museum Berlin Cat No: AM 21223.
  • Large wine krater known as "House of the Warrior Vase", showing men in full armour ( helmet, cuirass, greaves, shield and spear ) as they depart fro war with a sack of supplies hanging from their spears. A fine example of Mycenaean Pictoral Style. Mycenae acropolis, Greece. 12th century BC, cat no: 1426 ,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Large wine krater known as "House of the Warrior Vase", showing men in full armour ( helmet, cuirass, greaves, shield and spear ) as they depart fro war with a sack of supplies hanging from their spears. A fine example of Mycenaean Pictoral Style. Mycenae acropolis, Greece. 12th century BC, cat no: 1426 ,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • Ancient Egyptian house altar relief sculpture of Akhenaten, Nefrertiti and their three daughters. 18th Dynasty 1345 BC . Neues Museum Berlin AM 14145.
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • 9th Cent BC Neo- Hittite basalt slabs with Hieroglyphic Inscriptions about the activities of King Urhilina & his son. from Hama, Syria. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Moulding of 8th Cent. BC late Hittite rock relief . Warpalas, King of Tyana land, praying in front of a plant & storm god Tarhunza. From Ivriz (Konya, Ergeli) Turkey. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7869.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Male with Axe  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum  Inv No. 7727.
  • Late Hittite Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a warrior from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Arslan Tash (Turkish; Arslan Lion, Taş Stone), ancient Hadātu, is an archaeological site in northern Syria 30km east of the Euphrates River and nearby the town of Ain al-Arab. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 1981.
  • Nile Scene Roman Mosaic ( Scena Nileotica )  from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum inv 9990
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Picture & image of a Hittite Monument with Heiroglyphics  from Sultanhani near Kayseri, Turkey. Ereceted by the town ruler Wassume to the God Tarhui to ask for a good harvest from the vineyards & Orchards. At the end is a warning of damnation for anyone who damages the monument. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara.
  • Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a chariot Releif sculpture from Karkamis,, Turkey.Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The Cahiot is pulled by horses with plumed headresses. One man os about to shoot an arrow from his bow, the other man is driving the cahriot. Below the horse is a animal cowering. 2
  • Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a chariot Releif sculpture from Karkamis,, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The Cahiot is pulled by horses with plumed headresses. One man os about to shoot an arrow from his bow, the other man is driving the cahriot. Below the horse is a animal cowering.
  • Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat of 3 warriors from the legend of Gilgamesh from Karkamis,, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The warrior on the far left holds a spear in one hand and the branch of a tree in the other. The middle warrior has a clenched fist an carries an impliment over his shoulder. The warrior on the far right carries a saff. All 3 are wearing swords. 5
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Höyük, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakçagözü, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot wearing armour . Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • 9th Cent BC Neo- Hittite basalt slabs with Hieroglyphic Inscriptions about the activities of King Urhilina & his son. from Hama, Syria. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • 9th Cent BC Neo- Hittite basalt slabs with Hieroglyphic Inscriptions about the activities of King Urhilina & his son. from Hama, Syria. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • 9th Cent BC Neo- Hittite basalt slabs with Hieroglyphic Inscriptions about the activities of King Urhilina & his son. from Hama, Syria. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • 9th Cent BC Neo- Hittite basalt slabs with Hieroglyphic Inscriptions about the activities of King Urhilina & his son. from Hama, Syria. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of a Bull from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7709.
  • Moulding of 8th Cent. BC late Hittite rock relief . Warpalas, King of Tyana land, praying in front of a plant & storm god Tarhunza. From Ivriz (Konya, Ergeli) Turkey. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7869.
  • Moulding of 8th Cent. BC late Hittite rock relief . Warpalas, King of Tyana land, praying in front of a plant & storm god Tarhunza. From Ivriz (Konya, Ergeli) Turkey. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7869.
  • Moulding of 8th Cent. BC late Hittite rock relief . Warpalas, King of Tyana land, praying in front of a plant & storm god Tarhunza. From Ivriz (Konya, Ergeli) Turkey. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7869.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculptures  from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Left Deer Buck, Inv no 7712, Middle Winged Lion inv no. 7706, Left Male with Axe Inv No. 7727. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt relief sculpture of an Aslan Lion from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the west side of the citadel gate of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7727.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean)  Basalt Double Sphinx  sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from the entrance of Palace III Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7731.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean) Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a man from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Um-Shershuh, Syria.  Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7786.
  • Late Hittite Basalt Portal Lion sculpture from 9th Cent B.C, excavated from Palace Building P Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) located at Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey's Gaziantep Province. Istanbul Archaeological Museum inv. No 7777.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean) Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a man from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Um-Shershuh, Syria.  Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7786.
  • Late Hittite (Aramaean) Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a man from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Um-Shershuh, Syria.  Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 7786.
  • Late Hittite Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a warrior from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Arslan Tash (Turkish; Arslan Lion, Taş Stone), ancient Hadātu, is an archaeological site in northern Syria 30km east of the Euphrates River and nearby the town of Ain al-Arab. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 1981.
  • Late Hittite Basalt funereal Steel with a relief sculpture of a warrior from 9 - 8th Cent B.C, excavated from Arslan Tash (Turkish; Arslan Lion, Taş Stone), ancient Hadātu, is an archaeological site in northern Syria 30km east of the Euphrates River and nearby the town of Ain al-Arab. Istanbul Archaeological Museum Inv. No 1981.
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Roman mosaic of a skull called "Mimento Mori" from Pompeii, inv 100982, Naples National Archeological Museum,  Art background
  • Pictures of Roman Mosaics of a Lion Dionysus and Manadi from the Casa del Centauro (VI 9, 3) Pompeii, inv 10019, Naples Archaeological Museum - Stock Photos
  • Roman Mosaic of  Lycurgus and Ambrosia the presence of Dionysus from Herculaneum, Naples Archaeological Museum, Italy
  • Roman mosaics from Pompeii showing a Panther with Dionysus symbol (Pantera con simboli dionisiaci) from the Santangelo collection, Naples Archaeological Museum, Italy
  • Nile Scene Roman Mosaic ( Scena Nileotica )  from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum inv 9990
  • Roman Mosaic portrait of a women from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum inv 124666
  • Roman Mosaic portrait of a Cockerall Fight  from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum
  • Nile Scene Roman Mosaic ( Scena Nileotica )  from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum inv 9990
  • Nile Scene Roman Mosaic ( Scena Nileotica )  from Pompei Archaeological Site. Naples Archaeological Museum inv 9990
  • Part of an altarpiece made from enameled brick found on the forecourt of the temple-palace of Guyana /Tell Halaf. The decoration is made up of wavebands, rosettes, and semicircles that interpreted as a representing mountains. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA14646
  • Part of an altarpiece made from enameled brick found on the forecourt of the temple-palace of Guyana /Tell Halaf. The decoration is made up of wavebands, rosettes, and semicircles that interpreted as a representing mountains. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA14646
  • Part of an altarpiece made from enameled brick found on the forecourt of the temple-palace of Guyana /Tell Halaf. The decoration is made up of wavebands, rosettes, and semicircles that interpreted as a representing mountains. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA14646
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Part of an altarpiece made from enameled brick found on the forecourt of the temple-palace of Guyana /Tell Halaf. The decoration is made up of wavebands, rosettes, and semicircles that interpreted as a representing mountains. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA14646
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Lion sculptures from the city gate of  Sam'al - Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite. Basalt 8th century BC. Pergamon Museum Berlin.
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • Column base Sphix sculpture support. Found in North Hall at the Castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3017
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  Museum Inv No: OP 18, 22, 19, 14, 15, VAS 8854, 8841, 8852
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • The Kilamuwa Stela a stele of King Kilamuwa, from the Kingdom of Sam'al. The stele is a 16-line text in Phoenician. King Kilamuwa is shown standing on the upper left and addressing four Canaanite god-insignias with his right arm and finger. His left hand is draped at his left side holding a wilted lotus flower, a symbol of a king's death. He is dressed in king's regalia with hat, and his figure stands at the beginning of the first nine lines of the text.. Basalt  9th-century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  The text reads "I am Kilamuwa, the son of King Haya'. King Gabar reigned over Ya'diya-(Sam'al) but achieved nothing.<br />
Then came Bamah, and he achieved nothing.<br />
My own father, Haya', did nothing with his reign.<br />
My brother, Sha'il, also did nothing.<br />
It was I, Kilamuwa...who managed to do what none of my ancestors had.<br />
My father's kingdom was beset by powerful, predatory kings, all holding out their hands, demanding to be fed.<br />
But I raged amongst them like a fire, burning their beards and consuming their outstretched hands.<br />
Only the Danunian kings overmastered me; I had to call on the King of Assyria to assist me...<br />
I, Kilamuwa, the son of Haya', ascended my father's throne.<br />
Under their previous kings, the [people] had howled like dogs.<br />
But I was a father, a mother and a brother to them.<br />
I gave gold, silver and cattle to men who had never so much as seen the face of a sheep before.<br />
Those who had never even seen linen all their lives I clothed in byssus-cloth from head to foot.<br />
I took the [people] by the hand and in their souls they looked to me just as the orphan looks to his mother."<br />
"Whoever of my sons comes after me and interferes with this inscription, may he be dishonoured among the people...<br />
And if anyone should damage this inscription,<br />
Let Gabar's god Ba'al-Samad destroy his head,<br />
And let Bamah's god Ba'al Hamon destroy his head..."<br />
Together with Reχub-ʾEl, the Lord of the Palace
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  Museum Inv No: OP 18, 22, 19, 14, 15, VAS 8854, 8841, 8852
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  Museum Inv No: OP 18, 22, 19, 14, 15, VAS 8854, 8841, 8852
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Museum Inv No: VA 8859, 8843, 8845, 8840, 8850, 8844, 8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.  Museum Inv No: OP 18, 22, 19, 14, 15, VAS 8854, 8841, 8852
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Museum Inv No: VA 8859, 8843, 8845, 8840, 8850, 8844, 8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Museum Inv No: VA 8859, 8843, 8845, 8840, 8850, 8844, 8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Museum Inv No: VA 8859, 8843, 8845, 8840, 8850, 8844, 8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 18,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 18,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP  22,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP  22,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 18,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP  22,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 19,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 19,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP  22,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 19,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 19,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 14,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 14,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 14,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 15
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 15
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 15
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin Museum Inv No: OP 15
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin OP VAS 8854,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No VAS 8841,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No VAS 8841,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin , Museum Inv No VAS 8852
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No VAS 8841,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin , Museum Inv No VAS 8852
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin , Museum Inv No VAS 8852
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Museum Inv No: VA 8843
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8845,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8845,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8845,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8845,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8840,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8850
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8850
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8850
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8850
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8844,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8844,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA 8844,
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin . Museum Inv No: VA  8856
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 9th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from Palace Temple of the Aramaean city of Tell Halaf in northeastern Syria close to the Turkish border. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • 10th - 8th century BC stone Neo-Hittite/ Aramaean Orthostats from the city of Sam'al (Hittite: Yadiya) near Zincirli Höyük in the Anti-Taurus Mountains of modern Turkey. The Orthostats are in a Neo Hittite style and depict mythical animals and figures that have magical properties. Pergamon Museum, Berlin
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • A Colossal statue of a Bird of Prey excavated in the forecourt of a temple palace at Tell Halaf, Syria. Originally the bird statue had coloured stones in its eye socket and was mounted as part of a decorative column. Basalt 9th century BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • A Colossal statue of a Bird of Prey excavated in the forecourt of a temple palace at Tell Halaf, Syria. Originally the bird statue had coloured stones in its eye socket and was mounted as part of a decorative column. Basalt 9th century BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • A Colossal statue of a Bird of Prey excavated in the forecourt of a temple palace at Tell Halaf, Syria. Originally the bird statue had coloured stones in its eye socket and was mounted as part of a decorative column. Basalt 9th century BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.

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