• Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic with diminutional cube designs, from a Roman villa near Casale de S.Basilio near Via Nomentana, Rome. 1st century BC. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman floor mosaic with birds and floral decorations.  From via Imperale, now Columbus, near the Porta Ardeatina, Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman  geometric floor mosaic  with a bust at its centre. From the Forte Prenestino area of Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman marble sculptured relief with cupids about to sacrifice bulls, from the Temple of Venus Genetrix in the Forum of Caesar Rome 30 AD , inv 6718 Farnese Collection, Naples Archaeological Museum
  • Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405 Farnese Collection, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407 Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407 Farnese Collection, Naples Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Antinous as Bacchus, a 2nd century AD, inv no 6314 Farnese Collection, Naples Archaeological Muueum
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Aeschines, 23BC yo 14 AD Augustin copy from an original 340-330 BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6139, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Aeschines, 23BC yo 14 AD Augustin copy from an original 340-330 BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6139, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Aeschines, 23BC yo 14 AD Augustin copy from an original 340-330 BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6139, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Herodotus, 3rd Century AD from an original early 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6146, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman bronze sculpture of Hermes from the  rectangular peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of a Dancing Women from the square peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of a Dancing Women from the square peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of a Dancing Women from the square peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of a Dancing Women from the square peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules hand copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aristogeiton  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6307, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman sculpture of Pothos, a copy of a 4th century BC Greek original attributed to Skopas of Paros, inv no 6253,  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman sculpture of Pothos, a copy of a 4th century BC Greek original attributed to Skopas of Paros, inv no 6253,  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus) of the Venus Felix Type , copied from a  2nd to 1st century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6300, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of a male figure restored as Augustus 2nd century AD, inv no 6053, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of a male figure restored as Augustus 2nd century AD, inv no 6053, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Vespasian 80 AD, inv 6068, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Painted colour verion of a Child and Goose - a 1st or 2nd century Roman sculpture from Villa des Quintilii on the Appia Way south of Rome, Italy. Three other similar versions of this Roman sculpture can be found in the Vatican, music and Geneva. The sculpture is attributed to Boethos who was a 2nd century sculptor.  The Braschi Collection, Inv No. MR168 (Usual No Ma 40), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of a Statue of  Atalanta a 2nd century Roman sculpture restored in the 17th century. Atalanta  is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.. The Mazarin Collection  Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Aphrodite- type known as the Venus of Arles. A Roman statue in marble of the 1st - 2nd century AD in marble from Rome. The statue is a 1.94-metre-high (6.4 ft) and is  probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae a lost bronze sculpture by 4th century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles . From the Royal collection Inv MR 366 ( or Ma 437), Louvre Museum, Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Artemis and a deer, known as "Diana of Versailles”, a 1st - 2nd century Roman statue in marble probably from Italy.  Artemis, Diana to the Romans, is goddess of the hunt, is accompanied by a deer.  The Diana of Versailles, similar to other Roman replicas was found in Libya or Turkey and was copied from a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 BC .  First the statue was at Fontainbleau then the Louvre ancient hall and finally it went to Versailles. From the collection of Louis XIV, Pope Paul IV and Henry II (1556) . Inv MR 152 ( or Ma 589), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  Centaur with Eros on its back, a 1st - 2nd AD Roman sculpture in marble. Tradition has it that a centaur be a monstrous half-man half-horse mythical creature. In this Roman statue the old centaur is being ridden by Eros (Cupid), the Greek god of Love represented in the form of a young wing child. The sculpture is a copy of a Greek original  attributed to school sculpture of Aphrodisias (Turkey) can be dating in the 2nd century BC. The Borghese Collection inv MR 122 ( or Ma 562 ), Louvre Museum Paris
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of  “ Silenus Drunk “ - A 2nd century AD Roman sculpture made from marble from Paros. Silenus was described as the oldest, wisest and most drunken of the followers of Dionysus, the god of wine. When intoxicated, Silenus was said to possess special knowledge and the power of prophecy. From the Ancient Royal Collection of France inv MR 343 (or MA 291) previously held at Versailles. Louvre Museum Paris.
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Lucius Verus with the body of Diomedes, Cuma Munich Type, 160-170 AD, inv 6095,  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of a warrior on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture of an Amazon on horseback, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6407, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor Domitian  81-96 AD, inv 6061, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of Roman marble sculpture bust of Emperor  Claudius 41-54 AD, inv 6068, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Harmodius  from the Tyrannicide group,  a Roman copy of an early classical period Geek original, inv 6009, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculptured of Dionysus and Eros, inv 6307, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Pan teaching Daphnis to play the pipes, a Roman copy late 2nd century BC Hellenistic Geek original attributed to Rodes sculptor Heliodoros. Pan's and Daphnis' heads and Daphnis' right arm are restorations.  The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman sculpture of Pothos, a copy of a 4th century BC Greek original attributed to Skopas of Paros, inv no 6253, The Farnese collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Bronze Hellanistic original from the mid 3rd century BC  attributed to the Greek sculptor Doldalsas of Bethynia,  inv 6283, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Painted colour verion of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture known as the Farnese Bull from the Baths of Caracalla, Rome, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • The Roman Venus Statue, the Goddess of Love, follows the style of a modest Aphrodite, known by other Roman replicas are copies of the third century BC Hellenistic Greek statues now lost. Dated circa 1st quarter of second century AD, the Venus statue was excavated from the Odeon of Carthage. The National Bardo Museum, Tunis.
  • The Roman Venus Statue, the Goddess of Love, follows the style of a modest Aphrodite, known by other Roman replicas are copies of Ttththird century BC Hellenistic Greek statues now lost. Dated circa 1st quarter of second century AD, the Venus statue was excavated from the Odeon of Carthage. The National Bardo Museum, Tunis. Against a grey art background.
  • 6th century Inscription of the great hall of the synagogue of Nam-Ham-mam-Lif in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis, present day Tunisia. The mosaic floor of the vestibule (porticus) was an offering from Asterius son of Rusticus, the Head of the Jewish community who was working in the Naro jewellers trade. The mosaic reads in Latin  "Asterius, filius Rustici, arcosinagogi, margaritari, (de d(onis) dei partemporticites-selavit".  The Bardo National Museum, Tunis Tunisia.  Against a white background.<br />
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The so called synagogue of Naro (Hammam-Lif, Tunisia), discovered in 1883, is a square buil-ding (20 by 20 m), consisting of several rooms and hallways communicating with an inner courtyard. The plan is inspired by traditional domestic architecture of Roman Africa. The room, dedicated to religious ceremonies, was paved with a magnificent mosaic of several figured panels with an iconography highlighting Judaeo-Christian concepts, attesting a proselyte attitude addressing a local Judaic community, who was very active between the late fifth c. and the early sixth century AD.
  • 6th century Inscription of the great hall of the synagogue of Nam-Ham-mam-Lif in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis, present day Tunisia. The mosaic floor of the vestibule (porticus) was an offering from Asterius son of Rusticus, the Head of the Jewish community who was working in the Naro jewellers trade. The mosaic reads in Latin  "Asterius, filius Rustici, arcosinagogi, margaritari, (de d(onis) dei partemporticites-selavit".  The Bardo National Museum, Tunis Tunisia. Against a grey art background.<br />
<br />
The so called synagogue of Naro (Hammam-Lif, Tunisia), discovered in 1883, is a square buil-ding (20 by 20 m), consisting of several rooms and hallways communicating with an inner courtyard. The plan is inspired by traditional domestic architecture of Roman Africa. The room, dedicated to religious ceremonies, was paved with a magnificent mosaic of several figured panels with an iconography highlighting Judaeo-Christian concepts, attesting a proselyte attitude addressing a local Judaic community, who was very active between the late fifth c. and the early sixth century AD.
  • Second century Roman Christian funerary stele for 3 dead people from Africa Proconsularis. The stele depicts the deceased:  Fausata who died age 75, a man who died age 70 and a child who died age 2 years 6 months. From the first half of the second century AD from the region of Bou Arada in present day Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Second century AD Roman funerary Stele dedicated to Caipenniae Victoriae from  Africa Proconsularis , present day Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia .   Against a grey background.
  • Second century Roman funerary stele dedicated to Anninia Laeta from the cemetery of Thuburbo Majus a city of the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis, in present day Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum , Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
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The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
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The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Fifth Century Christian Eastern Roman Byzantine  funerary mosaic from Mezghani Christian necropolis mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sfax) dedicated to Priscianus. Above the memorial text is the Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). The layout of the mosaic is typical of those excavated in the Sfax region from this period.<br />
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The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian funerary mosaic from Leptis Minus-Lemto in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sehel Region) dedicated to Cresconius, depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). <br />
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The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Fifth century Roman Christian funerary mosaic from Leptis Minus-Lemto in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis , (Tunisian Sehel Region) dedicated to Cresconius, depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum). <br />
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The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Detail of a fifth century AD Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian  funerary mosaic of of a little girl The fragmentary inscription is at the top: (name of the deceased) who lived 4 years 11 months, 3 days 7 hours. The deceased is featured in a praying attitude, wearing an embroidered dalmatic. A monogrammed cross and a lit candle accompany the funerary idealised portrait. <br />
Christian necropolis of the Mezghani mounds in the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis  (present day Sfax, Tunisia) Fifth c. A.D. <br />
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<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian mosaic of the mosaic of the Most Holy Sepulchre and the memorial of Golgotha in Jerusalem .<br />
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In the foreground is the dome of Golgotha, erected at the site of the crucifixion ofJesus Christ, from where  the four rivers of Paradise flow: the Geon = Gihon, the Fison = Pishon, the Tigris and Euphrates, symbolically referring to the Word (the four gospels). Sheep, representing the faithfuls, are drinking from the rivers. In the background are depictions of the the Holy Sepulchre with its door ajar, and two other buildings, symbolising Bethlehem and Jerusalem. <br />
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From the threshold of the martyrdom erected in honour of Jesus Christ at the church of Iunca - Younga (in present the day region of Mahres in Tunisia). The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian funerary mosaic dedicated to Leontia.  The Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum).  The inscription in the cartouche reads " Leontia in peace and harmony with God, entered into eternal life on the Sixth Ides of October". Two birds and cut Roses occupy the rest of the mosaic. <br />
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Excavated from Demna Parish Church ruins between the 4th and 5th columns of the right aisle. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian funerary mosaic dedicated to Leontia.  The Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum).  The inscription in the cartouche reads " Leontia in peace and harmony with God, entered into eternal life on the Sixth Ides of October". Two birds and cut Roses occupy the rest of the mosaic. <br />
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Excavated from Demna Parish Church ruins between the 4th and 5th columns of the right aisle. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian funerary mosaic dedicated to Leontia.  The Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum).  <br />
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Excavated from Demna Parish Church ruins between the 4th and 5th columns of the right aisle. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian funerary mosaic dedicated to Leontia.  The Constantinian monogram depicting the Christian Chi-Rho symbol used by the Roman emperor Constantine I as part of his military standard (vexillum).  The inscription in the cartouche reads " Leontia in peace and harmony with God, entered into eternal life on the Sixth Ides of October". Two birds and cut Roses occupy the rest of the mosaic. <br />
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Excavated from Demna Parish Church ruins between the 4th and 5th columns of the right aisle. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • Early seventh Century Christian Roman Byzantine commemoration mosaic from the baptistery of a rural church in Wadi Arremal, present day Zaghouan Region of Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.<br />
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The mosaic shows workers construction the early christian church the mosaic commemorates. The mosaic can be regarded as being late Roman of early Byzantine Roman as the area came under the rule of Constantinople during this period
  • Early seventh Century Christian Roman Byzantine commemoration mosaic from the baptistery of a rural church in Wadi Arremal, present day Zaghouan Region of Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.<br />
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The mosaic shows workers construction the early christian church the mosaic commemorates. The mosaic can be regarded as being late Roman of early Byzantine Roman as the area came under the rule of Constantinople during this period
  • Fifth century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian terracotta candle holder for 12 candles from a church in Africa Proconsularis , present day Tunisia. The Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia.
  • 6th-7th Century v Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
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These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
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Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
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The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Abraham about to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice<br />
  - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Adam & Eve with a serpent wrapped around a tree between them - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a stag - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
The stag is a traditional Christian symbol for Christ, Who tramples and destroys the Devil. In the Medieval bestiaries the stag as an enemy of snakes. It was believed that stags was believed to chase snakes into their holes or rock crevices, driving them out by flooding the hole with the breath or water from its mouth, and eating them. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a white background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting a bird - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional attitudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia. Against a grey art background.
  • Detail of a 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional atti-tudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additio-nal details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional atti-tudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.  Against a black background.
  • 6th-7th Century Eastern Roman Byzantine  Christian Terracotta tiles depicting Christ changing Water into wine - Produced in Byzacena -  present day Tunisia. <br />
<br />
These early Christian terracotta tiles were mass produced thanks to moulds. Their quadrangular, square or rectangular shape as well as the standardised sizes in use in the different regions were determined by their architectonic function and were designed to facilitate their assembly according to various combinations to decorate large flat surfaces of walls or ceilings. <br />
<br />
Byzacena stood out for its use of biblical and hagiographic themes and a richer variety of animals, birds and roses. Some deer and lions were obviously inspired from Zeugitana prototypes attesting to the pre-existence of this province's production with respect to that of Byzacena. The rules governing this art are similar to those that applied to late Roman and Christian art with, in the case of Byzacena, an obvious popular connotation. Its distinguishing features are flatness, a predilection for symmetrical compositions, frontal and lateral representations, the absence of tridimensional atti-tudes and the naivety of some details (large eyes, pointed chins). Mass production enabled this type of decoration to be widely used at little cost and it played a role as ideograms and for teaching catechism through pictures. Painting, now often faded, enhanced motifs in relief or enriched them with additional details to break their repetitive monotony.<br />
<br />
The Bardo National Museum Tunis, Tunisia.   Against a grey background.
  • Upper part of a monumental Roman statue of an unknown person possibly a Roman magistrate of Imperial Rome , circa 40BC, inv 15055 Vatican Museum Rome, Italy, black background
  • Upper part of a monumental Roman statue of an unknown person possibly a Roman magistrate of Imperial Rome , circa 40BC, inv 15055 Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • Roman sarcophagus depicting a battle between Achilles and Pentesilea and Amazons, the faces of the deceased have been sculpted over the Greek heroes, circa 230-250 AD, inv 933, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • Upper part of a monumental Roman statue of an unknown person possibly a Roman magistrate of Imperial Rome , circa 40BC, inv 15055 Vatican Museum Rome, Italy, grey art background
  • Roman sarcophagus depicting a battle between Achilles and Pentesilea and Amazons, the faces of the deceased have been sculpted over the Greek heroes, circa 230-250 AD, inv 933, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • The celebrated Greek statue known as 'The Belvedere Torso', possibly of Greek hero Ajax, signed by Athenian neo-Attic sculptor Apollonios, ist century BC, inv 1192, Pope Clement collection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • Statue group identified as as the Laocoon described by Pliny as a masterpiece made by the sculptors of Rhodes. The Laocoon depicts a scene from the Trojan War in which Athena and Poseidon sent two great serpants to wrap themselves around Laocoon and his two sons to kill them. Circa 40-30BC, Pope Clement XIV coillection, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Roman ststue of Apollo with a lyre, copied from an earlier 4th cebtury BC Hellenistic statue, from a group of Muses found in Villa de Cassius at Tivoli,  inv 310, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey  background
  • Second century AD Roman statue of Urania holding, the muse of atronomy holding  a globe, the statue was restored from two separte staues of the period, inv 293, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • Second century AD Roman statue of Urania holding, the muse of atronomy holding  a globe, the statue was restored from two separte staues of the period, inv 293, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Gilded bronze 1st century AD Roman statue of Hercules found buried near Pompey's Theatre having possibly been struck by lightening and given a customary Roman burial. A Roman copy of a Hellenistic Athenian staue from around 390-370 BC, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Close up of the 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Face on view of the  2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey  background
  • 2nd century Roman statue of Venus known as the Venere Felice, inspired by the Hellenistic stsue of Aphrodite of Cnidus made by Greek sculptor Praixiteles in the 4th century BC. Possibly a Venus's face is a portrait of Sallustia who dedicated the statue with Helpidus, and the Eros may be a portrait of her young son. inv 129, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • Roman stuate from the time of Hadrian of the muse Tersichore, inv 308, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 2nd century AD Roman statue of the muse of comedy, Thalia, with a tympanum and a comic mask. A Roman copy of a 4th century BCHellenistic statue, inv 295, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century AD Roman statue of the muse of comedy, Thalia, with a tympanum and a comic mask. A Roman copy of a 4th century BCHellenistic statue, inv 295, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 1st century AD Roman statue of Silenus pouring wine from a jug. The head is from the Flavian period and the body 1st century. A copy of an earlier Hwellenistic sculpture by the school of Lysippus, inv 323, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  white background
  • 1st century AD Roman statue of Silenus pouring wine from a jug. The head is from the Flavian period and the body 1st century. A copy of an earlier Hwellenistic sculpture by the school of Lysippus, inv 323, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey background
  • Roman statue of a Boy strangling a goose, a Roman copy of a late 3rd century Hellenistic bronze statue attributed to Boethos. Excavated from the Villa dei Quintilli on the Appian Way, inv 2655, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey  background
  • Roman statue of a Boy strangling a goose, a Roman copy of a late 3rd century Hellenistic bronze statue attributed to Boethos. Excavated from the Villa dei Quintilli on the Appian Way, inv 2655, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey art background
  • Roman statue of a Boy strangling a goose, a Roman copy of a late 3rd century Hellenistic bronze statue attributed to Boethos. Excavated from the Villa dei Quintilli on the Appian Way, inv 2655, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  art background
  • 2nd century AD Roman statue of Apollo known as the Belvederre Apollo. The Apollo statue originally had a bow in its left hand and Apollo is depiceted having just fired an arrow.  Probably a Roman copy of a Hellenistic statue from around 330-320 BC by Leochares. Inv 1015, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  black background
  • 2nd century AD Roman statue of Apollo known as the Belvederre Apollo. The Apollo statue originally had a bow in its left hand and Apollo is depiceted having just fired an arrow.  Probably a Roman copy of a Hellenistic statue from around 330-320 BC by Leochares. Inv 1015, Vatican Museum Rome, Italy,  grey  background
  • Full length frontal view of Roman staue of Lucius Verus with the idealised body of Diomedes, AD 160-170, inv 6095, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of Silenus from atrium of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of Silenus from atrium of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Roman Bronze sculpture of Silenus from atrium of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey art background
  • Roman bronze staue of Augustus Ceasar as Pontifex Maximus, late first century B.C, Naples National Archaeological Museum, white background
  • Roman bronze staue of Augustus Ceasar as Pontifex Maximus, late first century B.C, Naples National Archaeological Museum, black background
  • Roman bronze staue of Augustus Ceasar as Pontifex Maximus, late first century B.C, Naples National Archaeological Museum, grey art background
  • Full length frontal view of 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline' Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline' Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6296, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey art background
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, white background
  • Roman statue of goddes Athena from the tablinum of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • Roman statue of goddes Athena from the tablinum of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman statue of goddes Athena from the tablinum of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey background
  • Roman colossal seated staue of Augustus Caesar, white marble, late first century B.C, inv 6040, Naples National Archaeological Museum, white background
  • Roman colossal seated staue of Augustus Caesar, white marble, late first century B.C, inv 6040, Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Roman Bronze sculpture bust known as 'Sylla" from the tablinium of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey art background
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey background
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, black background
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • End of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey art background
  • Full length view of end of 2nd century beginning of 3rd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Hercules at rest copied from the second half of the 4th century BC Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6001, Farnese Collection, Museum of Archaeology, Italy, grey art background
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic  from the Villa of Castel di Guido, Rome. 1st century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic with roses and flowers, from the Pietra Papa area near the Flavian Gate, Rome. 125-150 BC. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Black and white floor mosaic showing the marine or sea thiasos depicting Poseidon and his retinue.. From the area between the Milvian Bridge and  l'Acqua Acetosa in the locality Tor di Quinto. End of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic  from the Villa of Castel di Guido, Rome. 1st century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic with black and white diamonds shapes. From the Roman villa near Botte, Rome. 1st century BC . National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic with swastikas. From the Roman villa near Botte, Rome. 1st century BC . National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Black and white floor mosaic showing the boats on the Nile. From the Cellae vinariae Nova and Arruntiana by the Tiber in Lungara, Rome. Start of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Black and white floor mosaic showing the marine or sea thiasos depicting Poseidon and his retinue.. From the area between the Milvian Bridge and  l'Acqua Acetosa in the locality Tor di Quinto. End of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus) of the Venus Felix Type , copied from a  2nd to 1st century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6300, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus) of the Venus Felix Type , copied from a  2nd to 1st century BC Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6300, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238  Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • 2nd century AD Roman marble sculpture of Aphrodite (Venus), ‘Dresden Capitoline Type, copied from a Hellanistic Greek original,  inv 6238  Farnese Collection, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • A bird from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • A lion hunting from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • Hunting scene with a hare and dog from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.Israel.
  • Fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • Fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • Fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • Fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • African animals and fish from the 3rd century Roman mosaic villa floor from Lod, near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Roman floor mosaic of Lod is the largest and best preserved mosaic floor from the levant region along the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is unclear whether the owners were Jewish, Christian or pagan but either way they would have been wealthy to own such a magnificent floor. The Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Centre, Lod, Israel.
  • Geometric Roman floor mosaic. From the  Grotte Celoni area of the via Casilina, Rome. End of 1st and beginning of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic with cat and ducks. From the Roman villa on Via Ardeatina, next to Cecchignola, Rome. This Roman mosaic floor panel represents a cat trying to catch a bird in flight and two ducks, one of which is holding a lotus flower in its beak. The style is similar to Hellenistic paintings. The mosaic was found in the triclinium of a Roman villa dating from the first quarter of the 1st century AD and features a central panel using a style known as “opus Vermiculatum” or small tiles to give a greater detail to the mosaic. inv 124137 National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Floor mosaic with satyr heads and pan.  From a Roman villa which probably belonged to Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Genazzano. Circo 138-192 AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Floor mosaic with satyr heads and pan.  From a Roman villa which probably belonged to Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Genazzano. Circo 138-192 AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Floor mosaic with Dionysus and satyrs at the center within laurel wreath. From the villa of Farnese at S.Giacomo in Settimiana, Rome. 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman floor mosaic with birds and floral decorations.  From via Imperale, now Columbus, near the Porta Ardeatina, Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman  floor mosaic depicting pastral scenes and scenes from mythology  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. end of 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a Church with Towers, Eastern Mediterranean, 5th century AD. The church has three naves and is represented in a 'flattened Perspective’ as can be seen by the facade and along sides forming a straight continuous line. The mosaic shows the architecture of early Roman Chriatian Basilicas. Inv 3676, The Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting Red Faction Charioteer and his horse from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting Green Faction Charioteer and his horse from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting horsemen and their horses from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a Phoenix, From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 6th century AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. The phoenix is a mythical bird associated with the sun. A phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. The phoenix was subsequently adopted as a symbol in Early Christianity.In the mosaic it is perched rock above a background of rose buds and is bordered by a pair of facing rams. inv 3342, restored in 1936 by the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of an early Christian church floor from Qabr Hiram, Lebanon, 575 AD. Marble blocks and glass paste cubes. This mosaic was designed to follow the layout of the church which had three naves. It depicts God through images of his creation: rural activities, fruit, animals with representations of the months, seasons and winds. The inscription indicates that the basilica was dedicated to St. Christopher and was built in 575 AD.. Inv 32230-2236, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic of an early Christian Basilica from the Eastern Mediterranean, late 5th century AD. Marble blocks, limestone, sandstone and terracotta. The church has three naves and is represented in a 'flattened Perspective’ as can be seen by the facade and along sides forming a straight continuous line. The side wall is deliberately open to make the interior visible . Inv 3677, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic depicting Blue Faction Charioteer and his horse from the Circus  from  a room of a villa  in the locality Baccano near the Via Cassia, Rome. Beginning of the 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman geometric floor mosaic with diminutional cube designs, from a Roman villa near Casale de S.Basilio near Via Nomentana, Rome. 1st century BC. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of an early Christian Basilica from the Eastern Mediterranean, late 5th century AD. Marble blocks, limestone, sandstone and terracotta. The church has three naves and is represented in a 'flattened Perspective’ as can be seen by the facade and along sides forming a straight continuous line. The side wall is deliberately open to make the interior visible . Inv 3677, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman floor mosaic with birds and floral decorations.  From via Imperale, now Columbus, near the Porta Ardeatina, Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a bust of Dionysus from the Via Flaminia, Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Eastern Mediterranean Roman mosaics of Animals, late 5th - 6th century. Marble cubes, and limestone. Three animals are in the race, a dog, a lion and a pheasant. They belonged perhaps to a hunting scene which was a popular floor decoration in houses or they may illustrate the biblical theme of 'Peace of animals', found on the floors of the churches of the Eastern Roman provinces. inv 3672, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman floor mosaic from the  Villa de Ruffinella, Tusculum. End of 1st and beginning of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman mosaic of a bust of Dionysus from the Via Flaminia, Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Female Portrait (Antioch, Antakya, Turkey), 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. The mosaic bust of a female with a billowing sail that surrounds her head that it could represent the wind. The mosaic decorated the entrance of a dining room and was once flanked it with now lost representations of the marine deities Thalassa and Okeanosinv 3460, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman floor mosaic from the  Villa de Ruffinella, Tusculum. End of 1st and beginning of 2nd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Female Portrait (Antioch, Antakya, Turkey), 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. The mosaic bust of a female with a billowing sail that surrounds her head that it could represent the wind. The mosaic decorated the entrance of a dining room and was once flanked it with now lost representations of the marine deities Thalassa and Okeanosinv 3460, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Female Portrait (Antioch, Antakya, Turkey), 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. The mosaic bust of a female with a billowing sail that surrounds her head that it could represent the wind. The mosaic decorated the entrance of a dining room and was once flanked it with now lost representations of the marine deities Thalassa and Okeanosinv 3460, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Birds around a  vase From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. A border of geometric perspective cubes surround a scene with one bird sitting on the vase of Daphne whilst the other surround it. The naturalistic skill of the Roman Antioch mosaic artists is so good that it is possible to tell the species of each bird. inv 3461, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman floor mosaic  depicting the struggle between Dionysus and the Indians. From the  Villa de Ruffinella, Tusculum. 4th century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Birds around a  vase From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. A border of geometric perspective cubes surround a scene with one bird sitting on the vase of Daphne whilst the other surround it. The naturalistic skill of the Roman Antioch mosaic artists is so good that it is possible to tell the species of each bird. inv 3461, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman floor mosaic  depicting the struggle between Dionysus and the Indians. From the  Villa de Ruffinella, Tusculum. 4th century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman floor mosaic  depicting the struggle between Dionysus and the Indians. From the  Villa de Ruffinella, Tusculum. 4th century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman  geometric floor mosaic  with a bust at its centre. From the Forte Prenestino area of Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Birds around a  vase From Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, Antakya, Turkey, 1st half of 3rd century AD. Marble cubes, limestone and glass. A border of geometric perspective cubes surround a scene with one bird sitting on the vase of Daphne whilst the other surround it. The naturalistic skill of the Roman Antioch mosaic artists is so good that it is possible to tell the species of each bird. inv 3461, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Roman mosaic floor panes depicting the  seasons. From Capannelle area of the Via Appia Nova, Rome. 4th to 5th century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman Byzantine floor Mosaics of the early Christian Church of St. Christopher, Qabar Hiram, Lebanon, AD 575. Louvre Museum Paris inv 2230-2235
  • Roman  geometric floor mosaic  with a bust at its centre. From the Forte Prenestino area of Rome. 3rd century AD. National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Archemedes III from the rectangular peristyle of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Relief panal from the Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman Relief panal from the Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of an Tiberius, 30 AD , inv 6052, Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture bust of an Tiberius, 30 AD , inv 6052 Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture known as the ‘Flora Maggiore’ , a 2nd century AD, inv no 5978 Farnese Collection, Naples   Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture known as the ‘Flora Maggiore’ , a 2nd century AD, inv no 5978 Farnese Collection, Naples   Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture known as the ‘Flora Maggiore’ , a 2nd century AD, inv no 5978 Farnese Collection, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture known as the ‘Flora Maggiore’ , a 2nd century AD, inv no 5978 Farnese Collection, Naples   Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture known as the ‘Flora Maggiore’ , a 2nd century AD, inv no 6409 Farnese Collection, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples Museum of Archaeology, Italy
  • Roman marble sculpture of Ganymede with an eagle, a 2nd century AD copy from an original 2nd century BC late Hellanistic Greek original, inv 6405, Naples  Museum of Archaeology, Italy

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