• Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Christ Pantocrator. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing the apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Apse of Saint Peter de la Seu d'Urgell<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas<br />
From the church of St. Peter currently dedicated to St. Michael and St. Peter Cathedral group of Seu d'Urgell (Alt Urgell)<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board Campaign 1919-1923<br />
MNAC 15867<br />
<br />
<br />
The apse is the most important part of the church as it was where the altar was located. The apse of La Seu d'Urgell like most Romanesque apses was decorated with frescoes of a Theophany (referring to images of the Incarnation of Jesus).High up in the semi circular cupola of the apse is a large image of Christ in Majesty, or Christ Pantocrator, in a mandorla, a pointed verticle oval shaped aureola which surrounds the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary in traditional Christian art.  This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. In the middle register is are a series of  frescoes of the Apostles and the figure of Mary. The lower register, which has not been preserved, must have been painted curtains that imitated luxury fabrics.
  • Apse of Saint Peter de la Seu d'Urgell<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas<br />
From the church of St. Peter currently dedicated to St. Michael and St. Peter Cathedral group of Seu d'Urgell (Alt Urgell)<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board Campaign 1919-1923<br />
MNAC 15867<br />
<br />
<br />
The apse is the most important part of the church as it was where the altar was located. The apse of La Seu d'Urgell like most Romanesque apses was decorated with frescoes of a Theophany (referring to images of the Incarnation of Jesus).High up in the semi circular cupola of the apse is a large image of Christ in Majesty, or Christ Pantocrator, in a mandorla, a pointed verticle oval shaped aureola which surrounds the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary in traditional Christian art.  This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. In the middle register is are a series of  frescoes of the Apostles and the figure of Mary. The lower register, which has not been preserved, must have been painted curtains that imitated luxury fabrics.
  • Romanesque frescoes of a Griffen typical of Catalan Court painting from 1200. From the ancient monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Buros, Spain. Painted around 1210. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 40142
  • Twelfth Century Romanesque fresco of Christ Pentocrator (In Majesty) from the Apse of the church of Sant Vicenc *Vincent) de Cardona, Barges, Spain. Painted around 1200. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 200715
  • Romanesque frescoes depicting the Apostles from the Church of Sant Miguel d’Engolasters, Les Escaldes, Andorra.. Painted around 1160. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15972
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque frescoes from the Church of Sant Clement de Taull, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain. Painted around 1123 depicting The virgin Mary and the Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15806
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being taken dwon fron the Cross and laid in a tomb. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • The Stoning of St. Stephen<br />
<br />
Circa 1100s<br />
<br />
Fresco Transfer to canvas<br />
<br />
From the Church of Saint Joan Boi, Val de Boi, High Ribagorca, Pyranese, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquired in 1919-1923 by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona.<br />
MNAC 15953<br />
<br />
The 12th century fresco of the Stoning of St. Stephen is one of the best scenes in the mural decoration Boi. The interest in narrative and dynamism are characteristic of a pictorial style of the Poitiers region of France, which is also linked with the rich Limousin painting of the late eleventh century. From the iconographic point of view, the scene is an early example of the interest of Romanesque art to the lives of saints. St Joan de Boi is a UNESCO World Hertiage Site.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Christ Pantocrator. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Apse of Saint Peter de la Seu d'Urgell<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
Fresco transferred to canvas<br />
From the church of St. Peter currently dedicated to St. Michael and St. Peter Cathedral group of Seu d'Urgell (Alt Urgell)<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board Campaign 1919-1923<br />
MNAC 15867<br />
<br />
<br />
The apse is the most important part of the church as it was where the altar was located. The apse of La Seu d'Urgell like most Romanesque apses was decorated with frescoes of a Theophany (referring to images of the Incarnation of Jesus).High up in the semi circular cupola of the apse is a large image of Christ in Majesty, or Christ Pantocrator, in a mandorla, a pointed verticle oval shaped aureola which surrounds the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary in traditional Christian art.  This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. In the middle register is are a series of  frescoes of the Apostles and the figure of Mary. The lower register, which has not been preserved, must have been painted curtains that imitated luxury fabrics.
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Lucanian fresco tomb painting of the deceased collecting pomegranates. Paestrum, Andriuolo. 3rd Century BC
  • Lucanian fresco tomb painting of the deceased holding a pomegranate. Paestrum, Andriuolo. 3rd Century BC
  • Lucanian fresco tomb painting of a man hunting deer with a wreath of pomegranates in the top panel. Paestrum, Andriuolo. Tomb n. 1 Plundered Furnishings.  (375-350 BC)
  • Lucanian fresco tomb painting of men dualing . Paestrum, Andriuolo. 3rd Century BC
  • Lucanian fresco tomb painting of a man hunting a deer . Paestrum, Andriuolo. Tomb n. 18.  ( 370-360 BC )
  • Greek Fresco on the inside of Tomb of  the Diver  [La Tomba del Truffatore]. The tomb is painted with the true fresco technique and its importance lies in being "the only example of Greek painting with figured scenes dating from the Orientalizing, Archaic, or Classical periods to survive in its entirety. This panel from the short side of the tomb shows a man with a wreathed wine crater . Paestrum, Andriuolo.  (480-470 BC  )
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Traditional wooden Székely ( Szekely ) gates in a Szekely village near Cluj, Eastern Transylvania. Carved with folk art & painted the Szekely gate also has dove cotes above the gate.
  • Tombstone showing a couple threshing wheat, The  Merry Cemetery ( Cimitirul Vesel ),  Săpânţa, Maramares, Northern Transylvania, Romania.  The naive folk art style of the tombstones created by woodcarver  Stan Ioan Pătraş (1909 - 1977) who created in his lifetime over 700 colourfully painted wooden tombstones with small relief portrait carvings of the deceased or with scenes depicting them at work or play or surprisingly showing the violent accident that killed them. Each tombstone has an inscription about the person, sometimes a light hearted  limerick in Romanian.
  • Tombstone showing a man on his horse, The  Merry Cemetery ( Cimitirul Vesel ),  Săpânţa, Maramares, Northern Transylvania, Romania.  The naive folk art style of the tombstones created by woodcarver  Stan Ioan Pătraş (1909 - 1977) who created in his lifetime over 700 colourfully painted wooden tombstones with small relief portrait carvings of the deceased or with scenes depicting them at work or play or surprisingly showing the violent accident that killed them. Each tombstone has an inscription about the person, sometimes a light hearted  limerick in Romanian.
  • Tombstone of a lorry owner,  The  Merry Cemetery ( Cimitirul Vesel ),  Săpânţa, Maramares, Northern Transylvania, Romania.  The naive folk art style of the tombstones created by woodcarver  Stan Ioan Pătraş (1909 - 1977) who created in his lifetime over 700 colourfully painted wooden tombstones with small relief portrait carvings of the deceased or with scenes depicting them at work or play or surprisingly showing the violent accident that killed them. Each tombstone has an inscription about the person, sometimes a light hearted  limerick in Romanian.
  • Tombstone of a washer women,  The  Merry Cemetery ( Cimitirul Vesel ),  Săpânţa, Maramares, Northern Transylvania, Romania.  The naive folk art style of the tombstones created by woodcarver  Stan Ioan Pătraş (1909 - 1977) who created in his lifetime over 700 colourfully painted wooden tombstones with small relief portrait carvings of the deceased or with scenes depicting them at work or play or surprisingly showing the violent accident that killed them. Each tombstone has an inscription about the person, sometimes a light hearted  limerick in Romanian.
  • Tombstone of a fruit farmer,  The  Merry Cemetery ( Cimitirul Vesel ),  Săpânţa, Maramares, Northern Transylvania, Romania.  The naive folk art style of the tombstones created by woodcarver  Stan Ioan Pătraş (1909 - 1977) who created in his lifetime over 700 colourfully painted wooden tombstones with small relief portrait carvings of the deceased or with scenes depicting them at work or play or surprisingly showing the violent accident that killed them. Each tombstone has an inscription about the person, sometimes a light hearted  limerick in Romanian.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of " Spring "  from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.  Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Minoan Fresco wall painting of goats from Minoan Bronze Age settlement  of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thira, Santorini, Greece.. Athens Archaeological Museum.
  • Ushabti box of Sched-es-en-mut. Egyptian painted wooden box panel of the deceased in front of a tree goddess, 1540-1075 BC . Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM630
  • Ushabti box of Sched-es-en-mut. Egyptian painted wooden box panel of the deceased in front of a tree goddess, 1540-1075 BC . Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM630
  • Ushabti box of Sched-es-en-mut. Egyptian painted wooden box panel of the deceased in front of a tree goddess, 1540-1075 BC . Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM630
  • Ushabti box of Sched-es-en-mut. Egyptian painted wooden box panel of the deceased in front of a tree goddess, 1540-1075 BC . Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM630
  • Ushabti box of Sched-es-en-mut. Egyptian painted wooden box panel of the deceased in front of a tree goddess, 1540-1075 BC . Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM630
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied Pharaoh Amenhotep I . 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. 11152-1145BC, Thebes. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2061
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues Reiche Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • Egyptian painting on stucco of the defied queen Ahmose-Nofretari. 11152-1145BC, Thebes, Grab Nr 359. Neues  Museum, Berlin. Cat No AM2060
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting Pan and  Hermaphrodite,  Naples National Archaeological, 50-79 AD , inv no 27700 , Naples National Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting Pan and  Hermaphrodite,  Naples National Archaeological, 50-79 AD , inv no 27700 , Naples National Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • Roman fresco of the divine lovers Venus and Mars, Naples National Archaeological Museum , one of the best paintings excavated from Pompeii, from the house of Venus and Mars (VII 9 47), inv 9248,
  • Roman fresco of the divine lovers Venus and Mars, Naples National Archaeological Museum , one of the best paintings excavated from Pompeii, from the house of Venus and Mars (VII 9 47), inv 9248,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD ,  Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD ,  Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting satyr caressing a maiden,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting satyr caressing a maiden,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting satyr caressing a maiden,  Naples National Archaeological, 1st cent AD , from the Casa di L Cecilio Giocondo, inv no 110590 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite,  Naples National Archaeological  from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite,  Naples National Archaeological  from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii depicting Satyr caressing Hermaphrodite,  Naples National Archaeological  from the tablium of the Casa di Epidio Sabino, inv no 27875 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • A Roman erotic fresco painting from Pompeii,  Naples National Archaeological Museum , form the venereum, a room for sexual activities, of Casa di Cecilio Giocondo 50-79 AD  , inv no 10569 , Secret Museum or Secret Cabinet,
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, Naples National Archaeological Museum, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 ,
  • Roman Nero Period fresco wall painting of Perseus and Andromeda, Naples National Archaeological Museum, from a house in the Insula Occidentalis at Pompeii , inv 9058 ,
  • Roman fresco wall painting of Ariadne fast asleep on a bed of seaweed does not realise that Theseus is about to abandon her and sailaway on a ship to Athens, Pompeii House of colored Capitals, VII,31-51, inv 9052 , Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a white background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a black background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a grey background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a gray mottled background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a white background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a black background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a grey background
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara
  • painted leopard relief. The people of Catalhoyuk had a special religious meaning with leopards. These platered reliefs have many coats of plater indicating their long term importance. 6000 BC,  Catalhoyuk Collections. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Against a gray mottled background
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The men are hunting a deer and pulling on its tounge to disable it. The hunters are believed by scholors to be wearing leopard skin costumes, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The men are hunting a deer and pulling on its tounge to disable it. The hunters are believed by scholors to be wearing leopard skin costumes, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The men are hunting a boar. The hunters are believed by scholors to be wearing leopard skin costumes, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Reconstruction of a geometric wall painting of building 77 of the north area, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontruction of a wall painting found in building no 2 of the north area. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The hunters are believed by scholors to be wearing leopard skin costumes, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Close up of a recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The men are hunting an animal. Reconstructed houses, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Close up of a recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The men are hunting a deer and pulling on its tounge to disable it. The hunters are believed by scholors to be wearing leopard skin costumes, Reconstructed houses, Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Close up of a recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk. The depicted men are wearing what scolars believe were leopard skin costumes. Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk depicting two animals being hunted. The men are wearing what scolars believe were leopard skin costumes. Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk depicting two animals being hunted. The men are wearing what scolars believe were leopard skin costumes. Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Recontructed fresco of an original found at Catalhoyuk depicting two animals being hunted. The men are wearing what scolars believe were leopard skin costumes. Painted by Mutlu Gundiler. Reconstructed houses, 7500 BC to 5700 BC, Catalyhoyuk Archaeological Site, Çumra, Konya, Turkey
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Child and Goose - a 1st or 2nd century Roman sculpture from Villa des Quintilii on the Appia Way south of Rome, Italy. Three other similar versions of this Roman sculpture can be found in the Vatican, music and Geneva. The sculpture is attributed to Boethos who was a 2nd century sculptor.  The Braschi Collection, Inv No. MR168 (Usual No Ma 40), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Child and Goose - a 1st or 2nd century Roman sculpture from Villa des Quintilii on the Appia Way south of Rome, Italy. Three other similar versions of this Roman sculpture can be found in the Vatican, music and Geneva. The sculpture is attributed to Boethos who was a 2nd century sculptor.  The Braschi Collection, Inv No. MR168 (Usual No Ma 40), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Child and Goose - a 1st or 2nd century Roman sculpture from Villa des Quintilii on the Appia Way south of Rome, Italy. Three other similar versions of this Roman sculpture can be found in the Vatican, music and Geneva. The sculpture is attributed to Boethos who was a 2nd century sculptor.  The Braschi Collection, Inv No. MR168 (Usual No Ma 40), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Child and Goose - a 1st or 2nd century Roman sculpture from Villa des Quintilii on the Appia Way south of Rome, Italy. Three other similar versions of this Roman sculpture can be found in the Vatican, music and Geneva. The sculpture is attributed to Boethos who was a 2nd century sculptor.  The Braschi Collection, Inv No. MR168 (Usual No Ma 40), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Nymph with a shell ( Nymphe a la coquille ) a 1st century marble statue from Italy which was part of the Borghese collection . Louvre Museum, Paris Cat No MR 309. <br />
The Nymph with a shell statue was much admired in the 17th century and influenced such art its as Velasquez. The statue symbolises a carefree childhood and the fact that terracotta versions have been found in tombs suggests that the statue was associated with the injustice of death or of a rebirth.
  • Painted colour verion of a Nymph with a shell ( Nymphe a la coquille ) a 1st century marble statue from Italy which was part of the Borghese collection . Louvre Museum, Paris Cat No MR 309. <br />
The Nymph with a shell statue was much admired in the 17th century and influenced such art its as Velasquez. The statue symbolises a carefree childhood and the fact that terracotta versions have been found in tombs suggests that the statue was associated with the injustice of death or of a rebirth.
  • Painted colour verion of a Nymph with a shell ( Nymphe a la coquille ) a 1st century marble statue from Italy which was part of the Borghese collection . Louvre Museum, Paris Cat No MR 309. <br />
The Nymph with a shell statue was much admired in the 17th century and influenced such art its as Velasquez. The statue symbolises a carefree childhood and the fact that terracotta versions have been found in tombs suggests that the statue was associated with the injustice of death or of a rebirth.
  • Painted colour verion of a Nymph with a shell ( Nymphe a la coquille ) a 1st century marble statue from Italy which was part of the Borghese collection . Louvre Museum, Paris Cat No MR 309. <br />
The Nymph with a shell statue was much admired in the 17th century and influenced such art its as Velasquez. The statue symbolises a carefree childhood and the fact that terracotta versions have been found in tombs suggests that the statue was associated with the injustice of death or of a rebirth.
  • Painted colour verion of a Nymph with a shell ( Nymphe a la coquille ) a 1st century marble statue from Italy which was part of the Borghese collection . Louvre Museum, Paris Cat No MR 309. <br />
The Nymph with a shell statue was much admired in the 17th century and influenced such art its as Velasquez. The statue symbolises a carefree childhood and the fact that terracotta versions have been found in tombs suggests that the statue was associated with the injustice of death or of a rebirth.
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue of  Atalanta a 2nd century Roman sculpture restored in the 17th century. Atalanta  is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.. The Mazarin Collection  Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue of  Atalanta a 2nd century Roman sculpture restored in the 17th century. Atalanta  is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.. The Mazarin Collection  Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue of  Atalanta a 2nd century Roman sculpture restored in the 17th century. Atalanta  is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.. The Mazarin Collection  Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue of  Atalanta a 2nd century Roman sculpture restored in the 17th century. Atalanta  is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.. The Mazarin Collection  Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Artemis and a deer, known as "Diana of Versailles”, a 1st - 2nd century Roman statue in marble probably from Italy.  Artemis, Diana to the Romans, is goddess of the hunt, is accompanied by a deer.  The Diana of Versailles, similar to other Roman replicas was found in Libya or Turkey and was copied from a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 BC .  First the statue was at Fontainbleau then the Louvre ancient hall and finally it went to Versailles. From the collection of Louis XIV, Pope Paul IV and Henry II (1556) . Inv MR 152 ( or Ma 589), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Artemis and a deer, known as "Diana of Versailles”, a 1st - 2nd century Roman statue in marble probably from Italy.  Artemis, Diana to the Romans, is goddess of the hunt, is accompanied by a deer.  The Diana of Versailles, similar to other Roman replicas was found in Libya or Turkey and was copied from a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 BC .  First the statue was at Fontainbleau then the Louvre ancient hall and finally it went to Versailles. From the collection of Louis XIV, Pope Paul IV and Henry II (1556) . Inv MR 152 ( or Ma 589), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of Artemis and a deer, known as "Diana of Versailles”, a 1st - 2nd century Roman statue in marble probably from Italy.  Artemis, Diana to the Romans, is goddess of the hunt, is accompanied by a deer.  The Diana of Versailles, similar to other Roman replicas was found in Libya or Turkey and was copied from a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 BC .  First the statue was at Fontainbleau then the Louvre ancient hall and finally it went to Versailles. From the collection of Louis XIV, Pope Paul IV and Henry II (1556) . Inv MR 152 ( or Ma 589), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of Artemis and a deer, known as "Diana of Versailles”, a 1st - 2nd century Roman statue in marble probably from Italy.  Artemis, Diana to the Romans, is goddess of the hunt, is accompanied by a deer.  The Diana of Versailles, similar to other Roman replicas was found in Libya or Turkey and was copied from a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 BC .  First the statue was at Fontainbleau then the Louvre ancient hall and finally it went to Versailles. From the collection of Louis XIV, Pope Paul IV and Henry II (1556) . Inv MR 152 ( or Ma 589), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095,  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095,  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095,  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite 2nd - 1st century BC Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Marine Venus' Type with a dolphin, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, white background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite 2nd - 1st century BC Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Marine Venus' Type with a dolphin, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, white background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite 2nd - 1st century BC Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Marine Venus' Type with a dolphin, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, white background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite 2nd - 1st century BC Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Marine Venus' Type with a dolphin, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, white background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Claudius 41-54 AD, inv 6068, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Claudius 41-54 AD, inv 6068, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Claudius 41-54 AD, inv 6068, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Claudius 41-54 AD, inv 6068, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman sculpture of Pothos, a copy of a 4th century BC Greek original attributed to Skopas of Paros, inv no 6253, The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman sculpture of Pothos, a copy of a 4th century BC Greek original attributed to Skopas of Paros, inv no 6253, The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of cryptoporticus A  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The paintings in the long corridor, which got light only from small high-placed windows, are on a white background. The illusionistic decoration shows a row of columns on a high socle decorated with "grottesche". In the background, pictures alternating theatrical scenes, scenes of worship, and landscapes seem to hang on a wall divided by pilasters. Some of the scenes are probably later restorations of the originals. <br />
In the upper part a loggia holding sphinxes and statues of divinities rests on caryatids (architectural supports in the form of female figures). <br />
Because there was limited time for excavation, only the more important decorative elements were removed from the walls. A drawing on the modern base on which the fragments are inserted gives an idea of the effect of the whole, which is known to us from a watercolor done at the time.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Bedroom B, the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of the Triclinium C, Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
In the center of the dining room was a table, with three couches (klinai in Greek, hence the name "triclinium") on which the diners reclined as they ate. The southern exposure of the room and its main color suggest it was meant to be used in the winter. The architect Vitruvius, writing in the 1st century after Christ, recommends a dark background that will absorb heat to make the rooms warmer in cold weather. The black color (atramentum), made from a mixture of charcoal and glue, was resistant to smoke from the fire and soot from the lamps. On the dark background delicate landscapes are painted in light colors: cityscapes with buildings, arches, and gateways, and rural scenes showing huts, animals, and rustic shrines. The lavish decoration is broken up by slender columns festooned with ivy. The capitals are crowned by graceful female figures (caryatids). A frieze at eye level has scenes in which the same figures keep reappearing: popular tales depicted in a lively fashion. The scenes of the frieze start with the rear of the right wall. Also on this wall, near the doorway. can be seen a restoration made in antiquity to close off another entrance. We can identify a part of the polychrome mosaic pavement of this room. with meanders and stacked cubes rendered in perspective. The modem arrangement does not reproduce the or final. but is intended to suggest the effect of the pavement in the room
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Bedroom B  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy.<br />
<br />
The bedroom (cubiculum). an intimate space with a bed (kline), divided into antechamber and bed alcove, has a rich decoration whose dominant color is the expensive cinnabar red. Architectural elements rendered in perspective complete with shadows are the setting for representations of pictures hung on the walls, which give the impression of an art gallery. Painted aedicula frame on the left wall the toilette of Aphrodite, on the right Dionysos with the nymphs of Mt. Nysa, to whom Zeus had entrusted the care of his baby son. Other small pictures, shown with illusionistic wooden protective shutters, present scenes of interiors and pairs of lovers. Fantastic ornamental figures and Egyptian gods, like Isis and Juppiter Ammon, cover the walls. The barrel vault in pure white stucco is decorated with reliefs showing scenes of initiation into the mysteries and idylic landscapes with sacred elements.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a white background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a black background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against a grey background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.
  • Roman fresco wall decorations of Viridarium L  of the Villa Farnesia, Rome. Museo Nazionale Romano ( National Roman Museum), Rome, Italy. Against an art background.<br />
<br />
Rooms B and D, clearly bedrooms (cubicula), were symmetrically arranged and projected farther forward than the large room C (the triclinium). They opened onto a rectangular unroofed space that must have been a garden (viridarium). This was a genuine hortus conclusus (enclosed garden). The walls that surrounded the real garden were decorated with a painted garden, like an extension of the real one. The south wall was decorated with the three panels shown here: within dense vegetation there are huts made of reeds, jetting fountains, and a marble seat. The most complete example of this kind of room is the one from the Villa of Livia (on display on this floor of the museum), the prototype for the fashion that spread throughout the Roman world of painting gardens on interior walls and around real garden spaces.

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