• Ancient Roman statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari, limestone, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1292-1186 BC),  Deir-el-Medina, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
 Carved in Thebian white limestone the statue of Pendua and his wife Nefertari shows the skill and attention to details of the sculptors of Deir-el-Medina, the worker’s village of those who built the Royal Tombs at Thebes. The theme of the family is echoed by a carving of a daughter between the two figures.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of pharaoh Horemheb with god Amun, limestone, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1319-1292 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Horemheb stands beside the taller depiction of the god Amun. The statue is typical of the period following the religious and artistic revolution of King Akhenaten. The muscles are not emphasised and the contours are soft, with rounded hips and juvenile faces, the eyes are almond shaped and the cheeks and lips sensual. Some scholars believe this may have been a statue of Tutenkhamon remodelled by Horemheb. Dorvetti collection. C 768
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 255
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1156-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 251
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
In this statue of Sekhmet the goddess is called "mistress of Shenut" possibly linking her to the lioness goddess Repyt of Anthribis.  Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 248
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 249
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
This statue is unfinished and is in the stage before polishing. Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 264
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of goddess Sekhmet, grandodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th & 20thDynasty (1390-1150 BC), Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Sekhmet, "the Powerful One" was a fearsome goddess symbolised by her lioness head. Daughter of the sun she personifies the disk of the world during the day. Sekhmet is the angry manifestation of Hathor inflicting the scourges of summer heat, famine and illness which is why the goddess needed to be exorcised every day. Drovetti Collection. C 263
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Tuthmosis II, granodorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1479-1425 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amun. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Tuthmosis II is shown wearing Royal regalia including the shendyt kilt, the nemes headdress and the uraeus cobra on his forehead. Between his legs in a bulls tail, the symbol of power. On the sides of the throne is the sema-tawy, a sign composed of a lotus and papyrus, the symbols od Upper and Lower Egypt. Under the feet of the king are the Nine Bows, the enemies of Egypt. Together these symbolise that the pharaoh keeps the two halves of Egypt together and protects them against her enemies. Drovetti Collection. C 1376
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II , granite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, (1500-1400 BC, Karnak, Temple of Mut. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The statue depicting Ramesses II  was reworked over a statue of an earlier pharaoh. This can be seen around the corners of the mouth which show reworking. The roundness of the face and short apron also point to an earlier style.  Ramesses II is depicted praying with his arms out straight and his hands resting flat on the apron of his kilt.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of Ramesses II. granodiorite, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, (1279-1213 BC), Karnak, Temple of Amon. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background.<br />
<br />
Ramesses II is depicted in all his majesty in this ststue. He wears a Khepresh crown and holds the heqa sceptre against his chest. The statue probably belongs to the beginning of Ramesses II reign because of the presence of Queen Nefertari by the throne who died half way through his reign.
  • Ancient Egyptian statue of princess Redji, grandorite, Saqqara, Old Kingdom, 3rd Dynasty (2592-2543 BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The inscriptions at the base of the statue indicates that the statue is of the Kings Daughter named Redji. Never intended as a faithful depiction of the deceased , the statue was placed in the tomb to substitute for the deceased. The statue is in the typical rigid style of the old kingdom with a voluminous wig.
  • Ancient Egyptian mummy of a canid, linen, Late Period, Ptolomaic Perios (722-30BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background<br />
<br />
A canid is a member of the dog family.
  • Ancient Egyptian mummy of the Roman Period - 1st cent BC to 2 cent AD. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus inner coffin of  singer Tabakenkhonsu, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri. Thebes, 2nd half of 21st Dynasty, 680–670 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The deceased is depicted with her hands rendered in high relief on top of a wesekh collar. a stylistic trait that allows the coffin to be dated from the late 21st Dynsaty. the inner coffin is of great quality depicting mythological scenes derived from the Book of the Dead spells.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus outer coffin of singer Tabakenkhonsu, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri, Thebes, 2nd half of 21st Dynasty, 680–670 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
The deceased is depicted with her hands rendered in high relief on top of a wesekh collar. a stylistic trait that allows the coffin to be dated from the late 21st Dynsaty. the outer coffin is of great quality depicting mythological scenes derived from the Book of the Dead spells.
  • Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus lid of Djehutymes, pink granite, 19th Dynasty (1279-1213 BC.) Thebes, Khokha, TT32. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
The lid of the coffin of Djehutymes, husband of singer Asset
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus lid of Ibi - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-610BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Ibi was overseer of the priests of Thebes and chief steward of Nitocris, Divine Adoratrice of Amon during the reign of Psamtek I. The sarcophagus lid shows his hands emerging from a shroud to grasp the dfed-pillar, which allows him to rise to his feet again after resurrection. The lid weighs more than a ton and is finely sculpted. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus lid of Ibi - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-610BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Ibi was overseer of the priests of Thebes and chief steward of Nitocris, Divine Adoratrice of Amon during the reign of Psamtek I. The sarcophagus lid shows his hands emerging from a shroud to grasp the dfed-pillar, which allows him to rise to his feet again after resurrection. The lid weighs more than a ton and is finely sculpted. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Ancient Egyptian greywacke sarcophagus of Vizier Gemenefherbak - late Period, 26th Dynasty (664-525BC). Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Gemenefherbak was a vizier, minister, as indicated by a pendant picturing the goddess Maat hanging around his neck in the shadow of his beard. Despite the hardness of the greywacke stone the sarcophagus is made from, its makers have shown incredible skill creating a sarcophagus with intricate detail and a highly polished finish.
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha -  inner coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  black background
  • Acient Egyptian sacophagus of Kha -  inner coffin from  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Cartonnage funerary mask from the Third Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty (944-1025BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Made from overlapping papyrus and cloth this cartonnage has been decorated with a weskh collar over which are depicted two crossed cloth strips that represent the last bandages of the deceased mummy wrappings. below this is depicted the rams head of god Amon-Ra against the out stretched wings of a vulture
  • Ancient Egyptian Cartonnage funerary mask from the Third Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty (944-1025BC).  Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background<br />
<br />
Made from overlapping papyrus and cloth this cartonnage has been decorated with a weskh collar over which are depicted two crossed cloth strips that represent the last bandages of the deceased mummy wrappings. below this is depicted the rams head of god Amon-Ra against the out stretched wings of a vulture
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi, Harwa circa 7th cent BC - Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 25nd Dynasty (7th cent BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin.  black background, <br />
<br />
Possibly the sarcophagus of the daughter of Tagiaset. There is a depiction of a wesekh collar around the neck.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the tomb of Tagiaset, Iuefdi & Harwa circa 22nd Dynasty (943 - 716 BC.) Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Turin. black background.<br />
<br />
Coffin lid of the eldest woman buried in the tomb, probably Tagiasettahekat, wife of Padiau. The sarcophagus decoration includes representation of strips crossed over her chest typical of "stoa coffin" of the 22nd dynasty.
  • Ancient Egyptian wooden sarcophagus - the coffin of Puia circa 1800BC - Thebes Necropolis. Egyptian Museum, Turin. Black background<br />
<br />
From about 100BC "anthropoid " sarcophagi with fihure shaped lids started to replace rectangular coffins. Pia was probably the son of Puyemre, a high official of Thebes and second priest of Amon under the woman pharoah, Hatshepsut (1479-1458). The sarcophagus was excavated by Robert Mond from a shaft grave found close to the tomb of Puyemre in Thebes Necropolis.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha & Merit, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - From  tomb of Kha, Theban Tomb 8 , mid-18th dynasty (1550 to 1292 BC), Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Ptolemaic Period (722-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Ptolemaic Period (722-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus  - Aaner Book of the Dead, Thebes - 21st Dynasty (1076-943C).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
During the 21st Dynasty the number of spells in Books of the Dead was often reduced in favour of decrative panels. small illustrated vignettes take up a large part of the papytus surface
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Early classical ancient Greek bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon, circa 450 BC. Athens National Arcjaeological Museum, cat no X15161. Black background<br />
<br />
This bronze statue was found in the sea off Cape Artemision in northern Euobea. Zeus or Poseidon is shown making a great stride. His lefy arm is extended forward and his righy arm extends back which would have held a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon. The identification of the statue is controversial though it ios more likely Zeus. <br />
<br />
It is one of the few preserved original statues of Severe Style, notable for the exuisite rendering of motion and anatomy. Iy is certainly the work of a great sculptor of the early ancient Greek Classical period
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • "Flying Machines" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Skipping ropes. Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Eyes  - Shifty Eyes -  Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Eyes  -  Artistic Eye -  Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Eyes  - their Eyes Met -  Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Eyes  - Wandering Eyes -. Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Foxgloves. Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Eyes  - Plank In His Eye - Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Ox Eye Daisy. Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Dire Straits Album Cover "On Every Street" - Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • "Flying Machines" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • "Flying Machines" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • "Flying Machines" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Shells” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting shells in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Self Portrait by Paul Williams.Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Keys. Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos by photographer Paul Williams,
  • Eyes - The apple of your eye -  Fine art Polarids prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “You Are What You Eat” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting raw food ingredients in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • Fine Art Black and White Pictures Wall Art Prints Polaroid Photos “Metal Morphosing” by photographer Paul Williams, depicting rusting metal objects in an abstract fine art photography prints series
  • "Flying Machines" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum. Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Minoan modified imported vase with added handles, Zakros Centural Sanctuary Complex  1500-1400 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan stone conical rhython with fluted decoration, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated jug with Marine style shell decoration, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan rhython with relief decoration, Zakros Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bull's head rhython libation vessel, Machlos 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  beak spouted rhython with nautilus, coral and seaweed design, Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Pithoid Amphora with decorations of interconnecting spirals, crocus flowers and reeds, Hagia Triada Royal Villa 1500-1540 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay male figurine in the attitude of worship, Chamezi 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay model shrine depicting a priestess playing the part of a goddess in a small single roomed house, Galatas 1700-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay round offering table with a high base and large cup with a goddess with 2 priestesses depiction , Phaistos 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • The Minoan clay burial pithos with skeleton in foetal,  Neopalatial period 1700-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background<br />
<br />
The body was placed in a foetal postion to aid insertion into the wide mouthed pithos
  • The Minoan decorated ritual Ewer From Poros with marine reliefs ,Poros Heraklion 1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background<br />
<br />
This elegant Ewer excavated from Poros is a fine example of the matute marine style of Minoan Ewer. The body is covered with  calligraphic network of dotted scale patterns, indicating the sea, in which nautili swim amongst rocks and seaweed. This style of Ewer was made in specialist workshops in the Knossos area and can be attributed to the same worksop that made ewers excavated from Zakros room IV-V. and another in Marseilles Museum
  • Minoan decorated conical rhython geometric design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum., black background
  • Minoan clay ritual vessel with figure of eight handles, Tomb of the Double Axes, Isopata 1450-1300 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms and a crown of snakes, Kannia Sanctuary,  Gortys, 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms and crown,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan  pottery bath tub  larnax decorated with a cow nursing a calf,  Episkopi-Lerapetra 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
To the Greeks, the Underworld was entered by water. As with many other Minoan bathtubs, this one was probably later used as a coffin to convey the deceased across the sea, where marine imagery would be equally appropriate. The two functions of bathtubs, bathing and burial, combine in the story of Agamemnon who, on return from Troy, was murdered by his wife and her lover in a silver bath.
  • Minoan linea A tablet recording flocks of sheep, goats, oxen and pigs at "wa-to",  1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan Stone jspouted bowl from the George of the Dead 3000-2000 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum , black background.<br />
<br />
In the 3rd milleneum BC the invetion of new tools made of metal allowed stone to be carved and polished to high standards. Harder stone could also be used for making stone vessels
  • Vasiliki Ware jug with characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Vasiliki Ware jug with characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Kamares "eggshell" ware cups with  with  polychrome decorations, from set found at Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
These cups found as parts of sets in Phaistos palace were names "eggshell" ware due to the very thin walls of the cups. This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware vessels  with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware spouted jug with 2 handles with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares "eggshell" ware cups with  with  polychrome decorations, from set found at Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
These cups found as parts of sets in Phaistos palace were names "eggshell" ware due to the very thin walls of the cups. This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware sputed jar  with elaborate polychrome  decorations , Knossos 1800-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found. This design is similar to pots found at Phaistos so they all probably came from the same workshop,
  • Luxury Minoan Kamares Ware ewer jug with polychrome decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware with polychrome decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware sup with bold geometric polychrome decorations , Phaistos 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan terracotta beak spouted libation jugs , Poros-Heraklion 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan terracotta beak spouted libation jugs , Poros-Heraklion 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated double ewer with crocus flower  design,  Poros Heraklion 1800-1650 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated Kamares  style jug with comncentric ring pattern, Poros cemetery 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated stirrup jar, Malia Palace 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated cup for export, Kommos Harbour 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated jug for export, Kommos Harbour 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan 'Sacred Knot" fresco wall art depicting the religious apotropaic symbol, Nirou Chani 1600-1450 BC . Heraklion Archaeological Museum., black background
  • Minoan clay cup decorted design, Speial Palatial Style , Knossos Palace 1500-1450 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan stone cult vessel from the  Knossos Palace Repositories 1650-1550 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Snake Goddess statue arms raised holding 2 snakes from the  Knossos-Temple Repositories 1650-1550 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
The snake goddess stauettes are the most important cult objects found in the Knossos Temple Repositories. Dressed in fine garmets with a close fitting bodice with large breats these goddesses represent fertility and the natural world.
  • Minoan decorated clay flask  from the  Knossos-Temple Repositories 1650-1550 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay basket shaped vessel with double axes decorations,  Special Palatial Tradition , Pseira  1500-1400 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  cult bronze double axe 'labrys' &  bronze spearhead from "warrior grave" at Knossos-Zafer Papoura,  1600-1400 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
In Minoan Crete, the double axe was an important sacred symbol of the supposed Minoan religion. In Crete it never accompanies male gods, only female goddesses. It seems that it was the symbol of the arche of the creation (Mater-arche).
  • "Day For Night No 12" - The Windmills overlooking  Chora town. Ios Cylcades Islands, Greece..  A black & white photo art seroes by photographer Paul E Williams.
  • "Day For Night No 14" - The Hill town of Chora, Ios, Greece, Cyclades Island..  A black & white photo art seroes by photographer Paul E Williams.
  • "At The Circus" a series of fine art abstract black and white photos. Fine art photography by art photographer Paul Williams
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 126 - what to say in the judgement before Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
Spell 125 instruct the deceased as to waht to say infront of Osiris and the Forty Two Judges in the Hall of Two Maat, the netherworlds Judgement Hall. <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 17 about the God Atum, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell is one of the ongest in the Book of the Dead and one of its most complex frequently used in many other Books of the Dead. It is about the nature of the creator God Atum and is meant to make sure the deceased is capable of demonstrating his of her knowledge of religious secrets<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Anciient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 30 for stopping the heart betraying the deceased at the tribunal of Osiris, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemai period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' Stand not against me as a witness, oppose me not in the Council, act not against me before the gods, outweigh me not before the great God, the Lord os the West"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 33 for keeping snakes away, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
the spell reads ' O Rerek! Move not! Behold Geb and Shu have risen against you, for you have eaten a mouse, the abomination of Re" you have crunched the bones of a putrified cat"<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 51 for not walking upside down in gods domain, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolomaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 81a assuming the form of a lotus associated with the sun god, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell reads " I am a pure lotus that has ascended by the Sinlight and ia at Ra's nose. I spend my time shedding it on Horus. I am the pure lotus that ascended from the field". <br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead papyrus - Spell 105 for gratifying the deceased with Ka, Iufankh's Book of the Dead, Ptolemaic period (332-30BC).Turin Egyptian Museum.  Black background<br />
<br />
The spell is " Hail to thee, my spirit, my lifetime. Behold I am come unto thee risen, powerful, posessed of a soul, mighty.<br />
<br />
You who weighs in the balance. may truth rise to the nose of Ra, on that day of judgement, ley not my head be taken away from me."<br />
<br />
The translation of  Iuefankh's Book of the Dead papyrus by Richard Lepsius marked a truning point in the studies of ancient Egyptian funereal studies.
  • The Minoan clay burial pithos with skeleton in foetal,  Neopalatial period 1700-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background<br />
<br />
The body was placed in a foetal postion to aid insertion into the wide mouthed pithos
  • Minoan  decorated rhython libation vessel with ring design, Gournia 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated conical  rhython libation vessel, Gournia 1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated stirrup jar with swirl design, Zakros Palace  1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Elaborate Minoan amphora  of veined stone with double mouth and s shaped handles, Zakros Central Sanctuary  1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan marble conical rhython, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan stone bottle with carved fluted decoration, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background..
  • Minoan Clorite rhython with traces of guilding depicting goats in an open air sanctuary, Zakros Palace  1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background..<br />
<br />
The snctuary is delimited by a tripartite facade with a doorway, decorated with spirals and four posts. An enclosure has walls with horns of consecration. Inside are two altars and a podium
  • Minoan marble conical rhython, Zakros 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan marble single handled jug, Zakros Centural Sanctuary Complex  1500-1400 BC;  Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan small luxury rock crystal rhython with a handle of crstal deads and guilded ivory, Zakros Centural Sanctuary Complex  1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan marble fluted chalice with fine four fold walls, Zakros central sanctuary complex 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan stone chalice made of spotted Nisyros Obsidian, Zakros central sanctuary complex 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay vase with figure of eighy handles, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Unusual Minoan  rhython  libation vessel consisting of hollow rings, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan long spouted rhython decorated with a pomegranate, Zakros Palace  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay cup decorated with reeds, Zakros Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan rhython with painted decoration, Zakros Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bridge spouted lidded jar decorated with flowers, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated cup with foliage, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan bridge spouted jars decorated with flowers, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bridge spouted jars decorated with swirls, Archanes Palace  1600-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  alabastron with zig zag design, Machlos 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan small bridge spouted jars decorated with lilies, Machlos 1500-1400 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  bull's head rhython libation vessel, Phaistos palace 1700-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan decorated jug with sun design, Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  ewer with dense reeds design, by the "Reed Painter" , Phaistos Palace 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan domestic libation vessel with the relief of a bull, Hagia Triada 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan domestic goddess figurine making gestures from the epiphany cycle, Hagia Triada 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  beak spouted jug with double axe and sacred knot  decoration, Hagia Triada Royal Villa 1500-1540 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  ritual vessel with figure of eight handles imitating Egyptian prototypes, Hagia Triada Royal Villa 1500-1540 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  amphora imitating Egyptian prototypes, Hagia Triada Royal Villa 1500-1540 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay female figurine in the attitude of worship, Chamezi 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay male figurine in the attitude of worship, Chamezi 1900-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan clay model of a divine figure on a swing , Agia Triada 1700-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan luxury "teapot" with elaborate spout from Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan decorated bull shaped rhython (rhytha) for ritual liquid offerings, Phaistos 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  ritual decorated animal shaped rhython , Phaistos 1800-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan ritual rhython  with flower shaped mouth and decorations, Phaistos 1800-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan  ritual rhython with raised design, Phaistos 1800-1700 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan cly polychrome decorated storage pithos, Protopalatial period, Phaistos 1800-1650 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
The quality of Minoan pithoi of this period suggest that they were produced by specialised potters with considerable skill in the manufacture of large clay conatiners. They were used for the staorage of agricultural products and the number and size of the pithoi found during this Portopalatial period indicate increased production of farmers.
  • The Minoan terracotta rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes)  figurine, Piskokephalo,  1650-1500 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan decorated jug with elaborate design, Palaikastro,  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan decorated jug decorated with stylised papyrus, Palaikastro,  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan decorated conical rhython with Marine style stylised octopus design,   Palaikastro 1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan 2 handled flask with Marine style stylised octopus design,   Palaikastro,  1500-1450 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan domestic vessels, a decorated jug, Early Protopalatial period,  2100-1900 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan domestic vessels, a bowl on stand, Early Protopalatial period, Knossos,  2100-1900 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan spouted jug with floral design , Kamilari 1500-1300  BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • The Minoan decorated clay alabastron burial vessels with geometric design , Kamilari 1500-1300  BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated ritual ewer with a sacral knot relief , Konssos-Little Palace 1450-1370 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated bag shaped clay alabastra , Konssos-Little Palace 1450-1370 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, white background, black background
  • Minoan decoratedmale figure shaped jug  , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated jug  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum , black background
  • Minoan decorated jug  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with stylised floral design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with stylised octopus design , Konssos  'Unexplored Mansion" 1450-1370 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated flask with concentric decorative bands design , Konssos  Temple Tomb 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated two handled Ephyraean goblet  with geometric design , Konssos  Temple Tomb 1400-1250 BC; 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated pithos stirrup jar with floral design , Zafer Papoura 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated jug with geometric design , Zafer Papoura 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan decorated pithos stirrup jar , Zafer Papoura 1400-1250 BC; Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan clay ritual vessel with figure of eight handles, Isopata 1450-1300 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan clay ritual vessel with figure of eight handles, Isopata 1450-1300 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan shell shaped alabaster libation vessel  with pouring spout at top, Phaistos-Kalyvia 1400-1300 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess tablet with raised arms, Kannia Sanctuary,  Gortys, 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms holding snakes, Kannia Sanctuary,  Gortys, 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms, Kannia Sanctuary,  Gortys, 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan cult model of a 3 wheeled chariot drawn by a bull with a charioteer,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
During this period both Minoan and Mycenaean graves were found in Karphi snctuary so these cult gods are attributable to both cultures
  • Minoan cult svoitive tablet,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
During this period both Minoan and Mycenaean graves were found in Karphi snctuary so these cult gods are attributable to both cultures
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms and horn crown,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  "Poppy goddess: statue with raised arms and poppy seed crown,  Karphi Sanctuary 1300-1200 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The "Poppy Goddess" statuye is crowned with opium poppy seed heads. As opium is a hallucinogen that also sedates and has healing properties, experts assume this was the goddess of pain relief and healing/ During this period both Minoan and Mycenaean graves were found in Karphi snctuary so these cult gods are attributable to both cultures
  • Minoan Postpalatial terracotta  goddess statue with raised arms and bird crown,  Karphi Sanctuary 1200-1100 BC, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, black background. <br />
<br />
The Goddesses are crowned with symbols of earth and sky in the shapes of snakes and birds, describing attributes of the goddess as protector of nature.
  • Minoan  pottery bath tub  larnax decorated with stylised octopuses,  Episkopi-Lerapetra 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
To the Greeks, the Underworld was entered by water. As with many other Minoan bathtubs, this one was probably later used as a coffin to convey the deceased across the sea, where marine imagery would be equally appropriate. The two functions of bathtubs, bathing and burial, combine in the story of Agamemnon who, on return from Troy, was murdered by his wife and her lover in a silver bath.
  • Minoan  pottery bath tub larnax decorated with a stylised crocus flower ,  Episkopi-Lerapetra 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
To the Greeks, the Underworld was entered by water. As with many other Minoan bathtubs, this one was probably later used as a coffin to convey the deceased across the sea, where marine imagery would be equally appropriate. The two functions of bathtubs, bathing and burial, combine in the story of Agamemnon who, on return from Troy, was murdered by his wife and her lover in a silver bath.
  • Minoan  pottery bath tub larnax decorated with a stylised crocus flower ,  Episkopi-Lerapetra 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
To the Greeks, the Underworld was entered by water. As with many other Minoan bathtubs, this one was probably later used as a coffin to convey the deceased across the sea, where marine imagery would be equally appropriate. The two functions of bathtubs, bathing and burial, combine in the story of Agamemnon who, on return from Troy, was murdered by his wife and her lover in a silver bath.
  • Minoan  pottery bath tub  larnax decorated with stylised octopuses,  Episkopi-Lerapetra 1350-1250 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
To the Greeks, the Underworld was entered by water. As with many other Minoan bathtubs, this one was probably later used as a coffin to convey the deceased across the sea, where marine imagery would be equally appropriate. The two functions of bathtubs, bathing and burial, combine in the story of Agamemnon who, on return from Troy, was murdered by his wife and her lover in a silver bath.
  • Minoan linea A tablets recording flocks of sheep and other animals and wool produced,  1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan linea A tablet recording wool produced by the flock of the goddess Potnia,  1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan linea A tablet recording flocks of sheep, goats, oxen and pigs at "si-ra-ro",  1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan linea A tablet with administative list of male names,  Knossos 1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan linea A tablet with administative script,  Knossos 1800-1450 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Neolithic Cretian portable clay oven open kiln fired at Knossos,  4500-3000 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Neolithic Cretian clay single handled cup open kiln fired at Knossos,  4500-3000 BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Very early Minoan single handled jug butial goods, Pygros burial cave,  3000-2600 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Very early Minoan boat shped pot with white and red linear motifs,  vaulted tombs Lebena 3000-2100 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
Made of grey clay these pots are the earliest found in the Lebena vaulted tombs
  • Very early unusual Minoan horned pot with white and red linear motifs,  vaulted tombs Lebena 3000-2100 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
Made of grey clay these pots are the earliest found in the Lebena vaulted tombs
  • Very early Minoan rounded 2 handled pot with white and red linear motifs,  vaulted tombs Lebena 3000-2100 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
Made of grey clay these pots are the earliest found in the Lebena vaulted tombs
  • Very early Minoan round pot with white and red linear motifs,  vaulted tombs Lebena 3000-2100 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
Made of grey clay these pots are the earliest found in the Lebena vaulted tombs
  • Early Minoan model consecration bull horns,  Michlos Cemetery 2600-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan clay decorated "teapot" with elongated spout,  Michlos Cemetery 2600-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan rounded teapot with typical brownish red painted bhatched lines,  Hagios Onouphrios 2900-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan decorated clay jugs ,  Michlos Cemetery 2600-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan decorated clay jugs ,  Michlos Cemetery 2600-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan rounded jug with typical brownish red painted converging daigonal lines,  Hagios Onouphrios 2900-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Early Minoan round bronze box with intricate pattern on lid,  George of the Dead 2600-2300 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum,, black background .
  • Early Minoan Stone jug from the George of the Dead 3000-2000 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum , black background.<br />
<br />
In the 3rd milleneum BC the invetion of new tools made of metal allowed stone to be carved and polished to high standards. Harder stone could also be used for making stone vessels
  • Vasiliki Ware "teapot" with elongated spot and characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Vasiliki Ware jug with characteristic mottled decorations,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Vasiliki Ware long spouted "teapots", Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Vasiliki Ware long spouted "teapots", Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Vasiliki Ware spouted jar,  Vasiliki 2300-1900 BC BC, Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.
  • Minoan Kamares Ware vessels  with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found
  • Minoan Kamares Ware vessels  with  polychrome decorations, Phaistos Palace 1800-1600 BC; Heraklion Archaeological  Museum, black background.<br />
<br />
This style of pottery is named afetr Kamares cave where this style of pottery was first found

FunkyStock Picture Library Resource

Picture The Past

ABOUT

FunkyStock Picture Library free resource for professional editorial picture editors, picture researchers, historical scholars and students and enthusiasts who want to browse some of the best pictures and images of historic countries, historical places, archaeological sites and the very best museum antiquities and artefacts exhibits in Europe and the Middle East.

Pictures and Images can be downloaded or bought as stock photos or photo art prints.

COUNTRIES

Browse travel pictures and images of historic places and archaeological sites of countries in Europe and the Middle East.

VIEW COUNTRIES INDEX....

HISTORICAL

Explore the past through pictures and images of its historic places. See the great palaces, castles and cities of antiquity as well as the great archaeological sites where our ancestors made history.

EXPLORE HISTORICAL PLACES...

MUSEUMS

Browse pictures & images the treasured artefacts and antiquities exhibits from the great Museum of Europe and the Middle East. See the art and objects made by our ancestors.

SEE MUESEUM ANTIQUITIES....