• 13th century Medieval Romanesque Sculptures from the introdos of the second arch of the facade of St Mark's Basilica, Venice, depicting January from the Months of the Zodiac .
  • 13th century Medieval Romanesque Sculptures from the introdos of the second arch of the facade of St Mark's Basilica, Venice, depicting October from the Months of the Zodiac .
  • 13th century Medieval Romanesque Sculptures from the introdos of the second arch of the facade of St Mark's Basilica, Venice, depicting December from the Months of the Zodiac .
  • 13th century Medieval Romanesque Sculptures from the introdos of the second arch of the facade of St Mark's Basilica, Venice, depicting December from the Months of the Zodiac .
  • The Medieval mosaics of the ceiling of The Baptistry of Florence Duomo ( Battistero di San Giovanni ) showing probably showing the arch angel Gabriel Gabriel revealing the coming of the Messaiah to Jon the Baptist ,  started in 1225 by Venetian craftsmen in a Byzantine style and completed in the 14th century. Florence Italy
  • the medieval bas relief sculptures on the semi-circular arch over the central portal is a relief with the Christ enthroned between the sun and the moon and flanked by the Virgin, also enthroned and nursing Jesus, and St. Rufinus. Assisi Cathedral, Italy
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • The neo-classic Corinthian Arch ldesigned by Giovanni Battista Borra in the 1750's ooking towards the south side of the Duke of Buckingham's Stowe House, Stowe, Buckingham, England
  • The neo-classic Corinthian Arch looking towards the south side of the Duke of Buckingham's Stowe House, Stowe, Buckingham, England
  • The neo-classic Corinthian Arch looking towards the south side of the Duke of Buckingham's Stowe House, Stowe, Buckingham, England
  • Neo-Classic Doric arch folly in the English landscape gardens of Stowe, designed by Capability Brown. Buckingham, England
  • The neo-classic Corinthian Arch looking towards the south side of the Duke of Buckingham's Stowe House, Stowe, Buckingham, England
  • Whale Bone arch overlooking Whitby harbour with Whitby Abbey on the headland . Whitby, North Yorkshire, England
  • Gothic arch & bell tower of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • The Rostra with the arch of Septmius Severus behind (203) The Forum, Rome
  • The Arch of Septmius Severus ( AD203) The Forum, Rome
  • The Arch of Septmius Severus ( AD203) The Forum, Rome
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. Excavated from Genna Arrele II. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Black background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. Excavated from Genna Arrele II. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. White background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Genna Arrele II. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Black background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Genna Arrele II. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Genna Arrele II. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Grey background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. Excavated from Paule Luturru,  Samugheo. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Barilli I site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. White background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Pranu Maore I site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Grey background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali VI site,  Laconi.  Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. White background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali II site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Black background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir. Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali II site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. White background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir.  Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali V site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir.  Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali V site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Grey background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir.  Excavated from Piscina ‘E Sali V site,  Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir.  From Barrili I site, Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. White background.
  • Late European Neolithic prehistoric Menhir standing stone with carvings on its face side. The representation of a stylalised male figure starts at the top with a long nose from which 2 eyebrows arch around the top of the stone. below this is a carving of a falling figure with head at the bottom and 2 curved arms encircling a body above. at the bottom is a carving of a dagger running horizontally across the menhir.  From Barrili I site, Laconi. Menhir Museum, Museo della Statuaria Prehistorica in Sardegna, Museum of Prehoistoric Sardinian Statues, Palazzo Aymerich, Laconi, Sardinia, Italy. Grey background.
  • The Tomb of Payava ( 360 B.C), a typical Gothic arch shaped double barrel vaulted pillar tomb. From an inscription on the Tomb Payava was a ruler under Persian rule of Xanthos.  From Xanthos UNESCO World Heritage site, south west Turkey. A British Museum exhibit excavated by Charles Fellows in 1844.
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus is an impressive "tholos" beehive shaped tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae. The entrance has the typical square 2 upright jams covered with a lintel that weigts around 100 tons. Above the door is a trangular "False" or corbel arch.  Mycenae UNESCO World Heritage  Archaeological Site, Peloponnese, Greece
  • Romanesque arch of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Medieval Gothic Door Arch infront of The Seljuk Turk Mosque of Ebul Minuchihr (Minuchir) built in 1072, Ani archaelogical site on the ancient Silk Road  , Kars , Anatolia, Turkey
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church decorative sculptures, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Romanesque arches and columns of the 12th century Romanesque Ferrara Duomo, Italy
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Ruined Armenian Gothic doorway. The Gothic  pointed arches in Ani pre date the European Gothic and are thought to be an influence for Western European Gothic. Ani archaelogical site on the Ancient Silk Road , Kars , Anatolia, Turkey
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior fresco of a Maltese Cross,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Komurlu Church interior,  9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church interior, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church interior rosette sculpture, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church interior, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church decorative sculptures, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church interior, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church decorative sculptures, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church decorative sculptures, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church decorative sculptures, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Pictures & images of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church, 9th century, the Vadisi Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi”,  of the Ihlara Valley, Guzelyurt , Aksaray Province, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church dates back to the 9th or 10th century. It is carved out of a single rock massive with rock columns holding up the roof of its church . The arches of Kalburlu (St. Epthemios) church have rich architectural decorated relif sculptures. The naves are connected by rounded arches & there is a baptismal font to the east of the main entrance.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Picture of the ruins of the Byzantine Martyrion of St Philip church and healing centre. Hierapolis archaeological site near Pamukkale in Turkey.<br />
<br />
Martyrion of St Philip. This church with an octagonal core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostlie was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden cupola. From each of the eight sides of the central space there was access to a rectangular room through three arches supported by marble columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves The shape of the central room is a reference to the number eight which symbolists eternity. The church is situated inside a square composed of 28 rooms for housing pilgrims which were accessed from the outside. As in other Byzantine sanctuaries associated with heating powers (eg that of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Constantinople), in these rooms incubation rites were practised: during sleep, the Saint cured the sick and made prophecies concerning the future.
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Medieval Byzantine style mosaics of the side aisle arches,  Palatine Chapel, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Romanesque arches and columns of the 12th century Romanesque Ferrara Duomo, Italy
  • Romanesque arches and columns of the 12th century Romanesque Ferrara Duomo, Italy
  • Picture of the ancient Roman Aqueduct of the Pont du Gard which crosses the River Gardon near Vers-Pon-du-Gard, France. Part of the 50 km long aqueduct that served the Roman town of Nemausus (Nimes) its 3 tiers of arches stand 48 m high (160 ft). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ancient Roman Aqueduct of the Pont du Gard which crosses the River Gardon near Vers-Pon-du-Gard, France. Part of the 50 km long aqueduct that served the Roman town of Nemausus (Nimes) its 3 tiers of arches stand 48 m high (160 ft). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ancient Roman Aqueduct of the Pont du Gard which crosses the River Gardon near Vers-Pon-du-Gard, France. Part of the 50 km long aqueduct that served the Roman town of Nemausus (Nimes) its 3 tiers of arches stand 48 m high (160 ft). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ancient Roman Aqueduct of the Pont du Gard which crosses the River Gardon near Vers-Pon-du-Gard, France. Part of the 50 km long aqueduct that served the Roman town of Nemausus (Nimes) its 3 tiers of arches stand 48 m high (160 ft). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Picture of the ancient Roman Aqueduct of the Pont du Gard which crosses the River Gardon near Vers-Pon-du-Gard, France. Part of the 50 km long aqueduct that served the Roman town of Nemausus (Nimes) its 3 tiers of arches stand 48 m high (160 ft). A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Cellar with romanesque arches at the Hellanistic Ionic Apollo Smintheion Sanctuary near Gulpinar Village Turkey. The Temple of Apollo is dedicated rather bizarrely to Apollo as a Slayer of Mice.
  • 12the century early transitional Norman decorated bling arches from the south porch of the parish church of St Peter & St Paul part of Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Arabesque Mudjar plasterwork and arches of the 12th century Salón de Embajadores (Ambassadors' Hall or Throne Room). Alcazar of Seville, Seville, Spain
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Moorish Arabesque arches and undergrround walkways of the Medina. A UNESCO World Heritage Site .Meknes, Meknes-Tafilalet, Morocco.
  • Arabesque Moorish arches in the Palacios Nazaries Alhambra. Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
  • Arabesque Moorish arches in the Palacios Nazaries Alhambra. Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
  • Facade with ogival arched door and rose window of the Italian Gothic Cathedral of Ostuni built between 1569-1495  .Ostuni, The White Town, Puglia, Italy.
  • Facade with ogival arched door and rose window of the Italian Gothic Cathedral of Ostuni built between 1569-1495  .Ostuni, The White Town, Puglia, Italy.
  • Cellar with romanesque arches at the Hellanistic Ionic Apollo Smintheion Sanctuary near Gulpinar Village Turkey. The Temple of Apollo is dedicated rather bizarrely to Apollo as a Slayer of Mice.
  • arched doorway into Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Gothic arches of the great hall of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Gothic arches of the great hall of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Gothic arches of the great hall of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Gothic arches of the great hall of Fountains Abbey , founded in 1132, is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England. The ruined monastery is a focal point of England's most important 18th century Water, the Studley Royal Water Garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Near Ripon, North Yorkshire, England
  • Interior The cathedral of Ani, Also known as Surp Asdvadzadzin (church of the Holy Mother of God), its construction was started in the year 989, under King Smbat II.  The Gothic clustered arches & pointed arches pre date the European Gothic and are thought to be an influence for Western European Gothic. Ani archaelogical site on the Ancient Silk Road , Kars , Anatolia, Turkey
  • Interior The cathedral of Ani, Also known as Surp Asdvadzadzin (church of the Holy Mother of God), its construction was started in the year 989, under King Smbat II.  The Gothic clustered arches & pointed arches pre date the European Gothic and are thought to be an influence for Western European Gothic. Ani archaelogical site on the Ancient Silk Road , Kars , Anatolia, Turkey
  • Interior The cathedral of Ani, Also known as Surp Asdvadzadzin (church of the Holy Mother of God), its construction was started in the year 989, under King Smbat II.  The Gothic clustered arches & pointed arches pre date the European Gothic and are thought to be an influence for Western European Gothic. Ani archaelogical site on the Ancient Silk Road , Kars , Anatolia, Turkey
  • Rievaulx Abbey cloister pillars & arches. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches and windows. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • Rievaulx Abbey main aisle arches, side view. North Yorkshire, England
  • The Mazeus Mithridates Gate to the Agora of Ephesus takes its name from the 2 Freed slave of  Emperor Augustus who paid for its contruction. It is dedicated to Emperor Augustus, his wife Livia , his daughter Julia and her husband Agrippa. Built in 4 or 3 B.C. Ephesus Archaeological Site, Anatolia, Turkey.

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