• Alaca Hoyuk Hittite monumental relief sculpted orthostat stone panel. Andesite, Alaca, Corum, 1399 - 1301 B.C. Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Hunters - A human figure with a spear in his hands attacking to a lion with two dogs helping him. The lion is on the defensive. One of the dogs has climbed on the back of the lion and bites it while the other attacks towards the lion's belly. The lion steps over the dog with its left hind foot.  Against a white background.
  • Alaca Hoyuk Hittite monumental relief sculpted orthostat stone panel. Andesite, Alaca, Corum, 1399 - 1301 B.C. Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Hunters - A human figure with a spear in his hands attacking to a lion with two dogs helping him. The lion is on the defensive. One of the dogs has climbed on the back of the lion and bites it while the other attacks towards the lion's belly. The lion steps over the dog with its left hind foot.  <br />
<br />
Against a black background.
  • Alaca Hoyuk Hittite monumental relief sculpted orthostat stone panel. Andesite, Alaca, Corum, 1399 - 1301 B.C. Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Hunters - A human figure with a spear in his hands attacking to a lion with two dogs helping him. The lion is on the defensive. One of the dogs has climbed on the back of the lion and bites it while the other attacks towards the lion's belly. The lion steps over the dog with its left hind foot.  <br />
<br />
Against a brown art background.
  • Alaca Hoyuk Hittite monumental relief sculpted orthostat stone panel. Andesite, Alaca, Corum, 1399 - 1301 B.C. Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara, Turkey.<br />
<br />
Hunters - A human figure with a spear in his hands attacking to a lion with two dogs helping him. The lion is on the defensive. One of the dogs has climbed on the back of the lion and bites it while the other attacks towards the lion's belly. The lion steps over the dog with its left hind foot.  <br />
<br />
Against a grey art background.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of an eagle headed protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room F, panel 3.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124584-5
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Christ Pantocrator  Wooden Panel from the Church of St. Martin de Tost, Circa 1220<br />
<br />
Tempera with stucco metallic leaf reliefs and on a wood panel.<br />
Church of St. Martin de Tost. Robera of Urgellet, Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: 3905 MNAC<br />
<br />
The wood panel comes from altar of St. Martin de Tost and shows Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The Tost panel is typical of the Catalan Romanesque painting.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq. The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq. The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room G, panelled d1. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 124576
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of a female protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124581
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  of a female protective spirit  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit  ref WA 124581
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit holdingpomegrantes from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room Z.  ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118874
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit with an eagles Head from Nimrud, Iraq.  The spirit is holding a symbolic fir cone and is sprinkling holy water from the bucket it is holding. The rosette bracelet worn around the wrist symbolises divine power. 865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room I. ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118921
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel of a protective spirit from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace, Room Z.  ref: British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit WA 118874
  • Assyrian relief sculpture panel  from Nimrud, Iraq.  865-860 B.C North West Palace.  British Museum Assyrian  Archaeological exhibit.
  • Altar of Esquius - Painted wooden panel<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century<br />
<br />
Probably comes from the ancient Chapel of Santa Maria of Besora Castle <br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: 65502 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
The use of valuable pigments (lapis lazuli, orpiment, cinabri) on the Altar panel, suggests that this front was painted in an important monastery scriptorium like Ripoll. The poetic inscription that runs around the mandorla surrounding Christ is very characteristic of the intellectual environment of Ripoll "This is the God of Alfa and Omega. Come, O merciful with Your mercy, and remove the chains of missery. Amen." This is flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle. The rest of the panel depicts the 12 apostles.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Altar of La Seu d'Urgell and the Apostles<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the twelfth century from a church in the diocese of Urgell, the whole poster espicopal of La Seu d'Urgell, Alt Urgell<br />
<br />
Aquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1905. Ref: 15803 MNAC.<br />
<br />
<br />
La Seu d'Urgell was an important center of Romanesque panel painting. This altar front is one of the best examples, and is also one of the oldest preserved painted panels in Catalonia. At its centre is Christ Pantocrator surrounded by a Mandorla. Either side of this are the 12 Apostles arranged in two unusual pyramid shaped groups of six. This altar panel is a fine example from the workshop Urgell and demostrates a high standard of technical ability and creativity.
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617.   Against white.
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617.   Against grey.
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Enamelled terracotta panel depicting Saint Anne, the Virgin Mary and Child with Saint Anthony made in the 2nd half of the 16th century by Santi Bugloni of Florence. This is a typical Tuscan theme of the period. Saint Anne was particularly venerated during the expulsion of the tyrant Gaultier de Brienne, Duke of Athens. .  Inv Camp 38,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Enamelled terracotta relief panel of Saint George sleighing the Dragon. Made in Florence around 1520. Inv RF 3096, The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Enamelled terracotta relief panel of the Ascension of Christ made around 1490 for the Cordoni chapel in the church of Saint Agostino in the Citta de Castello, Umbria, Italy by Andrea  della Robbia of Florence.  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Enamelled terracotta relief panel of the Virgin and Child with Cherubs by Andrea  della Robbia, Florence circa 1435-1525.  Inv  Campana 32,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Enamelled terracotta relief panel of the Virgin’s adoration of the Child in the presence of the infant Jean the Baptist by Andrea and Giovanni della Robbia, Florence circa 1500.  Inv LP 3410,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Detail of end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.. Plastercast at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey. Plastercast at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey. Plastercast at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Close up of end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.. Plastercast at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey . Plastercast at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing the apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617.   Against black.
  • Ancient Greek relief panel depicting the slaying of the Lernaian Hydra from the Labours of Hercules, Mylos, 3rd Cent BC Athens National Archaeological Museum. Cat no 3617.   Against grey.
  • End relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A,  Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Depictions of gods on the end relief panel of the 13th century BC Hittite religious rock carvings of Yazılıkaya Hittite rock sanctuary, chamber A, Hattusa, Bogazale, Turkey.
  • Enamelled terracotta relief panel of the Virgin and Child with two cherubs a copy of the “Madonna de l’Impuuneta” by Luca della Robbia, Florence 1399-1482).  Inv Campana 32,  The Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Romanesque painted Canopy of Tavèrnoles.<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century  from the ancient monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles valleys Valira Alt Urgell, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1906. Ref: 24060 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque canopy-type panel with its cut supporting beams still visible. The panel is decorated with a painted image of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator in a mandorla which is supported by four angelic figures that evoke the theme of the Ascension. The canopy was discovered in the early twentieth century in the monastery of St. Sernin Tavernoles, half hidden by a Gothic altarpiece.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows Archangel Michael fighting a dragon. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Berber Arabesque painted wood panel of the Marrakesh museum in the Dar Menebhi Palace, Marrakesh, Morocco
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows Archangel Michael fighting a dragon. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day.  The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel  shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing the apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Painted wooden panel of the Altar of d'Ix showing Christ Patocrator flanked by the 12 apostles. From the Church of Sanit Matin d'Ix, La Guinguetta d'Ix, Alta Cerdanya, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 15802.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day.  The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  This panel  shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • wood panel with The Virgin Mary and Child - Amalfi Cathedral Museum, Italy
  • wood panel with The Virgin Mary and Child - Amalfi Cathedral Museum, Italy
  • Pictures & Images Hittite relief sculpted orthostat panels of the Sphinx Gate. A king and Queen make offerings to a Bull God.  Alaca Hoyuk (Alacahoyuk) Hittite archaeological site  Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey, Also known as Alacahüyük, Aladja-Hoyuk, Euyuk, or Evuk
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figures of helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a White Background.
  • Pictures & Images Hittite relief sculpted orthostat panels of the Sphinx Gate, Alaca Hoyuk (Alacahoyuk) Hittite archaeological site  Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey, Also known as Alacahüyük, Aladja-Hoyuk, Euyuk, or Evuk
  • Pictures & Images Hittite relief sculpted orthostat panels of the Sphinx Gate. A king and Queen make offerings to a Bull God.  Alaca Hoyuk (Alacahoyuk) Hittite archaeological site  Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey, Also known as Alacahüyük, Aladja-Hoyuk, Euyuk, or Evuk
  • Pictures & Images Hittite relief sculpted orthostat panels of the Sphinx Gate. A king and Queen make offerings to a Bull God.  Alaca Hoyuk (Alacahoyuk) Hittite archaeological site  Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey, Also known as Alacahüyük, Aladja-Hoyuk, Euyuk, or Evuk
  • Picture & image of Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figures of helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a gray background.
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figures of helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a black background.
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figures of helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a grey art background.
  • Photo of Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figures of helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a brown art background.
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figure of two helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a White Background.
  • Picture & image of Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figure of two helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a gray background.
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figure of two helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a black background.
  • Photo of Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figure of two helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a brown art background.
  • Hittite sculpted orthostats panels of Long Wall Limestone, Karkamıs, (Kargamıs), Carchemish (Karkemish), 900-700 B.C. Soldiers. Anatolian Civilisations Museum, Ankara, Turkey<br />
<br />
Figure of two helmeted warriors. They have their shield in their back and their spear in their hand. The prisoner in their front is depicted as small. The lower part of the orthostat is decorated with braiding motifs. <br />
<br />
On a grey art background.
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Höyük, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakçagözü, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot wearing armour . Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Höyük, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakçagözü, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot wearing armour . Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat showing a man with a gazelle on the shoulders excavated from the Northern Hall at  Sam'al / Zincirli, Turkey. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no  VA3007
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Relief panels Orthostats with representation from court officials de front a vessel, the second supporting arms. Found in North Hall of Sam'al - Zincirli. Basalt 8th Century BC. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no 3000
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces of Sam'al - Zincirli. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2997, 2998, S6586
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels orthostat with representation by court officials, they served as a wall covering of palaces at the castle of Sam'al - Zincirli. Pergamon Museum, Berlin,
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Hoyuk, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakcagozu, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot. The soldiers in the chariot have armour as does the horse  The archer, probably the ruler, is under the protection of the gods, indicated by the winged sun above his head. Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Höyük, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakçagözü, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot wearing armour . Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Höyük, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakçagözü, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot wearing armour . Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Hoyuk, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakcagozu, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot. The soldiers in the chariot have armour as does the horse  The archer, probably the ruler, is under the protection of the gods, indicated by the winged sun above his head. Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Hoyuk, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakcagozu, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot. The soldiers in the chariot have armour as does the horse  The archer, probably the ruler, is under the protection of the gods, indicated by the winged sun above his head. Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Hoyuk, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakcagozu, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot. The soldiers in the chariot have armour as does the horse  The archer, probably the ruler, is under the protection of the gods, indicated by the winged sun above his head. Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels depicting a lion hunt found in the palace district in the ruins of Coba Hoyuk, also known as Sakçe Gözü or Sakcagozu, archaeological site in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.  Warriors are fighting with the lion from a chariot and on foot. The soldiers in the chariot have armour as does the horse  The archer, probably the ruler, is under the protection of the gods, indicated by the winged sun above his head. Basalt to 750 BC, The Pergamon Museum, Berlin inv no VA 971
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib. Above his head each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from northern part of the hall at the Palace of Sam 'al - Zincirli. On the throne sits the Prince Barrakib, before him stands a scribe with his pen with a writing board under his arm. Above their heads each side of a crescent moon  are inscriptions in Aramaic "I am Barrakib, son of Panammuwa" and the inscription "My Lord of the Ba 'al of Harran" with symbols of the moon god.Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC.  Pergamon Museum, Berlin, inv no VA2817
  • Relief panels orthostat from Sam 'al /Zincirli. Neo Syro Hittite.  Basalt around 730 BC. Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of Royal Chariot & Guards  from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 1946
  • Sculpted Assyrian relief panels of mace bearers from Hadatu ( Aslantas ) around 800 B.C. Istanbul Archaeological museum Inv No. 14-10
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Baltarga<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Saint Andreu (Andrew) of Baltarga, Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15804<br />
<br />
The Romanesque paintings depict scenes from the life and the martyrdom of St. Andrew. At its centre is a theophany with Christ Pantocrator (Majesty) surrounded by a Mandorla around which is a tetramorph with the symbols of the four evangelists, St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.. Eastern influences are especially evident in this magnificent altar frontal, which has an elegant palette of colours, with sophisticated soft flesh tones. The work seems most  likely to have come from the workshop of  highly skilled Greek painters,  which was installed in the vicinity of the monastery of Sant Marti Canigo and signed at least one of their works (now defunct) as Magister Alexander.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front from the church of Santa Maria de Mosoll, Das, Baixa Cedanya, Spain, showing scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 15788.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing Christ Paontocrator in a Mandorla flanked by Tetramorph showing the four evangelical symbols - St Matthew the man, St Mark the lion, St Luke the ox, and John the eagle.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Romanesque thirteenth century painted altar front of Saint Roma de Vila, Encamp, Andorra, showing The Virgin Mary flanked by two angels.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1922. Ref: MNAC 1587.
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting the Magi or Three Kings from the Nativity, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being whipped on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • The 12th century Romanesque Altar front from the church of the monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles (Les Valls de Valira Alt Urgell). Tempera on wood. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15786
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child and scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Christ Pantocrator. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Top left depicts the nativity scene with Mary, Joseph, the Shepherds and Christ in a manger.
  • Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing the temptaion of Saint Martin.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1958. Ref: MNAC 3902.
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar depicting the Apostles from St. Maria de Taull, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. Ref: MNAC 3904
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting a scene from the Nativity with St. Joseph, Mary and the baby Christ, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting the Virgin Mary in the style of “Our Lady of the Way”. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Detail from the twelfth century Romanesque Altar Front of Avia depicting the Annociation of the Virgin and The Visitation with St. Elizabeth, from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784
  • The Romanesque Altar Front of Avia<br />
<br />
Around 1200, Tempera on wood with metalic ornamention from the church of Santa Maria d'Avia, Spain.<br />
<br />
National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15784<br />
<br />
<br />
The altar front of Byzantine art d'Avia depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary and the nativity. The artistic style of the Altar front relies heavily of Byzantine influences. The intensity and variety of colors and the systematic application of appliqué are typical of eastern Mediterranean and Byzantine art . This can also be seen in the style and hand positions of the Virgin Mary and child, at the centre of the altar piece, which copies a style known as “Our Lady of the Way” which in turn minics the orthodox icon “the Virgin Hodegetria”.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this scene shows Christ being removed from the Cross. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Romanesque painted Beam depicting The Passion and the Stations of the Cross<br />
<br />
Around 1192-1220, Tempera on wood from Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1907. MNAC 15833.<br />
<br />
It is not known what was the original location of the beam, but it might have been part of the structure of a canopy. In any case, it was reused in a ceiling, as evidenced by the cuts that are at the top. It is decorated with seven scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, this one shows Christ carrying the Cross on the road to Calvary. The narrative character in the images and the predominance of yellow is typical of Catalan painting of the 1200’s,  specifically with illustrations of Liber Feudorum Maior, a late twelfth-century illuminated cartulary book style of the Crown of Aragon
  • Trail and Arrest of St. Catherine<br />
<br />
Between 1241-1255<br />
Mixed Technica transferred to canvas<br />
It comes from the old chapel of St. Catherine's cathedral La Seu d'Urgell, Spain, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board 2008 campaign. MNAC 214241<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque painted altar front of the Arrest of St. Catherine who was a patron of the Dominican Order and a model popular saint of the medieval times. The painting style sits  between Romanesque and Gothic.
  • Trail and Arrest of St. Catherine<br />
<br />
Between 1241-1255<br />
Mixed Technica transferred to canvas<br />
It comes from the old chapel of St. Catherine's cathedral La Seu d'Urgell, Spain, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of the Museum Board 2008 campaign. MNAC 214241<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque painted altar front of the Arrest of St. Catherine who was a patron of the Dominican Order and a model popular saint of the medieval times. The painting style sits  between Romanesque and Gothic.
  • Altar of Archangels<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century<br />
Temple, stucco reliefs in metal on wood from the church of Catalonia, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3913<br />
<br />
Archangels were prominent in Romanesque iconography, acting as intermediaries between God and Man or as agents of divine will.  Three of the four compartments of the small altar front are dedicated to San Michael.  Top right shows Michael fighting a dragon, bottom left shows the psychostasia, where souls are weighed to determine whether they should go to heaven or hell on judgement day, bottom right shows a detail of the story of the miracle of Mont Gargano. Top left shows Grabriel and Rafael with the baby Jesus. The style of the painting is the similar to the mural decoration of St. Paul Casserres.
  • Altar of St. Maria de Taull<br />
<br />
1200s repainted in 1579. Tempera on wood with carvings from the church of Santa Maria in Snowshoe, Vall de Boi, High Ribagorca, Spain.<br />
<br />
Acquisition of Museums Board's campaign in 1932. MNAC 3904<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century Romanesque carved and painted altar front with Christ Pantocrator in a Mandorla flanked by the 12 Apostles.  Carved altar frontals were not rare in Romanesque. Generally the characters were sculpted separately and then added to the front surface. The high quality of carving indicates the presence of a sculptures hand. The sharpness of forms to make stereotypical costumes seem versed in the work of stone sculpture.
  • Romanesque painted altar front from the church of Saint Pau d’esterri de Cardos, Spain, Metal reliefs of Christ Pantocrator surrounded by the 12 Apostles.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15970.
  • The 12th century Romanesque Altar front from the church of the monastery of St. Sernin Tavèrnoles (Les Valls de Valira Alt Urgell). Tempera on wood. National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona. MNAC 15786
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing scenes depicting the martyrdom of saints.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • 12th century Romanesque painted altar front from Saint Quirc de Durro, Val de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain, showing The Madonna and Child.  National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1919-23. Ref: MNAC 15809.
  • Romanesque painted Gia altar front<br />
<br />
Second quarter of the thirteenth century from the church of Santa Maria Gia and Xia, High Ribagorca, Huesca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: 3902 MNAC.<br />
<br />
Romanesque painted altar front from Santa Maria Gia, Spain, showing Scenes from the life of Saint Martin. The  exceptionally the bottom frame remains the signature of the author, a painter named John (Johannes). This work is typical of the Ribagorca style and incorporates early gothic compositional styles and narrative that subtly illuminates the faces. Also typical of the Ribagorca workshop are the  decorated plaster reliefs on the entire surface of the front, which is covered with the characteristic gold leaf.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Bottom left shows The Flight to Egypt.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Top left shows the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. Bottom left is a painting of the Three Kings.
  • Romanesque Altar Front of Cardet<br />
<br />
Thirteenth century paint and metal relief on wood from a church of Santa Maria of Cardet, Vall de Boi, Alta Ribagorca, Spain<br />
<br />
Acquired by the National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona 1932. Ref: MNAC 3903.<br />
<br />
<br />
This Romanesque painted altar front is dedicated to the Nativity. At is centre is a painting of The Madonna and Child surrounded by a mandorla. Top left shows the Annunciation with the Virgin Mary, top left depicts the nativity scene, bottom left shows the Three Kings and bottom left shows The Flight to Egypt.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • A cult chamber built by Suiluliuma II, 1200 BC, with Hieroglyphic stone panelled walls. Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas) late Anatolian Bronze Age capital of the Hittite Empire. Hittite archaeological site and ruins, Boğazkale, Turkey.
  • Berber arabesque interior wood ceiling panels of  the Petite Court, Bahia Palace, Marrakesh, Morroco

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